440.77(2)(a) (a) A crematory authority may not refuse to accept delivery of human remains solely on the basis that the human remains have not been placed in a casket or have not been embalmed.
440.77(2)(b) (b) A crematory authority may refuse to accept delivery of human remains if any of the following apply:
440.77(2)(b)1. 1. The casket or other container used for the human remains has evidence of leakage of bodily fluids.
440.77(2)(b)2. 2. The crematory authority has knowledge of a dispute regarding the cremation of the human remains, unless the crematory authority receives a copy of a court order or other documentation indicating that the dispute has been resolved.
440.77(2)(b)3. 3. The crematory authority has reason to believe that a representation of the person directing the cremation of human remains is not true.
440.77(2)(b)4. 4. The crematory authority has reason to believe that the human remains contain a device that may be hazardous or cause damage to the cremation chamber or an individual performing the cremation.
440.77 History History: 2005 a. 31.
440.78 440.78 Cremation requirements.
440.78(1)(1)Documentation. A crematory authority may not cremate the human remains of a decedent unless the authority has received all of the following:
440.78(1)(a) (a) A completed authorization form.
440.78(1)(b) (b) A copy of the cremation permit issued under s. 979.10 (1) (a).
440.78(1)(c) (c) If a report for final disposition of a human corpse is required under s. 69.18 (3), a copy of the report.
440.78(2) (2)Holding facility.
440.78(2)(a) (a) Upon accepting delivery of human remains, a crematory authority shall place the human remains in a holding facility until they are cremated, except that, if the crematory authority obtains knowledge of a dispute regarding the cremation of the human remains, the crematory authority may, until the dispute is resolved, return the human remains to the person who delivered the human remains or the funeral establishment or other business entity with which that person is affiliated, neither of which may refuse to accept the human remains.
440.78(2)(b) (b) A crematory authority shall restrict access to a holding facility to authorized personnel.
440.78(3) (3)Caskets and other containers.
440.78(3)(a) (a) A crematory authority may not require human remains to be placed in a casket before cremation or to be cremated in a casket.
440.78(3)(b) (b) Unless a crematory authority obtains the prior written consent of the person directing the cremation, and except as provided in par. (c), a crematory authority shall cremate with human remains the casket or other container holding the human remains or destroy the casket or other container.
440.78(3)(c) (c) A container may be used to hold human remains that are to be cremated only if the container is composed of readily combustible materials that are resistant to leakage and spillage, has the ability to be closed for complete covering of the human remains, is sufficiently rigid to provide ease in handling, and is able to protect the health and safety of crematory personnel.
440.78(4) (4)Viewings or other services. A crematory authority may not cremate human remains before the date and time specified in an authorization form under s. 440.73 (8).
440.78(5) (5)Simultaneous cremation. A crematory authority may not simultaneously cremate the human remains of more than one decedent within the same cremation chamber unless the crematory authority receives the prior written consent of the person directing the cremation of each decedent.
440.78(6) (6)Residue removal. Upon completion of each cremation, a crematory authority shall, insofar as practicable, remove all of the cremated remains from the cremation chamber.
440.78(7) (7)Containers for cremated remains. A container may be used to hold cremated remains only if all of the following are satisfied:
440.78(7)(a) (a) Except as provided in sub. (8), the container is a single container of sufficient size to hold the cremated remains.
440.78(7)(b) (b) The container may be closed in a manner that prevents the entrance of foreign materials and prevents leakage or spillage of the cremated remains.
440.78(8) (8)Excess remains; additional container. If cremated remains that a crematory authority recovers from a cremation chamber do not fit within the container that the person who directed the cremation has selected, the crematory authority shall return the remainder of the human remains in a separate container to the person who directed the cremation or to that person's designee.
440.78(9) (9)Identification system. A crematory authority shall maintain an identification system that ensures the identity of human remains throughout all phases of the cremation process.
440.78(10) (10)Construction of a crematory.
440.78(10)(a) (a) Any person who constructs a crematory or converts a building or other structure to a crematory shall comply with the rules of the department and shall receive department approval in writing of the plans and specifications prior to construction or conversion. The department may promulgate rules governing the location, material, and construction of any crematory. Any municipality may enact ordinances governing the construction of a crematory that are at least as stringent as this subsection.
440.78(10)(b) (b) The department shall supervise construction of any crematory and conversion of any building or other structure to a crematory. No person may modify departmental construction or conversion requirements without written approval of the department. No crematory authority may operate a crematory unless the department certifies in writing that construction or conversion complied with approved plans.
440.78 History History: 2005 a. 31; 2015 a. 237 s. 54.
440.79 440.79 Deliveries of cremated remains. A crematory authority may deliver cremated remains to another person only by making the delivery in person or by using a delivery service that has a system for tracking the delivery. The crematory authority shall obtain a signed receipt from the person to whom the cremated remains are delivered. The crematory authority shall ensure that the receipt includes all of the following:
440.79(1) (1)The name of the decedent.
440.79(2) (2)The date and time that the cremated remains were delivered.
440.79(3) (3)The name and signature of the person to whom the cremated remains were delivered and the name of the funeral establishment or other business entity, if any, with which the person is affiliated.
440.79(4) (4)The name and signature of the person who delivered the cremated remains on behalf of the crematory authority.
440.79 History History: 2005 a. 31, 254.
440.80 440.80 Disposition of cremated remains.
440.80(1)(1)Responsible party.
440.80(1)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), the person directing the cremation is responsible for determining the manner in which cremated remains are disposed.
440.80(1)(b) (b) If the person directing the cremation fails to determine the manner in which cremated remains are disposed, the crematory authority shall, no sooner than 30 days after cremation, deliver the cremated remains to the person who delivered the human remains to the crematory authority for cremation or the funeral establishment or other business entity with which that person is affiliated, neither of which may refuse to accept the cremated remains. No sooner than 60 days after the cremated remains are delivered under this paragraph, the person to whom they are delivered may determine the manner in which the cremated remains are disposed and shall make a written record of any determination that is made.
440.80(1)(c) (c) The person directing the cremation or the decedent's estate, or both, are liable for all reasonable expenses incurred in delivering and disposing of cremated remains under par. (b).
440.80(2) (2)Manner of disposition. A person may dispose of cremated remains only in one of the following manners:
440.80(2)(a) (a) Placing the remains in a grave, niche, or crypt.
440.80(2)(b) (b) Disposing of the remains in any other lawful manner, but only if the remains are reduced to a particle size of one-eighth inch or less.
440.80(3) (3)Commingling. Without the prior written consent of each person directing the cremation, no person may place cremated remains of more than one individual in the same container.
440.80(4) (4)Prohibited sales. A crematory authority may not do any of the following:
440.80(4)(a) (a) Sell any material or device, including a prosthetic or medical device of a decedent, that is obtained from cremating the human remains of the decedent.
440.80(4)(b) (b) Resell any casket or other container that has been used for cremating human remains.
440.80 History History: 2005 a. 31.
440.81 440.81 Records.
440.81(1)(1)A crematory authority shall maintain a permanent record of each cremation at its place of business consisting of the name of the decedent, the date of the cremation, and a description of the manner in which the cremated remains are disposed.
440.81(2) (2)A crematory authority shall maintain as permanent records the documentation specified in s. 440.78 (1) and copies of receipts under ss. 440.77 (1) and 440.79.
440.81 History History: 2005 a. 31.
440.82 440.82 Exemptions from liability.
440.82(1)(1)Except as provided in sub. (2), a crematory authority is immune from civil liability for damages resulting from cremating human remains, including damages to prosthetic or medical devices or valuables of the decedent, if the authority has complied with the requirements of this subchapter.
440.82(2) (2)A crematory authority is liable for damages resulting from the authority's intentional misconduct, negligent conduct, or failure to return valuables specified on an authorization form under s. 440.73 (7).
440.82 History History: 2005 a. 31.
440.83 440.83 Electronic transmission permitted. Any statement required to be in writing under s. 440.76, 440.78 (3) (b) or (5), or 440.80 (3) may be transmitted by facsimile.
440.83 History History: 2005 a. 31.
440.84 440.84 Rules. The department may promulgate rules interpreting or administering the requirements of this subchapter.
440.84 History History: 2005 a. 31.
440.85 440.85 Discipline.
440.85(1)(1)Subject to the rules promulgated under s. 440.03 (1), the department may make investigations, including inspections, or conduct hearings to determine whether a violation of this subchapter or any rule promulgated under this subchapter has occurred.
440.85(2) (2)Subject to the rules promulgated under s. 440.03 (1), the department may reprimand an individual registered under this subchapter or deny, limit, suspend, or revoke a registration under this subchapter if the department finds that the applicant or individual has done any of the following:
440.85(2)(a) (a) Made a material misstatement in an application for a registration or renewal of a registration.
440.85(2)(b) (b) Engaged in conduct while practicing as a crematory authority that evidences a lack of knowledge or ability to apply professional principles or skills.
440.85(2)(c) (c) Subject to ss. 111.321, 111.322, and 111.335, been arrested or convicted of an offense committed while registered under this subchapter.
440.85(2)(d) (d) Advertised in a manner that is false, deceptive, or misleading.
440.85(2)(e) (e) Advertised, practiced, or attempted to practice as a crematory authority under another person's name.
440.85(2)(f) (f) Violated this subchapter or a rule promulgated under this subchapter.
440.85 History History: 2005 a. 31.
440.86 440.86 Penalties.
440.86(1)(1)Any person who violates this subchapter or a rule promulgated under this subchapter may be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned for not more than 6 months or both.
440.86(2) (2)In addition to or in lieu of the penalties under sub. (1) and the remedies under s. 440.85 (2), any person who violates this subchapter or a rule promulgated under this subchapter may be required to forfeit not more than $1,000 for each violation. Each day of continued violation constitutes a separate violation.
440.86 History History: 2005 a. 31.
440.87 440.87 Exceptions. This subchapter does not apply to a person who is performing his or her duties as an officer of a public institution, medical school, medical college, county medical society, anatomical association, or accredited college of embalming, or to a person acting in accordance with a statute prescribing the conditions under which donated or indigent dead human bodies are held subject for anatomical study, or to a person who is acting according to the burial customs or rites of a religious sect to which the person belongs or subscribes.
440.87 History History: 2005 a. 31.
subch. VIII of ch. 440 SUBCHAPTER VIII
SUBSTANCE ABUSE COUNSELORS,
CLINICAL SUPERVISORS,
AND PREVENTION SPECIALISTS
440.88 440.88 Substance abuse counselors, clinical supervisors, and prevention specialists.
440.88(1)(1)Definitions. In this subchapter:
440.88(1)(a) (a) “Clinical supervisor" means a clinical supervisor-in-training, an intermediate clinical supervisor, or an independent clinical supervisor.
440.88(1)(am) (am) “Prevention specialist" means a prevention specialist-in-training or a prevention specialist.
440.88(1)(b) (b) “Substance abuse counselor" means a substance abuse counselor-in-training, a substance abuse counselor, or a clinical substance abuse counselor.
440.88(2) (2)Certification. Except as provided in sub. (3m) and s. 440.12 or 440.13, the department shall certify as a substance abuse counselor, a clinical supervisor, or a prevention specialist any individual who satisfies the applicable conditions in sub. (3) and who has presented evidence satisfactory to the department that applicable certification standards and qualification of the department, as established by rule, have been met.
440.88(3) (3)Certification; standards and qualifications.
440.88(3)(a)(a) Subject to pars. (b) and (c) and except as provided in sub. (3m), the department shall promulgate rules that establish minimum standards and qualifications for the certification of all of the following, including substance abuse counselors and clinical supervisors, as defined by the department of health services by rule:
440.88(3)(a)1. 1. Substance abuse counselors-in-training.
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2019-20 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2021 Wis. Act 72 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on July 23, 2021. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 23, 2021, are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-23-21)