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77.54(36) (36) The sales price from the rental for a continuous period of one month or more of a mobile home, as defined in s. 101.91 (10), or a manufactured home, as defined in s. 101.91 (2), that is used as a residence. In this subsection, "one month" means a calendar month or 30 days, whichever is less, counting the first day of the rental and not counting the last day of the rental.
77.54(37) (37) The sales price from revenues collected under s. 256.35 (3) and the surcharge established by rule by the public service commission under s. 256.35 (3m) (f) for customers of wireless providers, as defined in s. 256.35 (3m) (a) 6.
77.54(38) (38) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use or other consumption of snowmobile trail groomers and attachments for them that are purchased, stored, used or consumed by a snowmobile club that meets at least 3 times a year, that has at least 10 members, that promotes snowmobiling and that participates in the department of natural resources' snowmobile program under s. 350.12 (4) (b).
77.54(39) (39) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use or other consumption of off-highway, heavy mechanical equipment such as feller bunchers, slashers, delimbers, chippers, hydraulic loaders, loaders, skidder-forwarders, skidders, timber wagons and tractors used exclusively and directly in the harvesting or processing of raw timber products in the field by a person in the logging business. In this subsection, "heavy mechanical equipment" does not include hand tools such as axes, chains, chain saws and wedges.
77.54(41) (41) The sales price from the sale of building materials, supplies and equipment to; and the storage, use or other consumption of those kinds of property by; owners, contractors, subcontractors or builders if that property is acquired solely for or used solely in, the construction, renovation or development of property that would be exempt under s. 70.11 (36).
77.54(42) (42) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use or other consumption of animal identification tags provided under s. 93.06 (1h) and standard samples provided under s. 93.06 (1s).
77.54(43) (43) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use or other consumption of raw materials used for the processing, fabricating or manufacturing of, or the attaching to or incorporating into, printed materials that are transported and used solely outside this state.
77.54(44) (44) The sales price from the collection of low-income assistance fees that are charged under s. 16.957 (4) (a) or (5) (a).
77.54(45) (45) The sales price from the sale of and the use or other consumption of a onetime license or similar right to purchase admission to professional football games at a football stadium, as defined in s. 229.821 (6), that is granted by a municipality; a local professional football stadium district; or a professional football team or related party, as defined in s. 229.821 (12); if the person who buys the license or right is entitled, at the time the license or right is transferred to the person, to purchase admission to at least 3 professional football games in this state during one football season.
77.54(46) (46) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of the U.S. flag or the state flag. This subsection does not apply to a representation of the U.S. flag or the state flag.
77.54(46m) (46m) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of telecommunications services, if the telecommunications services are obtained by using the rights to purchase telecommunications services, including purchasing reauthorization numbers, by paying in advance and by using an access number and authorization code; and if the tax imposed under s. 77.52 or 77.53 was previously paid on the sale or purchase of such rights.
77.54(47) (47) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of all of the following:
77.54(47)(a) (a) Live game birds and clay pigeons that are sold to bird hunting preserves licensed under s. 169.19.
77.54(47)(b) (b) Clay pigeons that are sold to a shooting facility, if any of the following applies:
77.54(47)(b)1. 1. The shooting facility is required to pay the tax imposed under s. 77.52 on the sales price from charges for shooting at the facility.
77.54(47)(b)2. 2. The shooting facility is a nonprofit organization that charges for shooting at the facility, but is not required to pay the tax imposed under s. 77.52 on its sales price from such charges because the charges are for occasional sales, as provided under sub. (7m), or because the charges satisfy the exemption under s. 77.52 (2) (a) 2. b.
77.54(49) (49) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of taxable services and tangible personal property or items or property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) or (c), that are physically transferred to the purchaser as a necessary part of services that are subject to the taxes imposed under s. 77.52 (2) (a) 7., 10., 11., and 20., if the seller and the purchaser of such services and property or item are members of the same affiliated group under section 1504 of the Internal Revenue Code and are eligible to file a single consolidated return for federal income tax purposes. For purposes of this subsection, if a seller purchases a taxable service, or item or property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) or (c), or tangible personal property, as described in this subsection, that is subsequently sold to a member of the seller's affiliated group and the sale is exempt under this subsection from the taxes imposed under this subchapter, the original purchase of the taxable service, or item or property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) or (c), or tangible personal property by the seller is not considered a sale for resale or exempt under this subsection.
77.54(50) (50) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of specified digital goods or additional digital goods, if the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of such goods sold in a tangible form is exempt from, or not subject to, taxation under this subchapter.
77.54(51) (51) The sales price from the sales of and the storage, use, or other consumption of products sold in a transaction that would be a bundled transaction, except that it contains taxable and nontaxable products as described in s. 77.51 (1f) (d), and except that the first person combining the products shall pay the tax imposed under this subchapter on the person's purchase price of the taxable items.
77.54(52) (52) The sales price from the sales of and the storage, use, or other consumption of products sold in a transaction that would be a bundled transaction, except that the transaction meets the conditions described in s. 77.51 (1f) (e).
77.54(54) (54) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of tangible personal property, and items and property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) and (c), and taxable services that are sold by a home exchange service that receives moneys from the appropriation account under s. 20.485 (1) (g) and is operated by the department of veterans affairs.
77.54(55) (55) The sales price from the police and fire protection fee imposed under s. 196.025 (6).
77.54(56) (56)
77.54(56)(a)(a) Beginning July 1, 2011, the sales price from the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of a product whose power source is wind energy, direct radiant energy received from the sun, or gas generated from anaerobic digestion of animal manure and other agricultural waste, if the product produces at least 200 watts of alternating current or 600 British thermal units per day, except that the exemption under this subsection does not apply to an uninterruptible power source that is designed primarily for computers.
77.54(56)(b) (b) Except for the sale of electricity or energy that is exempt from taxation under sub. (30), beginning on July 1, 2011, the sales price from the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of electricity or energy produced by a product described under par. (a).
77.54(57) (57)
77.54(57)(a)(a) In this subsection:
77.54(57)(a)1d. 1d. "Animals" include bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms.
77.54(57)(a)2. 2. "Machinery" has the meaning given in s. 70.11 (27) (a) 2.
77.54(57)(a)5. 5. "Qualified research" has the meaning given in sub. (57d) (a) 4.
77.54(57)(a)6. 6. "Used exclusively" has the meaning given in sub. (3) (b) 3.
77.54(57)(b) (b) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of all of the following:
77.54(57)(b)3. 3. Machines and specific processing equipment, including accessories, attachments, and parts for the machines or equipment, that are used exclusively and directly in raising animals that are sold primarily to a biotechnology business, a public or private institution of higher education, or a governmental unit for exclusive and direct use by any such entity in qualified research or manufacturing.
77.54(57)(b)4. 4. The items listed in sub. (3m) (a) to (m), drugs, semen for artificial insemination, fuel, and electricity that are used exclusively and directly in raising animals that are sold primarily to a biotechnology business, a public or private institution of higher education, or a governmental unit for exclusive and direct use by any such entity in qualified research or manufacturing.
77.54(57d) (57d)
77.54(57d)(a)(a) In this subsection:
77.54(57d)(a)1. 1. "Building" has the meaning given in s. 70.111 (10) (a) 1.
77.54(57d)(a)2. 2. "Combined group" has the meaning given in s. 71.255 (1) (a).
77.54(57d)(a)3. 3. "Machinery" has the meaning given in s. 70.11 (27) (a) 2.
77.54(57d)(a)4. 4. "Qualified research" means qualified research as defined under section 41 (d) (1) of the Internal Revenue Code, except that it includes qualified research that is funded by a member of a combined group for another member of a combined group.
77.54(57d)(a)5. 5. "Used exclusively" has the meaning given in sub. (3) (b) 3.
77.54(57d)(b) (b) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of machinery and equipment, including attachments, parts, and accessories, and other tangible personal property or items or property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) or (c) that are sold to any of the following and that are consumed or destroyed or lose their identities while being used exclusively and directly in qualified research:
77.54(57d)(b)1. 1. A person engaged in manufacturing in this state at a building assessed under s. 70.995.
77.54(57d)(b)2. 2. A person engaged primarily in biotechnology in this state.
77.54(57d)(b)3. 3. A combined group member who is conducting qualified research for another combined group member and that other combined group member is a person described under subd. 1. or 2.
77.54(58) (58) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of snowmaking and snow-grooming machines and equipment, including accessories, attachments, and parts for the machines and equipment and the fuel and electricity used to operate such machines and equipment, that are used exclusively and directly for snowmaking and snow grooming at ski hills, ski slopes, and ski trails.
77.54(59) (59) The sales price from the sales of and the storage, use, or other consumption of advertising and promotional direct mail.
77.54(60) (60)
77.54(60)(a)(a) In this subsection, "lump sum contract" means a contract to perform real property construction activities and to provide tangible personal property, items or property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) or (c), or taxable services and for which the contractor quotes the charge for labor, services of subcontractors, tangible personal property, items and property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) and (c), and taxable services as one price, including a contract for which the contractor itemizes the charges for labor, services of subcontractors, tangible personal property, items and property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) and (c), and taxable services as part of a schedule of values or similar document.
77.54(60)(b) (b) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of tangible personal property, items and property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) and (c), and taxable services that are sold by a contractor as part of a lump sum contract, if the total sales price of all such taxable products is less than 10 percent of the total amount of the lump sum contract. Except as provided in par. (c), the contractor is the consumer of such taxable products and shall pay the tax imposed under this subchapter on the taxable products.
77.54(60)(c) (c) If the lump sum contract is entered into with an entity that is exempt from taxation under sub. (9a), the contractor is the consumer of all taxable products used by the contractor in real property construction activities, but the contractor may purchase without tax, for resale, tangible personal property, items and property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) and (c), and taxable services that are sold by the contractor as part of the lump sum contract with the entity and that are not consumed by the contractor in real property construction activities.
77.54(61) (61) The sales price from the sale of and the storage, use, or other consumption of the following by a person primarily engaged, as determined by the department, in commercial printing, book printing, or support activities for printing described under 323111, 323117, and 323120 of the North American Industry Classification System:
77.54(61)(a) (a) Computers and servers used primarily to store copies of the product that are sent to a digital printer, a platemaking machine, or a printing press or used primarily in prepress or postpress activities.
77.54(61)(b) (b) Tangible personal property purchased from out-of-state sellers that are temporarily stored, remain idle, and not used in this state and that are then delivered and used solely outside of this state.
77.54(61)(c) (c) In this subsection:
77.54(61)(c)1. 1. "Postpress activities" include paper bronzing, die-cutting, edging, embossing, folding, gilding, gluing, and indexing.
77.54(61)(c)2. 2. "Prepress activities" include making print-ready plates, typesetting, trade binding, and sample mounting.
77.54(61)(c)3. 3. "Temporarily" means not more than 180 days.
77.54 Annotation A taxpayer in the business of processing scrap metal is engaged in manufacturing under s. 77.51 (27) [now s. 77.54 (6m)]. H. Samuels Co. v. DOR, 70 Wis. 2d 1076, 236 N.W.2d 250 (1975).
77.54 Annotation A carrier's contract status is established under the "primary business test" if the carrier's primary occupation is the supplying of transportation for compensation, even though the operator owns the goods at the time of transport and carries them for the purpose of sale. If, however, the operator's primary business is manufacturing or another noncarrier commercial enterprise, a determination must be made as to whether the motor operations are in furtherance of the primary business or are conducted as a related enterprise with the purpose of profiting from the transportation. Gensler v. DOR, 70 Wis. 2d 1108, 236 N.W.2d 648 (1975).
77.54 Annotation The sale of a supper club's furnishings and equipment was an "occasional sale" under s. 77.54 (7). Three Lions Supper Club v. DOR, 72 Wis. 2d 546, 241 N.W.2d 190 (1976).
77.54 Annotation Consumption of gas at interstate pipeline compressor stations in Wisconsin is protected from state use tax by the commerce clause. Midwestern Gas Transmission Co. v. DOR, 84 Wis. 2d 261, 267 N.W.2d 253 (1978).
77.54 Annotation To satisfy s. 77.51 (27) [now s. 77.54 (7h)], a change in name must be attributable to a change in the nature, purpose, and function of the article. DOR v. Bailey-Bohrman Steel Corp. 93 Wis. 2d 602, 287 N.W.2d 715 (1980).
77.54 Annotation Semitrailers are "truck bodies" under sub. (5) (a). DOR v. Trudell Trailer Sales, 104 Wis. 2d 39, 310 N.W.2d 612 (1981).
77.54 Annotation A vending machine company, which placed machines in schools and hospitals, was the "seller" of the products dispensed by its machines. Servomation Corp. v. DOR, 106 Wis. 2d 616, 317 N.W.2d 464 (1982).
77.54 Annotation Under the "use or function" test, a greenhouse was a "machine" used in floriculture under sub. (3). DOR v. Greiling, 112 Wis. 2d 602, 334 N.W.2d 118 (1983).
77.54 Annotation The exemption under sub. (9a) (f) is limited to services used by tax-exempt organizations and does not extend to services by those foundations. DOR v. EAA Aviation Foundation, 143 Wis. 2d 681, 422 N.W.2d 458 (Ct. App. 1988).
77.54 Annotation Calf hutches are not "machines" exempt from sales tax under sub. (3). L.T. Hampel Corp. v. DOR, 157 Wis. 2d 422, 459 N.W.2d 598 (Ct. App. 1990).
77.54 Annotation Motor vehicles and machinery used with motor vehicles are not used "directly" in recycling activities and are not exempt under sub. (26m). DOR v. Parks-Pioneer, 170 Wis. 2d 44, 487 N.W.2d 63 (Ct. App. 1992).
77.54 Annotation The exemption for occasional sales under sub. (7) cannot apply to a seller who continues to make sales in a business after the business was sold and surrender of the sales tax permit was attempted. Carrion Corp. v. DOR, 179 Wis. 2d 254, 507 N.W.2d 356 (Ct. App. 1993).
77.54 Annotation "Merchandise" as used in sub. (6) (b) denotes commodities that are bought and sold. Luetzow Industries v. DOR, 197 Wis. 2d 917, 541 N.W.2d 810 (Ct. App. 1995).
77.54 Annotation A Mississippi River excursion boat that embarked from a Wisconsin port, crossed into out-of-state water without landing in that state, then disembarked in Wisconsin was not engaged in "interstate commerce" under sub. (13). LaCrosse Queen, Inc. v. DOR, 208 Wis. 2d 439, 561 N.W.2d 686 (1997), 95-2754.
77.54 Annotation Newspaper carriers were found not to be customers of a publisher. The sub. (6) (b) exemption for packing material was not applicable to materials used to package newspapers for delivery to the carriers. Madison Newspapers, Inc. v. DOR, 228 Wis. 2d 745, 599 N.W.2d 51 (Ct. App. 1999), 98-2980.
77.54 Annotation A corporation is a "resident of this state" under sub. (5) (a) if it is domiciled in Wisconsin and incorporated under the laws of this state. DOR v. Johnson Welding & Manufacturing Co., Inc. 2000 WI App 179, 238 Wis. 2d 243, 617 N.W.2d 193, 99-2429.
77.55 77.55 Exemptions from sales tax.
77.55(1) (1) There is exempted from the computation of the amount of the sales tax the sales price from the sale of any tangible personal property, or items or property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) or (c), or services to:
77.55(1)(a) (a) The United States, its unincorporated agencies and instrumentalities.
77.55(1)(b) (b) Any incorporated agency or instrumentality of the United States wholly owned by the United States or by a corporation wholly owned by the United States.
77.55(2) (2) There is exempted from the computation of the amount of the sales tax the sales price from sales of tangible personal property, and items and property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) and (c), to a common or contract carrier, shipped by the seller via the purchasing carrier under a bill of lading whether the freight is paid in advance, or the shipment is made freight charges collect, to a point outside this state and the property or item is actually transported to the out-of-state destination for use by the carrier in the conduct of its business as a carrier.
77.55(2m) (2m) There is exempted from the computation of the amount of sales tax the sales price from sales of railroad crossties to a common or contract carrier, shipped wholly or in part by way of the purchasing carrier under a bill of lading, whether the freight is paid in advance or the shipment is made freight charges collect, to a point outside this state if the property is transported to the out-of-state destination for use by the carrier in the conduct of its business as a carrier. Interruption of the shipment for storage, drying, processing or creosoting of the railroad crossties in this state does not invalidate the exemption under this subsection.
77.55(3) (3) There is exempted from the computation of the amount of the sales tax the sales price from sales of tangible personal property, and items and property under s. 77.52 (1) (b) and (c), purchased for use solely outside this state and delivered to a forwarding agent, export packer, or other person engaged in the business of preparing goods for export or arranging for their exportation, and actually delivered to a port outside the continental limits of the United States prior to making any use thereof.
77.55 History History: 1985 a. 29; 1999 a. 83; 2009 a. 2, 28.
77.56 77.56 Exemptions from use tax.
77.56(1) (1) The storage, use or other consumption in this state of tangible personal property, and items, property, and goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), and (d), the sales price from the sale of which is reported to the department in the measure of the sales tax, is exempted from the use tax.
77.56(2) (2) The loan by an automobile dealer of a motor vehicle to any school or school district for a driver training educational program conducted by the school or school district is exempt from the use tax.
77.56(3) (3) The donation to an entity specified under s. 77.54 (9a) of property that has been purchased tax-free for resale or upon the presentation of a valid exemption certificate is exempt from the use tax.
77.56 History History: 1989 a. 31; 1995 a. 27; 2009 a. 2, 28.
77.57 77.57 Liability of purchaser. If a purchaser certifies in writing to a seller that the tangible personal property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) purchased will be used in a manner or for a purpose entitling the seller to regard the sales price from the sale as exempted by this subchapter from the computation of the amount of the sales tax and uses the property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) in some other manner or for some other purpose, the purchaser is liable for payment of the sales tax. The tax shall be measured by the sales price of the property or items, property, or goods under s. 77.52 (1) (b), (c), or (d) to the purchaser.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 11, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 11, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-11-14)