In the event of the outbreak of a plant disease of epidemic proportions which threatens a significant portion of the affected crop and which is caused or spread by an insect which it is known can be controlled by DDT but cannot be adequately controlled by any other known pesticide, the department may authorize the use of DDT in controlling the epidemic upon a finding that:
The disease threatens a significant portion of the affected crop; and
The department also may authorize the use of DDT or its isomers or metabolites for specified research by educational institutions if it finds that no ecologically significant residues of DDT or its isomers or metabolites will be allowed to escape into the environment.
History: 1971 c. 40
; 1977 c. 203
; 1997 a. 27
; 1997 a. 111
; Stats. 1997 s. 94.709.
Pesticides; penalties; enforcement. 94.71(1)(a)1.1.
Any person who violates ss. 94.67
or any rules or orders issued under ss. 94.67
shall forfeit not less than $100 nor more than $500 for the first violation and not less than $200 nor more than $1,000 for any subsequent violation within 5 years.
Any commercial applicator, dealer or distributor who knowingly violates any provision of ss. 94.67
or any rules or orders issued under ss. 94.67
may be fined not more than $5,000 or imprisoned not more than one year in the county jail or both. Other persons, including private applicators who knowingly violate ss. 94.67
or any rules or orders issued under ss. 94.67
may be fined not more than $1,000 or imprisoned not more than 30 days or both.
Certified applicators shall be responsible for the acts of persons who are their employees or acting under their supervision and engaged in the use or application of pesticides.
If the department has reasonable cause to believe that any pesticide is in violation of ss. 94.67
, it may deliver to the owner or custodian of the pesticide an order prohibiting the sale or movement of the pesticide until an analysis or examination has been completed. Such holding order shall not be effective for more than 60 days from the time of delivery thereof. The pesticide described in any holding order shall not be sold or moved for any purpose without the approval of the department. If the department, after analysis or examination, determines that the pesticide described in the order is not in violation of ss. 94.67
, it shall promptly notify the owner or custodian of the pesticide and the notice shall terminate the holding order. If the analysis or examination shows that the pesticide is in violation of ss. 94.67
, the owner or custodian of the pesticide shall be so notified. Upon receipt of notice the owner or custodian shall dispose of the pesticide only in a manner authorized by the department. The owner or custodian may within 10 days of receipt of notice petition for a hearing as provided in s. 93.18
Examination of pesticides shall be made under the direction of the department for the purpose of determining whether they comply with the requirements of ss. 94.67
. The department or any person may refer the facts to the district attorney for the county in which the violation occurred. In addition to or in lieu of any other remedies provided herein, the department may apply to a circuit court for a temporary or permanent injunction to prevent, restrain or enjoin violations of ss. 94.67
and any rules or special or summary orders issued thereunder.
Every registrant or other person whose name and address appears on the label of any pesticide as the manufacturer, packer, distributor or dealer, shall, to the extent that the registrant or other person is able to furnish to the department, on request, when found by the department to be necessary to prevent or control an imminent hazard to the public, a listing of all sales locations or warehouse locations maintained by the registrant or other person in this state for the sale or distribution of products registered by the registrant or other person or bearing the registrant's or other person's name and address as such manufacturer, packer, distributor or dealer; the name and address of all distributors or dealers selling or distributing such products in this state; and the name and address of all outside sales representatives employed by the registrant or other person in this state for the sale or distribution of such products.
In addition to other enforcement procedures, the department may issue a special order under s. 93.18
prohibiting the use, application, storage, distribution or sale of pesticides in violation of ss. 94.67
or rules issued under ss. 94.67
. A special order may be issued under this paragraph to prevent or control pesticide contamination of groundwater under ss. 160.23
. Special orders may be issued on a summary basis, without prior complaint, notice or hearing, where necessary to protect public health or the environment. A summary special order is subject to a subsequent right of hearing before the department, if requested within 10 days after the date on which the order is served. Any party affected by the order may request a preliminary or informal hearing pending the scheduling and conduct of a full hearing. Hearings, if requested, shall be conducted as expeditiously as possible after receipt of a request for a hearing. Enforcement of the order shall not be stayed pending action on the hearing.
The legislature may constitutionally prescribe a criminal penalty for the violation of an administrative rule. State v. Courtney, 74 Wis. 2d 705
, 247 N.W.2d 714
Pest management for schools. 94.715(1)(e)
“Pesticide" has the meaning given in s. 94.67 (25)
, except that “pesticide" does not include a germicide, sanitizer, or disinfectant.
(2) Requirements for school boards.
A school board shall do all of the following:
Authorize pesticide application in a school or on school grounds to be conducted only by persons who are certified in the applicable pesticide use categories under s. 94.705
Post notice of each pesticide application in a school or on school grounds at the time of the application and for at least 72 hours following the application.
History: 2001 a. 16
Commercial feed. 94.72(1)(a)(a)
“Brand name" means any word, name, symbol or device, or any combination thereof identifying the commercial feed of a manufacturer or distributor and distinguishing it from that of others.
“Commercial feed" means all products or materials used or distributed for use as a feed or an ingredient in the mixing or manufacturing of feed for animals or birds, except the following:
Unmixed whole seeds or grains; as defined by United States grain standards.
The unmixed meals made directly from and consisting of the entire grains of corn, wheat, rye, barley, oats, buckwheat, flaxseed, kafir, milo and other seeds or grains. Such unmixed meals shall not be sold in violation of sub. (3)
Whole hays, straws, cottonseed hulls, stover and silage, when unmixed with other materials.
Meat and other portions of animal carcasses in their raw or natural state without further processing except freezing or denaturing.
“Custom-mixed feed" means commercial feed consisting of a mixture of commercial feeds or feed ingredients mixed on a custom basis at the request of the final purchaser at retail, and containing only commercial feed or feed ingredients in quantities and proportions as specifically directed by the purchaser in requesting the custom-mixing of the feed.
“Department" means department of agriculture, trade and consumer protection.
“Distribute" means to sell, offer to sell, exchange, barter or solicit orders for the sale of a feed product or otherwise to supply or furnish a feed product to purchasers in this state, whether or not the sales or transactions are made wholly or partially in this state or another state.
“Distributor" means any person who distributes a feed product for sale or distribution in this state.
“Feed ingredient" means each of the constituent materials making up or used in the manufacturing of a commercial feed.
“Feed product" means any commercial feed or other product or material used or distributed for use as a feed or an ingredient in the mixing or manufacturing of feed for animals or birds.
“Manufacture" means to mix, blend, process, package or label commercial feed.
“Manufacturer" means any person who manufactures commercial feed.
“Product name" means the name of the commercial feed which identifies it as to kind, class or specific use.
All manufacturers and distributors shall before distributing any commercial feed, except as otherwise provided under par. (b)
, have printed on, or attached to each bag, package, carton or delivered with each bulk lot thereof a plainly printed label in the English language clearly and truly stating:
The net weight of the contents of the package, bag, carton or bulk lot;
The product name and the brand name, if any, of the commercial feed;
The name and principal address of the manufacturer or person responsible for placing the commodity on the market;
The name of each ingredient used in its manufacture except as may be exempt by department rule. The official names of all materials which have been so defined by the association of American feed control officials shall be used in the declaration of the names of ingredients, but no ingredient statement shall be required for single ingredient feeds officially defined by the association of American feed control officials. The department may by rule permit the use of a collective term for a group of ingredients which perform a similar function;
In the case of mixed feeds containing more than a total of 5 percent of one or more mineral ingredients, or other unmixed materials used as mineral supplements, and in the case of mineral feeds, mixed or unmixed, that are manufactured, represented and sold for the primary purposes of supplying mineral elements in rations for animals or birds, and that contain mineral elements generally regarded as dietary factors essential for normal nutrition, the minimum percentage of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P) and iodine (I) and the maximum percentage of salt (NaCl), if those elements are present. If no nutritional properties other than those of a mineral nature are claimed for a mineral feed product, the percentages of crude protein, crude fat and crude fiber may be omitted;
In the case of feeds containing for their principal claim dietary factors in forms not expressible by the foregoing chemical components or are thereby inadequately described, a statement of guarantee as shall be specified by rules of the department;
Adequate directions for the safe and effective use of commercial feed containing drugs or antibiotics, or of any other feed as required under department rules;
Such precautionary or warning statements as the department may by rule require for the safe and effective use of specific kinds of commercial feed.
Custom-mixed feed shall be accompanied by a label, invoice, delivery slip or other shipping document, bearing the following information:
The name and net weight of each feed ingredient used in the mixture, including the product name and brand name, if any, of commercial feeds used as a feed ingredient in the custom-mixed feed.
Adequate directions for the safe and effective use of custom-mixed feed containing drugs or antibiotics, or of such other custom-mixed feed the department by rule requires.
Such precautionary or warning statements as the department may by rule require for the safe and effective use of custom-mixed feed.
(3) Weed seeds.
No commercial feed or unmixed meal shall be sold, distributed or offered or exposed for sale which contains germinative noxious weed seeds or other germinative weed seed excepting wild buckwheat seeds, in excess of such quantities as are unavoidably present with the most improved commercial practice of manufacture of such commercial feed or unmixed meal, provided that such germinative noxious weed seeds shall not be greater than one one-hundredths of one percent, or other germinative weed seeds excepting wild buckwheat seed shall not be greater than one-fourth of one percent, unless such presence is clearly and permanently indicated on the label. The term “noxious weed seeds" as used in this section shall mean the seeds of Canadian thistle, wild mustard and quack grass, either single or combined.
(4) Materials prohibited.
No compounded commercial feed shall be sold, distributed or offered or exposed for sale which contains humus, peat, sphagnum moss, sawdust or other material of an organic nature having little or no feeding value.
No person may manufacture or distribute commercial feed in this state without a commercial feed license from the department, but no license shall be required of persons distributing only:
Packaged commercial feed in the original packages or containers of a licensed manufacturer or distributor as packaged and labeled by the manufacturer or distributor and whose name and address appear on the label as required under sub. (2) (a)
Bulk commercial feed in the form received from a licensee and labeled as required under sub. (2)
with label information furnished by such licensee, except for net weight statement; or
Feeds custom-mixed by a person at retail, if commercial feeds used in the mixture are obtained from a licensee under this section and the person has evidence in the form of invoices or sales receipts indicating that the inspection fees on the commercial feed ingredients have been or will be paid by the licensee.
Applications for a license shall be made on forms prescribed by the department listing each business location used in the manufacture or distribution of commercial feed in this state and such other information the department requires. Applications shall be accompanied by a license fee of $25 for each separate place of business used in the manufacture of commercial feed, other than custom-mixed feed, in this state and an inspection fee as required under sub. (6)
. Applications of manufacturers or distributors having no established place of business in this state, but otherwise subject to a license under this section, shall be accompanied by a license fee of $25 in addition to the required inspection fees. All licenses shall expire on the last day of February of each year. Licenses are not transferable and no credit or refund may be granted for licenses held for less than a full license year. No new business locations may be put into operation during the license year without the payment of an additional fee of $25 for each new location.
Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, a person required to be licensed under sub. (5)
shall pay the following annual inspection fees on all commercial feeds distributed in this state:
A feed inspection fee of 23 cents per ton, except that if the person distributes less than 200 tons of commercial feed in a year, the feed inspection fee is $46.
A weights and measures inspection fee of 2 cents per ton, except that if the person distributes less than 200 tons of commercial feed in a year, the weights and measures inspection fee is $4.
By the last day of February annually, a person who is required to be licensed under sub. (5)
shall file a tonnage report with the department showing the number of net tons of commercial feed that the person sold or distributed in this state during the preceding calendar year. By the last day of February annually, the person shall also pay the fees under par. (a)
for commercial feed that the person sold or distributed in this state during the preceding calendar year, based on the tonnage report.
At the request of the department, a person filing a tonnage report under subd. 1.
shall make the records upon which the tonnage report is based available to the department for inspection, copying and audit.
The department may not disclose information obtained from a tonnage report under subd. 1.
Except as provided in par. (d)
, if more than one manufacturer or distributor is involved in the chain of distribution, the one who first sells or distributes commercial feed in this state or to a person in this state for further sale is responsible for the payment of inspection fees for the feed. No inspection fees are required for commercial feeds sold under the name and label of another licensee if the inspection fees have been or will be paid by a previous manufacturer or distributor in the chain of distribution as evidenced by an invoice or sales receipt. No inspection fees are required for commercial feeds on which the inspection fees have been or will be paid by a previous manufacturer or distributor in the chain of distribution as evidenced by an invoice or sales receipt.
A manufacturer or distributor who is exempted from the license requirement under sub. (5) (a)
and who maintains records required under par. (j)
is not required to file tonnage reports or to pay inspection fees.
Credit for feed ingredient.
A manufacturer located in this state may claim an inspection fee credit for commercial feed purchased and used as a feed ingredient in manufacturing another commercial feed if the commercial feed used as a feed ingredient is purchased from a licensee who has or will pay inspection fees on that feed as evidenced by an invoice or sales receipt. The manufacturer shall identify clearly on the tonnage report the amount of commercial feed used as a feed ingredient and the names of licensees from whom it was purchased.
Failure to file report or pay fees.
The license of any manufacturer or distributor who has failed to file reports or pay fees when due shall be subject to immediate suspension or revocation. Unpaid fees shall constitute a debt until paid. No license may be granted or renewed until the required reports are filed and the fees are paid. A penalty of 10 percent of the amount due, with a minimum penalty of $10, shall be assessed against the licensee for all amounts not paid when due. The department may bring an action for the recovery of all fees not paid when due, including reasonable costs of collection.
Each licensee shall maintain a record of all quantities and brands of commercial feed purchased for resale, purchased for further use, sold or distributed by the licensee in this state. A manufacturer or distributor who is exempted from the license requirement under sub. (5) (a)
shall maintain, as a condition of the exemption, a record of all commercial feed purchased for resale or further use in the manufacture of custom-mixed feeds. This record shall include evidence in the form of invoices or sales receipts indicating that inspection fees have been or will be paid on the feed by a previous manufacturer or distributor. All records shall be maintained for a period of 3 years and be made available for inspection, copying or audit on request of the department.
(8) Adulteration and misbranding. 94.72(8)(a)
No person may sell or distribute any feed product which is adulterated or misbranded.