Each party state may make one or more contracts with any one or more of the other party states for the confinement of inmates on behalf of a sending state in institutions situated within receiving states. Any such contract shall provide for:
Payments to be made to the receiving state by the sending state for inmate maintenance, extraordinary medical and dental expenses, and any participation in or receipt by inmates of rehabilitative or correctional services, facilities, programs or treatment not reasonably included as part of normal maintenance;
Participation in programs of inmate employment, if any; the disposition or crediting of any payments received by inmates on account thereof; and the crediting of proceeds from or disposal of any products resulting therefrom;
Such other matters as may be necessary and appropriate to fix the obligations, responsibilities and rights of the sending and receiving states.
The terms and provisions of this compact shall be a part of any contract entered into by the authority of or pursuant thereto, and nothing in any such contract shall be inconsistent therewith.
Article IV — Procedures and Rights. 302.25(4)(a)
Whenever the duly constituted authorities in a state party to this compact, and which has entered into a contract pursuant to sub. (3)
, shall decide that confinement in, or transfer of an inmate to, an institution within the territory of another party state is necessary or desirable in order to provide adequate quarters and care or an appropriate program of rehabilitation or treatment, said officials may direct that the confinement be within an institution within the territory of said other party state, the receiving state to act in that regard solely as agent for the sending state.
The appropriate officials of any state party to this compact shall have access, at all reasonable times, to any institution in which it has a contractual right to confine inmates for the purpose of inspecting the facilities thereof and visiting such of its inmates as may be confined in the institution.
Inmates confined in an institution pursuant to the terms of this compact shall at all times be subject to the jurisdiction of the sending state and may at any time be removed therefrom for transfer to a prison or other institution within the sending state, for transfer to another institution in which the sending state may have a contractual or other right to confine inmates, for release on probation, extended supervision or parole, for discharge, or for any other purpose permitted by the laws of the sending state; provided, that the sending state shall continue to be obligated to such payments as may be required pursuant to the terms of any contract entered into under the terms of sub. (3)
Each receiving state shall provide regular reports to each sending state on the inmates of that sending state in institutions pursuant to this compact including a conduct record of each inmate and certify said record to the official designated by the sending state, in order that each inmate may have official review of his or her record in determining and altering the disposition of said inmate in accordance with the law which may obtain in the sending state and in order that the same may be a source of information for the sending state.
All inmates who may be confined in an institution pursuant to the provisions of this compact shall be treated in a reasonable and humane manner and shall be treated equally with such similar inmates of the receiving state as may be confined in the same institution. The fact of confinement in a receiving state shall not deprive any inmate so confined of any legal rights which said inmate would have had if confined in an appropriate institution of the sending state.
Any hearing or hearings to which an inmate confined pursuant to this compact may be entitled by the laws of the sending state may be had before the appropriate authorities of the sending state, or of the receiving state if authorized by the sending state. The receiving state shall provide adequate facilities for such hearings as may be conducted by the appropriate officials of a sending state. In the event such hearing or hearings are had before officials of the receiving state, the governing law shall be that of the sending state and a record of the hearing or hearings as prescribed by the sending state shall be made. Said record together with any recommendations of the hearing officials shall be transmitted forthwith to the official or officials before whom the hearing would have been had if it had taken place in the sending state. In any and all proceedings had pursuant to the provisions of this subdivision, the officials of the receiving state shall act solely as agents of the sending state and no final determination shall be made in any matter except by the appropriate officials of the sending state.
Any inmate confined pursuant to this compact shall be released within the territory of the sending state unless the inmate, and the sending and receiving states, shall agree upon release in some other place. The sending state shall bear the cost of such return to its territory.
Any inmate confined pursuant to the terms of this compact shall have any and all rights to participate in and derive any benefits or incur or be relieved of any obligations or have such obligations modified or the inmate's status changed on account of any action or proceeding in which the inmate could have participated if confined in any appropriate institution of the sending state located within such state.
The parent, guardian, trustee, or other person or persons entitled under the laws of the sending state to act for, advise, or otherwise function with respect to any inmate shall not be deprived of or restricted in the exercise of any power in respect of any inmate confined pursuant to the terms of this compact.
Article V — Acts Not Reviewable in Receiving State; Extradition. 302.25(5)(a)(a)
Any decision of the sending state in respect of any matter over which it retains jurisdiction pursuant to this compact shall be conclusive upon and not reviewable within the receiving state, but if at the time the sending state seeks to remove an inmate from an institution in the receiving state there is pending against the inmate within such state any criminal charge or if the inmate is formally accused of having committed within such state a criminal offense, the inmate shall not be returned without the consent of the receiving state until discharged from prosecution or other form of proceeding, imprisonment or detention for such offense. The duly accredited officers of the sending state shall be permitted to transport inmates pursuant to this compact through any and all states party to this compact without interference.
An inmate who escapes from an institution in which the inmate is confined pursuant to this compact shall be deemed a fugitive from the sending state and from the state in which the institution is situated. In the case of an escape to a jurisdiction other than the sending or receiving state, the responsibility for institution of extradition or rendition proceedings shall be that of the sending state, but nothing contained herein shall be construed to prevent or affect the activities of officers and agencies of any jurisdiction directed toward the apprehension and return of an escapee.
Article VI — Federal Aid.
Any state party to this compact may accept federal aid for use in connection with any institution or program, the use of which is or may be affected by this compact or any contract pursuant hereto and any inmate in a receiving state pursuant to this compact may participate in any such federally aided program or activity for which the sending and receiving state have made contractual provision; provided, that if such program or activity is not part of the customary correctional regimen the express consent of the appropriate official of the sending state shall be required therefor.
Article VII — Entry into Force.
This compact shall enter into force and become effective and binding upon the states so acting when it has been enacted into law by any 2 states. Thereafter, this compact shall enter into force and become effective and binding as to any other of said states upon similar action by such state.
Article VIII — Withdrawal and Termination.
This compact shall continue in force and remain binding upon a party state until it shall have enacted a statute repealing the same and providing for the sending of formal written notice of withdrawal from the compact to the appropriate officials of all other party states. An actual withdrawal shall not take effect until one year after the notices provided in said statute have been sent. Such withdrawal shall not relieve the withdrawing state from its obligations assumed hereunder prior to the effective date of withdrawal. Before the effective date of withdrawal, a withdrawing state shall remove to its territory, at its own expense, such inmates as it may have confined pursuant to the provisions of this compact.
Article IX — Other Arrangements Unaffected.
Nothing contained in this compact shall be construed to abrogate or impair any agreement or other arrangement which a party state may have with a nonparty state for the confinement, rehabilitation or treatment of inmates nor to repeal any other laws of a party state authorizing the making of cooperative institutional arrangements.
Article X — Construction and Severability.
The provisions of this compact shall be liberally construed and shall be severable. If any phrase, clause, sentence or provision of this compact is declared to be contrary to the constitution of any participating state or of the United States or the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance is held invalid, the validity of the remainder of this compact and the applicability thereof to any government, agency, person or circumstance shall not be affected thereby. If this compact shall be held contrary to the constitution of any state participating therein, the compact shall remain in full force and effect as to the remaining states and in full force and effect as to the state affected as to all severable matters.
History: 1981 c. 20
; 1983 a. 189
; 1989 a. 31
; Stats. 1989 s. 302.25; 1991 a. 316
; 1997 a. 283
Out-of-state prisoners may be housed by the state, a county, or a municipality only as authorized by statute, which is currently limited to this section. OAG 2-99
Corrections compact; contracts with other states; approval.
The secretary is responsible for performing all functions necessary or incidental to carrying out the requirements of the interstate corrections compact under s. 302.25
. The secretary may delegate and redelegate any of the functions as provided in s. 15.02 (4)
. If a contract under s. 301.21
involves the transfer of more than 10 prisoners in any fiscal year to any one state or to any one political subdivision of another state, the contract may be entered into only if it is approved by the legislature by law or by the joint committee on finance.
History: 1981 c. 20
; 1983 a. 27
; 1989 a. 31
; Stats. 1989 s. 302.26; 1995 a. 344
Contracts for temporary housing for or detention of persons on probation or prisoners. 302.27(1)(1)
The department may contract with a local unit of government, as defined in s. 16.957 (1) (k)
, for temporary housing or detention in county jails, county houses of correction, or tribal jails for persons placed on probation or sentenced to imprisonment in state prisons or to the intensive sanctions program. The rate under any such contract may not exceed $60 per person per day. Nothing in this subsection limits the authority of the department to place persons in jails under s. 301.048 (3) (a) 1.
Inmates who are confined or detained under sub. (1)
may be granted the privilege of leaving the facility during necessary and reasonable hours to engage in employment-related activities including seeking employment, engaging in employment training, working at employment, performing community service work, or attendance at an educational institution, or for any other activity designated in the contract under sub. (1)
. The sheriff, superintendent of the house of correction, or tribal chief of police, in conjunction with the department, shall determine inmate eligibility to participate in such activities and may terminate participation or return an inmate to state facilities, or both, at any time.
Definition of jail.
In ss. 302.30
jail" includes municipal prisons and rehabilitation facilities established under s. 59.53 (8)
by whatever name they are known. In s. 302.37 (1) (a)
and (3) (a)
, “jail" does not include lockup facilities. “Lockup facilities" means those facilities of a temporary place of detention at a police station which are used exclusively to hold persons under arrest until they can be brought before a court, and are not used to hold persons pending trial who have appeared in court or have been committed to imprisonment for nonpayment of fines or forfeitures. In s. 302.365
, “jail" does not include rehabilitation facilities established under s. 59.53 (8)
History: 1979 c. 34
; 1987 a. 394
; 1989 a. 31
; Stats. 1989 s. 302.30; 1995 a. 201
Use of jails.
The county jail may be used for any of the following purposes:
The detention of persons charged with crime and committed for trial.
The detention of persons committed to secure their attendance as witnesses.
To imprison persons committed pursuant to a sentence or held in custody by the sheriff for any cause authorized by law.
The detention of persons sentenced to imprisonment in state penal institutions or a county house of correction, until they are removed to those institutions.
The detention of persons participating in the intensive sanctions program.
The temporary detention of persons in the custody of the department.
The temporary placement of persons in the custody of the department, other than persons under 17 years of age, and persons who have attained the age of 17 years but have not attained the age of 25 years who are under the supervision of the department under s. 938.355 (4)
and who have been taken into custody pending revocation of community supervision or aftercare supervision under s. 938.357 (5) (e)
Under an agreement under s. 66.0303
, the detention of persons detained or imprisoned before, during, or after trial by a county that borders on this state and is located in the state of Michigan. The agreement under s. 66.0303
for the detention of persons from another state shall take into account the provisions of this chapter regarding the detention of persons in county jails.
Under an agreement under s. 66.0303
, the detention of persons detained or imprisoned before, during, or after trial by a county that borders on this state. An agreement under this subsection may not provide for the detention of a person detained or imprisoned in a county jail by a county that borders on this state who has been sentenced to imprisonment in a state prison in that state. The agreement under s. 66.0303
for the detention of persons from another state shall take into account the provisions of this chapter regarding the detention of persons in county jails.
Other detentions authorized by law.
The Department of Corrections has discretion to keep its detainees in a county jail, but sheriffs in their capacity as custodians of the jails have authority to refuse to keep department detainees if doing so will endanger jail safety. DOC v. Kliesmet, 211 Wis. 2d 254
, 564 N.W.2d 742
Out-of-state prisoners may be housed by the state, a county, or a municipality only as authorized by statute, which is currently limited to the Interstate Corrections Compact, s. 302.25. OAG 2-99
Use of county house of correction.
A county house of correction may be used for the detention of any person detained in the county jail but the person shall be separated, if feasible, from the inmates of the house of correction in a manner determined by the department.
History: 1977 c. 126
; 1989 a. 31
; Stats. 1989 s. 302.315.
Maintenance of prisoners in county jail; state payments to counties and tribal governing bodies. 302.33(1)(1)
The maintenance of persons who have been sentenced to the state penal institutions; persons in the custody of the department, except as provided in sub. (2)
and ss. 301.048 (7)
, 302.113 (8m)
, and 302.114 (8m)
; persons accused of crime and committed for trial; persons committed for the nonpayment of fines and expenses; and persons sentenced to imprisonment therein, while in the county jail, shall be paid out of the county treasury. No claim may be allowed to any sheriff for keeping or boarding any person in the county jail unless the person was lawfully detained therein.
The department shall pay for the maintenance of persons in its custody who are placed in the county jail or other county facility, or in a tribal jail under s. 302.445
, pending disposition of parole, extended supervision or probation revocation proceedings subject to the following conditions:
The department shall make payments under this paragraph beginning when an offender is detained in a county jail or other county facility, or in a tribal jail under s. 302.445
, pursuant only to a departmental hold and ending when the revocation process is completed and a final order of the department of corrections or the division of hearings and appeals in the department of administration has been entered.
The department shall not pay for persons who have pending criminal charges whether or not a departmental hold has been placed on the person. Payment for maintenance by the department is limited to confinements where an offender is held solely because of conduct which violates the offender's supervision and which would not otherwise constitute a criminal offense.
After verification by the department, it shall reimburse the county or tribal governing body at a rate of $40 per person per day, subject to the conditions in subds. 1.
Any amount not paid under s. 20.410 (1) (bn)
shall be paid under s. 20.410 (1) (gf)
using any amount remaining in that appropriation account after the department pays all costs incurred for probation, parole, and extended supervision. If the amounts provided under s. 20.410 (1) (bn)
for any fiscal year are insufficient to provide complete reimbursement at that rate, the department shall prorate the payments under this subdivision to counties or tribal governing bodies for that fiscal year. The department shall not reimburse a county or tribal governing body unless that county or tribal governing body informs the department of the amount of reimbursement to which it is entitled under this subsection no later than September 1 of the fiscal year following the fiscal year for which reimbursement is requested.
This subsection applies only to probationers, parolees or persons on extended supervision who were placed on that status in connection with a conviction for a felony. This subsection applies only to confinements initiated after July 2, 1983.
The department shall make payments under this subsection to the applicable county or tribal governing body on the basis of where the person is actually confined.
Restrictions on detaining probationers, parolees and persons on extended supervision in county or tribal jail. 302.335(1)(1)
In this section, “division" means the division of hearings and appeals in the department of administration.
If a probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision is detained in a county jail or other county facility, or in a tribal jail under s. 302.445
, pending disposition of probation, parole or extended supervision revocation proceedings, the following conditions apply:
The department shall begin a preliminary revocation hearing within 15 working days after the probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision is detained in the county jail, other county facility or the tribal jail. The department may extend, for cause, this deadline by not more than 5 additional working days upon written notice to the probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision and the sheriff, the tribal chief of police or other person in charge of the county facility. This paragraph does not apply under any of the following circumstances:
The probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision has waived, in writing, the right to a preliminary hearing.
The probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision has given and signed a written statement that admits the violation.
There has been a finding of probable cause in a felony criminal action and the probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision is bound over for trial for the same or similar conduct that is alleged to be a violation of supervision.
There has been an adjudication of guilt by a court for the same conduct that is alleged to be a violation of supervision.
The division shall begin a final revocation hearing within 50 calendar days after the person is detained in the county jail, other county facility or the tribal jail. The department may request the division to extend this deadline by not more than 10 additional calendar days, upon notice to the probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision, the sheriff, the tribal chief of police or other person in charge of the facility, and the division. The division may grant the request. This paragraph does not apply if the probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision has waived the right to a final revocation hearing.
The department shall allow a probationer detained in a county jail, tribal jail, or county house of correction under this section to be considered for participation in a program under s. 303.08 (1) (a)
, or (e)
if the person was placed on probation for a misdemeanor and the probation violation for which he or she is confined is not a crime. The sheriff, tribal chief of police, or superintendent of the house of correction, in conjunction with the department, shall determine the probationer's eligibility to participate in such programs and may terminate participation at any time.
If there is a failure to begin a hearing within the time requirements under sub. (2)
, the sheriff, the tribal chief of police or other person in charge of a county facility shall notify the department at least 24 hours before releasing a probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision under this subsection.
This section applies to probationers, parolees or persons on extended supervision who begin detainment in a county jail, other county facility or a tribal jail on or after July 1, 1990, except that this section does not apply to any probationer, parolee or person on extended supervision who is in the county jail, other facility or the tribal jail and serving a sentence.
The sub. (2) (b) requirement that a hearing be held within 50 days of detention is directory, not mandatory. State ex rel. Jones v. Division of Hearings & Appeals, 195 Wis. 2d 669
, 536 N.W.2d 213
(Ct. App. 1995), 94-3378
County jail in populous counties. 302.336(1)(1)
A county having a population of 750,000 or more shall provide, as part of its county jail, for the confinement of all persons arrested for violation of state laws or municipal ordinances or otherwise detained by police officers of a 1st class city located within the county. A contribution toward the construction and equipment of the county jail from a 1st class city accepted by a county having a population of 750,000 or more under an intergovernmental cooperation agreement under s. 66.0301
is made for a municipal purpose, and a 1st class city may borrow money under ch. 67
, appropriate funds and levy taxes for that purpose.
Prisoners confined in the county jail under sub. (1)
are in the legal custody of the county sheriff or other keeper of the jail. The sheriff or other keeper is legally responsible for any such prisoner's confinement; maintenance; care, including medical and hospital care; release prior to an initial appearance in court; and the initial appearance before the circuit court or the initial appearance before a municipal court at a location within the county jail.
The costs of operating and maintaining the county jail and maintaining the prisoners in the county jail.
The costs of carrying out its legal responsibilities under sub. (2)
An intergovernmental cooperation agreement under s. 66.0301
between a city and a county under sub. (1)
may provide for the city to reimburse the county for its cost of custody at the initial appearance before a municipal court located within the county jail for prisoners who are in custody exclusively for violation of a municipal ordinance.
History: 1989 a. 261
; 1989 a. 359
; Stats. 1989 s. 302.336; 1995 a. 43
; 1999 a. 150
; 2017 a. 207
Use of jail of another county.
Courts, judges and officers of any county having no jail and no cooperative agreement under s. 302.44
may sentence, commit or deliver any person to the jail of any other county as if that jail existed in their own county. The sheriff of the other county shall receive and keep the prisoner in all respects as if committed from his or her county. The cost of the keep shall be paid by the county from which the prisoner was sentenced, committed or delivered.
History: 1983 a. 110
; 1989 a. 31
; Stats. 1989 s. 302.34.
See s. 973.03 (1)
for similar provision.
Removal of prisoners in emergency.
In an emergency and for the safety of prisoners in any jail, the sheriff or other keeper may remove them to a place of safety and there confine them so long as necessary. If any county jail is destroyed or is insecure for keeping prisoners, the sheriff may remove them to some other county jail, where they shall be received and kept as if committed thereto, but at the expense of the county from which they were removed. An endorsement on the commitment of a prisoner, made by the sheriff in charge of such prisoner, directed to the sheriff of another county, shall be authority for the latter to hold the prisoner.
History: 1989 a. 31
; Stats. 1989 s. 302.35.