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704.44 704.44 Residential rental agreement that contains certain provisions is void. Notwithstanding s. 704.02, a residential rental agreement is void and unenforceable if it does any of the following:
704.44(1m) (1m) Allows a landlord to do any of the following because a tenant has contacted an entity for law enforcement services, health services, or safety services:
704.44(1m)(a) (a) Increase rent.
704.44(1m)(b) (b) Decrease services.
704.44(1m)(c) (c) Bring an action for possession of the premises.
704.44(1m)(d) (d) Refuse to renew a rental agreement.
704.44(1m)(e) (e) Threaten to take any action under pars. (a) to (d).
704.44(2m) (2m) Authorizes the eviction or exclusion of a tenant from the premises, other than by judicial eviction procedures as provided under ch. 799.
704.44(3m) (3m) Provides for an acceleration of rent payments in the event of tenant default or breach of obligations under the rental agreement, or otherwise waives the landlord's obligation to mitigate damages as provided in s. 704.29.
704.44(4m) (4m) Requires payment by the tenant of attorney fees or costs incurred by the landlord in any legal action or dispute arising under the rental agreement. This subsection does not prevent a landlord or tenant from recovering costs or attorney fees under a court order under ch. 799 or 814.
704.44(5m) (5m) Authorizes the landlord or an agent of the landlord to confess judgment against the tenant in any action arising under the rental agreement.
704.44(6) (6) States that the landlord is not liable for property damage or personal injury caused by negligent acts or omissions of the landlord. This subsection does not affect ordinary maintenance obligations of a tenant under s. 704.07 or assumed by a tenant under a rental agreement or other written agreement between the landlord and the tenant.
704.44(7) (7) Imposes liability on a tenant for any of the following:
704.44(7)(a) (a) Personal injury arising from causes clearly beyond the tenant's control.
704.44(7)(b) (b) Property damage caused by natural disasters or by persons other than the tenant or the tenant's guests or invitees. This paragraph does not affect ordinary maintenance obligations of a tenant under s. 704.07 or assumed by a tenant under a rental agreement or other written agreement between the landlord and the tenant.
704.44(8) (8) Waives any statutory or other legal obligation on the part of the landlord to deliver the premises in a fit or habitable condition or to maintain the premises during the tenant's tenancy.
704.44(9) (9) Allows the landlord to terminate the tenancy of a tenant based solely on the commission of a crime in or on the rental property if the tenant, or someone who lawfully resides with the tenant, is the victim, as defined in s. 950.02 (4), of that crime.
704.44(10) (10) Allows the landlord to terminate the tenancy of a tenant for a crime committed in relation to the rental property and the rental agreement does not include the notice required under s. 704.14.
704.44 History History: 2007 a. 184; 2011 a. 143; 2013 a. 76.
704.44 Annotation A provision requiring the tenant to pay for professional carpet cleaning, in the absence of negligence or improper use by the tenant, does not render a rental agreement void under sub. (8). Because routine carpet cleaning is not a statutorily-imposed obligation of a landlord, assigning this responsibility to a tenant through a contractual provision does not render a rental agreement void. OAG 4-13.
704.45 704.45 Retaliatory conduct in residential tenancies prohibited.
704.45(1)(1) Except as provided in sub. (2), a landlord in a residential tenancy may not increase rent, decrease services, bring an action for possession of the premises, refuse to renew a lease or threaten any of the foregoing, if there is a preponderance of evidence that the action or inaction would not occur but for the landlord's retaliation against the tenant for doing any of the following:
704.45(1)(a) (a) Making a good faith complaint about a defect in the premises to an elected public official or a local housing code enforcement agency.
704.45(1)(b) (b) Complaining to the landlord about a violation of s. 704.07 or a local housing code applicable to the premises.
704.45(1)(c) (c) Exercising a legal right relating to residential tenancies.
704.45(2) (2) Notwithstanding sub. (1), a landlord may bring an action for possession of the premises if the tenant has not paid rent other than a rent increase prohibited by sub. (1).
704.45(3) (3) This section does not apply to complaints made about defects in the premises caused by the negligence or improper use of the tenant who is affected by the action or inaction.
704.45 History History: 1981 c. 286.
704.50 704.50 Disclosure duty; immunity for providing notice about the sex offender registry.
704.50(1) (1) Except as provided in sub. (2), a landlord or his or her agent has no duty to disclose to any person in connection with the rental of real property any information related to the fact that a particular person is required to register as a sex offender under s. 301.45 or any information about the sex offender registry under s. 301.45.
704.50(2) (2) If, in connection with the rental of real property, a person requests of a landlord or his or her agent information related to whether a particular person is required to register as a sex offender under s. 301.45 or any other information about the sex offender registry under s. 301.45, the landlord or agent has a duty to disclose such information, if the landlord or agent has actual knowledge of the information.
704.50(3) (3) Notwithstanding sub. (2), the landlord or agent is immune from liability for any act or omission related to the disclosure of information under sub. (2) if the landlord or agent in a timely manner provides to the person requesting the information written notice that the person may obtain information about the sex offender registry and persons registered with the registry by contacting the department of corrections. The notice shall include the appropriate telephone number and Internet site of the department of corrections.
704.50 History History: 1999 a. 89.
704.90 704.90 Self-service storage facilities.
704.90(1) (1) Definitions. In this section:
704.90(1)(a) (a) "Default" means the lessee fails to pay rent or other charges due under a rental agreement for a period of 7 consecutive days after the due date under the rental agreement.
704.90(1)(am) (am) "Last-known address" means the address provided by a lessee to an operator in the most recent rental agreement between the lessee and the operator or the address provided by a lessee to an operator in a written notice of a change of address, whichever address is provided later.
704.90(1)(b) (b) "Leased space" means a self-service storage unit or a space located within a self-service storage facility that a lessee is entitled to use for the storage of personal property on a self-service basis pursuant to a rental agreement and that is not rented or provided to the lessee in conjunction with property for residential use by the lessee.
704.90(1)(c) (c) "Lessee" means a person entitled to the use of a leased space, to the exclusion of others, under a rental agreement, or the person's sublessee, successor or assign.
704.90(1)(d) (d) "Operator" means the owner, lessor or sublessor of a self-service storage facility or of a self-service storage unit, an agent of any of them or any other person who is authorized by the owner, lessor or sublessor to manage the self-service storage facility or unit or to receive rent from a lessee under a rental agreement.
704.90(1)(e) (e) "Personal property" means movable property not affixed to land, including goods, wares, merchandise, motor vehicles, watercraft, household items and furnishings.
704.90(1)(f) (f) "Rental agreement" means a lease or agreement between a lessee and an operator that establishes or modifies any provisions concerning the use of a leased space, including who is entitled to the use of the leased space.
704.90(1)(g) (g) "Self-service storage facility" means real property containing leased spaces but does not include a warehouse or other facility if the operator of the warehouse or facility issues a warehouse receipt, bill of lading or other document of title for personal property stored in the leased spaces.
704.90(1)(h) (h) "Self-service storage unit" means a box, shipping container, or trailer that is leased by a tenant primarily for use as a storage space whether the box, shipping container, or trailer is located at a facility owned or operated by the owner or at a location designated by the tenant.
704.90(2) (2)Use of leased space.
704.90(2)(a)(a) An operator may not knowingly permit a leased space to be used for residential purposes.
704.90(2)(b) (b) A lessee may not use a leased space for residential purposes.
704.90(2m) (2m)Written rental agreement. Every rental agreement shall be in writing and shall contain a provision allowing the lessee to specify the name and last-known address of a person who, in addition to the lessee, the operator is required to notify under sub. (5) (b) 1. If the rental agreement contains a provision that places a limit on the value of property that is stored in the leased space, that provision shall be typed in bold type or underlined type of the same size as the remainder of the agreement.
704.90(3) (3)Lien and notice in rental agreement.
704.90(3)(a)(a) An operator has a lien on all personal property stored in a leased space for rent and other charges related to the personal property, including expenses necessary to the preservation, removal, storage, preparation for sale and sale of the personal property. The lien attaches as of the first day the personal property is stored in the leased space and is superior to any other lien on or security interest in the personal property except for a statutory lien or a security interest that is perfected by filing prior to the first day the personal property is stored in the leased space, a security interest in a vehicle perfected under ch. 342 or a security interest in a boat perfected under ch. 30.
704.90(3)(b) (b) A rental agreement shall state in boldface type that the operator has a lien on personal property stored in a leased space and that the operator may satisfy the lien by selling the personal property, as provided in this section, if the lessee defaults or fails to pay rent for the storage of personal property abandoned after the termination of the rental agreement.
704.90(3)(c) (c) If the rental agreement contains a limit on the value of property stored in the lessee's storage space, the limit shall be presumed to be the maximum value of the property stored in that space.
704.90(4) (4)Care and custody. Except as provided in the rental agreement and in this section, a lessee has exclusive care, custody and control of personal property stored in the lessee's leased space.
704.90(4b) (4b)Late fee.
704.90(4b)(a)(a) The operator may charge a reasonable late fee for each month a lessee does not pay rent by 5 weekdays after the rent is due if the amount of the late fee is contained in the rental agreement.
704.90(4b)(b) (b) A late fee of $20 or 20 percent of the monthly rental amount, whichever is greater, is presumed reasonable. An operator may charge a higher late fee but has the burden of proof that the higher late fee is reasonable.
704.90(4g) (4g)Default or failure to pay after termination. A lessee who defaults or fails to pay rent for the storage of personal property abandoned after the termination of the rental agreement is subject to the procedures and remedies in subs. (4r) to (9) and (12).
704.90(4r) (4r)Denial of access; removal and storage.
704.90(4r)(a)(a) If a lessee defaults, an operator may deny the lessee access to the personal property until the lessee redeems the personal property under sub. (5) (a).
704.90(4r)(b) (b) After the termination, by expiration or otherwise, of a rental agreement for the use of a leased space by a lessee, an operator may remove personal property remaining in the leased space and store the personal property at another site or within or outside the self-service storage facility or move the self-service storage unit to another site, or the operator may continue to store the personal property in the leased space, and the operator may deny the former lessee access to the personal property until the lessee redeems the personal property under sub. (5) (a). The operator may charge a reasonable rent for storage of the personal property, whether at another site or in the leased space. A former lessee who fails to pay the rent is subject to all procedures and remedies set forth in this section for default.
704.90(5) (5)Redemption and notice of opportunity to redeem.
704.90(5)(a)(a) At any time prior to disposal under sub. (5m) or sale under sub. (6), a lessee may redeem personal property by paying the operator any rent and other charges due. Upon receipt of such payment, the operator shall return the personal property, and thereafter the operator shall have no liability to any person with respect to such personal property.
704.90(5)(b) (b) An operator may not dispose of personal property under sub. (5m) or sell personal property under sub. (6) unless the operator first delivers the following 2 notices:
704.90(5)(b)1. 1. A first notice sent by regular mail to the last-known address of the lessee and the person, if any, specified in the rental agreement under sub. (2m) containing all of the following:
704.90(5)(b)1.a. a. Notification that the lessee is in default or has failed to pay rent for the storage of personal property abandoned after the termination of the rental agreement or both.
704.90(5)(b)1.b. b. A brief and general description of the personal property subject to the lien that is reasonably adequate to permit the lessee to identify it, except that any container including, but not limited to, a trunk, valise or box that is locked, fastened, sealed or tied in a manner which deters immediate access to its contents may be described as such without describing its contents.
704.90(5)(b)1.c. c. A notice of denial of access to the personal property if such denial is permitted under the terms of the rental agreement or under sub. (4r).
704.90(5)(b)1.d. d. The name, street address and telephone number of the operator whom the lessee may contact to redeem the personal property by paying the rent and other charges due.
704.90(5)(b)2. 2. A 2nd notice sent by certified mail or 1st class mail with a certificate of mailing to the last-known address of the lessee containing all of the following:
704.90(5)(b)2.a. a. A statement that the operator has a lien on personal property stored in a leased space.
704.90(5)(b)2.ag. ag. A brief and general description of the personal property subject to the lien that is reasonably adequate to permit the lessee to identify it, except that any container including, but not limited to, a trunk, valise or box that is locked, fastened, sealed or tied in a manner which deters immediate access to its contents may be described as such without describing its contents.
704.90(5)(b)2.am. am. A notice of denial of access to the personal property if such denial is permitted under the terms of the rental agreement or under sub. (4r).
704.90(5)(b)2.b. b. An itemized statement of the operator's claim for rent and other charges due as of the date of the notice and of additional rent and other charges that will become due prior to sale and the dates when they will become due.
704.90(5)(b)2.c. c. A demand for payment of the rent and other charges due within a time period not sooner than 14 days after the date of the notice.
704.90(5)(b)2.d. d. A statement that unless the rent and other charges are paid within the time period under subd. 2. c., the personal property may be disposed of if the fair market value of the property is less than $100 or will be sold, a specification of the date, time and place of the sale and a statement that if the property is sold the operator shall apply the proceeds of the sale first to satisfy the lien and shall report and deliver any balance to the secretary of revenue as provided under ch. 177.
704.90(5)(b)2.e. e. The name, street address and telephone number of the operator whom the lessee may contact to redeem the personal property by paying the rent and other charges due.
704.90(5m) (5m)Disposal of certain property. If the fair market value of the personal property that was stored in the lessee's leased space is less than $100, an operator may do any of the following:
704.90(5m)(a) (a) Donate the personal property to an organization described in section 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code that is exempt from federal income tax under s. 501 (a) of the Internal Revenue Code.
704.90(5m)(b) (b) Dispose of the personal property in a solid waste facility.
704.90(5m)(c) (c) Have the personal property recycled.
704.90(5m)(d) (d) Dispose of the personal property in another manner that is reasonable under the circumstances.
704.90(6) (6)Sale, advertisement of sale and proceeds of sale.
704.90(6)(a)(a) After the expiration of the time period given in the 2nd notice under sub. (5) (b) 2. c., an operator may sell personal property that was stored in a lessee's leased space to satisfy the lien under sub. (3) (a) in the manner set forth in pars. (b) and (c) if all of the following conditions are met:
704.90(6)(a)2. 2. The operator has complied with the notice requirements under sub. (5) (b).
704.90(6)(a)3. 3. The lessee has failed to redeem the personal property under sub. (5) (a) within the time period specified in the notice under sub. (5) (b) 2. c.
704.90(6)(a)4. 4. An advertisement of the sale is published once a week for 2 consecutive weeks in a newspaper of general circulation where the self-service storage facility or unit is located.
704.90(6)(a)5. 5. The advertisement under subd. 4. contains all of the following:
704.90(6)(a)5.a. a. A brief and general description of the personal property reasonably adequate to permit its identification, as provided in the notices under sub. (5) (b).
704.90(6)(a)5.b. b. The address of the self-service storage facility or of the operator of the self-service storage unit and the name of the lessee.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)