410.406 410.406 Payment by originator to beneficiary; discharge of underlying obligation.
410.406(1)(1)Subject to ss. 410.211 (5) and 410.405 (4) and (5), the originator of a funds transfer pays the beneficiary of the originator's payment order at the time a payment order for the benefit of the beneficiary is accepted by the beneficiary's bank in the funds transfer and in an amount equal to the amount of the order accepted by the beneficiary's bank, but not more than the amount of the originator's order.
410.406(2) (2)
410.406(2)(a)(a) If payment under sub. (1) is made to satisfy an obligation, the obligation is discharged to the same extent discharge would result from payment to the beneficiary of the same amount in money, unless all of the following apply:
410.406(2)(a)1. 1. The payment under sub. (1) was made by a means prohibited by the contract of the beneficiary with respect to the obligation.
410.406(2)(a)2. 2. The beneficiary, within a reasonable time after receiving notice of receipt of the order by the beneficiary's bank, notified the originator of the beneficiary's refusal of the payment.
410.406(2)(a)3. 3. Funds with respect to the order were not withdrawn by the beneficiary or applied to a debt of the beneficiary.
410.406(2)(a)4. 4. The beneficiary would suffer a loss that could reasonably have been avoided if payment had been made by a means complying with the contract.
410.406(2)(b) (b) If payment by the originator does not result in discharge under this section, the originator is subrogated to the rights of the beneficiary to receive payment from the beneficiary's bank under s. 410.404 (1).
410.406(3) (3)For the purpose of determining whether discharge of an obligation occurs under sub. (2) (a), if the beneficiary's bank accepts a payment order in an amount equal to the amount of the originator's payment order less charges of one or more receiving banks in the funds transfer, payment to the beneficiary is considered to be in the amount of the originator's order unless upon demand by the beneficiary the originator does not pay the beneficiary the amount of the deducted charges.
410.406(4) (4)Rights of the originator or of the beneficiary of a funds transfer under this section may be varied only by agreement of the originator and the beneficiary.
410.406 History History: 1991 a. 304.
subch. V of ch. 410 SUBCHAPTER V
MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS
410.501 410.501 Variation by agreement and effect of funds-transfer system rule.
410.501(1)(1)Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, the rights and obligations of a party to a funds transfer may be varied by agreement of the affected party.
410.501(2) (2)
410.501(2)(a)(a) “Funds-transfer system rule" means a rule of an association of banks governing transmission of payment orders by means of a funds-transfer system of the association or rights and obligations with respect to those orders, or to the extent the rule applies, governing rights and obligations between banks that are parties to a funds transfer in which a federal reserve bank, acting as an intermediary bank, sends a payment order to the beneficiary's bank.
410.501(2)(b) (b) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, a funds-transfer system rule governing rights and obligations between participating banks using the system may be effective even if the rule conflicts with this chapter and indirectly affects another party to the funds transfer who does not consent to the rule. A funds-transfer system rule may also govern rights and obligations of parties other than participating banks using the system to the extent stated in ss. 410.404 (3), 410.405 (4) and 410.507 (3).
410.501 History History: 1991 a. 304.
410.502 410.502 Creditor process served on receiving bank; setoff by beneficiary's bank.
410.502(1)(1)In this section, “creditor process" means levy, attachment, garnishment, notice of lien, sequestration, or similar process issued by or on behalf of a creditor or other claimant with respect to an account.
410.502(2) (2)This subsection applies to creditor process with respect to an authorized account of the sender of a payment order if the creditor process is served on the receiving bank. For the purpose of determining rights with respect to the creditor process, if the receiving bank accepts the payment order, the balance in the authorized account is considered to be reduced by the amount of the payment order to the extent the bank did not otherwise receive payment of the order, unless the creditor process is served at a time and in a manner affording the bank a reasonable opportunity to act on it before the bank accepts the payment order.
410.502(3) (3)If a beneficiary's bank has received a payment order for payment to the beneficiary's account in the bank, the following rules apply:
410.502(3)(a) (a) The bank may credit the beneficiary's account. The amount credited may be set off against an obligation owed by the beneficiary to the bank or may be applied to satisfy creditor process served on the bank with respect to the account.
410.502(3)(b) (b) The bank may credit the beneficiary's account and allow withdrawal of the amount credited unless creditor process with respect to the account is served at a time and in a manner affording the bank a reasonable opportunity to act to prevent withdrawal.
410.502(3)(c) (c) If creditor process with respect to the beneficiary's account has been served and the bank has had a reasonable opportunity to act on it, the bank may not reject the payment order except for a reason unrelated to the service of process.
410.502(4) (4)Creditor process with respect to a payment by the originator to the beneficiary pursuant to a funds transfer may be served only on the beneficiary's bank with respect to the debt owed by that bank to the beneficiary. Any other bank served with the creditor process is not obliged to act with respect to the process.
410.502 History History: 1991 a. 304.
410.503 410.503 Injunction or restraining order with respect to funds transfer. For proper cause and in compliance with applicable law, a court may restrain a person from issuing a payment order to initiate a funds transfer, an originator's bank from executing the payment order of the originator, or the beneficiary's bank from releasing funds to the beneficiary or the beneficiary from withdrawing the funds. A court may not otherwise restrain a person from issuing a payment order, paying or receiving payment of a payment order, or otherwise acting with respect to a funds transfer.
410.503 History History: 1991 a. 304.
410.504 410.504 Order in which items and payment orders may be charged to account; order of withdrawals from account.
410.504(1)(1)If a receiving bank has received more than one payment order of the sender or one or more payment orders and other items that are payable from the sender's account, the bank may charge the sender's account with respect to the various orders and items in any sequence.
410.504(2) (2)In determining whether a credit to an account has been withdrawn by the holder of the account or applied to a debt of the holder of the account, credits first made to the account are first withdrawn or applied.
410.504 History History: 1991 a. 304.
410.505 410.505 Preclusion of objection to debit of customer's account. If a receiving bank has received payment from its customer with respect to a payment order issued in the name of the customer as sender and accepted by the bank, and the customer received notification reasonably identifying the order, the customer is precluded from asserting that the bank is not entitled to retain the payment unless the customer notifies the bank of the customer's objection to the payment within one year after the notification was received by the customer.
410.505 History History: 1991 a. 304.
410.506 410.506 Rate of interest.
410.506(1)(1)If, under this chapter, a receiving bank is obliged to pay interest with respect to a payment order issued to the bank, the amount payable may be determined by agreement of the sender and receiving bank, or may be determined by a funds-transfer system rule if the payment order is transmitted through a funds-transfer system.
410.506(2) (2)If the amount of interest is not determined by an agreement or rule as stated in sub. (1), the amount is calculated by multiplying the applicable federal funds rate by the amount on which interest is payable, and then multiplying the product by the number of days for which interest is payable. The applicable federal funds rate is the average of the federal funds rates published by the federal reserve bank of New York for each of the days for which interest is payable divided by 360. The federal funds rate for any day on which a published rate is not available is the same as the published rate for the next preceding day for which there is a published rate. If a receiving bank that accepted a payment order is required to refund payment to the sender of the order because the funds transfer was not completed, but the failure to complete was not due to any fault by the bank, the interest payable is reduced by a percentage equal to the reserve requirement on deposits of the receiving bank.
410.506 History History: 1991 a. 304.
410.507 410.507 Choice of law.
410.507(1)(1)The following rules apply unless the affected parties otherwise agree or sub. (3) applies:
410.507(1)(a) (a) The rights and obligations between the sender of a payment order and the receiving bank are governed by the law of the jurisdiction in which the receiving bank is located.
410.507(1)(b) (b) The rights and obligations between the beneficiary's bank and the beneficiary are governed by the law of the jurisdiction in which the beneficiary's bank is located.
410.507(1)(c) (c) The issue of when payment is made pursuant to a funds transfer by the originator to the beneficiary is governed by the law of the jurisdiction in which the beneficiary's bank is located.
410.507(2) (2)If the parties described in each paragraph of sub. (1) have made an agreement selecting the law of a particular jurisdiction to govern rights and obligations between each other, the law of that jurisdiction governs those rights and obligations, whether or not the payment order or the funds transfer bears a reasonable relation to that jurisdiction.
410.507(3) (3)
410.507(3)(a)(a) A funds-transfer system rule may select the law of a particular jurisdiction to govern any of the following:
410.507(3)(a)1. 1. Rights and obligations between participating banks with respect to payment orders transmitted or processed through the system.
410.507(3)(a)2. 2. Rights and obligations of some or all parties to a funds transfer any part of which is carried out by means of the system.
410.507(3)(b) (b) A choice of law made pursuant to par. (a) 1. is binding on participating banks. A choice of law made pursuant to par. (a) 2. is binding on the originator, other sender, or a receiving bank having notice that the funds-transfer system might be used in the funds transfer and of the choice of law by the system when the originator, other sender, or receiving bank issued or accepted a payment order. The beneficiary of a funds transfer is bound by the choice of law if, when the funds transfer is initiated, the beneficiary has notice that the funds-transfer system might be used in the funds transfer and of the choice of law by the system. The law of a jurisdiction selected pursuant to this subsection may govern, whether or not that law bears a reasonable relation to the matter in issue.
410.507(4) (4)In the event of inconsistency between an agreement under sub. (2) and a choice-of-law rule under sub. (3), the agreement under sub. (2) prevails.
410.507(5) (5)If a funds transfer is made by use of more than one funds-transfer system and there is inconsistency between choice-of-law rules of the systems, the matter in issue is governed by the law of the selected jurisdiction that has the most significant relationship to the matter in issue.
410.507 History History: 1991 a. 304.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 184 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on March 28, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after March 28, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 3-28-20)