909.015(6) (6)Telephone conversations. Telephone conversations, by evidence that a call was made to the number assigned at the time by the telecommunications company to a particular person or business, if:
909.015(6)(a) (a) In the case of a person, circumstances, including self-identification, show the person answering to be the one called; or
909.015(6)(b) (b) In the case of a business, the call was made to a place of business and the conversation related to business reasonably transacted over the telephone.
909.015(7) (7)Public records or reports. Evidence that a writing authorized by law to be recorded or filed and in fact recorded or filed in a public office, or a purported public record, report, statement, or data compilation, in any form, is from the public office where items of this nature are kept.
909.015(8) (8)Ancient documents or data compilations. Evidence that a document or data compilation, in any form:
909.015(8)(a) (a) Is in a condition that creates no suspicion concerning its authenticity;
909.015(8)(b) (b) Was in a place where it, if authentic, would likely be; and
909.015(8)(c) (c) Has been in existence 20 years or more at the time it is offered.
909.015(9) (9)Process or system. Evidence describing a process or system used to produce a result and showing that the process or system produces an accurate result.
909.015(10) (10)Methods provided by statute or rule. Any method of authentication or identification provided by statute or by other rules adopted by the supreme court.
909.015 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 59 Wis. 2d R1, R332 (1973); 1985 a. 297; 1999 a. 85.
909.015 Annotation Alleged statements of self-identification made in a phone call and in personal contact may not themselves be used to identify the speakers. Nischke v. Farmers & Merchants Bank, 187 Wis. 2d 96, 522 N.W.2d 542 (Ct. App. 1994).
909.015 Annotation Tapes are properly identified and authenticated when a party to the recorded conversation identifies the defendant's voice and testifies that the tapes accurately depict the conversation. State v. Curtis, 218 Wis. 2d 550, 582 N.W.2d 409 (Ct. App. 1998), 96-2884.
909.015 Annotation Authentication can be done through circumstantial evidence. State v. Giacomantonio, 2016 WI App 62, 371 Wis. 2d 452, 885 N.W.2d 394, 15-0968.
909.015 Annotation Text message authentication is a low standard that can be achieved with the sort of testimonial evidence of a witness with knowledge and circumstantial evidence that was presented in this case. Text and other electronic messages do not require new rules on authentication. State v. Giacomantonio, 2016 WI App 62, 371 Wis. 2d 452, 885 N.W.2d 394, 15-0968.
909.015 Annotation The circuit court did not err in admitting a copy of a note into evidence under sub. (3). The circuit court, as the trier of fact, inspected the original note, which is self-authenticating under s. 909.02 (9), compared the original and the copy side-by-side, and observed that the copy was identical to the original. Deutsche Bank National Trust Company v. Wuensch, 2018 WI 35, 380 Wis. 2d 727, 911 N.W.2d 1, 15-0175. See also Federal National Mortgage Association v. Thompson, 2018 WI 57, 381 Wis. 2d 609, 912 N.W.2d 364, 16-1496.
909.015 Annotation Thinking Outside the “Business Records" Box: Evidentiary Foundations for Computer Records. O'Shea. Wis. Law. Feb. 2008.
909.02 909.02 Self-authentication. Extrinsic evidence of authenticity as a condition precedent to admissibility is not required with respect to any of the following:
909.02(1) (1)Public documents under seal. A document bearing a seal purporting to be that of the United States, or of any state, district, commonwealth, territory, or insular possession thereof, or the Panama Canal Zone, or the Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands, or of a political subdivision, department, officer or agency thereof, and a signature purporting to be an attestation or execution.
909.02(2) (2)Public documents not under the seal. A document purporting to bear the signature in the official capacity of an officer or employee of any entity included in sub. (1), having no seal, if a public officer having a seal and having official duties in the district or political subdivision of the officer or employee certifies under seal that the signer has the official capacity and that the signature is genuine.
909.02(3) (3)Public documents of foreign countries. A document purporting to be executed or attested in his or her official capacity by a person authorized by the laws of a foreign country to make the execution or attestation, and accompanied by a final certification as to the genuineness of the signature and official position of the executing or attesting person, or of any foreign official whose certificate of genuineness of signature and official position relates to the execution or attestation or is in a chain of certificates of genuineness of signature and official position relating to the execution or attestation. A final certification may be made by a secretary of embassy or legation, consul general, consul, vice consul, or consular agent of the United States, or a diplomatic or consular official of the foreign country assigned or accredited to the United States. If reasonable opportunity has been given to all parties to investigate the authenticity and accuracy of official documents, the judge may, for good cause shown, order that they be treated as presumptively authentic without final certification or permit them to be evidenced by an attested summary with or without final certification.
909.02(4) (4)Certified copies of public records. A copy of an official record or report or entry therein, or of a document authorized by law to be recorded or filed and actually recorded or filed in a public office, including data compilations in any form, certified as correct by the custodian or other person authorized to make the certification, by certificate complying with sub. (1), (2) or (3) or complying with any statute or rule adopted by the supreme court, or, with respect to records maintained by the department of transportation under s. 110.20 or chs. 194, 218, 341 to 343, 345, or 348, certified electronically in any manner determined by the department of transportation to conform with the requirements of s. 909.01.
909.02(5) (5)Official publications. Books, pamphlets or other publications purporting to be issued by public authority.
909.02(6) (6)Newspapers and periodicals. Printed materials purporting to be newspapers or periodicals.
909.02(7) (7)Trade inscriptions and the like. Inscriptions, signs, tags or labels purporting to have been affixed in the course of business and indicating ownership, control or origin.
909.02(8) (8)Acknowledged and authenticated documents. Documents accompanied by a certificate of acknowledgment under the hand and seal or rubber stamp of a notary public or other person authorized by law to take acknowledgments or any public officer entitled by virtue of public office to administer oaths or authenticated or acknowledged as otherwise authorized by statute.
909.02(9) (9)Commercial paper and related documents. Commercial paper, signatures thereon, and documents relating thereto to the extent provided by chs. 401 to 411.
909.02(10) (10)Statutory rules. Any signature, document or other matter declared by statute to be presumptively or prima facie genuine or authentic.
909.02(11) (11)Patient health care records. Records served upon or made available to all parties under s. 908.03 (6m).
909.02(12) (12)Certified domestic records of regularly conducted activity.
909.02(12)(a)(a) The original or a duplicate of a domestic record of regularly conducted activity that would be admissible under s. 908.03 (6) if accompanied by a written certification of its custodian or other qualified person, in a manner complying with any statute or rule adopted by the supreme court, certifying all of the following:
909.02(12)(a)1. 1. That the record was made at or near the time of the occurrence of the matters set forth by, or from information transmitted by, a person with knowledge of those matters.
909.02(12)(a)2. 2. That the record was kept in the course of the regularly conducted activity.
909.02(12)(a)3. 3. That the record was made of the regularly conducted activity as a regular practice.
909.02(12)(b) (b) A party intending to offer a record into evidence under par. (a) must provide written notice of that intention to all adverse parties and must make the record and certification available for inspection sufficiently in advance of the offer of the record and certification into evidence to provide an adverse party with a fair opportunity to challenge the record and certification.
909.02(13) (13)Certified foreign records of regularly conducted activity.
909.02(13)(a)(a) The original or a duplicate of a foreign record of regularly conducted activity that would be admissible under s. 908.03 (6) if accompanied by a written declaration by its custodian or other qualified person certifying all of the following:
909.02(13)(a)1. 1. That the record was made at or near the time of the occurrence of the matters set forth by, or from information transmitted by, a person with knowledge of those matters.
909.02(13)(a)2. 2. That the record was kept in the course of the regularly conducted activity.
909.02(13)(a)3. 3. That the record was made of the regularly conducted activity as a regular practice.
909.02(13)(b) (b) The declaration under par. (a) must be signed in a manner that, if falsely made, would subject the maker to criminal penalty under the laws of the country where the declaration is signed. A party intending to offer a record into evidence under par. (a) must provide written notice of that intention to all adverse parties, and must make the record and declaration available for inspection sufficiently in advance of the offer of the record and declaration into evidence to provide an adverse party with a fair opportunity to challenge the record and declaration.
909.02 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 59 Wis. 2d R1, R340 (1973); Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, viii (1975); 1975 c. 200; 1979 c. 89; Sup. Ct. Order, 158 Wis. 2d xxv (1990); 1991 a. 32, 148, 304, 315; 1999 a. 85; 2005 a. 25; Sup. Ct. Order No. 04-09, 2005 WI 148, 283 Wis. 2d xv; 2009 a. 28, 118.
909.02 Annotation Comment, October 2005: Creation of sub. (12) conforms Wisconsin's rule to the 2000 amendment of Rule 902 (11) of the Federal Rule of Evidence. [Re Sup. Ct. Order No. 04-09]
909.02 Annotation Creation of sub. (13) conforms Wisconsin's rule to the 2000 amendment of Rule 902 (12) of the Federal Rule of Evidence. [Re Sup. Ct. Order No. 04-09]
909.02 Annotation The trial court erred in applying the certification requirement under s. 889.08 (1) to the defendant's driving record that was certified under sub. (1). State v. Leis, 134 Wis. 2d 441, 397 N.W.2d 498 (Ct. App. 1986).
909.02 Annotation Presentment to the trier of fact in a mortgage foreclosure proceeding of the original, wet-ink note endorsed in blank establishes the holder's possession and entitles the holder to enforce the note. Under sub. (9), presentment may be accomplished through the holder's attorney without the need for testimony regarding how the holder came to possess the note. An attorney presenting self-authenticating evidence to the trier of fact on behalf of the attorney's client is not acting in the same capacity as a witness delivering testimonial evidence. Deutsche Bank National Trust Company v. Wuensch, 2018 WI 35, 380 Wis. 2d 727, 911 N.W.2d 1, 15-0175. See also Federal National Mortgage Association v. Thompson, 2018 WI 57, 381 Wis. 2d 609, 912 N.W.2d 364, 16-1496.
909.02 Annotation A copy of an official record may be admitted in evidence if it is certified as correct in accordance with sub. (4) even though the certification does not comply with s. 889.08 (1). 63 Atty. Gen. 605.
909.03 909.03 Subscribing witness' testimony unnecessary. The testimony of a subscribing witness is not necessary to authenticate a writing unless required by the laws of the jurisdiction whose laws govern the validity of the writing.
909.03 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 59 Wis. 2d R1, R349 (1973).
Loading...
Loading...
2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 7 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on July 1, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-19)