938.357(4)(a)(a) When the juvenile is placed with the department of corrections, that department may, after an examination under s. 938.50, place the juvenile in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth or on aftercare supervision, either immediately or after a period of placement in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth. The department of corrections shall send written notice of the change in placement to the parent, guardian, legal custodian, county department designated under s. 938.34 (4n), if any, and committing court. If the department of corrections places a juvenile in a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility operated by a child welfare agency, that department shall reimburse the child welfare agency at the rate established under s. 49.343 that is applicable to the type of placement that the child welfare agency is providing for the juvenile. A juvenile who is placed in a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth remains under the supervision of the department of corrections, remains subject to the rules and discipline of that department, and is considered to be in custody, as defined in s. 946.42 (1) (a).
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (a) is shown as amended eff. 1-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 55. Prior to 1-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text (a) When the juvenile is placed with the department, the department may, after an examination under s. 938.50, place the juvenile in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth or on aftercare supervision, either immediately or after a period of placement in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth. The department shall send written notice of the change in placement to the parent, guardian, legal custodian, county department designated under s. 938.34 (4n), if any, and committing court. If the department places a juvenile in a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility operated by a child welfare agency, the department shall reimburse the child welfare agency at the rate established under s. 49.343 that is applicable to the type of placement that the child welfare agency is providing for the juvenile. A juvenile who is placed in a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth remains under the supervision of the department, remains subject to the rules and discipline of that department, and is considered to be in custody, as defined in s. 946.42 (1) (a).
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (a) is amended eff. 7-1-17, or on the 2nd day after publication of the 2017-19 biennial budget act, whichever is later, by 2015 Wis. Act 55 to read:
Effective date text (a) When the juvenile is placed with the department of corrections, that department may, after an examination under s. 938.50, place the juvenile in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth or on community supervision or aftercare supervision, either immediately or after a period of placement in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth. The department of corrections shall send written notice of the change in placement to the parent, guardian, legal custodian, county department designated under s. 938.34 (4n), if any, and committing court. If the department of corrections places a juvenile in a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility operated by a child welfare agency, that department shall reimburse the child welfare agency at the rate established under s. 49.343 that is applicable to the type of placement that the child welfare agency is providing for the juvenile. A juvenile who is placed in a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth remains under the supervision of the department of corrections, remains subject to the rules and discipline of that department, and is considered to be in custody, as defined in s. 946.42 (1) (a).
938.357(4)(b)1.1. If a juvenile whom the department of corrections has placed in a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility operated by a child welfare agency violates a condition of his or her placement in the Type 2 juvenile correctional facility, the child welfare agency operating the Type 2 juvenile correctional facility shall notify the department of corrections and that department, after consulting with the child welfare agency, may place the juvenile in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility under the supervision of the department, without a hearing under sub. (1) (am) 2.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 1. is shown as amended eff. 1-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 55. Prior to 1-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text 1. If a juvenile whom the department has placed in a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility operated by a child welfare agency violates a condition of his or her placement in the Type 2 juvenile correctional facility, the child welfare agency operating the Type 2 juvenile correctional facility shall notify the department and the department, after consulting with the child welfare agency, may place the juvenile in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility under the supervision of the department, without a hearing under sub. (1) (am) 2.
938.357(4)(b)2. 2. If a juvenile whom the court has placed in a Type 2 residential care center for children and youth under s. 938.34 (4d) violates a condition of his or her placement in the Type 2 residential care center for children and youth, the child welfare agency operating the Type 2 residential care center for children and youth shall notify the county department that has supervision over the juvenile and, if the county department agrees to a change in placement under this subdivision, the child welfare agency shall notify the department of corrections, and that department, after consulting with the child welfare agency, may place the juvenile in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility under the supervision of the department of corrections, without a hearing under sub. (1) (am) 2., for not more than 10 days. If a juvenile is placed in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility under this subdivision, the county department that has supervision over the juvenile shall reimburse the child welfare agency operating the Type 2 residential care center for children and youth in which the juvenile was placed at the rate established under s. 49.343, and that child welfare agency shall reimburse the department of corrections at the rate specified in s. 301.26 (4) (d) 2. or 3., whichever is applicable, for the cost of the juvenile's care while placed in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 2. is shown as amended eff. 1-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 55. Prior to 1-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text 2. If a juvenile whom the court has placed in a Type 2 residential care center for children and youth under s. 938.34 (4d) violates a condition of his or her placement in the Type 2 residential care center for children and youth, the child welfare agency operating the Type 2 residential care center for children and youth shall notify the county department that has supervision over the juvenile and, if the county department agrees to a change in placement under this subdivision, the child welfare agency shall notify the department, and the department, after consulting with the child welfare agency, may place the juvenile in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility under the supervision of the department, without a hearing under sub. (1) (am) 2., for not more than 10 days. If a juvenile is placed in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility under this subdivision, the county department that has supervision over the juvenile shall reimburse the child welfare agency operating the Type 2 residential care center for children and youth in which the juvenile was placed at the rate established under s. 49.343, and that child welfare agency shall reimburse the department at the rate specified in s. 301.26 (4) (d) 2. or 3., whichever is applicable, for the cost of the juvenile's care while placed in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility.
938.357(4)(b)3. 3. The child welfare agency operating the Type 2 juvenile correctional facility or Type 2 residential care center for children and youth shall send written notice of a change in placement under subd. 1. or 2. to the parent, guardian, legal custodian, county department, and committing court.
938.357(4)(b)4. 4. A juvenile may seek review of a decision of the department of corrections under subd. 1. or 2. only by the common law writ of certiorari.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 4. is shown as amended eff. 1-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 55. Prior to 1-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text 4. A juvenile may seek review of a decision of the department under subd. 1. or 2. only by the common law writ of certiorari.
938.357(4)(c)1.1. If a juvenile is placed in a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility operated by a child welfare agency under par. (a) and it appears that a less restrictive placement would be appropriate for the juvenile, the department of corrections, after consulting with the child welfare agency that is operating the Type 2 juvenile correctional facility, may place the juvenile in a less restrictive placement, and may return the juvenile to the Type 2 juvenile correctional facility without a hearing under sub. (1) (am) 2. The rate for each type of placement shall be established by the department of children and families, in consultation with the department of corrections, in the manner provided in s. 49.343.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 1. is shown as amended eff. 1-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 55. Prior to 1-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text 1. If a juvenile is placed in a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility operated by a child welfare agency under par. (a) and it appears that a less restrictive placement would be appropriate for the juvenile, the department, after consulting with the child welfare agency that is operating the Type 2 juvenile correctional facility, may place the juvenile in a less restrictive placement, and may return the juvenile to the Type 2 juvenile correctional facility without a hearing under sub. (1) (am) 2. The rate for each type of placement shall be established by the department of children and families, in consultation with the department, in the manner provided in s. 49.343.
938.357(4)(c)2. 2. If a juvenile is placed in a Type 2 residential care center for children and youth under s. 938.34 (4d) and it appears that a less restrictive placement would be appropriate for the juvenile, the child welfare agency operating the Type 2 residential care center for children and youth shall notify the county department that has supervision over the juvenile and, if the county department agrees to a change in placement under this subdivision, the child welfare agency may place the juvenile in a less restrictive placement. A child welfare agency may also, with the agreement of the county department that has supervision over a juvenile who is placed in a less restrictive placement under this subdivision, return the juvenile to the Type 2 residential care center for children and youth without a hearing under sub. (1) (am) 2. The rate for each type of placement shall be established by the department of children and families, in consultation with the department of corrections, in the manner provided in s. 49.343.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 2. is shown as amended eff. 1-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 55. Prior to 1-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text 2. If a juvenile is placed in a Type 2 residential care center for children and youth under s. 938.34 (4d) and it appears that a less restrictive placement would be appropriate for the juvenile, the child welfare agency operating the Type 2 residential care center for children and youth shall notify the county department that has supervision over the juvenile and, if the county department agrees to a change in placement under this subdivision, the child welfare agency may place the juvenile in a less restrictive placement. A child welfare agency may also, with the agreement of the county department that has supervision over a juvenile who is placed in a less restrictive placement under this subdivision, return the juvenile to the Type 2 residential care center for children and youth without a hearing under sub. (1) (am) 2. The rate for each type of placement shall be established by the department of children and families, in consultation with the department, in the manner provided in s. 49.343.
938.357(4)(c)3. 3. The child welfare agency operating the Type 2 juvenile correctional facility or Type 2 residential care center for children and youth shall send written notice of a change in placement under subd. 1. or 2. to the parent, guardian, legal custodian, county department, and committing court.
938.357(4)(c)4. 4. A juvenile may seek review of a decision of the department of corrections or county department under subd. 1. or 2. only by the common law writ of certiorari.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 4. is shown as amended eff. 1-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 55. Prior to 1-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text 4. A juvenile may seek review of a decision of the department or county department under subd. 1. or 2. only by the common law writ of certiorari.
938.357(4d) (4d)Prohibited placements based on homicide of parent.
938.357(4d)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), the court may not change a juvenile's placement to a placement in the home of a person who has been convicted of the homicide of a parent of the juvenile under s. 940.01 or 940.05, if the conviction has not been reversed, set aside, or vacated.
938.357(4d)(am) (am) Except as provided in par. (b), if a parent in whose home a juvenile is placed is convicted of the homicide of the juvenile's other parent under s. 940.01 or 940.05, and the conviction has not been reversed, set aside, or vacated, the court shall change the juvenile's placement to a placement out of the home of the parent on petition of the juvenile, the guardian or legal custodian of the juvenile, a person or agency bound by the dispositional order, or the district attorney or corporation counsel of the county in which the dispositional order was entered, or on the court's own motion with notice to the parent.
938.357(4d)(b) (b) Paragraphs (a) and (am) do not apply if the court determines by clear and convincing evidence that the placement would be in the best interests of the juvenile. The court shall consider the wishes of the juvenile in making that determination.
938.357(4g) (4g)Aftercare plan.
938.357(4g)(a)(a) Not later than 120 days after the date on which the juvenile is placed in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth, or within 30 days after the date on which the department of corrections requests the aftercare plan, whichever is earlier, the aftercare provider designated under s. 938.34 (4n) shall prepare an aftercare plan for the juvenile. If the designated aftercare provider is a county department, that county department shall submit the aftercare plan to the department of corrections within the applicable period specified in this paragraph, unless the department of corrections waives the period under par. (b).
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (a) is shown as amended eff. 1-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 55. Prior to 1-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text (a) Not later than 120 days after the date on which the juvenile is placed in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth, or within 30 days after the date on which the department requests the aftercare plan, whichever is earlier, the aftercare provider designated under s. 938.34 (4n) shall prepare an aftercare plan for the juvenile. If the designated aftercare provider is a county department, that county department shall submit the aftercare plan to the department within the applicable time period specified in this paragraph, unless the department waives the time period under par. (b).
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (4g) (title) and (a) are amended eff. 7-1-17, or on the 2nd day after publication of the 2017-19 biennial budget act, whichever is later, by 2015 Wis. Act 55 to read:
Effective date text (4g) Community supervision or aftercare plan. (a) Not later than 120 days after the date on which the juvenile is placed in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth, or within 30 days after the date on which the department of corrections requests the community supervision or aftercare plan, whichever is earlier, the community supervision or aftercare provider designated under s. 938.34 (4n) shall prepare a community supervision or aftercare plan for the juvenile. If the juvenile is to be placed on aftercare supervision, the county department designated as the aftercare provider shall submit the aftercare plan to the department of corrections within the applicable period specified in this paragraph, unless the department of corrections waives the period under par. (b).
938.357(4g)(b) (b) The department of corrections may waive the period within which an aftercare plan must be prepared and submitted under par. (a) if that department anticipates that the juvenile will remain in the juvenile correctional facility or secured residential care center for children and youth for a period exceeding 8 months or if the juvenile is subject to s. 938.183. If the department of corrections waives that period, the designated aftercare provider shall prepare the aftercare plan within 30 days after the date on which the department of corrections requests the aftercare plan.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (b) is shown as amended eff. 1-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 55. Prior to 1-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text (b) The department may waive the time period within which an aftercare plan must be prepared and submitted under par. (a) if the department anticipates that the juvenile will remain in the juvenile correctional facility or secured residential care center for children and youth for a period exceeding 8 months or if the juvenile is subject to s. 938.183. If the department waives that time period, the designated aftercare provider shall prepare the aftercare plan within 30 days after the date on which the department requests the aftercare plan.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (b) is amended eff. 7-1-17, or on the 2nd day after publication of the 2017-19 biennial budget act, whichever is later, by 2015 Wis. Act 55 to read:
Effective date text (b) The department of corrections may waive the period within which a community supervision plan or aftercare plan must be prepared and submitted under par. (a) if that department anticipates that the juvenile will remain in the juvenile correctional facility or secured residential care center for children and youth for a period exceeding 8 months or if the juvenile is subject to s. 938.183. If the department of corrections waives that period, the designated community supervision or aftercare provider shall prepare the community supervision or aftercare plan within 30 days after the date on which the department of corrections requests the community supervision or aftercare plan.
938.357(4g)(c) (c) An aftercare plan shall include all of the following:
938.357(4g)(c)1. 1. The minimum number of supervisory contacts per week.
938.357(4g)(c)2. 2. The conditions, if any, under which the juvenile's aftercare status may be revoked.
938.357(4g)(c)3. 3. Services or programming to be provided to the juvenile while on aftercare.
938.357(4g)(c)4. 4. The estimated length of time that aftercare supervision and services shall be provided to the juvenile.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (c) is amended eff. 7-1-17, or on the 2nd day after publication of the 2017-19 biennial budget act, whichever is later, by 2015 Wis. Act 55 to read:
Effective date text (c) A community supervision or aftercare plan shall include all of the following:
Effective date text 1. The minimum number of supervisory contacts per week.
Effective date text 2. The conditions, if any, under which the juvenile's community supervision or aftercare status may be revoked.
Effective date text 3. Services or programming to be provided to the juvenile while on community supervision or aftercare supervision.
Effective date text 4. The estimated length of time that community supervision and services or aftercare supervision and services shall be provided to the juvenile.
938.357(4g)(d) (d) A juvenile may be released from a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth whether or not an aftercare plan has been prepared under this subsection.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (d) is amended eff. 7-1-17, or on the 2nd day after publication of the 2017-19 biennial budget act, whichever is later, by 2015 Wis. Act 55 to read:
Effective date text (d) A juvenile may be released from a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth whether or not a community supervision or aftercare plan has been prepared under this subsection.
938.357(4m) (4m)Release to aftercare supervision. The department of corrections shall try to release a juvenile to aftercare supervision under sub. (4) within 30 days after the date on which that department determines the juvenile is eligible for the release.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (4m) is shown as amended eff. 1-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 55. Prior to 1-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text (4m)Release to aftercare supervision. The department shall try to release a juvenile to aftercare supervision under sub. (4) within 30 days after the date the department determines the juvenile is eligible for the release.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (4m) is amended eff. 7-1-17, or on the 2nd day after publication of the 2017-19 biennial budget act, whichever is later, by 2015 Wis. Act 55 to read:
Effective date text (4m) Release to community supervision or aftercare supervision. The department of corrections shall try to release a juvenile to community supervision or aftercare supervision under sub. (4) within 30 days after the date on which that department determines the juvenile is eligible for the release.
938.357(5) (5)Revocation of aftercare supervision.
938.357(5)(a)(a) The department of corrections or a county department, whichever has been designated as a juvenile's aftercare provider, may revoke the aftercare status of that juvenile. Prior notice of a change in placement under sub. (1) (am) 1. is not required.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (a) is shown as amended eff. 1-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 55. Prior to 1-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text (a) The department or a county department, whichever has been designated as a juvenile's aftercare provider, may revoke the aftercare status of that juvenile. Prior notice of a change in placement under sub. (1) (am) 1. is not required.
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (5) (title) and (a) are amended eff. 7-1-17, or on the 2nd day after publication of the 2017-19 biennial budget act, whichever is later, by 2015 Wis. Act 55 to read:
Effective date text (5) Revocation of community supervision or aftercare supervision. (a) If a juvenile has been placed on community supervision, the department of corrections may revoke the community supervision status of that juvenile as provided in this subsection. If a juvenile has been placed on aftercare supervision, the county department that has been designated as a juvenile's aftercare provider may revoke the aftercare status of that juvenile as provided in this subsection. Prior notice of a change in placement under sub. (1) (am) 1. is not required.
938.357(5)(b) (b) A juvenile on aftercare status may be taken into custody only as provided in ss. 938.19 to 938.21 and 938.355 (6d) (b).
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (b) is amended eff. 7-1-17, or on the 2nd day after publication of the 2017-19 biennial budget act, whichever is later, by 2015 Wis. Act 55 to read:
Effective date text (b) A juvenile on community supervision status may be taken into custody only as provided in ss. 938.19 to 938.21 or 938.533 (3) (a). A juvenile on aftercare status may be taken into custody only as provided in ss. 938.19 to 938.21 or 938.355 (6d) (b).
938.357(5)(c) (c) The juvenile is entitled to representation by counsel at all stages of the revocation proceeding.
938.357(5)(d) (d) A hearing on the revocation shall be conducted by the division of hearings and appeals in the department of administration within 30 days after the juvenile is taken into custody for an alleged violation of a condition of the juvenile's aftercare supervision. This time period may be waived only upon the agreement of the aftercare provider, the juvenile, and the juvenile's counsel.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (d) is amended eff. 7-1-17, or on the 2nd day after publication of the 2017-19 biennial budget act, whichever is later, by 2015 Wis. Act 55 to read:
Effective date text (d) A hearing on the revocation shall be conducted by the division of hearings and appeals in the department of administration within 30 days after the juvenile is taken into custody for an alleged violation of a condition of the juvenile's community supervision or aftercare supervision. This period may be waived only upon the agreement of the community supervision or aftercare provider, the juvenile, and the juvenile's counsel.
938.357(5)(e) (e) If the hearing examiner finds that the juvenile has violated a condition of aftercare supervision, the hearing examiner shall determine whether confinement in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth is necessary to protect the public, to provide for the juvenile's rehabilitation, or to not depreciate the seriousness of the violation.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (e) is amended eff. 7-1-17, or on the 2nd day after publication of the 2017-19 biennial budget act, whichever is later, by 2015 Wis. Act 55 to read:
Effective date text (e) If the hearing examiner finds that the juvenile has violated a condition of community supervision or aftercare supervision, the hearing examiner shall determine whether confinement in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth is necessary to protect the public, to provide for the juvenile's rehabilitation, or to not depreciate the seriousness of the violation.
938.357(5)(f) (f) Review of a revocation decision shall be by certiorari to the court that placed the juvenile in the juvenile correctional facility or secured residential care center for children and youth.
938.357(5)(g) (g) The department of corrections shall promulgate rules setting standards to be used by a hearing examiner to determine whether to revoke a juvenile's aftercare status. The standards shall specify that the burden is on the department of corrections or county department seeking revocation to show by a preponderance of the evidence that the juvenile violated a condition of aftercare supervision.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (g) is shown as amended eff. 1-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 55. Prior to 1-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text (g) The department shall promulgate rules setting standards to be used by a hearing examiner to determine whether to revoke a juvenile's aftercare status. The standards shall specify that the burden is on the department or county department seeking revocation to show by a preponderance of the evidence that the juvenile violated a condition of aftercare supervision.
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (g) is amended eff. 7-1-17, or on the 2nd day after publication of the 2017-19 biennial budget act, whichever is later, by 2015 Wis. Act 55 to read:
Effective date text (g) The department of corrections shall promulgate rules setting standards to be used by a hearing examiner to determine whether to revoke a juvenile's community supervision or aftercare status. The standards shall specify that the burden is on the department of corrections or county department seeking revocation to show by a preponderance of the evidence that the juvenile violated a condition of community supervision or aftercare supervision.
938.357(5m) (5m)Child support.
938.357(5m)(a)(a) If a proposed change in placement would change a juvenile's placement from a placement in the juvenile's home to a placement outside the juvenile's home, the court shall order the juvenile's parent to provide a statement of the income, assets, debts, and living expenses of the juvenile and the juvenile's parent to the court or the person or agency primarily responsible for implementing the dispositional order by a date specified by the court. The clerk of court shall provide, without charge, to any parent ordered to provide that statement a document setting forth the percentage standard established by the department under s. 49.22 (9) and listing the factors under s. 301.12 (14) (c). If the juvenile is placed outside the juvenile's home, the court shall determine the liability of the parent in the manner provided in s. 301.12 (14).
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (a) is shown as amended eff. 1-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 55. Prior to 1-1-16 it reads:
Effective date text (a) If a proposed change in placement would change a juvenile's placement from a placement in the juvenile's home to a placement outside the juvenile's home, the court shall order the juvenile's parent to provide a statement of the income, assets, debts, and living expenses of the juvenile and the juvenile's parent to the court or the person or agency primarily responsible for implementing the dispositional order by a date specified by the court. The clerk of court shall provide, without charge, to any parent ordered to provide that statement a document setting forth the percentage standard established by the department of children and families under s. 49.22 (9) and listing the factors under s. 301.12 (14) (c). If the juvenile is placed outside the juvenile's home, the court shall determine the liability of the parent in the manner provided in s. 301.12 (14).
938.357(5m)(b) (b) If the court orders the juvenile's parent to provide a statement of the income, assets, debts, and living expenses of the juvenile and juvenile's parent to the court or if the court orders the juvenile's parent to provide that statement to the person or agency primarily responsible for implementing the dispositional order and that person or agency is not the county department, the court shall also order the juvenile's parent to provide that statement to the county department by a date specified by the court. The county department shall provide, without charge, to the parent a form on which to provide that statement, and the parent shall provide that statement on that form. The county department shall use the information provided in the statement to determine whether the department may claim federal foster care and adoption assistance reimbursement under 42 USC 670 to 679a for the cost of providing care for the juvenile.
938.357(6) (6)Duration of order.
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2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2015 Wis. Act 60 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before August 26, 2015. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 26, 2015 are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-26-15)