409.108(4)(b) (b) The underlying financial asset or commodity contract.
409.108(5) (5) When description by type insufficient. A description only by type of collateral defined in chs. 401 to 411 is an insufficient description of:
409.108(5)(a) (a) A commercial tort claim; or
409.108(5)(b) (b) In a consumer transaction, consumer goods, a security entitlement, a securities account, or a commodity account.
409.108 History History: 2001 a. 10.
409.108 Annotation A wrong statement of section, township, range, and county where crops were grown was not minor, and, without directing further inquiry, was insufficient. Whether a party is misled by the description is not part of the inquiry under s. 409.110 or 409.402. Smith & Spindahl Enterprises, Inc. v. Lee, 206 Wis. 2d 663, 557 N.W.2d 865 (Ct. App. 1996), 96-0882.
409.108 Note NOTE: The above annotated materials cite to the pre-2001 Wis. Act 10 version of ch. 409.
409.109 409.109 Scope.
409.109(1)(1)General scope of chapter. Except as otherwise provided in subs. (3) and (4), and s. 16.63 (4) on transactions involving tobacco settlement revenues, this chapter applies to:
409.109(1)(a) (a) A transaction, regardless of its form, that creates a security interest in personal property or fixtures by contract;
409.109(1)(b) (b) An agricultural lien;
409.109(1)(c) (c) A sale of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes;
409.109(1)(d) (d) A consignment;
409.109(1)(e) (e) A security interest arising under s. 402.401, 402.505, 402.711 (3), or 411.508 (5), as provided in s. 409.110; and
409.109(1)(f) (f) A security interest arising under s. 404.210 or 405.118.
409.109(2) (2) Security interest in secured obligation. The application of this chapter to a security interest in a secured obligation is not affected by the fact that the obligation is itself secured by a transaction or interest to which this chapter does not apply.
409.109(3) (3) Extent to which chapter does not apply. This chapter does not apply to the extent that:
409.109(3)(a) (a) A statute, regulation, or treaty of the United States preempts this chapter;
409.109(3)(b) (b) Another statute of this state expressly governs the creation, perfection, priority, or enforcement of a security interest created by this state or a governmental unit of this state;
409.109(3)(c) (c) A statute of another state, a foreign country, or a governmental unit of another state or a foreign country, other than a statute generally applicable to security interests, expressly governs creation, perfection, priority, or enforcement of a security interest created by the state, country, or governmental unit; or
409.109(3)(d) (d) The rights of a transferee beneficiary or nominated person under a letter of credit are independent and superior under ch. 405.
409.109(4) (4) Inapplicability of chapter. This chapter does not apply to:
409.109(4)(a) (a) A landlord's lien, other than an agricultural lien;
409.109(4)(b) (b) A lien, other than an agricultural lien, given by statute or other rule of law for services or materials, but s. 409.333 applies with respect to priority of the lien;
409.109(4)(c) (c) An assignment of a claim for wages, salary, or other compensation of an employee;
409.109(4)(cm) (cm) An assignment of a claim or right to receive compensation for injuries or sickness under a worker's compensation or worker's disability statute of any state;
409.109(4)(d) (d) A sale of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes as part of a sale of the business out of which they arose;
409.109(4)(e) (e) An assignment of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes which is for the purpose of collection only;
409.109(4)(f) (f) An assignment of a right to payment under a contract to an assignee that is also obligated to perform under the contract;
409.109(4)(g) (g) An assignment of a single account, payment intangible, or promissory note to an assignee in full or partial satisfaction of a preexisting indebtedness;
409.109(4)(h) (h) A transfer of an interest in or an assignment of a claim under a policy of insurance, other than an assignment by or to a health-care provider of a health-care-insurance receivable and any subsequent assignment of the right to payment, but ss. 409.315 and 409.322 apply with respect to proceeds and priorities in proceeds;
409.109(4)(i) (i) An assignment of a right represented by a judgment, other than a judgment taken on a right to payment that was collateral;
409.109(4)(j) (j) A right of recoupment or setoff, but:
409.109(4)(j)1. 1. Section 409.340 applies with respect to the effectiveness of rights of recoupment or setoff against deposit accounts; and
409.109(4)(j)2. 2. Section 409.404 applies with respect to defenses or claims of an account debtor;
409.109(4)(k) (k) The creation or transfer of an interest in or lien on real property, including a lease or rents thereunder, except to the extent that provision is made for:
409.109(4)(k)1. 1. Liens on real property in ss. 409.203 and 409.308;
409.109(4)(k)2. 2. Fixtures in s. 409.334;
409.109(4)(k)3. 3. Fixture filings in ss. 409.501, 409.502, 409.512, 409.516, and 409.519; and
409.109(4)(k)4. 4. Security agreements covering personal and real property in s. 409.604;
409.109(4)(L) (L) An assignment of a claim arising in tort, other than a commercial tort claim, but ss. 409.315 and 409.322 apply with respect to proceeds and priorities in proceeds; or
409.109(4)(m) (m) An assignment of a deposit account in a consumer transaction, but ss. 409.315 and 409.322 apply with respect to proceeds and priorities in proceeds.
409.109 History History: 2001 a. 10, 64.
409.109 Annotation There is a real difference between a claim from which proceeds arise and the proceeds themselves. Public policy does not prohibit the assignment of potential proceeds in a malpractice claim as a payment intangible. Concluding otherwise would contravene the clear meaning of provisions of ch. 409 and could be seen as favoring lawyers against whom legal malpractice claims are filed. Attorney's Title Guaranty Fund, Inc. v. Town Bank, 2014 WI 63, 355 Wis. 2d 229, 850 N.W.2d 28, 11-2774.
409.110 409.110 Security interests arising under ch. 402 or 411. A security interest arising under s. 402.401, 402.505, 402.711 (3), or 411.508 (5) is subject to this chapter. However, until the debtor obtains possession of the goods:
409.110(1) (1)The security interest is enforceable, even if s. 409.203 (2) (c) has not been satisfied;
409.110(2) (2)Filing is not required to perfect the security interest;
409.110(3) (3)The rights of the secured party after default by the debtor are governed by ch. 402 or 411; and
409.110(4) (4)The security interest has priority over a conflicting security interest created by the debtor.
409.110 History History: 2001 a. 10.
subch. II of ch. 409 SUBCHAPTER II
EFFECTIVENESS OF SECURITY AGREEMENT; ATTACHMENT OF SECURITY INTEREST; RIGHTS OF PARTIES TO SECURITY AGREEMENT
409.201 409.201 General effectiveness of security agreement.
409.201(1)(1)General effectiveness. Except as otherwise provided in chs. 401 to 411, a security agreement is effective according to its terms between the parties, against purchasers of the collateral, and against creditors.
409.201(2) (2) Applicable consumer laws and other law. A transaction subject to this chapter is subject to any applicable rule of law which establishes a different rule for consumers and to chs. 138, 421 to 427, and 429 and s. 182.025.
409.201(3) (3) Other applicable law controls. In case of conflict between this chapter and a rule of law, statute, or rule described in sub. (2), the rule of law, statute, or rule controls. Failure to comply with a statute or rule described in sub. (2) has only the effect the statute or rule specifies.
409.201(4) (4) Further deference to other applicable law. This chapter does not:
409.201(4)(a) (a) Validate any rate, charge, agreement, or practice that violates a rule of law, statute, or rule described in sub. (2); or
409.201(4)(b) (b) Extend the application of the rule of law, statute, or rule to a transaction not otherwise subject to the rule of law, statute, or rule.
409.201 History History: 2001 a. 10.
409.202 409.202 Title to collateral immaterial. Except as otherwise provided with respect to consignments or sales of accounts, chattel paper, payment intangibles, or promissory notes, the provisions of this chapter with regard to rights and obligations apply whether title to collateral is in the secured party or the debtor.
409.202 History History: 2001 a. 10.
409.202 Annotation A person with a voidable title in property, having the power to pass title to a good faith purchaser under s. 402.403, may transfer a security interest in that property. Return of Property in State v. Pippin, 176 Wis. 2d 418, 500 N.W.2d 407 (Ct. App. 1993).
409.202 Note NOTE: The above annotated materials cite to the pre-2001 Wis. Act 10 version of s. 409.202.
409.203 409.203 Attachment and enforceability of security interest; proceeds; supporting obligations; formal requisites.
409.203(1)(1)Attachment. A security interest attaches to collateral when it becomes enforceable against the debtor with respect to the collateral, unless an agreement expressly postpones the time of attachment.
409.203(2) (2) Enforceability. Except as otherwise provided in subs. (3) to (9), a security interest is enforceable against the debtor and 3rd parties with respect to the collateral only if:
409.203(2)(a) (a) Value has been given;
409.203(2)(b) (b) The debtor has rights in the collateral or the power to transfer rights in the collateral to a secured party; and
409.203(2)(c) (c) One of the following conditions is met:
409.203(2)(c)1. 1. The debtor has authenticated a security agreement that provides a description of the collateral and, if the security interest covers timber to be cut, a description of the land concerned;
409.203(2)(c)2. 2. The collateral is not a certificated security and is in the possession of the secured party under s. 409.313 pursuant to the debtor's security agreement;
409.203(2)(c)3. 3. The collateral is a certificated security in registered form and the security certificate has been delivered to the secured party under s. 408.301 pursuant to the debtor's security agreement; or
409.203(2)(c)4. 4. The collateral is deposit accounts, electronic chattel paper, investment property, letter-of-credit rights, or electronic documents, and the secured party has control under s. 407.106, 409.104, 409.105, 409.106, or 409.107 pursuant to the debtor's security agreement.
409.203(3) (3) Other uniform commercial code provisions. Subsection (2) is subject to s. 404.210 on the security interest of a collecting bank, s. 405.118 on the security interest of a letter-of-credit issuer or nominated person, s. 409.110 on a security interest arising under ch. 402 or 411, and s. 409.206 on security interests in investment property.
409.203(4) (4) When person becomes bound by another person's security agreement.
409.203(4)(a) (a) A person becomes bound as debtor by a security agreement entered into by another person if, by operation of law other than this chapter or by contract:
409.203(4)(a)1. 1. The security agreement becomes effective to create a security interest in the person's property; or
409.203(4)(a)2. 2. The person becomes generally obligated for the obligations of the other person, including the obligation secured under the security agreement, and acquires or succeeds to all or substantially all of the assets of the other person.
409.203(4)(b) (b) A security agreement authenticated by one spouse is authenticated by the debtor under this section if that spouse acting alone has the right under s. 766.51 to manage and control the collateral, unless a marital property agreement or court decree that is binding on the secured party under s. 766.55 (4m) or 766.56 (2) (c) provides otherwise.
409.203(5) (5) Effect of new debtor becoming bound. If a new debtor becomes bound as debtor by a security agreement entered into by another person:
409.203(5)(a) (a) The agreement satisfies sub. (2) (c) with respect to existing or after-acquired property of the new debtor to the extent that the property is described in the agreement; and
409.203(5)(b) (b) Another agreement is not necessary to make a security interest in the property enforceable.
409.203(6) (6) Proceeds and supporting obligations. The attachment of a security interest in collateral gives the secured party the rights to proceeds provided by s. 409.315 and is also attachment of a security interest in a supporting obligation for the collateral.
409.203(7) (7) Lien securing right to payment. The attachment of a security interest in a right to payment or performance secured by a security interest or other lien on personal or real property is also attachment of a security interest in the security interest, mortgage, or other lien.
409.203(8) (8) Security entitlement carried in securities account. The attachment of a security interest in a securities account is also attachment of a security interest in the security entitlements carried in the securities account.
409.203(9) (9) Commodity contracts carried in commodity account. The attachment of a security interest in a commodity account is also attachment of a security interest in the commodity contracts carried in the commodity account.
409.203 History History: 2001 a. 10; 2009 a. 322.
409.203 Annotation A provision in an instrument prohibiting transfer of the instrument did not render a security interest in the instrument unenforceable. Belke v. M & I First National Bank of Stevens Point, 189 Wis. 2d 385, 525 N.W.2d 737 (Ct. App. 1994).
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2019-20 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2021 Wis. Act 86 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on November 19, 2021. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 19, 2021, are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-19-21)