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703.15(2)(c) (c) Declarant control.
703.15(2)(c)1.1. Except as provided in par. (d), a declarant may authorize the declarant or persons designated by him or her to appoint and remove the officers of the association or to exercise the powers and responsibilities otherwise assigned by the declaration or this chapter to the association or its officers. A declaration may not authorize any declarant control of the association for a period exceeding the earlier of any of the following:
703.15(2)(c)1.a. a. Ten years in the case of an expandable condominium.
703.15(2)(c)1.b. b. Three years in the case of any other condominium.
703.15(2)(c)1.c. c. Thirty days after the conveyance of 75% of the common element interest to purchasers.
703.15(2)(c)2. 2. The period of declarant control begins on the date that the first condominium unit is conveyed by a declarant to any person other than the declarant. If there is any other unit owner other than a declarant, a declaration may not be amended to increase the scope or the period of the declarant control.
703.15(2)(d) (d) Meeting to elect directors. Prior to the conveyance of 25% of the common element interest to purchasers, an association shall hold a meeting and the unit owners other than the declarant shall elect at least 25% of the directors of the executive board. Prior to the conveyance of 50% of the common element interest to purchasers, an association shall hold a meeting and the unit owners other than the declarant shall elect at least 33 1/3% of the directors of the executive board.
703.15(2)(e) (e) Calculation of percentage. The calculation of the percentage of common element interest conveyed to purchasers under pars. (c) and (d) shall be based on the percentage of undivided interest appertaining to each unit which has been conveyed assuming that all the units to be completed are included in the condominium.
703.15(2)(f) (f) Elections after expiration of declarant control. Not later than 45 days after the expiration of any period of declarant control, an association shall hold a meeting and the unit owners shall elect an executive board of at least 3 directors and officers of the association. The directors and officers shall take office upon election.
703.15(3) (3)Powers of the association.
703.15(3)(a)(a) Powers. An association has the power to:
703.15(3)(a)1. 1. Adopt budgets for revenues, expenditures and reserves and levy and collect assessments for common expenses from unit owners;
703.15(3)(a)2. 2. Employ and dismiss employees and agents;
703.15(3)(a)3. 3. Sue on behalf of all unit owners; and
703.15(3)(a)4. 4. Exercise any other power conferred by the condominium instruments or bylaws.
703.15(3)(b) (b) Conditional powers. Subject to any restrictions and limitations specified by the declaration, an association may:
703.15(3)(b)1. 1. Make contracts and incur liabilities, including borrowing funds in the name of the association in the manner specified in the bylaws under s. 703.10 (2) (f).
703.15(3)(b)2. 2. Regulate and impose charges for the use of common elements.
703.15(3)(b)3. 3. Cause additional improvements to be made as a part of the common elements.
703.15(3)(b)4. 4. Acquire, hold, encumber and convey any right, title or interest in or to real property.
703.15(3)(b)5. 5. Grant easements through or over the common elements.
703.15(3)(b)6. 6. Receive any income derived from payments, fees or charges for the use, rental or operation of the common elements.
703.15(3)(b)7. 7. Grant or withhold approval of any action by a unit owner or other person which would change the exterior appearance of the unit or of any other portion of the condominium.
703.15(3)(b)8. 8. Purchase goods and services jointly with other condominium associations or other persons.
703.15(4) (4)Roster of unit owners; meetings of association.
703.15(4)(a)(a) An association shall maintain a current roster of names and addresses of every unit owner to which notice of meetings of the association shall be sent.
703.15(4)(b) (b) Every unit owner shall furnish the association with his or her name and current mailing address. No unit owner may vote at meetings of the association until this information is furnished.
703.15(4)(c) (c) No regular or special meeting of the association may be held except on at least 10 days' written notice delivered or mailed to every unit owner at the address shown on the roster or unless waivers are duly executed by all unit owners.
703.15(4)(d)1.1. At meetings of the association every unit owner is entitled to cast the number of votes appurtenant to his or her unit, as established in the declaration under s. 703.09 (1) (f). Unit owners may vote by proxy, but, the proxy is effective only for a maximum period of 180 days following its issuance, unless granted to a mortgagee or lessee. If only one of multiple owners of a unit is present at a meeting of the association, the owner is entitled to cast the votes allocated to that unit.
703.15(4)(d)2. 2. If more than one of the multiple owners is present, the votes allocated to that unit may be cast proportionally among the owners unless the condominium instruments expressly provide otherwise, but unanimous agreement is conclusively presumed if any one of them purports to cast the votes allocated to that unit without protest being made promptly by any of the others to the person presiding over the meeting or until any one of the multiple owners files a statement with the secretary of the association stating that thereafter the vote must be cast proportionally.
703.15(4)(e) (e) Unless otherwise provided in this chapter, and subject to provisions in the bylaws requiring a different majority, decisions of an association shall be made on a majority of votes of the unit owners present and voting.
703.15(5) (5)Unit owner's interest in association's property. No unit owner may have any right, title or interest in any property owned by the association other than as holder of a percentage interest in common elements appurtenant to its unit.
703.15 History History: 1977 c. 407; 1979 c. 110 s. 60 (12); 1995 a. 225; 2003 a. 283.
703.15 Note NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 283, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
703.15 Annotation Although the statutory definition of a "unit" under s. 703.02 (15) controls, it may be altered by other statutory provisions that look specifically to the declaration to define the substantive rights and obligations of unit owners. Sub. (4) (d) 1. explicitly allows the declaration to determine the number of votes appurtenant to each platted unit. Northernaire Resort & Spa, LLC v. Northernaire Condominium Association, Inc. 2013 WI App 116, ___ Wis. 2d ___, ___ N.W.2d ___, 12-1707.
703.15 Annotation Advising Developers in Operating Community Associations. Pardon. Wis. Law. March 2004.
703.155 703.155 Master associations.
703.155(1)(1) Definition. In this section, "master association" means a profit or nonprofit corporation or unincorporated association which exercises the powers under s. 703.15 (3) on behalf of one or more condominiums or for the benefit of the unit owners of one or more condominiums.
703.155(2) (2)Delegation. If a declaration provides that any of the powers described in s. 703.15 (3) are to be exercised by or may be delegated to a master association, all provisions of this chapter applicable to an association apply to the master association, except as modified by this section or the declaration.
703.155(3) (3)Powers limited. Unless a master association is the only association for a condominium under s. 703.15 (1), it may exercise the powers set forth in s. 703.15 (3) only to the extent expressly permitted in the declarations that are associated with the master association or expressly described in the delegations of power from those condominiums to the master association.
703.155(4) (4)Liability limited. If a declaration provides that the executive board may delegate certain powers to a master association, the members of the executive board have no liability for the acts or omissions of the master association with respect to the exercise of those powers following delegation.
703.155(5) (5)Unit owners; rights and responsibilities. The rights and responsibilities of unit owners with respect to the association set forth in s. 703.15 apply, in the conduct of the affairs of a master association, only to those persons under sub. (6) who elect the executive board of a master association, whether or not those persons are unit owners.
703.155(6) (6)Master association; election of executive board. Notwithstanding s. 703.15 (2) (f) and whether or not a master association is also an association described in s. 703.15 (1), the instrument creating the master association and the declaration of each condominium the powers of which are assigned by the declaration or delegated to the master association shall provide that the executive board of the master association shall be elected after the period of declarant control in any of the following ways:
703.155(6)(a) (a) All unit owners of all condominiums subject to the master association may elect all members of the executive board.
703.155(6)(b) (b) All members of the executive boards of all condominiums subject to the master association may elect all members of the executive board.
703.155(6)(c) (c) All unit owners of each condominium subject to the master association may elect specified members of the executive board.
703.155(6)(d) (d) All members of the executive board of each condominium subject to the master association may elect specified members of the executive board.
703.155(7) (7)Representation of condominium or noncondominium property. A master association may represent condominium or noncondominium property on behalf of one or more condominiums and property under a different form of ownership or for the benefit of the unit owners of one or more condominiums and the owners of other property.
703.155 History History: 1985 a. 188; 2003 a. 283.
703.155 Note NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 283, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
703.16 703.16 Common expenses and common surpluses.
703.16(1)(1) Disposition of common surpluses. All common surpluses of the association shall be credited to the unit owners' assessments for common expenses in proportion to their percentage interests in the common elements or as otherwise provided in the declaration or shall be used for any other purpose as the association decides.
703.16(2) (2)Funds for payment of common expenses obtained by assessments.
703.16(2)(a)(a) Funds for the payment of common expenses and for the creation of reserves for the payment of future common expenses shall be obtained by assessments against the unit owners in proportion to their percentage interests in the common elements or as otherwise provided in the declaration.
703.16(2)(b) (b) During the period of declarant control of the association under s. 703.15 (2) (c), if any unit owned by the declarant is exempt from assessments for common expenses until the unit is sold, the total amount assessed against units that are not exempt from assessments may not exceed the amount that equals nonexempt units' budgeted share of common expenses, based on the anticipated common expenses set forth in the annual budget under s. 703.161 (2) (a). The declarant is liable for the balance of the actual common expenses.
703.16 History History: 1977 c. 407; 1991 a. 39; 1993 a. 453; 1995 a. 224, 227; 1997 a. 27, 250; 1999 a. 185; 2003 a. 283; s. 35.17 correction in (2) (title).
703.16 Note NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 283, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
703.16 Annotation A condominium land contract recorded before the making of an assessment lien has priority as a first mortgage under sub. (6) (b). Towne Realty, Inc. v. Edwards, 156 Wis. 2d 344, 456 N.W.2d 651 (Ct. App. 1990).
703.16 Annotation The definition of "unit" under s. 703.01 (15) encompasses a property on which there is no constructed unit. Aluminium Industries v. Camelot Trails, 194 Wis. 2d 575, 535 N.W.2d 74 (Ct. App. 1995).
703.16 Annotation In a foreclosure action under sub. (8) based on a failure to pay condominium fees, s. 846.10 (1) could not be applied sensibly to require a statement of installments to become due because monthly assessments were in varying amounts. The 12-month redemption period under s. 846.10 (2) is applicable to such foreclosures. Geneva National Community Association, Inc. v. Friedman, 228 Wis. 2d 572, 598 N.W.2d 600 (Ct. App. 1999), 98-1010.
703.161 703.161 Annual budget.
703.161(1)(1) Application. This section applies to any condominium that includes at least one unit that is restricted to residential use.
703.161(2) (2)Requirement. An association annually shall adopt and distribute to all unit owners an annual budget setting forth all of the following:
703.161(2)(a) (a) All anticipated common expenses and any amounts to be allocated to a statutory reserve account under s. 703.163 and to any other funds for future expenditures.
703.161(2)(b) (b) The amount and purpose of any other anticipated association expenditure.
703.161(2)(c) (c) The amount in any statutory reserve account under s. 703.163 or any other funds held for future expenditures.
703.161(2)(d) (d) Any common surpluses.
703.161(2)(e) (e) The amount and source of any income, other than unit owner assessments.
703.161(2)(f) (f) The aggregate amount of any assessment to be levied against unit owners and the purpose of the assessment.
703.161 History History: 2003 a. 283.
703.161 Note NOTE: 2003 Wis. Act 283, which affected this section, contains extensive explanatory notes.
703.163 703.163 Statutory reserve account.
703.163(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
703.163(1)(a) (a) "Reserve funds" means funds derived from assessments against unit owners that are deposited in a statutory reserve account. The term does not include funds for ordinary operations, including amounts held for operational contingencies.
703.163(1)(b) (b) "Statutory reserve account" means a separate account established under this section to hold reserve funds.
703.163(1)(c) (c) "Statutory reserve account statement" means a statement indicating whether a statutory reserve account has been established for a condominium and, if there is no statutory reserve account, how it is anticipated that future expenditures for the repair and replacement of common elements will be funded.
703.163(2) (2)Application; other reserve accounts not affected.
703.163(2)(a)1.1. Except as provided in subds. 2. and 3., this section applies to condominiums consisting exclusively of units that are restricted to residential uses.
703.163(2)(a)2. 2. This section does not apply to a small condominium unless the declarant or the association, with the written consent of a majority of the unit votes, elects to be governed by this section.
703.163(2)(a)3. 3. This section applies to a condominium consisting of both residential and nonresidential units if the declarant or the association, with the written consent of a majority of the unit votes of the residential units and a majority of the unit votes of the nonresidential units, elects to be governed by this section.
703.163(2)(b) (b) This section does not affect a reserve account or a similar account existing on November 1, 2004, or a reserve account or similar account established on or after November 1, 2004, that is not a statutory reserve account.
703.163(3) (3)New condominiums; establishment of statutory reserve account by declarant.
703.163(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (c), the declarant of a condominium that is created on or after November 1, 2004, shall establish a statutory reserve account when the condominium is created and shall execute a statutory reserve account statement. The declarant shall determine the annual amount to be assessed unit owners for reserve funds after considering the factors under sub. (7) (a) to (e) and, if the condominium is a conversion condominium with more than 4 units, the report prepared under s. 703.33 (2) (cm) 1.
703.163(3)(b) (b) Reserve fund assessments for the reserve account established under par. (a) may first be assessed on a particular unit when a certificate of occupancy has been issued that applies to that unit. The declarant may elect to defer payment of the accrued assessments for a particular unit until the first conveyance of that unit. The declarant may not defer payment of accrued reserve fund assessments for more than 5 years from the date the exterior construction of the building in which the unit is located is completed. The declarant is liable for all reserve fund assessments on a unit that accrue before the unit is conveyed. If there are accrued reserve fund assessments against a unit, the declarant shall disclose in writing to the first purchaser of the unit whether the declarant has included any accrued reserve fund assessments in the purchase price of the unit or, if not included, how any accrued assessment will be paid.
703.163(3)(c) (c) The declarant may elect not to establish a statutory reserve account under par. (a) at the time the condominium is created or, at any time thereafter, may elect to terminate a statutory reserve account during the period of declarant control under s. 703.15 (2) (c). An election under this paragraph shall be made by executing a statutory reserve account statement.
703.163(4) (4)New condominium; determination by association to establish statutory reserve account. If a declarant has elected under sub. (3) (c) not to establish a statutory reserve account or to terminate an account, establishment of a statutory reserve account shall be addressed at the first annual meeting of the association held after, or at a special meeting of the association held within one year after, the expiration of any period of declarant control under s. 703.15 (2) (c). A statutory reserve account is established under this subsection with the written consent of a majority of the unit votes. If a statutory reserve account is established under this subsection, the association shall execute a statutory reserve account statement.
703.163(5) (5)Existing condominiums; statutory reserve account unless elect otherwise. The association for a condominium created before November 1, 2004, shall, within 18 months after November 1, 2004, or within 18 months after the expiration of any period of declarant control under s. 703.15 (2) (c), whichever is later, establish a statutory reserve account unless the association, with the written consent of a majority of the unit votes, elects not to establish a statutory reserve account. Upon the establishment of or the election not to establish a statutory reserve account, the association shall execute a statutory reserve account statement.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)