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322.011(1) (1) If a person subject to this code is confined before, during, or after trial, he or she shall be in a civilian or military confinement.
322.011(2) (2) No sheriff or other person authorized to receive prisoners subject to sub. (1) may refuse to receive or keep any prisoner committed to the person's charge by a commissioned officer of the state military forces, when the committing officer furnishes a statement, signed by the officer, of the offense charged against the prisoner, unless otherwise authorized by law.
322.011(3) (3) Every person authorized to receive prisoners subject to sub. (1) to whose charge a prisoner is committed shall, within 24 hours after that commitment or as soon as the person is released from guard, report to the commanding officer of the prisoner the name of the prisoner, the offense charged against the prisoner, and the name of the person who ordered or authorized the commitment.
322.011 History History: 2007 a. 200.
322.012 322.012 Article 12 — Confinement with enemy prisoners prohibited. No member of a state military force may be placed in confinement in immediate physical association with enemy prisoners or other foreign nationals not members of the armed forces.
322.012 History History: 2007 a. 200.
322.013 322.013 Article 13 — Punishment prohibited before trial. No person, while being held for trial or awaiting a verdict, may be subjected to punishment or penalty other than arrest or confinement upon the charges pending against the person, nor shall the arrest or confinement imposed upon the person be any more rigorous than the circumstances required to insure the person's presence, but the person may be subjected to minor punishment during that period for infractions of discipline.
322.013 History History: 2007 a. 200.
322.014 322.014 Article 14 — Delivery of offenders to civil authorities.
322.014(1)(1) A person subject to this code accused of an offense under this code or under the state's civilian penal statute may be delivered to the civil authority for trial or confinement.
322.014(2) (2) When delivery under this section is made to any civil authority of a person undergoing sentence of a court-martial, the delivery, if followed by conviction in a civil tribunal, interrupts the execution of the sentence of the court-martial, and the offender after having answered to the civil authorities for the offense shall, upon the request of competent military authority, be returned to the place of original custody for the completion of the person's sentence.
322.014 History History: 2007 a. 200.
subch. III of ch. 322 SUBCHAPTER III
NONJUDICIAL PUNISHMENT
322.015 322.015 Article 15 — Commanding officer's nonjudicial punishment.
322.015(1)(1) Under regulations as prescribed, any commanding officer, and for purposes of this section, officers-in-charge, may impose disciplinary punishments for minor offenses without the intervention of a court-martial. The governor, the adjutant general, or an officer of a general or flag rank in command may delegate the powers under this section to a principal assistant who is a member of a state military force.
322.015(2) (2) Any commanding officer may impose any of the following upon enlisted members of the officer's command:
322.015(2)(a) (a) Admonition.
322.015(2)(b) (b) Reprimand.
322.015(2)(c) (c) Withholding of privileges for not more than 6 months, which need not be consecutive.
322.015(2)(d) (d) Forfeiture of not more than 7 days' pay.
322.015(2)(e) (e) Fine of not more than 7 days' pay.
322.015(2)(f) (f) Reduction to the next inferior pay grade, if the grade from which demoted is within the promotion authority of the officer imposing the reduction or any officer subordinate to the one who imposes the reduction.
322.015(2)(g) (g) Extra duties, including fatigue or other duties, for not more than 14 days, which need not be consecutive.
322.015(2)(h) (h) Restriction to certain specified limits, with or without suspension from duty, for not more than 14 days, which need not be consecutive.
322.015(3) (3) Any commanding officer of the grade of major or lieutenant commander, or above, may impose any of the following upon enlisted members of the officer's command:
322.015(3)(a) (a) Any punishment authorized in sub. (2) (a), (b), and (c).
322.015(3)(b) (b) Forfeiture of not more than one-half of one month's pay per month for 2 months.
322.015(3)(c) (c) Fine of not more than one month's pay.
322.015(3)(d) (d) Reduction to the lowest or any intermediate pay grade, if the grade from which demoted is within the promotion authority of the officer imposing the reduction or any officer subordinate to the one who imposes the reduction, but an enlisted member in a pay grade above E-4 may not be reduced more than 2 pay grades.
322.015(3)(e) (e) Extra duties, including fatigue or other duties, for not more than 45 days, which need not be consecutive.
322.015(3)(f) (f) Restriction to certain specified limits, with or without suspension from duty, for not more than 60 days, which need not be consecutive.
322.015(4) (4) The governor, the adjutant general, an officer exercising general court-martial convening authority, or an officer of a general or flag rank in command may impose any of the following penalties:
322.015(4)(a) (a) Upon officers of the officer's command, any punishment authorized in sub. (3) (a), (b), (c), and (f) and arrest in quarters for not more than 30 days, which need not be consecutive.
322.015(4)(b) (b) Upon enlisted members of the officer's command, any punishment authorized in sub. (3).
322.015(5) (5) Whenever any of the punishments under this section are combined to run consecutively, the total length of the combined punishment cannot exceed the authorized duration of the longest punishment in the combination, and there must be an apportionment of punishments so that no single punishment in the combination exceeds its authorized length under this section.
322.015(6) (6) The service member shall have the right to demand trial by court-martial in lieu of nonjudicial punishment, and shall have the right to consult with a judge advocate.
322.015(7) (7) The officer who imposes the punishment, or the successor in command, may, at any time, suspend, set aside, mitigate, or remit any part or amount of the punishment and restore all rights, privileges, and property affected. The officer also may do any of the following:
322.015(7)(a) (a) Mitigate reduction in grade to forfeiture of pay.
322.015(7)(b) (b) Mitigate arrest in quarters to restriction.
322.015(7)(c) (c) Mitigate extra duties to restriction.
322.015(8) (8) The mitigated punishment shall not be for a greater period than the punishment mitigated. When mitigating reduction in grade to forfeiture of pay, the amount of the forfeiture shall not be greater than the amount that could have been imposed initially under this section by the officer who imposed the punishment mitigated.
322.015(9) (9) A person punished under this section who considers the punishment unjust or disproportionate to the offense may, through the proper channel, appeal to the next superior authority within 15 days after the punishment is either announced or sent to the accused, as the commander may determine. The appeal shall be promptly forwarded and decided, but the person punished may in the meantime be required to undergo the punishment adjudged. The superior authority may exercise the same powers with respect to the punishment imposed as may be exercised under sub. (7) by the officer who imposed the punishment. Before acting on an appeal from a punishment, the authority that is to act on the appeal may refer the case to a judge advocate for consideration and advice.
322.015(10) (10) The imposition and enforcement of disciplinary punishment under this section for any act or omission is not a bar to trial by court-martial or a civilian court of competent jurisdiction for a serious crime or offense growing out of the same act or omission and not properly punishable under this section; but the fact that a disciplinary punishment has been enforced may be shown by the accused upon trial and, when so shown, it shall be considered in determining the measure of punishment to be adjudged in the event of a finding of guilty.
322.015(11) (11) Whenever a punishment of forfeiture of pay is imposed under this section, the forfeiture may apply to pay accruing before, on, or after the date that punishment is imposed.
322.015(12) (12) Regulations may prescribe the form of records to be kept of proceedings under this section and may prescribe that certain categories of those proceedings shall be in writing.
322.015 History History: 2007 a. 200; 2009 a. 179.
subch. IV of ch. 322 SUBCHAPTER IV
COURT-MARTIAL JURISDICTION
322.016 322.016 Article 16 — Courts-martial classified. The 3 kinds of courts-martial in the state military forces are as follows:
322.016(1) (1) General courts-martial, consisting of any of the following:
322.016(1)(a) (a) A military judge and not less than 5 members.
322.016(1)(b) (b) Only a military judge, if before the court is assembled the accused, knowing the identity of the military judge and after consultation with defense counsel, requests orally on the record or in writing a court composed only of a military judge and the military judge approves.
322.016(2) (2) Special courts-martial, consisting of any of the following:
322.016(2)(a) (a) A military judge and not less than 3 members.
322.016(2)(b) (b) Only a military judge, if one has been detailed to the court, and the accused under the same conditions as those prescribed in sub. (1) (b) so requests.
322.016(3) (3) Summary courts-martial, consisting of one commissioned officer.
322.016 History History: 2007 a. 200; 2013 a. 201.
322.017 322.017 Article 17 — Jurisdiction of courts-martial in general. Each component of the state military forces has court-martial jurisdiction over all members of the particular component who are subject to this code. Additionally, the state military forces have court-martial jurisdiction over all members subject to this code.
322.017 History History: 2007 a. 200.
322.018 322.018 Article 18 — Jurisdiction of general courts-martial. Subject to s. 322.017, general courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to this code for any offense made punishable by this code, and may, under limitations as the governor may prescribe, adjudge any punishment not forbidden by this code.
322.018 History History: 2007 a. 200.
322.019 322.019 Article 19 — Jurisdiction of special courts-martial. Subject to s. 322.017, special courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to this code for any offense made punishable by this code, and may, under limitations as the governor may prescribe, adjudge any punishment not forbidden by this code except dishonorable discharge, dismissal, confinement for more than one year, forfeiture of pay exceeding two-thirds pay per month, or forfeiture of pay for more than one year.
322.019 History History: 2007 a. 200.
322.020 322.020 Article 20 — Jurisdiction of summary courts-martial.
322.020(1)(1) Subject to s. 322.017, summary courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to this code, except officers, cadets, candidates, and midshipmen, for any offense made punishable by this code under limitations as the governor may prescribe.
322.020(2) (2) No person with respect to whom summary courts-martial have jurisdiction may be brought to trial before a summary court-martial if that person objects. If objection to trial by summary court-martial is made by an accused, trial by special or general court-martial may be ordered, as may be appropriate. Summary courts-martial may, under limitations as the governor may prescribe, adjudge any punishment not forbidden by this code except dismissal, dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge, confinement for more than one month, restriction to specified limits for more than 2 months, or forfeiture of more than two-thirds of one month's pay.
322.020 History History: 2007 a. 200.
subch. V of ch. 322 SUBCHAPTER V
APPOINTMENT AND COMPOSITION
OF COURTS-MARTIAL
322.022 322.022 Article 22 — Who may convene general courts-martial.
322.022(1)(1) General courts-martial may be convened by any of the following:
322.022(1)(a) (a) The governor.
322.022(1)(b) (b) The adjutant general.
322.022(1)(c) (c) The commanding general officer of any force of the state military forces.
322.022(1)(d) (d) The commanding officer of a division or a separate brigade.
322.022(1)(e) (e) The commanding officer of a separate wing.
322.022(2) (2) If any commanding officer is an accuser, the court shall be convened by superior competent authority and may in any case be convened by a superior authority if considered desirable by the authority.
322.022 History History: 2007 a. 200.
322.023 322.023 Article 23 — Who may convene special courts-martial.
322.023(1)(1) Special courts-martial may be convened by any of the following:
322.023(1)(a) (a) Any person who may convene a general court-martial.
322.023(1)(b) (b) The commanding officer of a garrison, fort, post, camp, station, air national guard base, or naval base or station.
322.023(1)(c) (c) The commanding officer of a brigade, regiment, detached battalion, or corresponding unit of the army national guard.
322.023(1)(d) (d) The commanding officer of a wing, group, separate squadron, or corresponding unit of the air national guard.
322.023(1)(e) (e) The commanding officer or officer in charge of any other command when empowered by the adjutant general.
322.023(2) (2) If the officer is an accuser, the court shall be convened by superior competent authority and may in any case be convened by a superior authority if considered desirable by the superior competent authority.
322.023 History History: 2007 a. 200.
322.024 322.024 Article 24 — Who may convene summary courts-martial.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)