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48.432(4)(b) (b) Upon receipt of a request under par. (a), the department, or agency contracted with under sub. (9), shall undertake a diligent search for the individual's or adoptee's parents.
48.432(4)(c) (c) Employees of the department and any agency conducting a search under this subsection may not inform any person other than the birth parents of the purpose of the search.
48.432(4)(d) (d) The department, or agency contracted with under sub. (9), shall charge the requester a reasonable fee for the cost of the search. When the department or agency determines that the fee will exceed $100 for either birth parent, it shall notify the requester. No fee in excess of $100 per birth parent may be charged unless the requester, after receiving notification under this paragraph, has given consent to proceed with the search.
48.432(4)(e) (e) The department or agency conducting the search shall, upon locating a birth parent, notify him or her of the request and of the need for medical and genetic information.
48.432(4)(f) (f) The department, or agency contracted with under sub. (9), shall release to the requester any medical or genetic information provided by a birth parent under this subsection without disclosing the birth parent's identity or location.
48.432(4)(g) (g) If a birth parent is located but refuses to provide the information requested, the department, or agency contracted with under sub. (9), shall notify the requester, without disclosing the birth parent's identity or location, and the requester may petition the circuit court to order the birth parent to disclose the information. The court shall grant the motion for good cause shown.
48.432(7) (7)
48.432(7)(a)(a) If the department or another agency that maintains records relating to the adoption of an adoptee or the termination of parental rights receives a report from a physician stating that a birth parent or another offspring of the birth parent has acquired or may have a genetically transferable disease, the department or agency shall notify the individual or adoptee of the existence of the disease, if he or she is 18 years of age or over, or notify the individual's or adoptee's guardian, custodian or adoptive parent if the individual or adoptee is under age 18.
48.432(7)(b) (b) If the department or agency receives a report from a physician that an individual or adoptee has acquired or may have a genetically transferable disease, the department or agency shall notify the individual's or adoptee's birth parent of the existence of the disease.
48.432(7)(c) (c) Notice under par. (a) or (b) shall be sent to the most recent address on file with the agency or the department.
48.432(8) (8) Any person, including this state or any political subdivision of this state, who participates in good faith in any requirement of this section shall have immunity from any liability, civil or criminal, that results from his or her actions. In any proceeding, civil or criminal, the good faith of any person participating in the requirements of this section shall be presumed.
48.432(8m) (8m) The department, or agency contracted with under sub. (9), shall give priority to all of the following:
48.432(8m)(a) (a) Reports filed by physicians under sub. (7).
48.432(8m)(b) (b) A request or a court order for medical or genetic information under subs. (3) and (4) if it is accompanied by a statement from a physician certifying that a child has acquired or may have a genetically transferable disease.
48.432(8m)(c) (c) Any reports and requests specified by the department by rule.
48.432(9) (9) The department shall promulgate rules to implement this section and may contract with an agency to administer this section.
48.432 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DCF 53, Wis. adm. code.
48.433 48.433 Access to identifying information about parents.
48.433(1)(1) In this section:
48.433(1)(a) (a) "Agency" has the meaning given under s. 48.432 (1) (ag).
48.433(1)(b) (b) "Birth parent" has the meaning given under s. 48.432 (1) (am).
48.433(2) (2) Any birth parent whose rights have been terminated in this state at any time, or who has consented to the adoption of his or her child in this state before February 1, 1982, may file with the department, or agency contracted with under sub. (11), an affidavit authorizing the department or agency to provide the child with his or her original birth certificate and with any other available information about the birth parent's identity and location. An affidavit filed under this subsection may be revoked at any time by notifying the department or agency in writing.
48.433(3) (3) Any person 18 years of age or over whose birth parent's rights have been terminated in this state or who has been adopted in this state with the consent of his or her birth parent or parents before February 1, 1982, may request the department, or agency contracted with under sub. (11), to provide the person with the following:
48.433(3)(a) (a) The person's original birth certificate.
48.433(3)(b) (b) Any available information regarding the identity and location of his or her birth parents.
48.433(4) (4) Before acting on the request, the department, or agency contracted with under sub. (11), shall require the requester to provide adequate identification.
48.433(5) (5) The department, or agency contracted with under sub. (11), shall disclose the requested information in either of the following circumstances:
48.433(5)(a) (a) The department, or agency contracted with under sub. (11), has on file unrevoked affidavits filed under sub. (2) from both birth parents.
48.433(5)(b) (b) One of the birth parents was unknown at the time of the proceeding for termination of parental rights or consent adoption and the known birth parent has filed an unrevoked affidavit under sub. (2).
48.433(6) (6)
48.433(6)(a)(a) If the department, or agency contracted with under sub. (11), does not have on file an affidavit from each known birth parent, it shall, within 3 months after the date of the original request, undertake a diligent search for each birth parent who has not filed an affidavit. The search shall be completed within 6 months after the date of the request, unless the search falls within one of the exceptions established by the department by rule. If any information has been provided under sub. (5), the department or agency is not required to conduct a search.
48.433(6)(c) (c) Employees of the department and any agency conducting a search under this subsection may not inform any person other than the birth parents of the purpose of the search.
48.433(6)(d) (d) The department, or agency contracted with under sub. (11), shall charge the requester a reasonable fee for the cost of the search. When the department or agency determines that the fee will exceed $100 for either birth parent, it shall notify the requester. No fee in excess of $100 per birth parent may be charged unless the requester, after receiving notification under this paragraph, has given consent to proceed with the search.
48.433(7) (7)
48.433(7)(a)(a) The department or agency conducting the search shall, upon locating a birth parent, make at least one verbal contact and notify him or her of the following:
48.433(7)(a)1. 1. The nature of the information requested.
48.433(7)(a)2. 2. The date of the request.
48.433(7)(a)3. 3. The fact that the birth parent has the right to file with the department the affidavit under sub. (2).
48.433(7)(b) (b) Within 3 working days after contacting a birth parent, the department, or agency contracted with under sub. (11), shall send the birth parent a written copy of the information specified under par. (a) and a blank copy of the affidavit.
48.433(7)(c) (c) If the birth parent files the affidavit, the department, or agency contracted with under sub. (11), shall disclose the requested information if permitted under sub. (5).
48.433(7)(d) (d) If the department or an agency has contacted a birth parent under this subsection, and the birth parent does not file the affidavit, the department may not disclose the requested information.
48.433(7)(e) (e) If, after a search under this subsection, a known birth parent cannot be located, the department, or agency contracted with under sub. (11), may disclose the requested information if the other birth parent has filed an unrevoked affidavit under sub. (2).
48.433(7)(f) (f) The department or agency conducting a search under this subsection may not contact a birth parent again on behalf of the same requester until at least 12 months after the date of the previous contact. Further contacts with a birth parent under this subsection on behalf of the same requester may be made only if 5 years have elapsed since the date of the last contact.
48.433(8) (8)
48.433(8)(a)(a) If a birth parent is known to be dead and has not filed an unrevoked affidavit under sub. (2), the department, or agency contracted with under sub. (11), shall so inform the requester. The department or agency may not provide the requester with his or her original birth certificate or with the identity of that parent, but shall provide the requester with any available information it has on file regarding the identity and location of the other birth parent if both of the following conditions exist:
48.433(8)(a)1. 1. The other birth parent has filed an unrevoked affidavit under sub. (2).
48.433(8)(a)2. 2. One year has elapsed since the death of the deceased birth parent.
48.433(8)(b) (b) If a birth parent is known to be dead, the department, or agency contracted with under sub. (11), in addition to the information provided under par. (a), shall provide the requester with any nonidentifying social history information about the deceased parent on file with the department or agency.
48.433(8m) (8m) If the department, or agency contracted with under sub. (11), may not disclose the information requested under this section, it shall provide the requester with any nonidentifying social history information about either of the birth parents that it has on file.
48.433(9) (9) The requester may petition the circuit court to order the department or agency designated by the department to disclose any information that may not be disclosed under this section. The court shall grant the petition for good cause shown.
48.433(10) (10) Any person, including this state or any political subdivision of this state, who participates in good faith in any requirement of this section shall have immunity from any liability, civil or criminal, that results from his or her actions. In any proceeding, civil or criminal, the good faith of any person participating in the requirements of this section shall be presumed.
48.433(11) (11) The department shall promulgate rules to implement this section and may contract with an agency to administer this section.
48.433 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DCF 53, Wis. adm. code.
48.434 48.434 Release of identifying information by an agency when authorization is granted.
48.434(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
48.434(1)(a) (a) "Adoptive parent" means a person who has adopted a child in this state or who has adopted in another state a child who was placed for adoption with that person in this state.
48.434(1)(b) (b) "Birth parent" has the meaning given under s. 48.432 (1) (am).
48.434(2) (2) Any birth parent of a child may file with the agency that placed the child for adoption under s. 48.833 or that was appointed the guardian of the child under s. 48.837 (6) (d) a written authorization for the agency to release any available information about the birth parent's identity and location to one or both adoptive parents of the child.
48.434(3) (3) Any adoptive parent of a child may file with the agency that placed the child for adoption under s. 48.833 or that was appointed the guardian of the child under s. 48.837 (6) (d) a written authorization for the agency to release any available information about the adoptive parent's identity and location to one or both birth parents of the child.
48.434(4) (4) A written authorization filed under sub. (2) or (3) may be revoked at any time by notifying the agency in writing.
48.434(5) (5) Upon the request of an adoptive parent of a child, the agency receiving the request shall provide to the adoptive parent any available information about the identity and location of a birth parent of the child if the agency has on file an unrevoked written authorization filed by that birth parent under sub. (2) authorizing the release of that information to the adoptive parent.
48.434(6) (6) Upon the request of a birth parent of a child, the agency receiving the request shall provide to the birth parent any available information about the identity and location of an adoptive parent of the child if the agency has on file an unrevoked written authorization filed by that adoptive parent under sub. (3) authorizing the release of that information to the birth parent.
48.434(7) (7) This section does not apply if the adopted child is 21 years of age or over.
48.434(8) (8) Any person, including this state or any political subdivision of this state, who participates in good faith in any requirement of this section shall have immunity from any liability, civil or criminal, that results from his or her actions. In any proceeding, civil or criminal, the good faith of any person participating in the requirements of this section shall be presumed.
48.434(9) (9) An agency may assess a reasonable fee for responding to a request for information or a request to file a written authorization under this section.
48.434(10) (10) No agency may contact any person for the purpose of determining whether the person wishes to authorize the agency to release information under this section. An agency may contact the birth parent or adoptive parent of a child who was adopted before April 29, 1998, one time, by mail, to inform them of the procedure by which identifying information may be released under this section.
48.434(11) (11) A written authorization filed with an agency under this section shall be notarized.
48.434 History History: 1997 a. 104.
48.434 Note NOTE: 1997 Wis. Act 104, which affected this section, contains explanatory notes.
48.435 48.435 Custody of children. The mother of a nonmarital child has legal custody of the child unless the court grants legal custody to another person or transfers legal custody to an agency.
48.435 History History: 1979 c. 330; 1983 a. 447.
subch. IX of ch. 48 SUBCHAPTER IX
JURISDICTION OVER PERSON 17 OR OLDER
48.44 48.44 Jurisdiction over persons 17 or older.
48.44(1) (1) The court has jurisdiction over persons 17 years of age or older as provided under ss. 48.133, 48.355 (4) and 48.45 and as otherwise specifically provided in this chapter.
48.44(2) (2) The court has jurisdiction over a person subject to an order under s. 48.366 for all matters relating to that order.
48.45 48.45 Orders applicable to adults.
48.45(1) (1)
48.45(1)(a)(a) If in the hearing of a case of a child alleged to be in a condition described in s. 48.13 it appears that any person 17 years of age or older has been guilty of contributing to, encouraging, or tending to cause by any act or omission, such condition of the child, the judge may make orders with respect to the conduct of such person in his or her relationship to the child, including orders determining the ability of the person to provide for the maintenance or care of the child and directing when, how and where funds for the maintenance or care shall be paid.
48.45(1)(am) (am) If in the hearing of a case of an unborn child and the unborn child's expectant mother alleged to be in a condition described in s. 48.133 it appears that any person 17 years of age or over has been guilty of contributing to, encouraging, or tending to cause by any act or omission, such condition of the unborn child and expectant mother, the judge may make orders with respect to the conduct of such person in his or her relationship to the unborn child and expectant mother.
48.45(1)(b) (b) An act or failure to act contributes to a condition of a child as described in s. 48.13 or an unborn child and the unborn child's expectant mother as described in s. 48.133, although the child is not actually adjudicated to come within the provisions of s. 48.13 or the unborn child and expectant mother are not actually adjudicated to come within the provisions of s. 48.133, if the natural and probable consequences of that act or failure to act would be to cause the child to come within the provisions of s. 48.13 or the unborn child and expectant mother to come within the provisions of s. 48.133.
48.45(1m) (1m)
48.45(1m)(a)(a) In a proceeding in which a child has been found to be in need of protection or services under s. 48.13, the judge may order the child's parent, guardian or legal custodian to comply with any conditions determined by the judge to be necessary for the child's welfare. An order under this paragraph may include an order to participate in mental health treatment, anger management, individual or family counseling or parent training and education and to make a reasonable contribution, based on ability to pay, toward the cost of those services.
48.45(1m)(b) (b) A judge may not order inpatient treatment under par. (a) for a child's parent, guardian or legal custodian. All inpatient treatment commitments or admissions must be conducted in accordance with ch. 51.
48.45(1r) (1r) In a proceeding in which an unborn child has been found to be in need of protection or services under s. 48.133, the judge may impose on the expectant mother any disposition permitted under s. 48.347 (1) to (6).
48.45(2) (2) No order under sub. (1) (a) or (am) or (1m) (a) may be entered until the person who is the subject of the contemplated order is given an opportunity to be heard on the contemplated order. The court shall cause notice of the time, place and purpose of the hearing to be served on the person personally at least 10 days before the date of hearing. The procedure in these cases shall, as far as practicable, be the same as in other cases in the court. At the hearing the person may be represented by counsel and may produce and cross-examine witnesses. Any person who fails to comply with any order issued by a court under sub. (1) (a) or (am) or (1m) (a) may be proceeded against for contempt of court. If the person's conduct involves a crime, the person may be proceeded against under the criminal law.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)