Meet with, and participate in activities of social, religious, and community groups at the resident's discretion, unless medically contraindicated as documented by the resident's physician, physician assistant, or advanced practice nurse prescriber in the resident's medical record.
Retain and use personal clothing and effects and to retain, as space permits, other personal possessions in a reasonably secure manner.
Be transferred or discharged, and be given reasonable advance notice of any planned transfer or discharge, and an explanation of the need for and alternatives to the transfer or discharge. The facility to which the resident is to be transferred must have accepted the resident for transfer, except in a medical emergency or if the transfer or discharge is for nonpayment of charges following a reasonable opportunity to pay a deficiency. No person may be involuntarily discharged for nonpayment under this paragraph if the person meets all of the following conditions:
He or she is in need of ongoing care and treatment and has not been accepted for ongoing care and treatment by another facility or through community support services.
The funding of his or her care in the nursing home or community-based residential facility under s. 49.45 (6m)
is reduced or terminated because of one of the following:
He or she requires a level or type of care which is not provided by the nursing home or community-based residential facility.
Be free from mental and physical abuse, and be free from chemical and physical restraints except as authorized in writing by a physician, physician assistant, or advanced practice nurse prescriber for a specified and limited period of time and documented in the resident's medical record. Physical restraints may be used in an emergency when necessary to protect the resident from injury to himself or herself or others or to property. However, authorization for continuing use of the physical restraints shall be secured from a physician, physician assistant, or advanced practice nurse prescriber within 12 hours. Any use of physical restraints shall be noted in the resident's medical records. “Physical restraints" includes, but is not limited to, any article, device, or garment that interferes with the free movement of the resident and that the resident is unable to remove easily, and confinement in a locked room.
Receive adequate and appropriate care within the capacity of the facility.
Use the licensed, certified or registered provider of health care and pharmacist of the resident's choice.
Be fully informed of the resident's treatment and care and participate in the planning of the resident's treatment and care.
The department, in establishing standards for nursing homes and community-based residential facilities may establish, by rule, rights in addition to those specified in sub. (1)
for residents in such facilities.
If the resident is adjudicated incompetent in this state and not restored to legal capacity, the rights and responsibilities established under this section which the resident is not competent to exercise shall devolve upon the resident's guardian.
Each facility shall make available a copy of the rights and responsibilities established under this section and the facility's rules to each resident and each resident's legal representative, if any, at or prior to the time of admission to the facility, to each person who is a resident of the facility and to each member of the facility's staff. The rights, responsibilities and rules shall be posted in a prominent place in each facility. Each facility shall prepare a written plan and provide appropriate staff training to implement each resident's rights established under this section.
Rights established under this section shall not, except as determined by the department of corrections, be applicable to residents in such facilities, if the resident is in the legal custody of the department of corrections and is a correctional client in such a facility.
Each facility shall establish a system of reviewing complaints and allegations of violations of residents' rights established under this section. The facility shall designate a specific individual who, for the purposes of effectuating this section, shall report to the administrator.
Allegations of violations of such rights by persons licensed, certified or registered under chs. 441
shall be promptly reported by the facility to the appropriate licensing, examining or affiliated credentialing board and to the person against whom the allegation has been made. Any employee of the facility and any person licensed, certified or registered under chs. 441
may also report such allegations to the board. Such board may make further investigation and take such disciplinary action, within the board's statutory authority, as the case requires.
No person who files a report as required in par. (b)
or who participates, in good faith, in the review system established under par. (a)
shall be liable for civil damages for such acts.
The facility shall attach a statement, which summarizes complaints or allegations of violations of rights established under this section, to the report required under s. 50.03 (4) (c) 1.
The statement shall contain the date of the complaint or allegation, the name of the persons involved, the disposition of the matter and the date of disposition. The department shall consider the statement in reviewing the report.
A resident's right under sub. (1) (e) to be treated with respect is not waived by misbehavior. Hacker v. DHSS, 189 Wis. 2d 328
, 525 N.W.2d 364
(Ct. App. 1994).
Abuse and Neglect in Long-term Care Facilities: The Civil Justice System's Response. Studinski. Wis. Law. Aug. 2004.
Preventing Abuse and Neglect in Health Care Settings: The Regulatory Agency's Responsibility. Dawson. Wis. Law. Aug. 2004.
Seeking Justice in Death's Waiting Room: Barriers to Effectively Prosecuting Crime in Long-term Care Facilities. Hanrahan. Wis. Law. Aug. 2004.
A Response: Issues Affecting Long-term Care. Purtell. Wis. Law. Oct. 2004.
Resident's right to know; nursing home reports. 50.095(1)(1)
Every resident in or prospective resident of a nursing home has the right to know certain information from the nursing home which would aid an individual in assessing the quality of care provided by a nursing home.
The department may request from a nursing home information necessary for preparation of a report under sub. (3)
, and the nursing home, if so requested, shall provide the information.
By July 1, 1998, and annually thereafter, the department shall provide each nursing home and the office of the long-term care ombudsman with a report that includes the following information for the nursing home:
The ratio of nursing staff available to residents per shift at each skill level for the previous year for the nursing home, under criteria that the department shall promulgate as rules.
The staff replacement rates for full-time and part-time nursing staff, nurse aides, and administrators for the previous year for the nursing home and for all similar nursing homes in the same geographical area, as determined by the department.
Violations of statutes or rules by the nursing home during the previous year for the nursing home and for all similar nursing homes in the same geographical area, as determined by the department.
The department shall prepare a simplified summary of the information required under sub. (3) (am)
, as specified by rule by the department. The summary shall be on one sheet of paper and shall be in language that is easily understood by laypersons. The summary shall state that a complete copy of the most recent report of inspection of the nursing home is available from the department, upon request, for a minimal fee.
Upon receipt of a report under sub. (3)
, the nursing home shall make the report available to any person requesting the report. Upon receipt of a summary under sub. (3m)
, the nursing home shall provide a copy of the summary to every resident of the nursing home and his or her guardian, if any, to every prospective resident of the nursing home, if any, and to every person who accompanies a prospective resident or acts as the prospective resident's representative, as defined in s. 655.001 (12)
, if any.
Any person may receive, upon specific written request to the department, requested information that is contained in the registry of individuals under s. 146.40 (4g) (a)
Appeals of transfers or discharges.
The department shall promulgate rules establishing a fair mechanism for hearing appeals on transfers and discharges of residents from nursing homes.
History: 1989 a. 31
Private cause of action. 50.10(1)(1)
Any person residing in a nursing home has an independent cause of action to correct conditions in the nursing home or acts or omissions by the nursing home or by the department, that:
The person alleges violate this subchapter or rules promulgated under this subchapter; and
The person alleges are foreseeably related to impairing the person's health, safety, personal care, rights or welfare.
Actions under this section are for mandamus against the department or for injunctive relief against either the nursing home or the department.
History: 1981 c. 121
This section applies only to residents of a nursing home, which is different from a community based residential facility. Residents of community-based residential facilities do not have a private cause of action for statutory or administrative code violations. Farr v. Alternative Living Services, Inc., 2002 WI App 88
, 253 Wis. 2d 790
, 643 N.W.2d 841
Wisconsin's Private Cause of Action for Nursing Home Residents. Bertrand. Wis. Law. Sept. 1989.
Protecting the Rights of Nursing Home Residents. Spitzer-Resnick. Wis. Law. May 1993.
The remedies provided by this subchapter are cumulative and shall not be construed as restricting any remedy, provisional or otherwise, provided by law for the benefit of any party, and no judgment under this subchapter shall preclude any party from obtaining additional relief based upon the same facts.
History: 1977 c. 170
Waiver of federal requirements.
The department shall petition the secretary of the U.S. department of health and human services for a waiver of the requirement that it conduct annual medical assistance surveys of nursing homes, for a waiver of the requirement that it conduct annual independent medical reviews and independent professional reviews, to allow the department under 42 USC 1396a
(a) (26) and (31) to conduct biennial surveys and reviews and for any waivers necessary to implement the special requirements promulgated under s. 50.02 (3) (d)
History: 1981 c. 121
; 1985 a. 29
Fees permitted for a workshop or seminar.
If the department develops and provides a workshop or seminar relating to the provision of service by facilities, adult family homes or residential care apartment complexes under this subchapter, the department may establish a fee for each workshop or seminar and impose the fee on registrants for the workshop or seminar. A fee so established and imposed shall be in an amount sufficient to reimburse the department for the costs directly associated with developing and providing the workshop or seminar.
History: 1985 a. 120
; 1997 a. 27
Licensing and approval fees for inpatient health care facilities. 50.135(1)(1)
In this section, “inpatient health care facility" means any hospital, nursing home, county home, county mental hospital or other place licensed or approved by the department under ss. 49.70
, but does not include community-based residential facilities.
The annual fee for any inpatient health care facility except a nursing home is $18 per bed, based on the number of beds for which the facility is licensed. The annual fee for any nursing home is $6 per bed, based on the number of beds for which the nursing home is licensed. This fee shall be paid to the department on or before October 1 for the ensuing year. Each new inpatient health care facility shall pay this fee no later than 30 days before it opens.
Any inpatient health care facility that fails to pay its fee on or before the date specified in par. (a)
shall pay an additional fee of $10 per day for every day after the deadline.
The fees collected under par. (a)
shall be credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.435 (6) (jm)
for licensing, review and certifying activities.
Sub. (1) requires that all of the specifically enumerated facilities must be places licensed or approved by the Department of Health and Family Services. A VA hospital is not within the definition of inpatient health care facility as it is subject to federal regulation and is not licensed or regulated by the state. State v. Powers, 2004 WI App 156
, 276 Wis. 2d 107
, 687 N.W.2d 50
Assessments on licensed beds. 50.14(1)(a)
Notwithstanding s. 50.01 (1m)
, “facility" means a nursing home or an intermediate care facility for persons with an intellectual disability that is not located outside the state.
“Intermediate care facility for persons with an intellectual disability" has the meaning given for “intermediate care facility for the mentally retarded" under 42 USC 1396d
For the privilege of doing business in this state, there is imposed on all licensed beds of a facility an assessment in the following amount per calendar month per licensed bed of the facility:
For nursing homes, an amount not to exceed $150 in state fiscal year 2009-10, and, beginning in state fiscal year 2010-11, an amount not to exceed $170.
For intermediate care facilities for persons with an intellectual disability, $910.
The assessment moneys collected under this section shall be deposited in the Medical Assistance trust fund.
In determining the number of licensed beds, all of the following apply:
If the amount of the beds is other than a whole number, the fractional part of the amount shall be disregarded unless it equals 50 percent or more of a whole number, in which case the amount shall be increased to the next whole number.
By the end of each month, each facility shall submit to the department the amount due under sub. (2)
for each licensed bed of the facility for the month preceding the month during which the payment is being submitted. The department shall verify the number of beds licensed and, if necessary, make adjustments to the payment, notify the facility of changes in the payment owing and send the facility an invoice for the additional amount due or send the facility a refund.
The department shall levy, enforce and collect the assessment under this section and shall develop and distribute forms necessary for levying and collection.
The department shall promulgate rules that establish procedures and requirements for levying the assessment under this section.
An affected facility may contest an action by the department under this section by submitting a written request for a hearing to the department within 30 days after the date of the department's action.
Any order or determination made by the department under a hearing as specified in par. (a)
is subject to judicial review as prescribed under ch. 227
See also ch. DHS 15
, Wis. adm. code.
Hospital regulation and approval act.
shall constitute the “Hospital Regulation and Approval Act".
History: 1975 c. 413
; Stats. 1975 s. 50.32.