Automobile insurers that exclude coverage as permitted in this subsection shall have no duty to defend or indemnify any claim expressly excluded. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to invalidate or limit an exclusion contained in a policy, including any policy in use, or approved for use, in this state before May 3, 2015, that excludes coverage for vehicles used to carry persons or property for a charge or available for hire by the public.
An automobile insurer that defends or indemnifies a claim against a participating driver that is excluded under the terms of its policy as permitted in this subsection shall have a right of contribution against other insurers that provide automobile insurance to the same driver in satisfaction of the coverage requirements of sub. (1)
at the time of loss.
In a claims coverage investigation, transportation network companies and any insurer potentially providing coverage under sub. (1)
shall cooperate to facilitate the exchange of relevant information with directly involved parties and any insurer of the participating driver if applicable, including the precise times that a participating driver logged on and off the transportation network company's digital network in the 12-hour period immediately preceding, and in the 12-hour period immediately following, the accident, and disclose to one another a clear description of the coverage, exclusions, and limits provided under any automobile insurance maintained under sub. (1)
If a transportation network company's insurer covers a claim under a policy's comprehensive or collision coverage, the insurer shall issue the payment for the claim to either of the following, as directed by the transportation network company:
Jointly to the owner of the personal vehicle and the primary lienholder.
Directly to the person repairing the personal vehicle in satisfaction of completion of repairs as payment in full.
History: 2015 a. 16
Disciplinary proceedings and actions. 440.49(1)(1)
Investigations and hearings.
Subject to the rules promulgated under s. 440.03 (1)
, the department may conduct investigations and hold hearings to determine whether a violation of this subchapter or any rule promulgated under this subchapter or a violation of any other law that substantially relates to the operation of a transportation network company or to transportation network services has occurred.
Subject to the rules promulgated under s. 440.03 (1)
, the department may reprimand a licensed company or deny, limit, suspend, or revoke a license granted under s. 440.415
if the department finds that an applicant for licensure or a licensed company has done any of the following:
Intentionally made a material misstatement in an application for a license or license renewal.
Advertised in a manner that is false or misleading.
Obtained or attempted to obtain compensation through fraud or deceit.
Violated this subchapter or any rule promulgated under this subchapter or violated any other law that substantially relates to the operation of a transportation network company or to transportation network services.
Failed to cooperate with the department, or failed to timely respond to a request for information by the department, in connection with an investigation under this section.
In addition to or in lieu of a reprimand or other action under sub. (2)
, the department may assess against a licensed company, for the violations enumerated under sub. (2)
, a forfeiture of not more than $1,000 for each separate offense.
History: 2015 a. 16
Any person who violates this subchapter or any rule promulgated under this subchapter may be fined not more than $1,000.
History: 2015 a. 16
PEDDLERS; PRIVATE SCHOOLS
Statewide peddler's licenses for ex-soldiers.
Any ex-soldier of the United States in any war, who has a 25 percent disability or more or has a cardiac disability recognized by the U.S. department of veterans affairs, and any person disabled to the extent of the loss of one arm or one leg or more or who has been declared blind as defined under Title XVI of the social security act, shall, upon presenting the department proof of these conditions, be granted a special statewide peddler's license without payment of any fee. The person must have been a bona fide resident of this state for at least 5 years preceding the application. While engaged in such business the person shall physically carry the license and the proof required for its issuance. A blind person shall also carry an identification photograph which is not more than 3 years old. A license issued under this section shall not entitle a blind person to peddle for hire for another person. A license issued under this section is permanent unless suspended or revoked by the department.
Private trade, correspondence, business, and technical schools. 440.52(1)(1)
In this section, unless the context clearly requires otherwise:
“Course" means an organized unit of subject matter in which instruction is offered within a given period of time or that covers a specified amount of related subject matter.
“Course of instruction" means a series of classroom or correspondence courses having a unified purpose which lead to a diploma or degree or to an occupational or vocational objective.
“Person" means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, or limited liability company, or any combination of these.
“School" means any private trade, correspondence, business, or technical school, but does not include any of the following:
In-state schools that are exempt from taxation under section 501
of the Internal Revenue Code and that either were incorporated in this state prior to January 1, 1992, or had their administrative headquarters and principal places of business in this state prior to 1970.
Schools of a parochial or denominational character offering courses having a sectarian objective.
Schools primarily offering instruction avocational or recreational in nature and not leading to a vocational objective.
Courses conducted by employers exclusively for their employees.
Schools, courses of instruction, and training programs that are approved or licensed and supervised by other state agencies and boards.
Schools approved by the department of public instruction for the training of teachers.
Schools accredited by accrediting agencies recognized by the department.
The distance education program of an eligible institution that has been authorized by the distance learning authorization board under s. 39.86 (3) (a) 1.
If the distance learning authorization board enters into an agreement under s. 39.86 (2) (a)
, a postsecondary institution to which all of the following apply:
The institution does not have its principal campus in this state.
The jurisdiction in which the institution has its principal campus has joined an agreement, as defined in s. 39.86 (1) (a)
, of which this state is a member or for which there is reciprocity with the agreement entered into by the distance learning authorization board under s. 39.86 (2) (a)
The institution has obtained authorization, from the jurisdiction in which the institution has its principal campus, to offer distance education programs to students located beyond the borders of the state where the institution is located.
“Solicitor" means a person employed by or representing a school located either within or outside this state that, in places other than the actual business premises of the school, personally attempts to secure the enrollment of a student in the school.
“Teaching location" means the area and facilities designated for use by a school required to be approved by the department under this section.
The department shall protect the general public by inspecting and approving private trade, correspondence, business, and technical schools doing business within this state, whether located within or outside this state, changes of ownership or control of the schools, teaching locations used by the schools, and courses of instruction offered by the schools and regulate the soliciting of students for correspondence or classroom courses and courses of instruction offered by the schools.
(3) Rule-making power.
The department shall promulgate rules and establish standards necessary to administer this section.
(7) Approval of schools generally.
To protect students, prevent fraud and misrepresentation in the sale and advertising of courses and courses of instruction, and encourage schools to maintain courses and courses of instruction consistent in quality, content, and length with generally accepted educational standards, the department shall do all of the following:
Investigate the adequacy of courses and courses of instruction offered by schools to residents of this state and establish minimum standards for those courses of instruction.
Investigate the adequacy of schools' facilities, equipment, instructional materials, and instructional programs and establish minimum standards for those facilities, equipment, materials, and programs.
Establish rules, standards, and criteria to prevent fraud and misrepresentation in the sale and advertising of courses and courses of instruction.
Promulgate rules restricting the negotiability of promissory instruments received by schools in payment of tuition and other charges.
Establish minimum standards for refund of the unused portion of tuition, fees, and other charges if a student does not enter a course or course of instruction or withdraws or is discontinued from the course.
Require schools offering courses and courses of instruction to residents of this state to furnish information concerning their facilities, curricula, instructors, enrollment policies, tuition and other charges and fees, refund policies, and policies concerning negotiability of promissory instruments received in payment of tuition and other charges.
Approve courses of instruction, schools, changes of ownership or control of schools, and teaching locations meeting the requirements and standards established by the department and complying with rules promulgated by the department; publish a list of the schools and courses of instruction approved and a list of the schools that are authorized to use the term “college," “university," “state," or “Wisconsin" in their names; and make those lists of the schools available on the department's Internet site.
Issue permits to solicitors when all department requirements have been met.
Require schools to furnish a surety bond in an amount as provided by rule of the department.
No solicitor representing any school offering any course or course of instruction shall sell any course or course of instruction or solicit students for a course or course of instruction in this state for a consideration or remuneration, except upon the actual business premises of the school, unless the solicitor first secures a solicitor's permit from the department. If the solicitor represents more than one school, a separate permit shall be obtained for each school the solicitor represents.
The application for a solicitor's permit shall be made on a form furnished by the department and shall be accompanied by a fee and a surety bond acceptable to the department in the sum of $2,000. The department shall, by rule, specify the amount of the fee for a solicitor's permit. The bond may be continuous and shall be conditioned to provide indemnification to any student suffering loss as the result of any fraud or misrepresentation used in procuring his or her enrollment or as a result of the failure of the school to perform faithfully the agreement the solicitor made with the student, and may be supplied by the solicitor or by the school itself either as a blanket bond covering each of its solicitors in the amount of $2,000 or the surety bond under sub. (7) (i)
. Upon approval of a permit, the department shall issue an identification card to the solicitor giving his or her name and address, the name and address of the employing school, and certifying that the person whose name appears on the card is authorized to solicit students for the school. A permit shall be valid for one year from the date issued. Liability under this paragraph of the surety on the bond for each solicitor covered by the bond shall not exceed the sum of $2,000 as an aggregate for any and all students for all breaches of the conditions of the bond. The surety of a bond may cancel the bond upon giving 30 days' notice in writing to the department and shall be relieved of liability under this paragraph upon giving the notice for any breach of condition occurring after the effective date of the cancellation. An application for renewal shall be accompanied by a fee, a surety bond acceptable to the department in the sum of $2,000 if a continuous bond has not been furnished, and such information as the department requests of the applicant. The department shall, by rule, specify the amount of the fee for renewal of a solicitor's permit.
Refusal or revocation of permit.
The department may refuse to issue or renew, or may revoke, any solicitor's permit upon one or any combination of the following grounds:
Willful violation of this subsection or any rule promulgated by the department under this section.
Furnishing false, misleading, or incomplete information to the department.
Presenting information to prospective students relating to the school, a course, or a course of instruction that is false, fraudulent, or misleading.
Refusal by the school to be represented to allow reasonable inspection or to supply information after written request therefor by the department.
Failure of the school which the solicitor represents to meet requirements and standards established by and to comply with rules promulgated by the department under sub. (7)
Notice of refusal to issue or renew permit.
Notice of refusal to issue or renew a permit or of the revocation of a permit shall be sent by registered mail to the last address of the applicant or permit holder shown in the records of the department. Revocation of a permit shall be effective 10 days after the notice of revocation has been mailed to the permit holder.
Request for appearance.
Within 20 days of the receipt of notice of the department's refusal to issue or renew a permit or of the revocation of a permit, the applicant or holder of the permit may request permission to appear before the department in person, with or without counsel, to present reasons why the permit should be issued, renewed, or reinstated. Upon receipt of a request, the department shall grant a hearing to the applicant or holder of the permit within 30 days giving that person at least 10 days' notice of the date, time, and place.
Recovery by students.
The bond in force under par. (b)
shall not limit or impair any right of recovery otherwise available under law, nor shall the amount of the bond be relevant in determining the amount of damages or other relief to which any plaintiff may be entitled.
Recovery on contracts.
No recovery shall be had by any school or its assignee on any contract for or in connection with a course or course of instruction if the representative who sold or solicited the course was not the holder of a solicitor's permit under this subsection at the time of the sale or solicitation.
The attorney general or any district attorney may bring an action in circuit court for the enforcement of this subsection.
Whoever violates this subsection may be fined not more than $500 or imprisoned not more than 3 months or both.
All proprietary schools shall be examined and approved by the department before operating in this state. Approval shall be granted to schools meeting the criteria established by the department for a period not to exceed one year. No school may advertise in this state unless approved by the department. All approved schools shall submit quarterly reports, including information on enrollment, number of teachers and their qualifications, course offerings, number of graduates, number of graduates successfully employed, and such other information as the department considers necessary. If a school closure results in losses to students, parents, or sponsors, the department may authorize the full or partial payment of those losses from the appropriation under s. 20.165 (1) (jt)
Application for initial approval of a school or a course of instruction, approval of a teaching location, change of ownership, or control of a school, renewal of approval of a school or reinstatement of approval of a school or course of instruction that has been revoked shall be made on a form furnished by the department and shall be accompanied by a fee set by the department under par. (c)
and any other information as the department considers necessary to evaluate the school in carrying out the purpose of this section.
Fees; rule making.
The department shall promulgate rules to establish the fees paid to the department under this subsection. In promulgating rules to establish the fees, the department shall do all of the following:
Require that the amount of fees collected under this paragraph be sufficient to cover all costs that the department incurs in examining and approving proprietary schools under this subsection.
Give consideration to establishing a variable fee structure based on the size of a proprietary school.
Limit on student protection fee.
The department shall discontinue collecting annual student protection fees under par. (c) 4.
during the period that the balance in the fund created by those fees exceeds $1,000,000.
The attorney general or any district attorney may bring an action in circuit court for the enforcement of this subsection, including bringing an action to restrain by temporary or permanent injunction any violation of par. (a)
Any person who violates par. (a)
may be required to forfeit not more than $500. Each day of operation in violation of par. (a)
constitutes a separate offense.
In addition to any other remedies provided by law, a student who attends a school that is in violation of par. (a)
may bring a civil action to recover fees paid to the school in violation of par. (a)
together with costs and disbursements, including reasonable attorney fees.
(11) Closed schools; preservation of records. 440.52(11)(a)1.
“Association" means the Wisconsin Association of Independent Colleges and Universities or a successor organization.