961.01(15)(bm) (bm) Synthetic opiate, and any derivative of synthetic opiate, including any of their isomers, esters, ethers, esters and ethers of isomers, salts and salts of isomers, esters, ethers and esters and ethers of isomers that are theoretically possible within the specific chemical designation.
961.01(15)(c) (c) Opium poppy, poppy straw and concentrate of poppy straw.
961.01(15)(d) (d) Any compound, mixture or preparation containing any quantity of any substance included in pars. (a) to (c).
961.01(16) (16) “Opiate" means any substance having an addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability similar to morphine or being capable of conversion into a drug having addiction-forming or addiction-sustaining liability. “Opiate" includes opium, substances derived from opium and synthetic opiates. “Opiate" does not include, unless specifically scheduled as a controlled substance under s. 961.11, the dextrorotatory isomer of 3-methoxy-N-methylmorphinan and its salts (dextromethorphan). “Opiate" does include the racemic and levorotatory forms of dextromethorphan.
961.01(17) (17) “Opium poppy" means any plant of the species Papaver somniferum L., except its seeds.
961.01(18) (18) “Poppy straw" means all parts, except the seeds, of the opium poppy, after mowing.
961.01(19) (19) “Practitioner" means:
961.01(19)(a) (a) A physician, advanced practice nurse, dentist, veterinarian, podiatrist, optometrist, scientific investigator or, subject to s. 448.21 (3), a physician assistant, or other person licensed, registered, certified or otherwise permitted to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to, administer or use in teaching or chemical analysis a controlled substance in the course of professional practice or research in this state.
961.01(19)(b) (b) A pharmacy, hospital or other institution licensed, registered or otherwise permitted to distribute, dispense, conduct research with respect to or administer a controlled substance in the course of professional practice or research in this state.
961.01(20) (20) “Production", unless the context otherwise requires, includes the manufacturing of a controlled substance or controlled substance analog and the planting, cultivating, growing or harvesting of a plant from which a controlled substance or controlled substance analog is derived.
961.01(20b) (20b) “Pseudoephedrine liquid" means a product that is intended to be sold at retail, that is a liquid at room temperature, and that contains pseudoephedrine or any of its salts, isomers, or salts of isomers.
961.01(20c) (20c) “Pseudoephedrine product" means a material, compound, mixture, or preparation containing any quantity of pseudoephedrine or any of its salts, isomers, or salts of isomers but does not include such a product if any of the following applies:
961.01(20c)(a) (a) The product is a pseudoephedrine liquid or a liquid-filled pseudoephedrine gelcap. This paragraph does not apply if the controlled substances board has determined, by rule, that the product can be readily used in the manufacture of methamphetamine.
961.01(20c)(b) (b) The controlled substances board has determined, by rule, that the product cannot be readily used in the manufacture of methamphetamine.
961.01(20g) (20g) “Public housing project" means any housing project or development administered by a housing authority, as defined in s. 16.301 (2).
961.01(20h) (20h) “Public transit vehicle" means any vehicle used for providing transportation service to the general public.
961.01(20i) (20i) “Scattered-site public housing project" means a public housing project that does not include 4 or more dwelling units in a single parcel or in contiguous parcels.
961.01(21) (21) “Ultimate user" means an individual who lawfully possesses a controlled substance for that individual's own use or for the use of a member of that individual's household or for administering to an animal owned by that individual or by a member of that individual's household.
961.01(21m) (21m) “Vehicle" has the meaning given in s. 939.22 (44).
961.01(22) (22) “Youth center" means any center that provides, on a regular basis, recreational, vocational, academic or social services activities for persons younger than 21 years old or for those persons and their families.
961.01 Annotation A constructive delivery under sub. (6) may be found if a single actor leaves a substance somewhere for later retrieval by another. State v. Wilson, 180 Wis. 2d 414, 509 N.W.2d 128 (Ct. App. 1993).
961.01 Annotation Day care centers are a subset of “youth centers" as defined in sub. (22) and come within the definition of places listed in s. 961.49 (2). State v. Van Riper, 222 Wis. 2d 197, 586 N.W.2d 198 (Ct. App. 1998), 97-3367.
subch. II of ch. 961 SUBCHAPTER II
961.11 961.11 Authority to control.
961.11(1) (1) The controlled substances board shall administer this subchapter and may add substances to or delete or reschedule all substances listed in the schedules in ss. 961.14, 961.16, 961.18, 961.20 and 961.22 pursuant to the rule-making procedures of ch. 227.
961.11(1m) (1m) In making a determination regarding a substance, the board shall consider the following:
961.11(1m)(a) (a) The actual or relative potential for abuse;
961.11(1m)(b) (b) The scientific evidence of its pharmacological effect, if known;
961.11(1m)(c) (c) The state of current scientific knowledge regarding the substance;
961.11(1m)(d) (d) The history and current pattern of abuse;
961.11(1m)(e) (e) The scope, duration and significance of abuse;
961.11(1m)(f) (f) The risk to the public health;
961.11(1m)(g) (g) The potential of the substance to produce psychological or physical dependence liability; and
961.11(1m)(h) (h) Whether the substance is an immediate precursor of a substance already controlled under this chapter.
961.11(1r) (1r) The controlled substances board may consider findings of the federal food and drug administration or the drug enforcement administration as prima facie evidence relating to one or more of the determinative factors.
961.11(2) (2) After considering the factors enumerated in sub. (1m), the controlled substances board shall make findings with respect to them and promulgate a rule controlling the substance upon finding that the substance has a potential for abuse.
961.11(3) (3) The controlled substances board, without regard to the findings required by sub. (2) or ss. 961.13, 961.15, 961.17, 961.19 and 961.21 or the procedures prescribed by subs. (1), (1m), (1r) and (2), may add an immediate precursor to the same schedule in which the controlled substance of which it is an immediate precursor is included or to any other schedule. If the board designates a substance as an immediate precursor, substances which are precursors of the controlled precursor shall not be subject to control solely because they are precursors of the controlled precursor.
961.11(4) (4) If a substance is designated, rescheduled or deleted as a controlled substance under federal law and notice thereof is given to the controlled substances board, the board by affirmative action shall similarly treat the substance under this chapter after the expiration of 30 days from the date of publication in the federal register of a final order designating the substance as a controlled substance or rescheduling or deleting the substance or from the date of issuance of an order of temporary scheduling under 21 USC 811 (h), unless within that 30-day period, the board or an interested party objects to the treatment of the substance. If no objection is made, the board shall promulgate, without making the determinations or findings required by subs. (1), (1m), (1r) and (2) or s. 961.13, 961.15, 961.17, 961.19 or 961.21, a final rule, for which notice of proposed rule making is omitted, designating, rescheduling, temporarily scheduling or deleting the substance. If an objection is made the board shall publish notice of receipt of the objection and the reasons for objection and afford all interested parties an opportunity to be heard. At the conclusion of the hearing, the board shall make a determination with respect to the treatment of the substance as provided in subs. (1), (1m), (1r) and (2) and shall publish its decision, which shall be final unless altered by statute. Upon publication of an objection to the treatment by the board, action by the board under this chapter is stayed until the board promulgates a rule under sub. (2).
961.11(4m) (4m) The controlled substances board, by rule and without regard to the requirements of sub. (1m), may schedule a controlled substance analog as a substance in schedule I regardless of whether the substance is substantially similar to a controlled substance in schedule I or II, if the board finds that scheduling of the substance on an emergency basis is necessary to avoid an imminent hazard to the public safety and the substance is not included in any other schedule or no exemption or approval is in effect for the substance under 21 USC 355. Upon receipt of notice under s. 961.25, the board shall initiate scheduling of the controlled substance analog on an emergency basis under this subsection. The scheduling of a controlled substance analog under this subsection expires one year after the adoption of the scheduling rule. With respect to the finding of an imminent hazard to the public safety, the board shall consider whether the substance has been scheduled on a temporary basis under federal law or factors under sub. (1m) (d), (e) and (f), and may also consider clandestine importation, manufacture or distribution, and, if available, information concerning the other factors under sub. (1m). The board may not promulgate a rule under this subsection until it initiates a rule-making proceeding under subs. (1), (1m), (1r) and (2) with respect to the controlled substance analog. A rule promulgated under this subsection lapses upon the conclusion of the rule-making proceeding initiated under subs. (1), (1m), (1r) and (2) with respect to the substance.
961.11(5) (5) The authority of the controlled substances board to control under this section does not extend to intoxicating liquors, as defined in s. 139.01 (3), to fermented malt beverages as defined in s. 125.02, or to tobacco.
961.11(6) (6)
961.11(6)(a)(a) The controlled substances board shall not have authority to control a nonnarcotic substance if the substance may, under the federal food, drug and cosmetic act and the laws of this state, be lawfully sold over the counter without a prescription. This paragraph does not apply to the promulgation of rules by the controlled substances board under s. 961.01 (20c).
961.11(6)(b) (b) If the board finds that any nonnarcotic substance barred from control under this chapter by par. (a) is dangerous to or is being so used as to endanger the public health and welfare, it may request the department of justice in the name of the state to seek a temporary restraining order or temporary injunction under ch. 813 to either ban or regulate the sale and possession of the substance. The order or injunction shall continue until the adjournment of the legislature convened next following its issuance. In making its findings as to nonnarcotic substances under this paragraph, the board shall consider the items specified in sub. (1m).
961.11 History History: 1971 c. 219, 307; Sup. Ct. Order, 67 Wis. 2d 585, 774 (1975); 1981 c. 79 s. 18; 1983 a. 189 s. 329 (13); 1995 a. 448 ss. 145 to 152, 469, 470; Stats. 1995 s. 961.11; 2005 a. 14.
961.11 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also CSB, Wis. adm. code.
961.115 961.115 Native American Church exemption. This chapter does not apply to the nondrug use of peyote and mescaline in the bona fide religious ceremonies of the Native American Church.
961.115 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1995 a. 448 s. 153; Stats. 1995 s. 961.115.
961.115 Annotation Because the exemption is based upon the unique cultural heritage of Native Americans, it is not an unconstitutional classification. State v. Peck, 143 Wis. 2d 624, 422 N.W.2d 160 (Ct. App. 1988).
961.12 961.12 Nomenclature. The controlled substances listed in or added to the schedules in ss. 961.14, 961.16, 961.18, 961.20 and 961.22 may be listed or added by any official, common, usual, chemical or trade name used for the substance.
961.12 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1995 a. 448 s. 154; Stats. 1995 s. 961.12.
961.13 961.13 Schedule I tests.
961.13(1m)(1m) The controlled substances board shall add a substance to schedule I upon finding that the substance:
961.13(1m)(a) (a) Has high potential for abuse;
961.13(1m)(b) (b) Has no currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States; and
961.13(1m)(c) (c) Lacks accepted safety for use in treatment under medical supervision.
961.13(2m) (2m) The controlled substances board may add a substance to schedule I without making the findings required under sub. (1m) if the substance is controlled under schedule I of 21 USC 812 (c) by a federal agency as the result of an international treaty, convention or protocol.
961.13 History History: 1971 c. 219; 1995 a. 448 ss. 155, 156, 471; Stats. 1995 s. 961.13.
961.14 961.14 Schedule I. Unless specifically excepted by state or federal law or regulation or more specifically included in another schedule, the following controlled substances are listed in schedule I:
961.14(2) (2)Synthetic opiates. Any material, compound, mixture or preparation which contains any quantity of any of the following synthetic opiates, including any of their isomers, esters, ethers, esters and ethers of isomers, salts and salts of isomers, esters, ethers and esters and ethers of isomers that are theoretically possible within the specific chemical designation:
961.14(2)(a) (a) Acetyl-alpha-methylfentanyl (N-[1-(1-methyl-2- phenylethyl)-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylacetamide);
961.14(2)(ae) (ae) Acetyl fentanyl (N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N- phenylacetamide);
961.14(2)(ag) (ag) Acetylmethadol;
961.14(2)(aj) (aj) AH-7921 (3,4-dichloro-N-[(1-dimethylamino)cyclohexylmethyl]benzamide);
961.14(2)(am) (am) Allylprodine;
961.14(2)(b) (b) Alphacetylmethadol (except levo-alphacetylmethadol (LAAM));
961.14(2)(bm) (bm) Alphameprodine;
961.14(2)(c) (c) Alphamethadol;
961.14(2)(cd) (cd) Alpha-methylfentanyl (N-[1-(1-methyl-2-phenylethyl)-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);
961.14(2)(cg) (cg) Alpha-methylthiofentanyl (N-{1-[1-methyl-2-(2-thienyl)ethyl]-4-piperidinyl}-N-phenylpropanamide);
961.14(2)(cm) (cm) Benzethidine;
961.14(2)(d) (d) Betacetylmethadol;
961.14(2)(dg) (dg) Beta-hydroxyfentanyl (N-[1-(2-hydroxy-2-phenylethyl)-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);
961.14(2)(dm) (dm) Betameprodine;
961.14(2)(e) (e) Betamethadol;
961.14(2)(em) (em) Betaprodine;
961.14(2)(er) (er) Beta-hydroxy-3-methylfentanyl (N-[1-(2-hydroxy- 2-phenylethyl)-3-methyl-4-piperidinyl]-N-phenylpropanamide);
961.14(2)(eu) (eu) Beta-hydroxythiofentanyl (N-[1-[2-hydroxy-2-(thiophen-2-yl)ethyl]piperidin-4-yl]-N-phenylpropionamide);
961.14(2)(ey) (ey) Butyryl fentanyl (N-(1-phenethylpiperidin-4-yl)-N-phenylbutyramide);
961.14(2)(f) (f) Clonitazene;
961.14(2)(fm) (fm) Dextromoramide;
961.14(2)(gm) (gm) Diampromide;
961.14(2)(h) (h) Diethylthiambutene;
961.14(2)(hg) (hg) Difenoxin;
961.14(2)(hm) (hm) Dimenoxadol;
961.14(2)(j) (j) Dimepheptanol;
961.14(2)(jm) (jm) Dimethylthiambutene;
961.14(2)(k) (k) Dioxaphetyl butyrate;
2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 2 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before March 27, 2017. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after March 27, 2017 are designated by NOTES. (Published 3-27-17)