49.155(1)(d) (d) “Tribal governing body" means an elected governing body of a federally recognized American Indian tribe.
49.155(1d) (1d) Child care quality of care standards. The department shall promulgate rules to establish quality of care standards for child care providers that are higher than the quality of care standards required for licensure under s. 48.65 or for certification under s. 48.651. The standards established by rules promulgated under this paragraph shall consist of the standards provided for the accreditation of child care centers by the National Association for the Education of Young Children or any other comparable standards that the department may establish, including standards regarding the turnover of child care provider staff and the training and benefits provided for child care provider staff.
49.155(1g) (1g) Child care allocations. Within the limits of the availability of the federal child care and development block grant funds received under 42 USC 9858, the department shall allocate funding in each fiscal year for all of the following:
49.155(1g)(ac) (ac) A child care scholarship and bonus program, in the amount of at least $3,975,000 per fiscal year.
49.155(1g)(bc) (bc) Grants under s. 49.134 (2) for child care resource and referral services, in the amount of at least $1,298,600 per fiscal year.
49.155(1g)(c) (c) Child care licensing activities.
49.155(1g)(d) (d) Grants under s. 49.137 (4m).
49.155(1g)(e) (e) Contracts under s. 49.137 (4) for training and technical assistance.
49.155(1g)(f) (f) The department's share of the costs for the Child Care Information Center operated by the division for libraries and technology in the department of public instruction.
49.155(1g)(g) (g) Contracts and grants to implement the child care quality rating system under s. 48.659.
49.155(1j) (1j) Unanticipated federal funds. If the department receives unanticipated federal child care and development block grant funds under 42 USC 9858 and it proposes to allocate the unanticipated funds so that an allocation limit in sub. (1g) is exceeded, the department shall submit a plan for the proposed allocation to the secretary of administration. If the secretary of administration approves the plan, he or she shall submit it to the joint committee on finance. If the cochairpersons of the committee do not notify the secretary of administration within 14 working days after the date of his or her submittal that the committee has scheduled a meeting for the purpose of reviewing the plan, the department may implement the plan, notwithstanding any allocation limit under sub. (1g). If within 14 working days after the date of the submittal by the secretary of administration the cochairpersons of the committee notify him or her that the committee has scheduled a meeting for the purpose of reviewing the plan, the department may implement the plan, notwithstanding sub. (1g), only with the approval of the committee.
49.155(1m) (1m) Eligibility. Except as provided in sub. (3g), the department shall determine, contract with a county department or agency to determine, or contract with a county department or agency to share determination of the eligibility of individuals residing in a particular geographic region or who are members of a particular Indian tribal unit for child care subsidies under this section. Under this section, and subject to sub. (2), an individual may receive a subsidy for child care for a child who has not attained the age of 13 or, if the child is disabled, who has not attained the age of 19, if the individual meets all of the following conditions:
49.155(1m)(a) (a) Subject to sub. (2), the individual is a parent of a child who meets the requirement under s. 49.145 (2) (c) and who is under the age of 13 or, if the child is disabled, is under the age of 19; or is a relative who, under s. 48.57 (3m) or (3n) or 48.62, is providing care and maintenance for a child who meets the requirement under s. 49.145 (2) (c) and who is under the age of 13 or, if the child is disabled, is under the age of 19; and child care services for that child are needed in order for the individual to participate in an approved activity. An individual who is eligible to receive a child care subsidy under this subsection shall remain eligible for that subsidy for a period of 3 months after the individual permanently ceases participation in the approved activity or until the department or the county department or agency redetermines the individual's eligibility, whichever is earlier. In this paragraph, “approved activity” means any of the following:
49.155(1m)(a)1. 1. Meeting the school attendance requirement under s. 49.26 (1) (ge).
49.155(1m)(a)1m. 1m. Obtaining a high school diploma or participating in a course of study meeting the standards established by the state superintendent of public instruction for the granting of a declaration of equivalency of high school graduation, if the individual is not subject to the school attendance requirement under s. 49.26 (1) (ge) and at least one of the following conditions is met:
49.155(1m)(a)1m.a. a. The individual is 18 or 19 years of age.
49.155(1m)(a)1m.b. b. The individual has not yet attained the age of 18 years and the individual resides with his or her custodial parent or with a kinship care relative under s. 48.57 (3m) or with a long-term kinship care relative under s. 48.57 (3n) or is in a foster home licensed under s. 48.62, a subsidized guardianship home under s. 48.623, a group home, or an independent living arrangement supervised by an adult.
49.155(1m)(a)2. 2. Working in an unsubsidized job, including training provided by an employer during the regular hours of employment.
49.155(1m)(a)3. 3. Working in a Wisconsin works employment position, including participation in job search, orientation, and training activities under s. 49.147 (2) (a) and in education or training activities under s. 49.147 (3) (am), (4) (am), or (5) (bm).
49.155(1m)(a)3m. 3m. Participating in a job search or work experience component of the food stamp employment and training program under s. 49.79 (9).
49.155(1m)(a)3r. 3r. Participating in the Transform Milwaukee Jobs program, or the Transitional Jobs program, under s. 49.163.
49.155(1m)(a)4. 4. Participating in basic education, including an English as a 2nd language course; literacy tutoring; or a course of study meeting the standards established by the state superintendent of public instruction under s. 115.29 (4) for the granting of a declaration of equivalency of high school graduation, if the department or the county department or agency determining eligibility determines that basic education would facilitate the individual's efforts to maintain employment. An individual may receive aid under this subdivision for up to 2 years.
49.155(1m)(a)5. 5. Participating in a course of study at a technical college, or participating in educational courses that provide an employment skill, as determined by the department, if the department or the county department or agency determining eligibility determines that the course or courses would facilitate the individual's efforts to maintain employment. An individual may receive aid under this subdivision for up to 2 years.
49.155(1m)(a)6. 6. Taking a temporary break from an authorized activity specified in subds. 1. to 5.
49.155(1m)(b) (b) Except as provided in par. (bm), the individual meets the eligibility criteria under all of the following:
49.155(1m)(bm) (bm) If the individual is providing care for a child under a court order and is receiving payments on behalf of the child under s. 48.57 (3m) or (3n) or 48.623, or if the individual is a foster parent, and child care is needed for that child, the child meets the requirement under s. 49.145 (2) (c).
49.155(1m)(br) (br) The child is immunized as required under s. 252.04. Notwithstanding s. 252.04 (3), for purposes of this paragraph the immunization requirement may only be waived for reasons of health or religion.
49.155(1m)(c)1.1. Except as provided in subds. 1d., 1g., 1h., 1m., 2., and 3., the gross income of the individual's family is at or below 185 percent of the poverty line for a family the size of the individual's family or, for an individual who is already receiving a child care subsidy under this section, the gross income of the individual's family is at or below 200 percent of the poverty line for a family the size of the individual's family. In calculating the gross income of the family, the department or county department or agency determining eligibility shall include court-ordered child or family support payments received by the individual, if those support payments exceed $1,250 per month, and income described under s. 49.145 (3) (b) 1. and 3., except that, in calculating farm and self-employment income, the department or county department or agency determining eligibility shall include the sum of the following:
49.155(1m)(c)1.a. a. Net earnings reported to the Internal Revenue Service.
49.155(1m)(c)1.b. b. Depreciation expenses, personal business and entertainment expenses, personal transportation costs, purchases of capital equipment and payments on the principal of loans.
49.155(1m)(c)1d.a.a. Notwithstanding sub. (5) (b), if the individual is already receiving a child care subsidy under this section and the gross income of the individual's family exceeds 200 percent of the poverty line for a family the size of the individual's family, the individual's copayment amount under sub. (5) increases by $1 for every $3 by which the individual's family's gross income exceeds 200 percent of the poverty line for a family the size of the individual's family.
49.155(1m)(c)1d.b. b. Notwithstanding subd. 1d. a., if the gross income of an individual's family exceeds 85 percent of the state median income for a family the size of the individual's family, the individual is not eligible to receive a child care subsidy under this section.
49.155(1m)(c)1g. 1g. If the individual is a foster parent of the child or a subsidized guardian or interim caretaker of the child under s. 48.623, the child's biological or adoptive family has a gross income that is at or below 200 percent of the poverty line. In calculating the gross income of the child's biological or adoptive family, the department or county department or agency determining eligibility shall include court-ordered child or family support payments received by the individual, if those support payments exceed $1,250 per month, and income described under s. 49.145 (3) (b) 1. and 3.
49.155(1m)(c)1h. 1h. If the individual is a relative of the child, is providing care for the child under a court order, and is receiving payments under s. 48.57 (3m) or (3n) on behalf of the child, the child's biological or adoptive family has a gross income that is at or below 200 percent of the poverty line. In calculating the gross income of the child's biological or adoptive family, the department or county department or agency determining eligibility shall include court-ordered child or family support payments received by the individual, if those support payments exceed $1,250 per month, and income described under s. 49.145 (3) (b) 1. and 3.
49.155(1m)(c)1m. 1m. If the individual was eligible under s. 49.132 (4) (a), 1995 stats., for aid under s. 49.132, 1995 stats., and received aid under s. 49.132, 1995 stats., on September 30, 1997, but lost aid solely because of the application of s. 49.132 (6), 1995 stats., the gross income of the individual's family is at or below 200 percent of the poverty line for a family the size of the individual's family. This subdivision does not apply to an individual whose family's gross income at any time on or after September 30, 1997, is more than 200 percent of the poverty line for a family the size of the individual's family.
49.155(1m)(c)2. 2. If the individual was eligible under s. 49.132 (4) (am), 1995 stats., for aid under s. 49.132, 1995 stats., and received aid under s. 49.132, 1995 stats., on or after May 10, 1996, but lost eligibility solely because of increased income, the gross income of the individual's family is at or below 200 percent of the poverty line for a family the size of the individual's family. This subdivision does not apply to an individual whose family's gross income increased to more than 200 percent of the poverty line for a family the size of the individual's family.
49.155(1m)(c)3. 3. If the individual was eligible for a child care subsidy under s. 49.191 (2), 1997 stats., on or after May 10, 1996, and received a child care subsidy on or after May 10, 1996, but lost the subsidy solely because of increased income, the gross income of the individual's family is at or below 200 percent of the poverty line for a family the size of the individual's family. This subdivision does not apply to an individual whose family's gross income increased to more than 200 percent of the poverty line for a family the size of the individual's family.
49.155(1m)(cm) (cm) The total liquid assets of the individual's family do not exceed $25,000. This paragraph does not apply if the individual is any of the following:
49.155(1m)(cm)1. 1. A foster parent of the child.
49.155(1m)(cm)2. 2. A subsidized guardian or interim caretaker of the child under s. 48.623.
49.155(1m)(cm)3. 3. A relative of the child who is providing care for the child under a court order and receiving payments under s. 48.57 (3m) or (3n) on behalf of the child.
49.155(1m)(cr) (cr) Except as provided under sub. (2m), the individual's family meets all of the following asset restrictions:
49.155(1m)(cr)1. 1. The individual's family owns no more than one home, which is used as the individual's primary residence, and which is valued at no more than 200 percent of the statewide median value for homes. In calculating the value of a home under this subdivision, the value of any agricultural land owned by the individual's family shall be excluded.
49.155(1m)(cr)2. 2. The combined equity value of any vehicles, except those used for business purposes, owned by the individual's family is no more than $20,000.
49.155(1m)(d) (d) The individual satisfies other eligibility criteria established by the department by rule.
49.155(2) (2) Eligibility based on the child's age. Notwithstanding sub. (1m) (intro.) and (a) (intro.), an individual does not lose eligibility for a child care subsidy for a child who attains the age of 13 or, if the child is disabled, attains the age of 19 until the department or the county department or agency redetermines the individual's eligibility.
49.155(2m) (2m) Hardship exemption. The department may promulgate a rule that establishes a hardship exemption for the asset restrictions under sub. (1m) (cr). If the individual qualifies for a hardship exemption under the department's rule, the asset restrictions under sub. (1m) (cr) do not apply to the individual.
49.155(3) (3) Child care local administration. Except as provided in sub. (3g), a county department or agency with which the department contracts under sub. (1m) to determine eligibility in a particular geographic region or for a particular Indian tribal unit shall administer child care assistance in that geographic region or for that tribal unit. For the administration of child care assistance under this section, the department may require the county department or agency to do all of the following:
49.155(3)(a) (a) Determine an individual's liability for copayments under sub. (5).
49.155(3)(b) (b) Determine and authorize the amount of child care for which an individual may receive a subsidy.
49.155(3)(d) (d) Assist individuals who are eligible for child care subsidies under this section to identify available child care providers and select appropriate child care arrangements.
49.155(3)(e) (e) At intervals, or as otherwise required by the department, review and redetermine the financial and nonfinancial eligibility of individuals receiving child care subsidies under this section.
49.155(3g) (3g) Child care administration in certain counties. In a county having a population of 750,000 or more all of the following apply:
49.155(3g)(a) (a) The department may contract with the Milwaukee County enrollment services unit, as provided in s. 49.825 (2) (b), to do any of the following:
49.155(3g)(a)1. 1. Determine the eligibility of individuals for a child care subsidy under this section.
49.155(3g)(a)2. 2. Determine an individual's liability for copayments under sub. (5).
49.155(3g)(a)3. 3. Determine and authorize the amount of child care for which an individual may receive a subsidy.
49.155(3g)(a)4. 4. At intervals, or as otherwise required by the department, review and redetermine the financial and nonfinancial eligibility of individuals receiving child care subsidies under this section.
49.155(3g)(b) (b) The department may establish a child care provider services unit, as provided in s. 49.826, to perform the provider services functions specified in s. 49.826 (2) (a).
49.155(3m) (3m) Distribution of child care funds.
49.155(3m)(a) (a) The department shall issue benefits directly to individuals who are eligible for subsidies under this section or pay or reimburse child care providers, county departments or agencies, or tribal governing bodies for child care services under this section. The department may also contract with and provide grants to private nonprofit agencies that provide child care for children of migrant workers. The department may pay or reimburse a Wisconsin Works agency for child care that the Wisconsin Works agency provides to the children of Wisconsin Works participants and applicants or that the Wisconsin Works agency arranges to meet immediate, short-term child care needs of participants prior to authorization of a subsidy under sub. (1m).
49.155(3m)(am) (am) If the department contracts with a county department or agency under sub. (1m), the department shall allocate funds for the eligibility determination function under the contract. When allocating these funds, the department may consider trends in applications, a county department's or agency's past eligibility determination expenditures, the respective portions of the eligibility determination function to be performed by the department and the county department or agency, and any other factor determined by the department.
49.155(3m)(b)1.1. Subject to subds. 2. and 3., the department shall, to the extent practicable, allocate funds to a contract entered into under sub. (1m) for the administration of the program under sub. (3) in the same proportion as the geographic region's or Indian tribal unit's proportionate share of all funding allocated under par. (am) for eligibility determination functions during the contract period or, if the department elects, in the same proportion as the geographic region's or Indian tribal unit's proportionate share of all children for whom a subsidy was provided under this section in the most recent 12-month period for which applicable statistics are available before the start of the contract period.
49.155(3m)(b)2. 2. The department shall allocate to each contract at least $20,000 per year for the administrative responsibilities for each geographic region or Indian tribal unit.
49.155(3m)(b)3. 3. If the department renews a contract for a subsequent year, the department shall allocate to the contract not less than 95 percent of the amount allocated to the contract in the previous year, unless the geographic region or Indian tribal unit is not comparable or total funding available for all contracts is lower than the total amount available in the previous year.
49.155(3m)(b)4. 4. Within any contract period, the department may redistribute unexpended contract balances for a county department or agency to another county department or agency that reports expenditures in excess of their original contract total for the period.
49.155(3m)(d)1.1. No funds distributed under par. (a) may be used for child care services that are provided for a child by a child care provider who is the parent of the child or who resides with the child.
49.155(3m)(d)2. 2. If a child's parent is a child care provider, no funds distributed under par. (a) may be used for child care services that are provided for the child by another child care provider who is not the child's parent.
49.155(3m)(d)3. 3. Subdivision 1. or 2. does not apply if the child's parent has applied for, and been granted, a waiver of the prohibition under subd. 1. or 2. by the county department or agency or by the department.
49.155(3m)(d)4. 4. The department shall by rule specify the circumstances, or standards for determining the circumstances, under which the department will grant a waiver under subd. 3.
49.155(3m)(e)1.1. In this paragraph, “ qualifying child" means a child who satisfies both of the following:
49.155(3m)(e)1.a. a. He or she is not a child of an employee of the child care provider.
49.155(3m)(e)1.b. b. He or she does not reside with an employee of the child care provider.
49.155(3m)(e)2. 2. No funds distributed under par. (a) may be used for child care services that are provided for a child by a child care provider who employs either the parent of the child or a person who resides with the child, unless the child care provider is licensed under s. 48.65 and at all times at least 60 percent of the children for whom the child care provider is providing care are qualifying children.
49.155(3m)(e)3. 3. Notwithstanding subd. 2., if a child care provider described in subd. 2. satisfies the requirements for payment under subd. 2. but the percentage of qualifying children for whom the provider is providing care falls below 60 percent, the provider shall have 6 weeks to raise the percentage of qualifying children for whom the provider is providing care to at least 60 percent before payments to the provider are discontinued for child care services provided for a child who is not a qualifying child.
49.155(4) (4) Choice of provider.
49.155(4)(a)(a) An eligible individual shall choose whether the child care will be provided by a child care center licensed under s. 48.65, a Level I certified family child care provider certified under s. 48.651 (1) (a), a Level II certified family child care provider certified under s. 48.651 (1) (b), or a child care program provided or contracted for by a school board under s. 120.13 (14).
49.155(4)(b)1.1. Except as provided in subd. 2., no eligible individual may benefit personally from any marketing or promotional offerings made by a child care provider to attract clients or increase business.
49.155(4)(b)2. 2. Subdivision 1. does not apply to marketing or promotional offerings that directly benefit an eligible individual's child for whom the child care provider is providing child care services.
49.155(4)(c)1.1. Notwithstanding par. (a) and subject to subd. 2., an eligible individual may receive a child care subsidy under this section for child care that is provided by an out-of-state provider of child care. Notwithstanding sub. (6), payments for child care services provided by an out-of-state provider under this subdivision shall be based on the maximum rate applicable in the county in which the eligible individual resides or on the out-of-state provider's actual rate, whichever is lower.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 50 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on December 6, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after December 6, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-6-19)