404.103(3) (3)Action or nonaction approved by this chapter or pursuant to federal reserve regulations or operating circulars is the exercise of ordinary care and, in the absence of special instructions, action or nonaction consistent with clearinghouse rules and the like or with a general banking usage not disapproved by this chapter, is prima facie the exercise of ordinary care.
404.103(4) (4)The specification or approval of certain procedures by this chapter is not disapproval of other procedures that may be reasonable under the circumstances.
404.103(5) (5)The measure of damages for failure to exercise ordinary care in handling an item is the amount of the item reduced by an amount that could not have been realized by the exercise of ordinary care. If there is also bad faith it includes any other damages the party suffered as a proximate consequence.
404.103 History History: 1991 a. 304 s. 51; 1995 a. 449.
404.104 404.104 Definitions and index of definitions.
404.104(1)(1)In this chapter, unless the context otherwise requires:
404.104(1)(a) (a) “Account" means any deposit or credit account with a bank, including a demand, time, savings, passbook, share draft or like account, other than an account evidenced by a certificate of deposit.
404.104(1)(b) (b) “Afternoon" means the period of a day between noon and midnight.
404.104(1)(c) (c) “Banking day" means the part of a day on which a bank is open to the public for carrying on substantially all of its banking functions.
404.104(1)(d) (d) “Clearinghouse" means an association of banks or other payers regularly clearing items.
404.104(1)(e) (e) “Customer" means a person having an account with a bank or for whom a bank has agreed to collect items, including a bank that maintains an account at another bank.
404.104(1)(f) (f) “Documentary draft" means a draft to be presented for acceptance or payment if specified documents, certificated securities or instructions for uncertificated securities, or other certificates, statements or the like are to be received by the drawee or other payer before acceptance or payment of the draft.
404.104(1)(g) (g) “Draft" means a draft as defined in s. 403.104 (5), or an item, other than an instrument, that is an order.
404.104(1)(h) (h) “Drawee" means a person ordered in a draft to make a payment.
404.104(1)(i) (i) “Item" means an instrument or a promise or order to pay money handled by a bank for collection or payment. “Item" does not include a payment order governed by ch. 410 or a credit or debit card slip.
404.104(1)(j) (j) “Midnight deadline" with respect to a bank is midnight on its next banking day following the banking day on which it receives the relevant item or notice or from which the time for taking action commences to run, whichever is later.
404.104(1)(k) (k) “Settle" means to pay in cash, by clearinghouse settlement, in a charge or credit or by remittance, or otherwise as agreed. A settlement may be either provisional or final.
404.104(1)(L) (L) “Suspends payments" with respect to a bank means that it has been closed by order of the supervisory authorities, that a public officer has been appointed to take it over or that it ceases or refuses to make payments in the ordinary course of business.
404.104(2) (2)Other definitions applying to this chapter and the sections in which they appear are:
404.104(2)(a) (a) “Agreement for electronic presentment" — s. 404.110 (1).
404.104(2)(b) (b) “Bank" — s. 404.105 (1).
404.104(2)(c) (c) “Collecting bank" — s. 404.105.
404.104(2)(d) (d) “Depositary bank" — s. 404.105.
404.104(2)(e) (e) “Intermediary bank" — s. 404.105.
404.104(2)(f) (f) “Payer bank" — s. 404.105.
404.104(2)(g) (g) “Presenting bank" — s. 404.105.
404.104(2)(h) (h) “Presentment notice" — s. 404.110 (1).
404.104(3) (3)The following definitions in other chapters apply to this chapter:
404.104(3)(a) (a) “Acceptance" — s. 403.409 (1).
404.104(3)(b) (b) “Alteration" — s. 403.407 (1).
404.104(3)(c) (c) “Cashier's check" — s. 403.104 (7).
404.104(3)(d) (d) “Certificate of deposit" — s. 403.104.
404.104(3)(e) (e) “Certified check" — s. 403.409 (4).
404.104(3)(f) (f) “Check" — s. 403.104.
404.104(3)(fc) (fc) “Control" — s. 407.106.
404.104(3)(fe) (fe) “Demand draft" — s. 403.104 (11).
404.104(3)(g) (g) “Good faith" — s. 403.103 (1) (d).
404.104(3)(h) (h) “Holder in due course" — s. 403.302.
404.104(3)(i) (i) “Instrument" — s. 403.104 (2).
404.104(3)(j) (j) “Notice of dishonor" — s. 403.503.
404.104(3)(k) (k) “Order" — s. 403.103 (1) (f).
404.104(3)(L) (L) “Ordinary care" — s. 403.103 (1) (g).
404.104(3)(m) (m) “Person entitled to enforce" — s. 403.301.
404.104(3)(n) (n) “Presentment" — s. 403.501 (1).
404.104(3)(p) (p) “Promise" — s. 403.103 (1) (i).
404.104(3)(q) (q) “Prove" — s. 403.103 (1) (j).
404.104(3)(r) (r) “Teller's check" — s. 403.104 (8).
404.104(3)(s) (s) “Unauthorized signature" — s. 403.403.
404.104(4) (4)In addition, ch. 401 contains general definitions and principles of construction and interpretation applicable throughout this chapter.
404.104 History History: 1991 a. 304 s. 51; 1995 a. 449; 2003 a. 86; 2009 a. 322.
404.105 404.105“ Bank"; “collecting bank"; “depository bank"; “intermediary bank"; “payer bank"; “presenting bank". In this chapter:
404.105(1) (1)“Bank" means a person engaged in the business of banking, including a savings bank, savings and loan association, credit union or trust company.
404.105(2) (2)“Collecting bank" means a bank handling an item for collection except the payer bank.
404.105(3) (3)“Depositary bank" means the first bank to take an item even though it is also the payer bank, unless the item is presented for immediate payment over the counter.
404.105(4) (4)“Intermediary bank" means a bank to which an item is transferred in course of collection except the depositary or payer bank.
404.105(5) (5)“Payer bank" means a bank that is the drawee of a draft.
404.105(6) (6)“Presenting bank" means a bank presenting an item except a payer bank.
404.105 History History: 1983 a. 189; 1995 a. 449.
404.106 404.106 Payable through or payable at bank; collecting bank.
404.106(1)(1)If an item states that it is “payable through" a bank identified in the item, the item designates the bank as a collecting bank and does not by itself authorize the bank to pay the item and the item may be presented for payment only by or through the bank.
404.106(2) (2)If an item states that it is “payable at" a bank identified in the item, the item designates the bank as a collecting bank and does not by itself authorize the bank to pay the item and the item may be presented for payment only by or through the bank.
404.106(3) (3)If a draft names a nonbank drawee and it is unclear whether a bank named in the draft is a codrawee or a collecting bank, the bank is a collecting bank.
404.106 History History: 1995 a. 449.
404.107 404.107 Separate office of a bank. A branch or separate office of a bank is a separate bank for the purpose of computing the time within which and determining the place at or to which action may be taken or notices or orders must be given under this chapter and under ch. 403.
404.107 History History: 1995 a. 449 s. 31; Stats. 1995 s. 404.107.
404.108 404.108 Time of receipt of items.
404.108(1)(1)For the purpose of allowing time to process items, prove balances and make the necessary entries on its books to determine its position for the day, a bank may fix an afternoon hour of 2 p.m. or later as a cutoff hour for the handling of money and items and the making of entries on its books.
404.108(2) (2)An item or deposit of money received on any day after a cutoff hour so fixed or after the close of the banking day may be treated as being received at the opening of the next banking day.
404.108 History History: 1995 a. 449 s. 31; Stats. 1995 s. 404.108.
404.109 404.109 Delays.
404.109(1)(1)Unless otherwise instructed, a collecting bank in a good faith effort to secure payment of a specific item drawn on a payer other than a bank, and with or without the approval of any person involved, may waive, modify or extend time limits imposed or permitted by chs. 401 to 411 for a period not exceeding 2 additional banking days without discharge of drawers or endorsers or liability to its transferor or a prior party.
404.109(2) (2)Delay by a collecting bank or payer bank beyond time limits prescribed or permitted by chs. 401 to 411 or by instructions is excused if the delay is caused by interruption of communication or computer facilities, suspension of payments by another bank, war, emergency conditions, failure of equipment or other circumstances beyond the control of the bank and the bank exercises such diligence as the circumstances require.
404.109 History History: 1979 c. 89; 1991 a. 148, 304, 315; 1995 a. 449 s. 31; Stats. 1995 s. 404.109.
404.110 404.110 Electronic presentment.
404.110(1)(1)“Agreement for electronic presentment" means an agreement, clearinghouse rule or federal reserve regulation or operating circular, providing that presentment of an item may be made by transmission of an image of an item or information describing the item (“presentment notice") rather than delivery of the item itself. The agreement may provide for procedures governing retention, presentment, payment, dishonor and other matters concerning items subject to the agreement.
404.110(2) (2)Presentment of an item pursuant to an agreement for electronic presentment is made when the presentment notice is received.
404.110(3) (3)If presentment is made by presentment notice, a reference to “item" or “check" in this chapter means the presentment notice unless the context otherwise indicates.
404.110 History History: 1995 a. 449.
404.111 404.111 Statute of limitations. An action to enforce an obligation, duty, or right arising under this chapter must be commenced within 3 years after the cause of action accrues.
404.111 History History: 1995 a. 449.
subch. II of ch. 404 SUBCHAPTER II
COLLECTION OF ITEMS:
DEPOSITARY AND COLLECTING BANKS
404.201 404.201 Status of collecting bank as agent and provisional status of credits; applicability of chapter; item endorsed “pay any bank".
404.201(1)(1)Unless a contrary intent clearly appears and before the time that a settlement given by a collecting bank for an item is or becomes final, the bank, with respect to the item, is an agent or subagent of the owner of the item and any settlement given for the item is provisional. This provision applies regardless of the form of endorsement or lack of endorsement and even though credit given for the item is subject to immediate withdrawal as of right or is in fact withdrawn; but the continuance of ownership of an item by its owner and any rights of the owner to proceeds of the item are subject to rights of a collecting bank, such as those resulting from outstanding advances on the item and rights of recoupment or setoff. If an item is handled by banks for purposes of presentment, payment, collection or return, the relevant provisions of this chapter apply even though action of the parties clearly establishes that a particular bank has purchased the item and is the owner of it.
404.201(2) (2)After an item has been endorsed with the words “pay any bank" or the like, only a bank may acquire the rights of a holder until any of the following occur:
404.201(2)(a) (a) The item has been returned to the customer initiating collection.
404.201(2)(b) (b) The item has been specially endorsed by a bank to a person who is not a bank.
404.201 History History: 1995 a. 449.
404.202 404.202 Responsibility for collection or return; when action timely.
Loading...
Loading...
2019-20 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2021 Wis. Act 267 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on July 1, 2022. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2022, are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-22)