If a political subdivision has in effect on July 2, 2013, an ordinance that applies to a class 2 collocation and the ordinance is inconsistent with this section, the ordinance does not apply to, and may not be enforced against, the class 2 collocation.
A political subdivision may regulate a class 2 collocation only as provided in this section.
A class 2 collocation is subject to the same requirements for the issuance of a building permit to which any other type of commercial development or land use development is subject.
If an applicant submits to a political subdivision an application for a permit to engage in a class 2 collocation, the application shall contain all of the information required under sub. (2) (b) 1.
, in which case the political subdivision shall consider the application complete. If any of the required information is not in the application, the political subdivision shall notify the applicant in writing, within 5 days of receiving the application, that the application is not complete. The written notification shall specify in detail the required information that was incomplete. An applicant may resubmit an application as often as necessary until it is complete.
Within 45 days of its receipt of a complete application, a political subdivision shall complete all of the following or the applicant may consider the application approved, except that the applicant and the political subdivision may agree in writing to an extension of the 45 day period:
Make a final decision whether to approve or disapprove the application.
Notify the applicant, in writing, of its final decision.
If the application is approved, issue the applicant the relevant permit.
If the decision is to disapprove the application, include with the written notification substantial evidence which supports the decision.
A party who is aggrieved by the final decision of a political subdivision under par. (c) 1.
may bring an action in the circuit court of the county in which the proposed activity, which is the subject of the application, is to be located.
With regard to an activity described in sub. (2) (a)
or a class 2 collocation, a political subdivision may not do any of the following:
Impose environmental testing, sampling, or monitoring requirements, or other compliance measures for radio frequency emissions, on mobile service facilities or mobile radio service providers.
Enact an ordinance imposing a moratorium on the permitting, construction, or approval of any such activities.
Enact an ordinance prohibiting the placement of a mobile service support structure in particular locations within the political subdivision.
Charge a mobile radio service provider a fee in excess of one of the following amounts:
For a permit for a class 2 collocation, the lesser of $500 or the amount charged by a political subdivision for a building permit for any other type of commercial development or land use development.
Charge a mobile radio service provider any recurring fee for an activity described in sub. (2) (a)
or a class 2 collocation.
Permit 3rd party consultants to charge the applicant for any travel expenses incurred in the consultant's review of mobile service permits or applications.
Disapprove an application to conduct an activity described under sub. (2) (a)
based solely on aesthetic concerns.
Disapprove an application to conduct a class 2 collocation on aesthetic concerns.
Enact or enforce an ordinance related to radio frequency signal strength or the adequacy of mobile service quality.
Impose a surety requirement, unless the requirement is competitively neutral, nondiscriminatory, and commensurate with the historical record for surety requirements for other facilities and structures in the political subdivision which fall into disuse. There is a rebuttable presumption that a surety requirement of $20,000 or less complies with this paragraph.
Prohibit the placement of emergency power systems.
Require that a mobile service support structure be placed on property owned by the political subdivision.
Disapprove an application based solely on the height of the mobile service support structure or on whether the structure requires lighting.
Condition approval of such activities on the agreement of the structure or mobile service facility owner to provide space on or near the structure for the use of or by the political subdivision at less than the market rate, or to provide the political subdivision other services via the structure or facilities at less than the market rate.
Limit the duration of any permit that is granted.
Require an applicant to construct a distributed antenna system instead of either constructing a new mobile service support structure or engaging in collocation.
Disapprove an application based on an assessment by the political subdivision of the suitability of other locations for conducting the activity.
Require that a mobile service support structure, existing structure, or mobile service facilities have or be connected to backup battery power.
Impose a setback or fall zone requirement for a mobile service support structure that is different from a requirement that is imposed on other types of commercial structures.
Consider an activity a substantial modification under sub. (1) (s) 1.
if a greater height is necessary to avoid interference with an existing antenna.
Consider an activity a substantial modification under sub. (1) (s) 3.
if a greater protrusion is necessary to shelter the antenna from inclement weather or to connect the antenna to the existing structure by cable.
Limit the height of a mobile service support structure to under 200 feet.
Condition the approval of an application on, or otherwise require, the applicant's agreement to indemnify or insure the political subdivision in connection with the political subdivision's exercise of its authority to approve the application.
Condition the approval of an application on, or otherwise require, the applicant's agreement to permit the political subdivision to place at or collocate with the applicant's support structure any mobile service facilities provided or operated by, whether in whole or in part, a political subdivision or an entity in which a political subdivision has a governance, competitive, economic, financial or other interest.
Notwithstanding sub. (4) (r)
, and subject to the provisions of this subsection, a political subdivision may enact an ordinance imposing setback requirements related to the placement of a mobile service support structure that applies to new construction or the substantial modification of facilities and support structures, as described in sub. (2)
A setback requirement may apply only to a mobile service support structure that is constructed on or adjacent to a parcel of land that is subject to a zoning ordinance that permits single-family residential use on that parcel. A setback requirement does not apply to an existing or new utility pole, or wireless support structure in a right-of-way that supports a small wireless facility, if the pole or facility meets the height limitations in s. 66.0414 (2) (e) 2.
The setback requirement under par. (b)
for a mobile service support structure on a parcel shall be measured from the lot lines of other adjacent and nonadjacent parcels for which single-family residential use is a permitted use under a zoning ordinance.
A setback requirement must be based on the height of the proposed mobile service support structure, and the setback requirement may not be a distance that is greater than the height of the proposed structure.
If a county enacts an ordinance as described under sub. (2)
the ordinance applies only in the unincorporated parts of the county, except that if a town enacts an ordinance as described under sub. (2)
after a county has so acted, the county ordinance does not apply, and may not be enforced, in the town, except that if the town later repeals its ordinance, the county ordinance applies in that town.
History: 2013 a. 20
; 2019 a. 14
An ordinance that prohibits a mobile service support structure where the structure is not compatible with the adjacent land's current use does not violate sub. (4) (c). Eco-Site, LLC v. Town of Cedarburg, 2019 WI App 42
, 388 Wis. 2d 375
, 933 N.W.2d 179
Denial of a conditional use permit on the basis of lost property values and the detrimental effect on public health and safety and general welfare does not equate to a denial based on aesthetic concerns, which is prohibited by sub. (4) (g) if it is the sole reason. Eco-Site, LLC v. Town of Cedarburg, 2019 WI App 42
, 388 Wis. 2d 375
, 933 N.W.2d 179
Removal of rubbish.
Cities, villages and towns may remove ashes, garbage, and rubbish from such classes of places in the city, village or town as the board or council directs. The removal may be from all of the places or from those whose owners or occupants desire the service. Districts may be created and removal provided for certain districts only, and different regulations may be applied to each removal district or class of property. The cost of removal may be funded by special assessment against the property served, by general tax upon the property of the respective districts, or by general tax upon the property of the city, village or town. If a city, village or town contracts for ash, garbage or rubbish removal service, it may contract with one or more service providers.
History: 1993 a. 246
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0405.
Radio broadcast service facility regulations. 66.0406(1)(a)
“Political subdivision" means any city, village, town, or county.
“Radio broadcast services" means the regular provision of a commercial or noncommercial service involving the transmission, emission, or reception of radio waves for the transmission of sound or images in which the transmissions are intended for direct reception by the general public.
“Radio broadcast service facilities" means commercial or noncommercial facilities, including antennas and antenna support structures, intended for the provision of radio broadcast services.
Limitations on local regulation.
Beginning on May 1, 2013, if a political subdivision enacts an ordinance, adopts a resolution, or takes any other action that affects the placement, construction, or modification of radio broadcast service facilities, the ordinance, resolution, or other action may not take effect unless all of the following apply:
The ordinance, resolution, or other action has a reasonable and clearly defined public health or safety objective, and reflects the minimum practical regulation that is necessary to accomplish that objective.
The ordinance, resolution, or other action reasonably accommodates radio broadcast services and does not prohibit, or have the effect of prohibiting, the provision of such services in the political subdivision.
Continued application of existing regulations.
If a political subdivision has in effect on May 1, 2013, an ordinance or resolution that is inconsistent with the requirements that are specified in sub. (2)
for an ordinance, resolution, or other action to take effect, the existing ordinance or resolution does not apply, and may not be enforced, to the extent that it is inconsistent with the requirements that are specified in sub. (2)
Denial of placement, construction, or modification of facilities.
If a political subdivision denies a request by any person to place, construct, or modify radio broadcast service facilities in the political subdivision, the denial may be based only on the political subdivision's public health or safety concerns. The political subdivision must provide the requester with a written denial of the requester's request, and the political subdivision must provide the requester with substantial written evidence which supports the reasons for the political subdivision's action.
History: 2013 a. 20
; 2013 a. 173
“Destroy" means the complete killing of weeds or the killing of weed plants above the surface of the ground by the use of chemicals, cutting, tillage, cropping system, pasturing livestock, or any or all of these in effective combination, at a time and in a manner as will effectually prevent the weed plants from maturing to the bloom or flower stage.
“Noxious weed" means Canada thistle, leafy spurge, field bindweed, any weed designated as a noxious weed by the department of natural resources by rule, and any other weed the governing body of any municipality or the county board of any county by ordinance or resolution declares to be noxious within its respective boundaries.
A person owning, occupying or controlling land shall destroy all noxious weeds on the land. The person having immediate charge of any public lands shall destroy all noxious weeds on the lands. The highway patrolman on all federal, state or county trunk highways shall destroy all noxious weeds on that portion of the highway which that highway patrolman patrols. The town board is responsible for the destruction of all noxious weeds on the town highways.
The chairperson of each town, the president of each village and the mayor or manager of each city may annually on or before May 15 publish a class 2 notice, under ch. 985
, that every person is required by law to destroy all noxious weeds, as defined in this section, on lands in the municipality which the person owns, occupies or controls. A town, village or city which has designated as its official newspaper or which uses for its official notices the same newspaper as any other town, village or city may publish the notice under this subsection in combination with the other town, village or city.
This section does not apply to Canada thistle or annual noxious weeds that are located on land that the department of natural resources owns, occupies or controls and that is maintained in whole or in part as habitat for wild birds by the department of natural resources.
History: 1975 c. 394
; 1975 c. 421
; Stats. 1975 s. 66.96; 1983 a. 112
; 1989 a. 56
; 1991 a. 39
; 1997 a. 287
; 1999 a. 150
; Stats. 1999 s. 66.0407; 2009 a. 55
Regulation of occupations. 66.0408(1)(1)
In this section, “political subdivision" means a city, village, town, or county.
Except as provided in sub. (3)
, beginning on November 13, 2015, a political subdivision may not impose any occupational fees or licensing requirements on any profession if that profession is not subject to occupational fees or licensing requirements of the political subdivision on that date, but the political subdivision may continue to so regulate any profession that is subject to its occupational fees or licensing requirements on that date.
With regard to the areas in which the department of safety and professional services may impose requirements on a contractor under s. 101.654
, a political subdivision may not impose any requirements on a contractor that are more stringent than the requirements imposed by the department of safety and professional services under s. 101.654
Beginning on November 13, 2015, if the department of safety and professional services or an examining board, affiliated credentialing board, or other board in the department of safety and professional services imposes any new occupational fees or licensing requirements on any profession that was previously unregulated by the state, and if a political subdivision regulates that occupation when the state regulations take effect, the political subdivision may not continue to regulate that profession on or after the day on which the state regulations take effect and the political subdivision's regulations do not apply and may not be enforced.
With regard to the areas in which any department of state government may impose occupational licensing requirements on any profession, a political subdivision may not impose any occupational licensing requirements on an individual who works in that profession that are more stringent than the requirements imposed by the department that regulates that profession.
If a political subdivision has in effect an occupational fee or licensing requirement on the profession of photographer on November 13, 2015, that regulation does not apply and may not be enforced.
History: 2015 a. 65
; 2017 a. 327
Local regulation of weapons. 66.0409(1)(b)
“Political subdivision" means a city, village, town or county.
“Sport shooting range" means an area designed and operated for the practice of weapons used in hunting, skeet shooting and similar sport shooting.
Except as provided in subs. (3)
, no political subdivision may enact or enforce an ordinance or adopt a resolution that regulates the sale, purchase, purchase delay, transfer, ownership, use, keeping, possession, bearing, transportation, licensing, permitting, registration, or taxation of any knife or any firearm or part of a firearm, including ammunition and reloader components, unless the ordinance or resolution is the same as or similar to, and no more stringent than, a state statute.
Nothing in this section prohibits a county from imposing a sales tax or use tax under subch. V of ch. 77
on any knife or any firearm or part of a firearm, including ammunition and reloader components, sold in the county.
Nothing in this section prohibits a city, village or town that is authorized to exercise village powers under s. 60.22 (3)
from enacting an ordinance or adopting a resolution that restricts the discharge of a firearm.
Notwithstanding subd. 1.
, any ordinance or resolution that restricts the discharge of a firearm does not apply and may not be enforced if the actor's conduct is justified or, had it been subject to a criminal penalty, would have been subject to a defense described in s. 939.45