799.07 799.07 File of summons; forfeiture tickets; warrants. The clerk shall keep a file of summons issued by the clerk, of forfeiture tickets filed with the clerk, and of warrants for arrests issued by the clerk.
799.07 History History: 1979 c. 32 s. 66; Stats. 1979 s. 799.07; 1993 a. 486.
799.09 799.09 Public information. Information regarding the existence, location and hours of the circuit court's small claims system shall be disseminated and publicized throughout the county by the clerk of court. Each county shall produce and make available to all litigants in small claims actions publications explaining the procedures to be followed by litigants in small claims actions.
799.09 History History: 1977 c. 345, 449; 1979 c. 32 s. 66; Stats. 1979 s. 799.09; 1987 a. 208.
799.10 799.10 Case file, court record.
799.10(1) (1)Clerk to maintain court record and case file. The clerk of circuit court shall maintain a court record of small claims cases, and a case file for each case in which there are papers other than the ones listed in s. 799.07 to be filed.
799.10(2) (2)Entries; what to contain. Entries in the court record shall include:
799.10(2)(a) (a) The number of the case;
799.10(2)(b) (b) The title of every action including the full names of the parties and their addresses, if known. If service is by mail, the clerk shall also enter the date when the summons is mailed to any defendant, and the name of the person to whom mailed;
799.10(2)(c) (c) The names of attorneys, if any, appearing in the action;
799.10(2)(d) (d) Type of action by reference to s. 799.01;
799.10(2)(e) (e) Nature of plea in forfeiture actions;
799.10(2)(f) (f) The judgment or final order entered, date of entering it and the amount of forfeiture or damages, costs and fees due to each person separately;
799.10(2)(g) (g) Satisfaction of forfeiture, or commitment for nonpayment of forfeiture or judgment;
799.10(2)(h) (h) The date of mailing notice of entry of judgment or final order as provided in s. 799.24;
799.10(2)(i) (i) Such additional entries as may be necessary to supply essential information not contained in the case file or reporter's record.
799.10(3) (3)Correcting court record. The judge has power at any time to order the court record corrected or any omission or additional entry supplied if the judge is satisfied that an error or omission exists or that one or more additional entries are needed.
799.10(4) (4)Time of court record entries. Entries in the court record shall be made not later than the time of the entry of the judgment or final order, or as soon thereafter as possible. No court record entries need be made in uncontested cases where the action is for a money forfeiture charging violation of a parking regulation.
799.10 History History: 1979 c. 32 ss. 66, 92 (16); 1979 c. 176; Stats. 1979 s. 799.10; 1995 a. 224.
799.11 799.11 Venue.
799.11(1)(1) The venue of actions in which the procedure of this chapter is used is as follows:
799.11(1)(a) (a) In actions for garnishment, any county in which the garnishee resides or, if not a resident of the state, is found; or, the county in which the summons in the principal action has issued or where the judgment therein is entered.
799.11(1)(b) (b) In any claim arising out of a consumer transaction, as defined in s. 421.301 (13), or a consumer credit transaction, as defined in s. 421.301 (10), in the county specified by s. 421.401.
799.11(1)(c) (c) In actions for a forfeiture, the county in which the act occurred on which the action for forfeiture is based.
799.11(1)(d) (d) In actions to recover a tax, the county in which the tax was levied.
799.11(1)(e) (e) In all other actions, the county specified by s. 801.50.
799.11(2) (2) If there are several defendants, and if venue is based on residence, venue may be in the county of residence of any one of them.
799.11(3) (3) When, in any action under this chapter, it appears from the return of service of the summons or otherwise that the county in which the action is pending is not a proper place of trial and that another county would be a proper place of trial, the court or circuit court commissioner shall, on motion of a party or its own motion, transfer the action to that county unless the defendant appears and waives the improper venue. The clerk of the court to which the action is transferred shall issue a new notice of return date upon payment of the fee required by s. 814.61 (2) (a).
799.11 History History: 1979 c. 32 ss. 66, 92 (16); Stats. 1979 s. 799.11; 1981 c. 300; 1981 c. 390 s. 252; 1983 a. 228, 389, 538; 1987 a. 208; 2001 a. 61.
799.12 799.12 Service of summons.
799.12(1) (1) Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, all provisions of chs. 801 to 847 with respect to jurisdiction of the persons of defendants, the procedure of commencing civil actions, and the mode and manner of service of process, shall apply to actions and proceedings under this chapter.
799.12(2) (2) Any circuit court may by rule authorize the service of summons in some or all actions under this chapter by mail under sub. (3) in lieu of personal or substituted service under s. 801.11.
799.12(3) (3) If authorized by court rule under sub. (2), service may be made by mail by leaving the original and necessary copies of the summons with the clerk of court, together with the fee prescribed in s. 814.62 (4). The court shall require the use of certified mail with return receipt requested for all eviction cases for which service by mail is authorized under sub. (2), and for all other cases may by rule require the use of certified mail with return receipt requested. Whenever the use of certified mail is required, the additional fee prescribed in s. 814.62 (4) shall be paid for each defendant. The clerk shall mail a copy to each defendant at the last-known address as specified in the summons. Service of the summons is considered completed when it is mailed, unless the envelope enclosing the summons has been returned unopened to the clerk prior to the return date. All mailing of summonses shall be done in envelopes upon which the clerk's return address appears, with a request to return to that address. Service by mail to obtain a personal judgment shall be limited to the county where the action is commenced.
799.12(4) (4) If with reasonable diligence the defendant cannot be served by personal or substituted service under s. 801.11, or if mailed service is authorized under sub. (2) and the envelope enclosing the summons is returned unopened to the clerk, service may be made by mailing and publication under sub. (6). The clerk shall issue a new return date allowing timely publication of a class 1 notice under ch. 985.
799.12(5) (5)Section 345.09 shall not apply to actions under this chapter.
799.12(6) (6)
799.12(6)(a)(a) Service by mailing and publication authorized under sub. (4) may be made as provided in s. 801.11 (1) (c) or as provided in this subsection.
799.12(6)(b) (b) If the defendant's post-office address can be ascertained with reasonable diligence, service may be made by mailing to the defendant a copy of the summons at or immediately prior to the publication of the summons or a notice under par. (c) as a class 1 notice under ch. 985.
799.12(6)(c) (c) If the defendant's post-office address cannot be ascertained with reasonable diligence, the mailing may be omitted and service may be made by publishing as a class 1 notice under ch. 985 a notice in substantially the following form, except as provided in s. 799.22 (4) (b) 3.:
SMALL CLAIMS SUMMONS NUMBER ....
....(Defendant's Name)
....(Defendant's Address, if known)
You are being sued by .... (plaintiff's name) in the small claims court for .... County, .... (room number, address and telephone number of the court). A hearing will be held at .... o'clock (a.m.) (p.m.), on ...., .... (year). If you do not appear, a judgment may be given to the person suing you. [A copy of the claim has been mailed to you at the address above.]
799.12(7) (7) Any circuit court may by rule authorize service of the summons and complaint prior to filing and authentication thereof, provided the appropriate fee under s. 814.62 is paid before the summons is issued and the summons is not reusable for a different defendant.
799.12 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 776 (1975); 1977 c. 449 s. 497; 1979 c. 32 ss. 66, 92 (16); 1979 c. 89, 176; Stats. 1979 s. 799.12; 1981 c. 317; 1987 a. 208; Sup. Ct. Order No. 95-10, 195 Wis. 2d xv (1996); 1997 a. 250; 2013 a. 76.
799.12 Annotation How Wisconsin Circuit Courts Can Ensure Proper Service in Eviction Actions After 2013 Wisconsin Act 76. Ahrendt. 2014 WLR 1201.
799.14 799.14 Failure of actual notice of suit by mail.
799.14(1) (1)Petition; hearing; trial on merits. In any action, where service of summons is made by mailing, a defendant, at any time within 15 days of receiving actual knowledge of the pendency of the action or of the entry of judgment against the defendant, if judgment has been entered, but not more than one year after judgment was entered, may, by written verified petition, on forms provided by the court, petition to set aside the judgment if one has been entered and for an opportunity to be heard upon the merits. Thereupon the court shall set the matter for hearing at a time that will give the parties reasonable opportunity to appear and, if judgment has been entered, shall stay all proceedings on the judgment. At the time of the hearing the questions raised by the petition shall first be heard and determined by the court. If the court grants the petition, the court shall proceed to try the matter upon the merits or, if judgment has been entered, shall vacate the judgment and proceed to try the matter upon the merits. If the court denies the petition, it shall, if judgment has been entered, revoke its order staying proceedings thereon or, if a judgment has not been entered, it may give the defendant opportunity to be heard upon the merits.
799.14(2) (2)Effect of actual appearance. This section shall not apply to a defendant who actually appeared and submitted to the jurisdiction of the court without filing application as provided in sub. (1).
799.14 History History: 1979 c. 32 s. 66; 1979 c. 176; Stats. 1979 s. 799.14; 1999 a. 85.
799.16 799.16 Actions in rem or quasi in rem; limitation on judgment.
799.16(1)(1)Basis. In proceedings in rem or quasi in rem no judgment shall be entered against a defendant for an amount in excess of the value of the property unless based on personal or substituted service as provided in s. 799.12 (1), or unless the defendant appears without objecting to the jurisdiction of the court over defendant's person.
799.16(2) (2)Adjournment and publication. When the defendant has not been served with personal or substituted service pursuant to s. 799.12 (1) and does not waive the defense of lack of jurisdiction over the person under s. 802.06 (8) and the court has jurisdiction over the property, service may be made on the defendant by publication. If service is to be made by publication, the proceeding shall be adjourned to a day certain by the court, and a notice in substantial conformity with sub. (4) shall be published as a class 1 notice, under ch. 985.
799.16(3) (3)Adjournment, posting and mailing in eviction actions. In eviction actions, when the defendant has not been served with personal or substituted service pursuant to s. 799.12 (1) and does not waive the defense of lack of jurisdiction over the person under s. 802.06 (8), service may be made as follows:
799.16(3)(a) (a) If the summons is returned more than 7 days prior to the return date with proof that the defendant cannot be served with personal or substituted service within the state under s. 799.12 (1), the plaintiff may, at least 7 days prior to the return date, affix a copy of the summons and complaint onto some part of the premises where it may be conveniently read. At least 5 days prior to the return date an additional copy of the summons and complaint shall also be mailed to the defendant at the last-known address, even if it is the premises which are the subject of the action.
799.16(3)(b) (b) In all other cases where the summons and complaint are returned with proof that the defendant cannot be served with personal or substituted service within the state under s. 799.12 (1), the court shall, on the return date, adjourn the case to a day certain not less than 7 days from the return date, and the plaintiff shall affix a notice in substantial conformity with sub. (4) (c) onto some part of the premises where it may be conveniently read. At least 5 days prior to the return date, an additional copy of said notice, together with a copy of the summons and complaint, shall be mailed to the defendant at the last-known address, even if it is the premises which are the subject of the action.
799.16(3)(c) (c) Before judgment is entered after service is made under this section, the plaintiff shall file proof of compliance with this section.
799.16(4) (4)Forms.
799.16(4)(a)(a) Notice in attachment and garnishment.
STATE OF WISCONSIN
CIRCUIT COURT
.... COUNTY
TO:
You are hereby notified that (an attachment) (a garnishment) has been issued against you and your property (attached) (garnisheed) to satisfy the demand of .... amounting to $ .....
Now, unless you shall appear in the circuit court, of .... County, located in the courthouse in .... (municipality), before Judge ...., or before any judge to whom the action may be assigned, on .... (date), at .... (time), judgment will be rendered against you and your property sold or applied to pay the debt as provided by law.
Dated .... , ..... (year)
.... Plaintiff
By .... Plaintiff's Attorney
799.16(4)(b) (b) Notice in replevin.
STATE OF WISCONSIN
CIRCUIT COURT
.... COUNTY
TO:
You are hereby notified that a replevin action has been issued to recover the possession of the following described goods and chattels, to wit: .... of which I, the plaintiff, am entitled to possess, but which you have (unjustly taken) (unlawfully detained) from me.
Now, unless you shall appear in the circuit court, of .... County, located in the courthouse in .... (municipality), before Judge ...., or before any judge to whom the action may be assigned, on .... (date), at .... (time), judgment will be rendered against you for the delivery of said property to me and for damages for the (taking and) detention thereof and for costs.
Dated .... , .... (year)
.... Plaintiff
By .... Plaintiff's Attorney
799.16(4)(c) (c) Notice in eviction.
STATE OF WISCONSIN
CIRCUIT COURT
.... COUNTY
TO:
Take notice that an eviction action has been commenced against you to recover the possession of the following described premises ...., of which I, the plaintiff, am entitled to possession, but which you have unlawfully detained from me.
Unless you appear and defend on the .... day of ...., .... (year), at .... o'clock ..M., in the circuit court of .... county, located in the courthouse in the city of ...., before the Honorable ...., a Judge of said court, or before any judge to whom the action may be assigned, judgment may be rendered against you for the restitution of said premises and for costs.
Dated: ...., .... (year)
.... Plaintiff
By .... Plaintiff's Attorney
799.16 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 575, 764 (1975); 1975 c. 218; 1977 c. 449 s. 497; 1979 c. 32 ss. 66, 92 (16); 1979 c. 110 s. 60 (7); 1979 c. 176; Stats. 1979 s. 799.16; 1987 a. 208; 1993 a. 213, 246, 491; Sup. Ct. Order No. 95-10, 195 Wis. 2d xv (1996); 1997 a. 250.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 64 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before November 20, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after November 20, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 11-20-17)