324.02(10) (10)“Legal custody” has the meaning given in s. 767.001 (2).
324.02(11) (11)“Nonparent" means an individual other than a deploying parent or other parent.
324.02(12) (12)“Other parent" means an individual who, in common with a deploying parent, is any of the following:
324.02(12)(a) (a) A parent of a child under the law of this state other than this chapter.
324.02(12)(b) (b) An individual who has custodial responsibility for a child under the law of this state other than this chapter.
324.02(13) (13)“Physical placement” has the meaning given in s. 767.001 (5).
324.02(14) (14)“Record" means information that is inscribed on a tangible medium or that is stored in an electronic or other medium and is retrievable in perceivable form.
324.02(15) (15)“Return from deployment" means the conclusion of a service member's deployment as specified in service orders.
324.02(16) (16)“Service member" means a member of any of the following:
324.02(16)(a) (a) The U.S. armed forces, including any reserve component.
324.02(16)(b) (b) The merchant marine.
324.02(16)(c) (c) The commissioned corps of the U.S. public health service.
324.02(16)(d) (d) The commissioned corps of the national oceanic and atmospheric administration.
324.02(16)(e) (e) The national guard of any state.
324.02(17) (17)“Sign" means to do any of the following with present intent to authenticate or adopt a record:
324.02(17)(a) (a) Execute or adopt a tangible symbol.
324.02(17)(b) (b) Attach to or logically associate with the record an electronic symbol, sound, or process.
324.02(18) (18)“State" means a state of the United States, the District of Columbia, the commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the United States Virgin Islands, or any territory or possession of the United States.
324.02(19) (19)“Visitation” means rights conferred to an individual to reasonable visitation with a child in accordance with s. 767.43.
324.02 History History: 2021 a. 161.
324.03 324.03 Remedies for noncompliance. In addition to other remedies under the law of this state other than this chapter, if a court finds that a party to a proceeding under this chapter has acted in bad faith or intentionally failed to comply with this chapter or a court order issued under this chapter, the court may assess reasonable attorney fees and costs against the party and order other appropriate relief.
324.03 History History: 2021 a. 161.
324.04 324.04 Jurisdiction.
324.04(1)(1)A court may issue an order regarding custodial responsibility under this chapter only if the court has jurisdiction under ch. 822.
324.04(2) (2)If a court has issued a temporary order regarding custodial responsibility under subch. III, the residence of the deploying parent is not changed by reason of the deployment for purposes of ch. 822 during the deployment.
324.04(3) (3)If a court has issued a permanent order regarding custodial responsibility before notice of deployment and the parents modify that order temporarily by agreement under subch. II, the residence of the deploying parent is not changed by reason of the deployment for purposes of ch. 822.
324.04(4) (4)If a court in another state has issued a temporary order regarding custodial responsibility as a result of impending or current deployment, the residence of the deploying parent is not changed by reason of the deployment for purposes of ch. 822.
324.04(5) (5)This section does not prevent a court from exercising temporary emergency jurisdiction under s. 822.24.
324.04 History History: 2021 a. 161.
324.05 324.05 Notification required by deploying parent.
324.05(1)(1)Except as provided in sub. (4) and subject to sub. (3), a deploying parent shall, in a record, notify the other parent of a pending deployment not later than 7 days after the deploying parent receives notice of deployment unless reasonably prevented from doing so by the circumstances of deployment. If the circumstances of deployment prevent giving notification within the 7 days, the deploying parent shall give the notification as soon as reasonably possible.
324.05(2) (2)Except as provided in sub. (4) and subject to sub. (3), the deploying parent and the other parent shall, in a record, provide each other with a plan for fulfilling their respective shares of custodial responsibility during deployment. Each parent shall provide the plan as soon as reasonably possible after the deploying parent gives notification of deployment under sub. (1).
324.05(3) (3)If a court order currently in effect prohibits disclosure of the address or contact information of the other parent, notification of deployment under sub. (1) or notification by the deploying parent of a plan for custodial responsibility during deployment under sub. (2) may be made only to the issuing court. If the address of the other parent is available to the issuing court, the court shall forward the notification to the other parent. The court shall keep confidential the address or contact information of the other parent.
324.05(4) (4)Notification in a record under sub. (1) or (2) is not required if the parents are living in the same residence and both parents have actual notice of the deployment or plan.
324.05(5) (5)In a proceeding regarding custodial responsibility, a court may consider the reasonableness of a parent's efforts to comply with this section.
324.05 History History: 2021 a. 161.
324.06 324.06 Duty to notify of change of address.
324.06(1)(1)Except as provided in sub. (2), an individual to whom custodial responsibility has been granted during deployment under subch. II or III shall, until the grant is terminated, notify all of the following of any change in the individual's mailing address or residence:
324.06(1)(a) (a) The deploying parent.
324.06(1)(b) (b) Any other individual with custodial responsibility for the child.
324.06(1)(c) (c) Any court that has issued a custody or child support order concerning the child that is in effect.
324.06(2) (2)If a court order currently in effect prohibits disclosure of the address or contact information of an individual to whom custodial responsibility has been granted, a notification under sub. (1) may be made only to the court that issued the order. The court shall keep confidential the mailing address or residence of the individual to whom custodial responsibility has been granted.
324.06 History History: 2021 a. 161.
subch. II of ch. 324 subchapter II
AGREEMENT FOR CUSTODIAL
RESPONSIBILITY DURING DEPLOYMENT
324.21 324.21 Form of agreement.
324.21(1)(1)The parents of a child may enter into a temporary agreement under this subchapter granting custodial responsibility during deployment.
324.21(2) (2)An agreement under sub. (1) shall be in writing and signed by both parents and any nonparent to whom custodial responsibility is granted.
324.21(3) (3)Subject to sub. (4), an agreement under sub. (1) shall, if feasible, do all of the following:
324.21(3)(a) (a) Identify the destination, duration, and conditions of the deployment that is the basis for the agreement.
324.21(3)(b) (b) Specify the allocation of physical placement and legal custody among the deploying parent, the other parent, and any nonparent.
324.21(3)(d) (d) Specify any visitation rights of a nonparent.
324.21(3)(e) (e) If, under the agreement, custodial responsibility is shared by 2 or more individuals, provide a process to resolve any dispute that may arise.
324.21(3)(f) (f) Specify the frequency, duration, and means, including electronic means, by which the deploying parent may have contact with the child, any role to be played by the other parent or by a nonparent in facilitating the contact, and the allocation of any costs of contact.
324.21(3)(g) (g) Specify the contact between the deploying parent and child during the time that the deploying parent is on leave or is otherwise available.
324.21(3)(h) (h) Acknowledge that any party's child support obligation cannot be modified by the agreement and that changing the terms of the obligation during deployment requires modification in the appropriate court.
324.21(3)(i) (i) Specify that the temporary arrangement will terminate in accordance with s. 324.22 (1).
324.21(3)(j) (j) If the agreement is required to be filed under s. 324.25, specify which parent is required to file the agreement.
324.21(4) (4)The omission of any of the items specified in sub. (3) does not invalidate an agreement under this section.
324.21 History History: 2021 a. 161.
324.22 324.22 Nature of authority created by agreement.
324.22(1)(1)An agreement under this subchapter is temporary and does not create an independent, continuing right to physical placement, legal custody, or visitation for an individual to whom custodial responsibility is given. The temporary agreement terminates according to one of the following:
324.22(1)(a) (a) If deployment is for less than 6 months, the temporary agreement terminates immediately after the deploying parent returns.
324.22(1)(b) (b) If deployment is for 6 months or more, the temporary agreement terminates 30 days after the deploying parent returns.
324.22(1)(c) (c) The temporary agreement terminates on a date that has been stipulated by all of the parties to the agreement or by modification under s. 324.23.
324.22(1)(d) (d) The temporary agreement terminates on a date ordered by the court.
324.22(2) (2)A nonparent who has physical placement, legal custody, or visitation by an agreement under this subchapter has standing to enforce the agreement until it has been terminated.
324.22 History History: 2021 a. 161.
324.23 324.23 Modification of agreement.
324.23(1)(1)By mutual consent, the parents of a child may modify an agreement regarding custodial responsibility made under this subchapter subject to any visitation rights granted by court order under s. 767.43.
324.23(2) (2)If an agreement is modified under sub. (1) before deployment of a deploying parent, the modification must be in writing and signed by both parents and any nonparent who will exercise custodial responsibility under the modified agreement.
324.23(3) (3)If an agreement is modified under sub. (1) during deployment of a deploying parent, the modification must be agreed to in a record by both parents and any nonparent who will exercise custodial responsibility under the modified agreement.
324.23 History History: 2021 a. 161.
324.25 324.25 Filing agreement with court. If a court order on custodial responsibility or child support is in effect concerning a child who is the subject of an agreement under this subchapter, the agreement shall be filed within a reasonable time with that ordering court. The case number and heading of the underlying action affecting the family under ch. 767 concerning custodial responsibility or child support shall be provided to the court with the agreement.
324.25 History History: 2021 a. 161.
subch. III of ch. 324 subchapter III
JUDICIAL PROCEDURE FOR GRANTING
CUSTODIAL RESPONSIBILITY
DURING DEPLOYMENT
324.31 324.31 Proceeding for temporary deployment custody order.
324.31(1)(1)After a deploying parent receives notice of deployment and until the deployment terminates, a court may issue a temporary order granting custodial responsibility, unless prohibited by the Servicemembers Civil Relief Act, 50 USC Appendix 521 and 522. A court may not issue a permanent order granting custodial responsibility without the consent of the deploying parent.
324.31(2) (2)At any time after a deploying parent receives notice of deployment, the deploying parent or other parent may file a motion regarding custodial responsibility for a child during deployment. The motion shall be filed in an underlying action affecting the family under ch. 767 for custodial responsibility in a court with jurisdiction under s. 324.04 or, if there is no underlying action affecting the family under ch. 767 in a court with jurisdiction under s. 324.04, in a new action for granting custodial responsibility during deployment.
324.31 History History: 2021 a. 161.
324.32 324.32 Expedited hearing. If a motion to grant custodial responsibility is filed under s. 324.31 (2) before a deploying parent deploys, the court shall conduct a hearing within 30 days of filing.
324.32 History History: 2021 a. 161.
324.33 324.33 Testimony by electronic means. In a proceeding under this subchapter, a party or witness who is not reasonably available to appear personally may appear, provide testimony, and present evidence by electronic means unless the court finds good cause to require a personal appearance.
324.33 History History: 2021 a. 161.
324.34 324.34 Effect of prior judicial order or agreement. In a proceeding for a grant of custodial responsibility under this subchapter, all of the following apply:
324.34(1) (1)A prior judicial order designating custodial responsibility in the event of deployment is binding on the court unless the circumstances meet the requirements of the law of this state other than this chapter for modifying a judicial order regarding custodial responsibility.
324.34(2) (2)The court shall enforce a prior written agreement between the parents for designating custodial responsibility in the event of deployment, including an agreement executed under subch. II, unless the court finds that the agreement is contrary to the best interest of the child.
324.34 History History: 2021 a. 161.
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2021-22 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2023 Wis. Act 93 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on April 4, 2024. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 4, 2024, are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-4-24)