Court; branch; judge.
Naturalization proceedings, venue.
Circuit judges; circuit court reporters; assistant reporters; salaries; retirement; fringe benefits.
Reserve judges; service.
Preservation of judgments.
Attendance of officers, pay; opening court.
Operating costs; circuit court.
When court to be held.
Night and Saturday sessions.
Where court to be held.
Office and records to be kept at county seat.
Clerk of circuit court; duties, powers.
Clerks, etc., not to be appraisers.
Circuit court for Menominee and Shawano counties.
Rules of practice and trial court administration.
Term of office.
The term of office of every elected circuit judge is 6 years and until the successor is elected and qualified, commencing with the August 1 next succeeding the election.
History: 1975 c. 61
; 1977 c. 187
; Stats. 1977 s. 753.01; 1983 a. 538
The legislature cannot, after a judge has been elected to a new branch, advance the starting date and the end of the judge's term. 58 Atty. Gen. 97.
Judicial circuit for Milwaukee County. 753.016(1)
This section applies only in the judicial circuit for Milwaukee County.
(2) Court room; offices.
The county board shall provide suitable court rooms and offices, the sheriff shall provide the necessary deputy sheriffs as attending officers under s. 59.27 (3)
and the clerk of the circuit court shall provide a sufficient number of deputy clerks for all the judges and branches of the court.
There is created a department of family conciliation under the direction and supervision of a director of family conciliation. The director shall:
Receive all marital complaints and make a proper disposition thereof;
Make investigations of the facts upon which to base warrants in the cases hereinbefore specified and in all other matters duly referred to said department;
Exercise such supervision in connection with the exercise by said court of its jurisdiction as the judges thereof may duly order.
All persons in this department shall keep such records as may be provided by law. The court may by order close the files of matters before the court if the court determines that publication of the matters is contrary to public policy. The court may make such other orders as may be in the interest of children in such matters and the public morals.
The department shall have such investigators as are authorized by the county board of supervisors of the county. The investigators shall be appointed by the county department under s. 46.215
The county board of supervisors of the county shall provide for such assistants, stenographic and otherwise, as needed to assist the director of family conciliation in carrying out the purpose of subs. (3)
particularly in regard to the proper disposal of marital complaints. The director and all other persons in the department shall be appointed by the county department under s. 46.215
, except in cases otherwise expressly provided for.
All public officers in said county shall refer all domestic complaints made to them to said director of the department of domestic conciliation who shall dispose of all matters before it in proper manner.
The board of supervisors of said county shall furnish said courts and said department of family conciliation, the judges, officers and employees thereof with suitable accommodations, adequately centralized and consolidated, and with the necessary furniture and supplies and make provision for its necessary expenses and operation.
(5) Civil service.
The board of supervisors and county civil service commission shall make suitable reclassifications in positions in said county to accomplish the purpose of subs. (3)
Jurisdiction of circuit courts.
The circuit courts have the general jurisdiction prescribed for them by article VII of the constitution
and have power to issue all writs, process and commissions provided in article VII of the constitution
or by the statutes, or which may be necessary to the due execution of the powers vested in them. The circuit courts have power to hear and determine, within their respective circuits, all civil and criminal actions and proceedings unless exclusive jurisdiction is given to some other court; and they have all the powers, according to the usages of courts of law and equity, necessary to the full and complete jurisdiction of the causes and parties and the full and complete administration of justice, and to carry into effect their judgments, orders and other determinations, subject to review by the court of appeals or the supreme court as provided by law. The courts and the judges thereof have power to award all such writs, process and commissions, throughout the state, returnable in the proper county.
History: 1977 c. 187
; Stats. 1977 s. 753.03; 1983 a. 192
The circuit courts are constitutional courts with plenary jurisdiction. They do not depend solely upon statute for their powers. However in certain cases with vast social ramifications not addressed by statute, prudence requires the courts to refuse to exercise their jurisdiction. As such, circuit courts are prohibited from exercising jurisdiction regarding sterilization of incompetents. In Matter of Guardianship of Eberhardy, 102 Wis. 2d 539
, 307 N.W.2d 881
Because courts have exclusive criminal jurisdiction, criminal charges against a defendant were not collaterally estopped even though a parole revocation hearing examiner concluded that the defendant's acts did not merit parole revocation. State v. Spanbauer, 108 Wis. 2d 548
, 322 N.W.2d 511
(Ct. App. 1982).
Writs, how issued; certiorari.
All writs issued from the circuit court shall be in the name of the state of Wisconsin, shall bear date the day they are issued, be attested in the name of the judge of the circuit in which issued, and if there is no such judge, then in the name of the chief judge of the court of appeals or the chief justice of the supreme court, be returnable on a date certain which is not more than 60 days from the date of issuance, unless otherwise directed by law, by the judge or by rule of court, be signed by the clerk, sealed with the seal of the court and directed to some officer or person authorized to serve or execute the writs. All writs of certiorari issued to review any action taken by a county board, town board, common council of any city or board of trustees of any village, or any record lawfully in the custody of a county clerk, town clerk, city clerk or village clerk may be addressed to and served upon the proper county clerk, town clerk, city clerk or village clerk, respectively, who shall make return thereto.
History: 1977 c. 187
; 1977 c. 449
; Stats. 1977 s. 753.04.
A certiorari action exists only to test the validity of judicial or quasi-judicial determinations. It does not allow for answers, denials, or defenses by the respondent. Merkel v. Village of Germantown, 218 Wis. 2d 572
, 581 N.W.2d 552
(Ct. App. 1998), 97-3347
The circuit courts in the several counties shall have seals, and they may direct and from time to time alter the inscriptions and devices thereon; and the respective county boards shall furnish such seals as shall be ordered; and when any such court shall be unprovided with a seal the judge may authorize the use of any temporary seal or of any device by way of seal until a seal shall be so provided. The seals now in use by said courts shall continue to be the seals thereof until others shall be provided according to law.
History: 1977 c. 187
; Stats. 1977 s. 753.05.
The state is divided into judicial circuits as follows:
(1) Within the 1st judicial administrative district. 753.06(1)(a)(a)
Milwaukee County. The circuit has 47 branches.
(2) Within the 2nd judicial administrative district. 753.06(2)(b)
Racine County. The circuit has 10 branches.
Walworth County. The circuit has 4 branches.
(3) Within the 3rd judicial administrative district. 753.06(3)(a)(a)
Jefferson County. The circuit has 4 branches.
Ozaukee County. The circuit has 3 branches.
Washington County. The circuit has 4 branches.
Waukesha County. The circuit has 12 branches.
(4) Within the 4th judicial administrative district. 753.06(4)(b)
Fond du Lac County. The circuit has 5 branches.
Manitowoc County. The circuit has 3 branches.
Sheboygan County. The circuit has 5 branches.
Winnebago County. The circuit has 6 branches.
(5) Within the 5th judicial administrative district. 753.06(6)
(6) Within the 6th judicial administrative district. 753.06(6)(b)
Columbia County. The circuit has 3 branches.
Green Lake County. The circuit has one branch.
Marquette County. The circuit has one branch.
Portage County. The circuit has 3 branches.
Waushara County. The circuit has one branch.
(7) Within the 7th judicial administrative district. 753.06(7)(a)(a)
Buffalo and Pepin counties. The circuit has one branch.
Crawford County. The circuit has one branch.
Jackson County. The circuit has one branch.
La Crosse County. The circuit has has 5 branches.