Any water or sewerage system, including all mains and all property of the system, shall belong to and be operated by the district or the city or village, in whichever the major portion of the patrons reside on the date of annexation or incorporation, unless other provision is made by agreement of the governing body of the city or village and the commission. Express power is hereby granted to the governing body of the city or village and the commission to contract with each other relative to the operation and property of any water or sewerage system.
In determining the major portion of the patrons, each location served shall be considered as one patron irrespective of the manner in which the title to the property is held.
If the responsibility for continuing the operation is vested in the town sanitary district, it shall continue, except by agreement, until the proportion of users changes so that a majority of the patrons reside in the city or village, at which time the property and the responsibility shall shift to the city or village.
Any special assessment levied before the incorporation or annexation shall continue to be collected by the district or city or village which is operating the water or sewerage system and shall be applied to the purpose for which the original assessment was made.
(3) Service area.
No city or village which secures a water or sewerage system under this section is required to serve an area outside its corporate limits greater than that included in the town sanitary district at the time of annexation or incorporation. The city or village shall continue to serve the area previously included within the district.
(4) City or village authority.
A city or village which obtains a water or sewerage system under this section may:
Continue, alter or discontinue operation by a commission.
Continue or discontinue existing methods of financing construction and operation of the system.
Levy special assessments within the area of the former town sanitary district under s. 66.0703
. Special assessments may be levied regardless of the time when the improvement was commenced or completed, when used for refunding purposes in conjunction with issuance of general obligation-local improvement bonds under s. 67.16
or special assessment bonds under s. 66.0713 (4)
(5) Collection of special assessments by towns.
Towns shall aid cities and villages, and villages and cities shall aid towns, in the levy and collection of special assessments, property taxes and all service charges under this section by entering them on town, city or village assessment and tax rolls and collecting and forwarding the moneys to the levying municipality.
Sub. (2) (b) requires selective rather than automatic application of sub. (2) (c) to (e). Town of Hallie v. City of Eau Claire, 173 Wis. 2d 450
, 496 N.W.2d 656
(Ct. App. 1992).
Sub. (2) (d) is inapplicable to annexed property that contains no commercial or personal patrons of a town water system that runs through it. Under sub. (1), the annexed property lies within the annexing city's domain as a matter of law and the city bears the responsibility of providing water. Town of Sheboygan v. City of Sheboygan, 203 Wis. 2d 274
, 553 N.W.2d 275
(Ct. App. 1996), 95-1839
Although sub. (1) expressly precludes a sanitary district from taking any action to challenge an annexation when its entire territory has been subsumed by an annexation, the fact that sub. (2) is silent on such challenges does not require that sub. (2) must be interpreted to permit such challenges when only a partial taking of a sanitary district's territory has occurred. Darboy Joint Sanitary District No. 1 v. City of Kaukauna, 2013 WI App 113
, 350 Wis. 2d 435
, 838 N.W.2d 103
Publication or posting of ordinances and resolutions. 60.80(1)(1)
The town clerk shall publish either in its entirety, as a class 1 notice under ch. 985
, or as a notice, as described under sub. (5) (b)
, or post in at least 3 places in the town likely to give notice to the public, the following, within 30 days after passage or adoption:
Resolutions, motions and other actions adopted by the town meeting, or in the exercise of powers, under s. 60.10
Resolutions of general application adopted by the town board and having the effect of law.
(1m) Exception for municipal obligations.
Nothing under sub. (1)
may be deemed to require notice under this subsection of the passage of any resolution authorizing the issuance of municipal obligations, as defined under s. 67.01 (6)
(2) Requirement for forfeitures.
If an ordinance imposes a forfeiture, posting may not be used in lieu of publication under sub. (1)
(3) Effective upon publication.
An ordinance, resolution, motion or other action required to be published or posted under this section shall take effect the day after its publication or posting, or at a later date if expressly provided in the ordinance, resolution, motion or action.
(4) Affidavit of posting.
If an ordinance, resolution, motion or other action is posted under this section, the town clerk shall sign an affidavit attesting that the item was posted as required by this section and stating the date and places of posting. The affidavit shall be filed with other records under the jurisdiction of the clerk.
A notice of a resolution, motion, ordinance, or action that may be published under this subsection shall be published as a class 1 notice under ch. 985
and shall contain at least all of the following:
The number and title of the resolution, motion, ordinance, or action.
A summary of the subject matter and main points of the resolution, motion, ordinance, or action.
Information as to where the full text of the resolution, motion, ordinance, or action may be obtained, including the phone number of the town clerk, a street address where the full text of the resolution, motion, ordinance, or action may be viewed, and a website, if any, at which the resolution, motion, ordinance, or action may be accessed.
Population; use of federal census.
If the census of a town is required, the last federal census, including a special federal census, if any, shall be used.
History: 1983 a. 532
Regional planning programs.
The town board may act jointly with other municipalities in the area to establish and maintain a regional planning program to protect the health, safety and general welfare of the town as part of the region. The board may make payments out of the general fund for the town's share of the cost of the program.
History: 1983 a. 532
Destruction of obsolete town records.
The town board may provide for the destruction of obsolete town records under s. 19.21 (4)
History: 1983 a. 532
In this section, “professional land surveyor" means a professional land surveyor licensed under ch. 443
(1r) Survey, contract for.
The town board may contract with the county surveyor or any professional land surveyor to survey all or some of the sections in the town and to erect monuments under this section as directed by the board.
Before the town board executes a contract under sub. (1r)
, the county surveyor or professional land surveyor shall execute and file with the town board a surety bond or other financial security approved by the town board.
Monuments shall be set on section and quarter-section corners established by the United States survey. If there is a clerical error or omission in the government field notes or if the bearing trees, mounds, or other location identifier specified in the notes is destroyed or lost, and if there is no other reliable evidence by which a section or quarter-section corner can be identified, the county surveyor or professional land surveyor shall reestablish the corner under the rules adopted by the federal government in the survey of public lands. The county surveyor or professional land surveyor shall set forth his or her actions under this paragraph in the U.S. public land survey monument record under sub. (4)
All monuments set under this section are presumed to be set at the section and quarter-section corners, as originally established by the United States survey, at which they respectively purport to be set.
To establish, relocate, or perpetuate a corner, the county surveyor or professional land surveyor shall set in the proper place a monument, as determined by the town board, consisting of any of the following:
A stone or other equally durable material, not less than 3 feet long and 6 inches square, with perpendicular, dressed sides and a square, flat top. As prescribed by the town board, the top shall be engraved with either of the following:
A cross formed by lines connecting the corners of the top.
If the monument is set at a section corner, the number of the section or, if set at a quarter-section corner, “1/4S".
A 3-inch diameter iron pipe, not less than 3 feet long, with pipe walls not less than one-quarter inch thick, galvanized or coal-charred to prevent rust. The pipe shall have a flat plate, screwed to the top, engraved as prescribed in subd. 1.
The pipe shall have a suitable bottom plate or anchor.
An equivalent monument agreed upon by all parties of the contract.
A monument under par. (c)
shall be set 2 1/2 feet in the ground. If the monument is located in a highway, the top of the monument shall be even with or below the surface of the highway.
(4) U.S. public land survey monument record.
The county surveyor or professional land surveyor shall prepare a U.S. public land survey monument record setting forth a complete and accurate record of any monument erected on section and quarter section corners under this section, including the bearings and distances of each monument from each other monument nearest it on any line in the town. The U.S. public land survey monument record and a map of any additional monuments set shall be recorded in the office of the register of deeds or filed in the office of the county surveyor of the county in which the surveyed land is located and of the adjoining county if a monument is located on the county line.
History: 1983 a. 532
; 2013 a. 358
Town tax increment law. 60.85(1)(1)
In this section, unless a different intent clearly appears from the context:
“Agricultural project" means agricultural activities classified in the North American Industry Classification System, 1997 edition, published by the U.S. office of management and budget, under the following industry numbers:
1152 - Support activities for animal production.
493120 - Farm product warehousing and storage, refrigerated.
“Forestry project" means forestry activities classified in the North American Industry Classification System, 1997 edition, published by the U.S. office of management and budget, under the following industry numbers:
“Manufacturing project" means manufacturing activities classified in the North American Industry Classification System, 1997 edition, published by the U.S. office of management and budget, under the following industry numbers:
“Planning commission" means a plan commission created under s. 62.23
, if the town board exercises zoning authority under s. 60.62
or the town zoning committee under s. 60.61 (4)
if the town board is not authorized to exercise village powers.
“Project costs" means, subject to sub. (2) (b)
, any expenditures made or estimated to be made or monetary obligations incurred or estimated to be incurred by the town which are listed in a project plan as costs of public works or improvements within a tax incremental district or, to the extent provided in subd. 1. j.
, without the district, plus any incidental costs, diminished by any income, special assessments, or other revenues, including user fees or charges, other than tax increments, received or reasonably expected to be received by the town in connection with the implementation of the plan. Only a proportionate share of the costs permitted under this subdivision may be included as project costs to the extent that they benefit the tax incremental district. To the extent the costs benefit the town outside the tax incremental district, a proportionate share of the cost is not a project cost. “Project costs" include:
Capital costs including, but not limited to, the actual costs of the construction of public works or improvements, new buildings, structures, and fixtures; the demolition, alteration, remodeling, repair or reconstruction of existing buildings, structures and fixtures other than the demolition of listed properties as defined in s. 44.31 (4)
; the acquisition of equipment to service the district; the removal or containment of, or the restoration of soil or groundwater affected by, environmental pollution; and the clearing and grading of land.
Financing costs, including, but not limited to, all interest paid to holders of evidences of indebtedness issued to pay for project costs and any premium paid over the principal amount of the obligations because of the redemption of the obligations prior to maturity.
Real property assembly costs, meaning any deficit incurred resulting from the sale or lease as lessor by the town of real or personal property within a tax incremental district for consideration which is less than its cost to the town.
Professional service costs, including, but not limited to, those costs incurred for architectural, planning, engineering, and legal advice and services.
Imputed administrative costs, including, but not limited to, reasonable charges for the time spent by town employees in connection with the implementation of a project plan.
Relocation costs, including, but not limited to, those relocation payments made following condemnation under ss. 32.19
Organizational costs, including, but not limited to, the costs of conducting environmental impact and other studies and the costs of informing the public with respect to the creation of tax incremental districts and the implementation of project plans.
Payments made, in the discretion of the town board, which are found to be necessary or convenient to the creation of tax incremental districts or the implementation of project plans.
That portion of costs related to the construction or alteration of sewerage treatment plants, water treatment plants or other environmental protection devices, storm or sanitary sewer lines, water lines, or amenities on streets or the rebuilding or expansion of streets the construction, alteration, rebuilding or expansion of which is necessitated by the project plan for a district and is within the district.
That portion of costs related to the construction or alteration of sewerage treatment plants, water treatment plants or other environmental protection devices, storm or sanitary sewer lines, water lines, or amenities on streets outside the district if the construction, alteration, rebuilding or expansion is necessitated by the project plan for a district, and if at the time the construction, alteration, rebuilding or expansion begins there are improvements of the kinds named in this subdivision on the land outside the district in respect to which the costs are to be incurred.
Costs for the removal or containment of lead contamination in buildings or infrastructure if the town declares that such lead contamination is a public health concern.