If a majority of the legislatures of the compacting states reject a rule, by enactment of a statute or resolution in the same manner used to adopt the compact, then such rule shall have no further force and effect in any compacting state.
When promulgating a rule, the interstate commission shall do all of the following:
Publish the proposed rule, stating with particularity the text of the rule that is proposed and the reason for the proposed rule.
Allow persons to submit written data, facts, opinions, and arguments, which information shall be publicly available.
Promulgate a final rule and its effective date, if appropriate, based on the rule-making record.
Not later than 60 days after a rule is promulgated, any interested person may file a petition in the U.S. district court for the District of Columbia or in the federal district court for the district in which the interstate commission's principal office is located for judicial review of such rule. If the court finds that the interstate commission's action is not supported by substantial evidence, as construed under the federal Administrative Procedure Act, 5 USC 551
, in the rule-making record, the court shall hold the rule unlawful and set it aside.
Subjects to be addressed within 12 months after the first meeting must at a minimum include all of the following:
The level of supervision to be provided by the receiving state.
Transition rules governing the operation of the compact and the interstate commission during all or part of the period between the effective date of the compact and the date on which the last eligible state adopts the compact.
The existing rules governing the operation of the compact authorized under s. 304.13 (1m)
shall be null and void with respect to adult offenders traveling between compacting states 12 months after the first meeting of the interstate commission.
Upon determination by the interstate commission that an emergency exists, it may promulgate an emergency rule, which shall become effective immediately upon adoption, provided that the usual rule-making procedures provided under this subsection shall be retroactively applied to the rule as soon as reasonably possible and in no event later than 90 days after the effective date of the rule.
(9) Article IX — Oversight, Enforcement, and Dispute Resolution by the Interstate Commission. 304.16(9)(a)1.1.
The interstate commission shall oversee the interstate movement of adult offenders in the compacting states and shall monitor such activities being administered in noncompacting states that may significantly affect compacting states.
The courts and executive agencies in each compacting state shall enforce this compact and shall take all actions necessary and appropriate to effectuate the compact's purposes and intent. In any judicial or administrative proceeding in a compacting state pertaining to the subject matter of this compact that may affect the powers, responsibilities, or actions of the interstate commission, the interstate commission shall be entitled to receive all service of process in any such proceeding and shall have standing to intervene in the proceeding for all purposes.
The compacting states shall report to the interstate commission on issues or activities of concern to them and cooperate with and support the interstate commission in the discharge of its duties and responsibilities.
The interstate commission shall attempt to resolve any disputes or other issues that are subject to the compact or that may arise among compacting states and noncompacting states.
The interstate commission shall enact a bylaw or promulgate a rule providing for both mediation and binding dispute resolution for disputes among the compacting states.
The interstate commission, in the reasonable exercise of its discretion, shall enforce the provisions of this compact using any or all means set forth in sub. (12)
The interstate commission shall pay or provide for the payment of the reasonable expenses of its establishment, organization, and ongoing activities.
The interstate commission shall levy on and collect an annual assessment from each compacting state to cover the cost of the internal operations and activities of the interstate commission and its staff, which must be in a total amount sufficient to cover the interstate commission's annual budget as approved each year. The aggregate annual assessment amount shall be allocated based upon a formula to be determined by the interstate commission, taking into consideration the population of the state and the volume of interstate movement of offenders in each compacting state. The interstate commission shall promulgate a rule that is binding upon all compacting states and that governs the assessment.
The interstate commission may not incur any obligations of any kind prior to securing the funds adequate to meet them, nor may the interstate commission pledge the credit of any of the compacting states, except by and with the authority of the compacting state.
The interstate commission shall keep accurate accounts of all receipts and disbursements. The receipts and disbursements of the interstate commission shall be subject to the audit and accounting procedures established under its bylaws. All receipts and disbursements of funds handled by the interstate commission shall be audited yearly by a certified or licensed public accountant, and the report of the audit shall be included in and become part of the annual report of the interstate commission.
(11) Article XI — Compacting States, Effective Date, and Amendment. 304.16(11)(a)(a)
Any state is eligible to become a compacting state.
The compact shall become effective and binding upon legislative enactment of the compact into law by no less than 35 of the states. The initial effective date shall be upon enactment into law by the 35th jurisdiction. Thereafter it shall become effective and binding, as to any other compacting state, upon enactment of the compact into law by that state. The governors of nonmember states or their designees will be invited to participate in interstate commission activities on a nonvoting basis prior to adoption of the compact by all states.
Amendments to the compact may be proposed by the interstate commission for enactment by the compacting states. No amendment shall become effective and binding upon the interstate commission and the compacting states unless and until it is enacted into law by unanimous consent of the compacting states.
(12) Article XII — Withdrawal, Default, Termination, and Judicial Enforcement. 304.16(12)(a)1.1.
Except as provided in subd. 2.
and par. (b) 1. c.
, once effective, the compact shall continue in force and remain binding upon each and every compacting state.
A compacting state may withdraw from the compact by enacting a law specifically repealing this section.
The effective date of withdrawal is the effective date of the repeal.
The withdrawing state shall immediately notify the chairperson of the interstate commission in writing upon the introduction of legislation repealing this compact in the withdrawing state. The interstate commission shall notify the other compacting states of the withdrawing state's intent to withdraw within 60 days after receiving the written notice.
The withdrawing state is responsible for all assessments, obligations, and liabilities incurred through the effective date of withdrawal, including any obligations the performance of which extend beyond the effective date of withdrawal.
Reinstatement following withdrawal of any compacting state shall occur upon the withdrawing state reenacting the compact or upon such later date as determined by the interstate commission.
If the interstate commission determines that any compacting state has at any time defaulted in the performance of any of its obligations or responsibilities under this compact, under the bylaws, or under any duly promulgated rules, the interstate commission may impose any or all of the following penalties:
Forfeitures, fees, and costs in such amounts as are considered reasonable and as fixed by the interstate commission.
Remedial training and technical assistance as directed by the interstate commission.
Suspension or termination of membership in the compact. Suspension shall be imposed only after all other reasonable means of securing compliance under the bylaws and rules have been exhausted. Immediate notice of suspension shall be given by the interstate commission to the governor, the chief justice of the supreme court, the majority and minority leaders of the defaulting state's legislature, and the state board.
The grounds for default include failure of a compacting state to perform obligations or responsibilities imposed upon it by this compact, interstate commission bylaws, or duly promulgated rules.
If it determines that a compacting state has defaulted, the interstate commission shall immediately notify the defaulting state in writing of the penalty imposed by the interstate commission on the defaulting state pending a cure of the default. The interstate commission shall stipulate the conditions under which and the time period within which the defaulting state must cure its default. If the defaulting state fails to cure the default within the time period specified by the interstate commission, in addition to any other penalties imposed herein, the defaulting state may be terminated from the compact upon an affirmative vote of a majority of the compacting states, and all rights, privileges, and benefits conferred by this compact shall be terminated from the effective date of termination. Within 60 days after the effective date of termination of a defaulting state, the interstate commission shall notify the governor, the chief justice of the supreme court, the majority and minority leaders of the defaulting state's legislature, and the state board of the termination.
The defaulting state is responsible for all assessments, obligations, and liabilities incurred through the effective date of termination, including any obligations the performance of which extends beyond the effective date of termination.
The interstate commission shall not bear any costs relating to the defaulting state unless otherwise mutually agreed upon between the interstate commission and the defaulting state.
Reinstatement following termination of any compacting state requires both a reenactment of the compact by the defaulting state and the approval of the interstate commission under the rules.
The interstate commission may, by majority vote of the members, initiate legal action in the U.S. district court for the District of Columbia, or, at the discretion of the interstate commission, in the federal district court for the district in which the interstate commission has its offices, to enforce compliance with the provisions of the compact and duly promulgated rules and bylaws against any compacting state in default. In the event judicial enforcement is necessary, the prevailing party shall be awarded all costs of such litigation, including reasonable attorney fees.
The compact dissolves effective upon the date of the withdrawal or default of the compacting state that reduces membership in the compact to one compacting state.
Upon the dissolution of this compact, the compact becomes null and void and shall be of no further force or effect, the business and affairs of the interstate commission shall be wound up, and any surplus funds shall be distributed in accordance with the bylaws.
(13) Article XIII — Construction.
The provisions of this compact shall be liberally constructed to effectuate its purposes.
(14) Article XIV — Binding Effect of Compact and Other Laws. 304.16(14)(a)1.1.
Nothing in this compact prevents the enforcement of any other law of a compacting state that is not inconsistent with this compact.
All compacting states' laws conflicting with this compact are superseded to the extent of the conflict.
All lawful actions of the interstate commission, including all rules and bylaws promulgated by the interstate commission, are binding upon the compacting states.
All agreements between the interstate commission and the compacting states are binding in accordance with their terms.
Upon the request of a party to a conflict over meaning or interpretation of interstate commission actions, and upon a majority vote of the compacting states, the interstate commission may issue advisory opinions regarding such meaning or interpretation.
In the event that any provision of this compact exceeds the constitutional limits imposed on the legislature of any compacting state, the obligations, duties, powers, or jurisdiction sought to be conferred by such provision upon the interstate commission shall be ineffective, and such obligations, duties, powers, or jurisdiction shall remain in the compacting state and shall be exercised by the agency thereof to which such obligations, duties, powers, or jurisdiction are delegated by law in effect at the time that this compact becomes effective.
(15) Article XV — Short Title.
This section may be cited as the “Interstate Compact for Adult Offender Supervision."
History: 2001 a. 96