54.25(2)(d) (d) Guardian authority to exercise certain powers.
54.25(2)(d)1. 1. A court may authorize a guardian of the person to exercise all or part of any of the powers specified in subd. 2. only if it finds, by clear and convincing evidence, that the individual lacks evaluative capacity to exercise the power. The court shall authorize the guardian of the person to exercise only those powers that are necessary to provide for the individual's personal needs, safety, and rights and to exercise the powers in a manner that is appropriate to the individual and that constitutes the least restrictive form of intervention. The court may limit the authority of the guardian of the person with respect to any power to allow the individual to retain power to make decisions about which the individual is able effectively to receive and evaluate information and communicate decisions.
54.25(2)(d)2. 2. All of the following are powers subject to subd. 1.:
54.25(2)(d)2.ab. ab. Except as provided under subd. 2. b., c., and d., and except for consent to psychiatric treatment and medication under ch. 51, and subject to any limitation under s. 54.46 (2) (b), the power to give an informed consent to the voluntary receipt by the guardian's ward of a medical examination, medication, including any appropriate psychotropic medication, and medical treatment that is in the ward's best interest, if the guardian has first made a good-faith attempt to discuss with the ward the voluntary receipt of the examination, medication, or treatment and if the ward does not protest. For purposes of this subd. 2. ab., “protest" means, with respect to the voluntary receipt of a medical examination, medication, including appropriate psychotropic medication, or medical treatment, make more than one discernible negative response, other than mere silence, to the offer of, recommendation for, or other proffering of voluntary receipt of the medical examination, medication, or medical treatment. “Protest" does not mean a discernible negative response to a proposed method of administration of the medical examination, medication, or medical treatment. In determining whether a medical examination, medication, or medical treatment is in the ward's best interest, the guardian shall consider the invasiveness of the medical examination, medication, or treatment and the likely benefits and side effects of the medical examination, medication, or treatment.
54.25(2)(d)2.ac. ac. Except as provided under subd. 2. b., c., and d., and except for consent to psychiatric treatment and medication under ch. 51, and subject to any limitation under s. 54.46 (2) (b), the power to give informed consent, if in the ward's best interests, to the involuntary administration of a medical examination, medication other than psychotropic medication, and medical treatment that is in the ward's best interest. A guardian may consent to the involuntary administration of psychotropic medication only under a court order under s. 55.14. In determining whether involuntary administration of a medical examination, medication other than psychotropic medication, or medical treatment is in the ward's best interest, the guardian shall consider the invasiveness of the medical examination, medication, or treatment and the likely benefits and side effects of the medical examination, medication, or treatment.
54.25(2)(d)2.b. b. Unless it can be shown by clear and convincing evidence that the ward would never have consented to research participation, the power to authorize the ward's participation in an accredited or certified research project if the research might help the ward; or if the research might not help the ward but might help others, and the research involves no more than minimal risk of harm to the ward.
54.25(2)(d)2.c. c. The power to authorize the ward's participation in research that might not help the ward but might help others even if the research involves greater than minimal risk of harm to the ward if the guardian can establish by clear and convincing evidence that the ward would have elected to participate in such research; and the proposed research was reviewed and approved by the research and human rights committee of the institution conducting the research. The committee shall have determined that the research complies with the principles of the statement on the use of human subjects for research adopted by the American Association on Mental Deficiency, and with the federal regulations for research involving human subjects for federally supported projects.
54.25(2)(d)2.d. d. Unless it can be shown by clear and convincing evidence that the ward would never have consented to any experimental treatment, the power to consent to experimental treatment if the court finds that the ward's mental or physical status presents a life-threatening condition; the proposed experimental treatment may be a life saving remedy; all other reasonable traditional alternatives have been exhausted; 2 examining physicians have recommended the treatment; and, in the court's judgment, the proposed experimental treatment is in the ward's best interests.
54.25(2)(d)2.e. e. The power to give informed consent to receipt by the ward of social and supported living services.
54.25(2)(d)2.f. f. The power to give informed consent to release of confidential records other than court, treatment, and patient health care records and to redisclosure as appropriate.
54.25(2)(d)2.g. g. The power to make decisions related to mobility and travel.
54.25(2)(d)2.i. i. The power to choose providers of medical, social, and supported living services.
54.25(2)(d)2.j. j. The power to make decisions regarding educational and vocational placement and support services or employment.
54.25(2)(d)2.k. k. The power to make decisions regarding initiating a petition for the termination of marriage.
54.25(2)(d)2.L. L. The power to receive all notices on behalf of the ward.
54.25(2)(d)2.m. m. The power to act in all proceedings as an advocate of the ward, except the power to enter into a contract that binds the ward or the ward's property or to represent the ward in any legal proceedings pertaining to the property, unless the guardian of the person is also the guardian of the estate.
54.25(2)(d)2.n. n. The power to apply for protective placement under s. 55.075 or for commitment under s. 51.20 or 51.45 (13) for the ward.
54.25(2)(d)2.o. o. The power to have custody of the ward, if an adult.
54.25(2)(d)2.p. p. Any other power the court may specifically identify.
54.25(2)(d)3. 3. In exercising powers and duties delegated to the guardian of the person under this paragraph, the guardian of the person shall, consistent with meeting the individual's essential requirements for health and safety and protecting the individual from abuse, exploitation, and neglect, do all of the following:
54.25(2)(d)3.a. a. Place the least possible restriction on the individual's personal liberty and exercise of constitutional and statutory rights, and promote the greatest possible integration of the individual into his or her community.
54.25(2)(d)3.b. b. Make diligent efforts to identify and honor the individual's preferences with respect to choice of place of living, personal liberty and mobility, choice of associates, communication with others, personal privacy, and choices related to sexual expression and procreation. In making a decision to act contrary to the individual's expressed wishes, the guardian shall take into account the individual's understanding of the nature and consequences of the decision, the level of risk involved, the value of the opportunity for the individual to develop decision-making skills, and the need of the individual for wider experience.
54.25(2)(d)3.c. c. Consider whether the ward's estate is sufficient to pay for the needed services.
54.25 Annotation The guardian of an incompetent person in a persistent vegetative state may consent to the withdrawal or withholding of life-sustaining medical treatment without prior court approval if the guardian determines that the withdrawal or withholding is in the ward's best interests. Lenz v. L.E. Phillips Career Development Center, 167 Wis. 2d 53, 482 N.W.2d 60 (1992).
54.25 Annotation The guardian of a person who became incompetent after voluntarily entering a nursing home with 16 or more beds may not consent to the person's continued residence in the home. Upon the appointment of a guardian, the court must hold a protective placement hearing. Agnes T. v. Milwaukee County, 189 Wis. 2d 520, 525 N.W.2d 268 (1995).
54.25 Annotation The holding in In re Guardianship of L.W., 167 Wis. 2d 53 (1992), does not extend to persons who are not in a persistent vegetative state. However, if the guardian of the person not in a persistent vegetative state demonstrates by a clear statement of the ward made while competent that withdrawal of medical treatment is desired, it is in the patient's best interest to honor those wishes. Spahn v. Eisenberg, 210 Wis. 2d 557, 563 N.W.2d 485 (1997), 95-2719.
54.25 Annotation A guardian may not sue for the loss of society and companionship of a ward, nor bring a separate claim for costs incurred or income lost on account of injuries to the ward. Conant v. Physicians Plus Medical Group, Inc., 229 Wis. 2d 271, 600 N.W.2d 21 (Ct. App. 1999), 98-3285.
54.25 Note NOTE: The above annotations relate to guardianships under former ch. 880, 2003 stats., prior to the revision of and renumbering of that chapter to this chapter by 2005 Wis. Act 387.
54.26 54.26 Guardian training requirements.
54.26(1)(1)Required training topics.
54.26(1)(a)(a) Every guardian of the person, unless exempted under sub. (2) (c), (d), or (e), shall complete training on all of the following topics:
54.26(1)(a)1. 1. The duties and required responsibilities of a guardian under the law and limits of a guardian's decision-making authority.
54.26(1)(a)2. 2. Alternatives to guardianship, including supported decision-making agreements and powers of attorney.
54.26(1)(a)3. 3. Rights retained by a ward.
54.26(1)(a)4. 4. Best practices for a guardian to solicit and understand the wishes and preferences of a ward, involving a ward in decision making, and taking a ward's wishes and preferences into account in decisions made by the guardian.
54.26(1)(a)5. 5. Restoration of a ward's rights and the process for removal of guardianship.
54.26(1)(a)6. 6. Future planning and identification of a potential standby or successor guardian.
54.26(1)(a)7. 7. Resources and technical support for guardians.
54.26(1)(b) (b) Every guardian of the estate shall complete training on all of the following topics:
54.26(1)(b)1. 1. The duties and required responsibilities of a guardian under the law and limits of a guardian's decision-making authority.
54.26(1)(b)2. 2. Inventory and accounting requirements.
54.26(2) (2)Initial training requirements.
54.26(2)(a) (a) Before the final hearing for a permanent guardianship, any person nominated for appointment or seeking appointment as a guardian of the person is required to receive the training required under sub. (1) (a).
54.26(2)(b) (b) Before the final hearing for permanent guardianship, any person nominated for appointment or seeking appointment as a guardian of the estate is required to receive at least the training required under sub. (1) (b).
54.26(2)(c) (c) A guardian under s. 54.15 (7) who is regulated by the department is exempt from pars. (a) and (b).
54.26(2)(d) (d) A volunteer guardian who has completed the training requirements under sub. (1) is exempt from pars. (a) and (b) with regard to subsequent wards.
54.26(2)(e) (e) A guardian of a minor under s. 48.9795, 48.831, 48.977, 48.978, or 54.10 (1) is exempt from pars. (a) and (b).
54.26 History History: 2021 a. 97.
subch. IV of ch. 54 SUBCHAPTER IV
PROCEDURES
54.30 54.30 Jurisdiction and venue.
54.30(1)(1)Jurisdiction. Except as provided in s. 54.38 (1), the circuit court has subject matter jurisdiction over all petitions for guardianship. A guardianship of the estate of any individual, once granted, shall extend to all of the ward's income and assets in this state and shall exclude the jurisdiction of every other circuit court, except as provided in ch. 786. Jurisdiction under this subsection also extends to the petition by a foreign guardian for the receipt and acceptance of a foreign guardianship, except as provided in ch. 53 and, if the petition is granted, to the accepted guardianship. Personal jurisdiction is subject to ch. 53.
54.30(2) (2)Venue. All petitions for guardianship of residents of the state shall be directed to the circuit court of the county of residence of the proposed ward or of the county in which the proposed ward is physically present. A petition for guardianship of the person or estate of a nonresident may be directed to the circuit court of any county in which the nonresident or any assets of the nonresident may be found or of the county in which the petitioner proposes that the proposed ward resides. A petition for receipt and acceptance of a foreign guardianship shall be directed to the circuit court of the county in which the foreign ward resides or intends to reside.
54.30(3) (3)Change of venue.
54.30(3)(a) (a) Original proceeding. The court in which a petition is first filed shall determine venue. The court shall direct that proper notice be given to any potentially responsible or affected county. Proper notice is given to a potentially responsible or affected county if written notice of the proceeding is sent by certified mail to the county's clerk and corporation counsel. After all potentially responsible or affected counties and parties have been given an opportunity to be heard, the court shall determine that venue lies in the county in which the petition is filed under sub. (2) or in another county, as appropriate. If the court determines that venue lies in another county, the court shall order the entire record certified to the proper court. A court in which a subsequent petition is filed shall, if it is satisfied that an earlier filing took place in another court, summarily dismiss the petition. If any potentially responsible or affected county or party objects to the court's finding of venue, the court may refer the issue to the department for a determination of the county of residence under s. 51.40 (2) (g) and may suspend ruling on the motion for change of venue until the determination under s. 51.40 (2) (g) is final.
54.30(3)(b) (b) Change of residence of ward. If a ward changes residence from one county to another county within the state, venue may be transferred to the ward's new county of residence under the following procedure:
54.30(3)(b)1. 1. An interested person shall file a petition for change of venue in the county in which venue for the guardianship currently lies.
54.30(3)(b)2. 2. The person filing the petition under subd. 1. shall give notice to the corporation counsel of the county in which venue for the guardianship currently lies and to the register in probate and corporation counsel for the county to which change of venue is sought.
54.30(3)(b)3. 3. If no objection to the change of venue is made within 15 days after the date on which notice is given under subd. 2., the circuit court of the county in which venue for the guardianship currently lies may enter an order changing venue. If objection to the change of venue is made within 15 days after the date on which notice is given under subd. 2., the circuit court of the county in which venue for the guardianship currently lies shall set a date for a hearing within 7 days after the objection is made and shall give notice of the hearing to the corporation counsel of that county and to the corporation counsel and register in probate of the county to which change of venue is sought.
54.30(4) (4)Conflicts of jurisdiction or venue. Before making a determination of jurisdiction or venue under this section, the circuit court shall first make any applicable determination of jurisdiction or venue under ch. 53. If any determination of jurisdiction or venue made under this section conflicts with a determination made under ch. 53, the court shall apply the determination made under ch. 53.
54.30 History History: 2005 a. 387 ss. 100, 306, 313 to 316; 2017 a. 187.
54.30 Annotation Setting out standards for courts to follow when confronted with the transfer of interstate guardianships based on principles of comity and the orderly administration of justice. Grant County Department of Social Services v. Unified Board, 2005 WI 106, 283 Wis. 2d 258, 700 N.W.2d 863, 03-0634.
54.30 Note NOTE: The above annotation relates to guardianships under former ch. 880, 2003 stats., prior to the revision of and renumbering of that chapter to this chapter by 2005 Wis. Act 387.
54.34 54.34 Petition for guardianship or for receipt and acceptance of a foreign guardianship.
54.34(1)(1)Subject to ch. 53, any person may petition for the appointment of a guardian for an individual. The petition shall state all of the following, if known to the petitioner:
54.34(1)(a) (a) The name, date of birth, residence, and post-office address of the proposed ward and, if the proposed ward is a minor, whether the minor has been adopted.
54.34(1)(b) (b) The specific nature of the proposed ward's alleged incapacity or spendthrift habits.
54.34(1)(c) (c) The approximate value of the proposed ward's property and a general description of its nature.
54.34(1)(d) (d) Any assets of the proposed ward previously derived from or benefits of the proposed ward now due and payable from the U.S. department of veterans affairs.
54.34(1)(e) (e) Any other claim, income, compensation, pension, insurance or allowance to which the proposed ward may be entitled.
54.34(1)(f) (f) Whether the proposed ward has any guardian presently.
54.34(1)(g) (g) The name and post-office address of any person nominated as guardian by the petitioner.
54.34(1)(h) (h) The names and post-office addresses of all interested parties.
54.34(1)(i) (i) The name and post-office address of the person or institution, if any, that has care and custody of the proposed ward or the facility, if any, that is providing care to the proposed ward.
54.34(1)(j) (j) The interest of the petitioner, and, if a public official is the petitioner, the authority of the petitioner to act.
54.34(1)(k) (k) Whether the proposed ward is a recipient of a public benefit, including medical assistance.
54.34(1)(L) (L) The agent under any current, valid power of attorney for health care or durable power of attorney that the proposed ward has executed.
54.34(1)(m) (m) Whether the petitioner is requesting a full or limited guardianship and, if limited, the specific authority sought by the petitioner for the guardian or the specific rights of the individual that the petitioner seeks to have removed or transferred.
54.34(1)(n) (n) Whether the proposed ward, if married, has children who are not children of the current marriage.
54.34(1)(p) (p) Whether the petitioner is aware of any guardianship or conservatorship or related pending or ordered proceeding involving the proposed ward in another state or county and, if so, the details of the guardianship, conservationship, or related processings.
54.34(2) (2)A petition for guardianship may include an application for protective placement or protective services or both under ch. 55.
54.34(2m) (2m)Whenever a petition for guardianship on the ground of incompetency is filed with respect to an individual who resides in a facility licensed for 16 or more beds, a petition for protective placement of the individual shall also be filed.
54.34(3) (3)A petition for the receipt and acceptance by this state of a foreign guardianship of a foreign ward who resides in or intends to move to this state may include other petitions related to the foreign guardianship, such as a petition to modify the terms of the foreign guardianship.
54.34 Annotation Failure of a petitioner for a guardianship to name persons who obviously have an interest does not cancel the jurisdiction of the court, and, when the interested persons have actual knowledge of the hearing and contest it, the court could appoint a guardian. Marak v. Marak, 59 Wis. 2d 139, 207 N.W.2d 648 (1973).
54.34 Annotation Sub. (1) (e) is broad enough to include a claim for support. By providing that a guardianship petition include such a potential claim, it follows that the legislature envisioned that the circuit court has the authority to adjudicate such a claim. As ch. 880 does not otherwise address support nor provide guidelines as to how to determine support, a circuit court conducting a ch. 880 proceeding may look to ch. 767 for guidance. Amy Z. v. Jon T., 2004 WI App 73, 272 Wis. 2d 662, 679 N.W.2d 903, 03-0606.
54.34 Note NOTE: The above annotations relate to guardianships under former ch. 880, 2003 stats., prior to the revision of and renumbering of that chapter to this chapter by 2005 Wis. Act 387.
54.34 Annotation Someone's Afoot: Wisconsin's Foreign Guardianship Transfer Law. Simatic. 95 MLR 1083 (2012).
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2021-22 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2023 Wis. Act 71 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on February 14, 2024. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after February 14, 2024, are designated by NOTES. (Published 2-14-24)