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895.61(2)(b)2. 2. Any claim against a successor corporation that does not constitute a successor asbestos-related liability.
895.61(2)(b)3. 3. Any obligation under 29 USC 151, et seq., or under any collective bargaining agreement.
895.61(2)(b)4. 4. A successor corporation that, after a merger or consolidation with a transferor, continued in the business of mining asbestos, selling or distributing asbestos fibers, or manufacturing, distributing, removing, or installing asbestos-containing products that were the same or substantially the same as those products that were previously manufactured, distributed, removed, or installed by the transferor.
895.61(3) (3)Measure of liability.
895.61(3)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), the cumulative successor asbestos-related liabilities of a successor corporation are limited to the fair market value of the total gross assets of the transferor determined as of the time of the merger or consolidation with the successor corporation. Subject to par. (b), the successor corporation does not have responsibility for any successor asbestos-related liabilities in excess of this limitation.
895.61(3)(b) (b) If the transferor to the successor corporation had assumed or incurred successor asbestos-related liability in connection with a prior merger or consolidation with a prior transferor, then the fair market value of the total assets of the prior transferor determined as of the time of the earlier merger or consolidation is substituted for the limitation under par. (a) for purposes of determining the limitation on liability of the successor corporation.
895.61(4) (4)Establishing the fair market value of total gross assets.
895.61(4)(a)(a) A successor corporation may establish the fair market value of total gross assets for purposes of the limitations under sub. (3) by any reasonable method, including any of the following:
895.61(4)(a)1. 1. By reference to the going concern value of the assets.
895.61(4)(a)2. 2. By reference to the purchase price attributable to or paid for the assets in an arms-length transaction.
895.61(4)(a)3. 3. In the absence of other readily available information from which the fair market value can be determined, by reference to the value of the assets recorded on a balance sheet.
895.61(4)(b) (b) To the extent that total gross assets include liability insurance that was issued to the transferor whose assets are being valued under this subsection, the applicability, terms, conditions, and limits of the insurance are not affected by this section. This section does not affect the rights and obligations of an insurer, transferor, or successor corporation under any insurance contract or related agreement, including all of the following:
895.61(4)(b)1. 1. A preenactment settlement resolving a coverage-related dispute.
895.61(4)(b)2. 2. The right of an insurer to seek payment for applicable deductibles, retrospective premiums, or self-insured retentions.
895.61(4)(b)3. 3. The right of an insurer to seek contribution from a successor corporation for an uninsured or self-insured period or for a period when insurance is uncollectible or unavailable.
895.61(4)(c) (c) Subject to par. (b), to the extent that total gross assets include any liability insurance, a settlement of a dispute concerning the liability insurance coverage entered into by the transferor or successor corporation with the insurer of the transferor before August 1, 2009, shall be determinative of the total coverage of the liability insurance for inclusion in the calculation of the transferor's total gross assets.
895.61(5) (5)Adjustment of fair market value.
895.61(5)(a)(a) Except as provided in pars. (b) to (d), the fair market value of the total gross assets at the time of the merger or consolidation with the transferor shall increase annually at a rate equal to the sum of the following:
895.61(5)(a)1. 1. The weekly prime rate for the first week of each calendar year since the merger or consolidation, as reported by the federal reserve board in federal reserve statistical release H. 15.
895.61(5)(a)2. 2. One percent.
895.61(5)(b) (b) The rate under par. (a) may not be compounded.
895.61(5)(c) (c) The adjustment of the fair market value of the total gross assets shall continue as provided in par. (a) until the date that the adjusted fair market value of the total gross assets is first exceeded by the cumulative amounts of successor asbestos-related liabilities paid or committed to be paid by or on behalf of the successor corporation or a predecessor of the successor corporation or by or on behalf of a transferor after the time of the merger or consolidation for which the fair market value of the total gross assets is determined.
895.61(5)(d) (d) No adjustment of the fair market value of total gross assets may be applied to any liability insurance that is included in the definition of total gross assets under sub. (4) (b).
895.61(6) (6)Liberal construction intended. This section shall be liberally construed to effect its purposes with regard to successor corporations.
895.61 History History: 2009 a. 28; 2013 a. 173 s. 33.
895.62 895.62 Use of force in response to unlawful and forcible entry into a dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business; civil liability immunity.
895.62(1) (1) In this section:
895.62(1)(a) (a) "Actor" means a person who uses force that is intended or likely to cause death or great bodily harm to another person.
895.62(1)(b) (b) "Dwelling" has the meaning given in s. 895.07 (1) (h).
895.62(1)(c) (c) "Place of business" means a business that the actor owns or operates.
895.62(2) (2) Except as provided in sub. (4), an actor is immune from civil liability arising out of his or her use of force that is intended or likely to cause death or great bodily harm if the actor reasonably believed that the force was necessary to prevent imminent death or bodily harm to himself or herself or to another person and either of the following applies:
895.62(2)(a) (a) The person against whom the force was used was in the process of unlawfully and forcibly entering the actor's dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business, the actor was on his or her property or present in the dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business, and the actor knew or had reason to believe that an unlawful and forcible entry was occurring.
895.62(2)(b) (b) The person against whom the force was used was in the actor's dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business after unlawfully and forcibly entering it, the actor was present in the dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business, and the actor knew or had reason to believe that the person had unlawfully and forcibly entered the dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business.
895.62(3) (3) If sub. (2) (a) or (b) applies, the finder of fact may not consider whether the actor had an opportunity to flee or retreat before he or she used force and the actor is presumed to have reasonably believed that the force was necessary to prevent imminent death or bodily harm to himself or herself or to another person.
895.62(4) (4) The presumption described in sub. (3) does not apply if any of the following are true:
895.62(4)(a) (a) The actor was engaged in a criminal activity or was using his or her dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business to further a criminal activity at the time he or she used the force described in sub. (2).
895.62(4)(b) (b) The person against whom the force was used was a public safety worker, as defined in s. 941.375 (1) (b), who entered or attempted to enter the actor's dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business in the performance of his or her official duties. This paragraph applies only if at least one of the following applies:
895.62(4)(b)1. 1. The public safety worker identified himself or herself to the actor before the force described in sub. (2) was used by the actor.
895.62(4)(b)2. 2. The actor knew or reasonably should have known that the person entering or attempting to enter his or her dwelling, motor vehicle, or place of business was a public safety worker.
895.62(5) (5) In any civil action, if a court finds that a person is immune from civil liability under sub. (2), the court shall award the person reasonable attorney fees, costs, compensation for loss of income, and other costs of the litigation reasonably incurred by the person.
895.62(6) (6) Nothing in this section may be construed to limit or impair any defense to civil or criminal liability otherwise available.
895.62 History History: 2011 a. 94.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)