"Employment" as applied to work for a given employer other than a government unit or nonprofit organization, except as such employer duly elects otherwise with the department's approval, does not include service:
As a domestic in the employ of an individual in such individual's private home, or as a domestic in the employ of a local college club or of a local chapter of a college fraternity or sorority, unless performed for an individual, club or chapter which is an employer subject to this chapter under sub. (13) (d)
As an individual selling or distributing newspapers or magazines on the street or from house to house;
With respect to which unemployment compensation is payable under the federal railroad unemployment insurance act (52 Stat. 1094);
By an individual for a person as an insurance agent or an insurance solicitor, if all such service performed by such individual for such person is performed for remuneration solely by way of commissions;
By an individual for a person as a real estate agent or as a real estate salesperson, if all such service performed by such individual for such person is performed for remuneration solely by way of commission;
As an unpaid officer of a corporation or association or as an unpaid manager of a limited liability company;
Covered by any other unemployment compensation law pursuant to a reciprocal arrangement made by the department under s. 108.14 (8m)
For an employer who would otherwise be subject to this chapter solely because of sub. (13) (f)
, if and while the employer, with written notice to and approval by the department, duly covers under the unemployment compensation law of another jurisdiction all services for such employer which would otherwise be covered under this chapter;
By an individual in the employ of the individual's son, daughter or spouse, and by an individual under the age of 18 for his or her parent;
By an individual for an employer which is engaged in the processing of fresh perishable fruits or vegetables within a given calendar year if the individual has been employed by the employer solely within the active processing season or seasons, as determined by the department, of the establishment in which the individual has been employed by the employer, and the individual's base period wages with the employer are less than the wages required to start a benefit year under s. 108.04 (4) (a)
, unless the individual was paid wages of $200 or more for services performed in employment or other work covered by the unemployment compensation law of any state or the federal government, other than work performed for the processing employer, during the 4 most recently completed quarters preceding the individual's first week of employment by the processing employer within that year;
By an individual as a court reporter if the individual receives wages on a per diem basis; or
By an individual whose remuneration consists solely of commissions, overrides, bonuses or differentials directly related to sales or other output derived from in-person sales to or solicitation of orders from ultimate consumers, primarily in the home; or
In any type of maritime service specifically excluded from coverage under the federal unemployment tax act;
By an individual who leases a motor vehicle used for taxicab purposes or other taxi equipment attached to and becoming a part of the vehicle under a bona fide lease agreement, if:
The individual retains the income earned through the use of the leased motor vehicle or equipment during the lease term;
The individual receives no direct compensation from the lessor during the lease term; and
The amount of the lease payment is not contingent upon the income generated through the use of the motor vehicle or equipment during the lease term; or
Performed by an individual for a seasonal employer if the individual received written notice from the seasonal employer prior to performing any service for the employer that such service is potentially excludable under this subdivision unless:
The individual is employed by the seasonal employer for a period of 90 days or more, whether or not service is actually performed on each such day, during any season, as determined under s. 108.066
, that includes any portion of the individual's base period; or
The individual has been paid or is treated as having been paid wages or other remuneration of $500 or more during his or her base period for services performed for at least one employer other than the seasonal employer which is subject to the unemployment compensation law of any state or the federal government.
"Employment" includes an individual's service for an employer organized as a corporation in which the individual is a principal officer and has a direct or indirect ownership interest, except as provided in s. 108.025
If any employment for a government unit or nonprofit organization excluded under other paragraphs of this subsection is required by the federal unemployment tax act, the social security act, or any other federal law, to be employment covered by this chapter as a condition for approval of this chapter for full tax credit against the tax imposed by the federal unemployment tax act, such exclusion shall not apply under this chapter.
A corporation in which 50% or more of the ownership interest, however designated or evidenced, is or during a claimant's employment was owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by the claimant or by the claimant's spouse or child, or by the claimant's parent if the claimant is under the age of 18, or by a combination of 2 or more of them; or
Except where par. (a)
applies, a corporation in which 25% or more of ownership interest, however designated or evidenced, is or during a claimant's employment was owned or controlled, directly or indirectly, by the claimant.
"Fund" means the unemployment reserve fund established in s. 108.16
(17) Government unit.
"Government unit" means:
This state, including all of its constitutional offices, branches of government, agencies, departments, boards, commissions, councils, committees and all other parts and subdivisions of state government, and all public bodies or instrumentalities of this state and one or more other states; and
Any school district, county, city, village, town and any other public corporation or entity, any combination thereof and any agency of any of the foregoing, and any public body or instrumentality of any political subdivision of this state and one or more other states or one or more political subdivisions of one or more other states.
(18) Institution of higher education.
"Institution of higher education" means a nonprofit or public educational institution which provides an educational program for which it awards a bachelor's or higher degree, or provides a program which is acceptable for full credit toward such a degree or a program of training to prepare students for gainful employment in a recognized occupation, and admits as regular students only individuals having a certificate of graduation from a high school, or the recognized equivalent of such a certificate.
(19) Nonprofit organizations.
A "nonprofit organization" is an organization described in section 501
(c) (3) of the internal revenue code which is exempt from federal income tax under s. 501 (a) of the internal revenue code.
(20) Partial unemployment.
An employe is "partially unemployed" in any week for which he or she earns some wages and is eligible for some benefits under s. 108.05 (3)
"Payroll" means all wages paid directly or indirectly by an employer within a certain period to individuals with respect to their employment by that employer, and includes all such wages for work which is excluded under sub. (15) (k)
if the wages paid for such work:
Are subject to a tax under the federal unemployment tax act or are exempted from that tax only because the federal unemployment tax act (26 USC 3301
) applies to a lesser amount of wages paid to an individual during a calendar year than the amount specified in par. (b)
Are not subject to contributions under another unemployment compensation law.
Notwithstanding par. (a)
, an employer's payroll includes only the first $10,500 of wages paid by an employer to an individual during a calendar year, including any wages paid for any work covered by the unemployment compensation law of any other state, except as authorized in s. 108.17 (5)
If the federal unemployment tax is amended to apply to a higher amount of wages paid to an individual during a calendar year than the amount specified in par. (b)
, then the higher amount shall likewise apply under par. (b)
, as a substitute for the amount there specified, starting with the same period to which the federal amendment first applies.
"Quarter" means a 3-month period ending on March 31, June 30, September 30 or December 31.
(21s) Related corporations.
"Related corporations" means 2 or more corporations to which at least one of the following conditions applies:
The corporations are members of a controlled group of corporations, as defined in 26 USC 1563
, or would be members if 26 USC 1563
(a) (4) and (b) did not apply and if the phrase "more than fifty percent" were substituted for the phrase "at least eighty percent" wherever it appears in 26 USC 1563
If the corporations do not issue stock, either 50% or more of the members of one corporation's governing body are members of the other corporation's governing body, or the holders of 50% or more of the voting power to select such members are concurrently the holders of more than 50% of that power in respect to the other corporation.
Fifty percent or more of one corporation's officers are concurrently officers of the other corporation.
Thirty percent or more of one corporation's employes are concurrently employes of the other corporation.
(22) Reserve percentage.
"Reserve percentage" shall for contribution purposes refer to the status of an employer's account, as determined by the department as of the applicable "computation date". In calculating an employer's net reserve as of any computation date, the employer's account shall be charged with benefits paid on or before said date, and shall be credited with contributions, on the employer's payroll through said date, if paid by the close of the month which follows said date or if paid pursuant to s. 108.18 (7)
and within the period therein specified. The employer's "reserve percentage" means the net reserve of the employer's account as of the computation date, stated as a percentage of the employer's "payroll" in the year ending on such date or in the year applicable under s. 108.18 (6)
(22m) School year employe.
"School year employe" means an employe of an educational institution or an educational service agency, or an employe of a government unit or nonprofit organization which provides services to or on behalf of an educational institution, who performs services under an employment contract which does not require the performance of services on a year-round basis.
(23) Seasonal employer.
"Seasonal employer" means an employer designated by the department under s. 108.066
(24) Standard rate.
As to any calendar year, "standard rate" means the combined rate of contributions from the applicable schedules of s. 108.18 (4)
which is closest to but not less than 5.4%.
(25) Total unemployment.
An employe is "totally unemployed" in any week for which he or she earns no wages.
(25m) Valid new claim week.
"Valid new claim week" means the first week of an employe's benefit year.
Unless the department otherwise specifies by rule:
"Wages" means every form of remuneration payable, directly or indirectly, for a given period, or payable within a given period if this basis is permitted or prescribed by the department, by an employing unit to an individual for personal services.
Any payment in kind or other similar advantage received from an individual's employing unit for personal services, except as provided in par. (c)
The value of an employe achievement award that is compensation for services.
The value of tips that are received while performing services which constitute employment, and that are included in a written statement furnished to an employer under 26 USC 6053
Any payment under a deferred compensation and salary reduction arrangement which is treated as wages under 26 USC 3306
Any payment made by a corporation electing to be taxed as a partnership under subchapter S of chapter 1
of the federal internal revenue code, 26 USC 1361
, to an officer, which is reasonable compensation for services performed for the corporation, or the reasonable value of services performed by an officer for such a corporation, if the officer receives no payment for the services or less than the reasonable value of the services, except:
A distribution of earnings and profits which is in excess of any such payment;
A loan to an officer evidenced by a promissory note signed by the officer prior to the payment of the loan proceeds and recorded in the records of such a corporation as a loan to the officer;
A repayment of a loan or payment of interest on a loan made by an officer to such a corporation and recorded in the records of the corporation as a liability of the corporation;
A reimbursement by such a corporation of reasonable corporate expenses incurred by an officer which is documented by a written expense voucher and recorded in the records of the corporation as corporate expenses; or
A reasonable lease or rental payment to an officer who owns property which is leased or rented to such a corporation.
The amount of any payment, including any amount paid by an employer for insurance or annuities or into an account to provide for such payment, made to or on behalf of an employe or any of his or her dependents under a plan or system established by an employer which makes provision for its employes generally, or for its employes generally and their dependents, or for a class or classes of its employes, or for a class or classes of its employes and their dependents, on account of:
Sickness or accident disability, except that in the case of payments made to an employe or any of his or her dependents, "wages" excludes only payments which are received under ch. 102
or under any federal law which provides for payments on account of a work-related injury or illness analogous to those provided under ch. 102
as a result of employment for an employer;
Medical or hospitalization expenses in connection with sickness or accident disability; or
Any payment for sickness or accident disability, or medical or hospitalization expenses in connection with sickness or accident disability, made by an employer to or on behalf of an employe after the expiration of 6 months following the last month in which the employe worked for the employer.
Any payment made to or on behalf of an employe or his or her beneficiary under a cafeteria plan, within the meaning of 26 USC 125
, if the payment would not be treated as wages without regard to that plan and if 26 USC 125
would not treat the payment as constructively received.
Except as provided in par. (b) 4.
, any payment made to, or on behalf of, an employe or his or her beneficiary:
From or to a trust described in 26 USC 401
(a) which is exempt from taxation under 26 USC 501
(a) at the time of the payment unless the payment is made to an employe of the trust as remuneration for services rendered as an employe and not as a beneficiary of the trust;
Under or to an annuity contract described in 26 USC 403
(b), other than a payment for the purchase of such a contract which is made by reason of a salary reduction agreement, whether evidenced by a written instrument or otherwise;
To supplement pension benefits under a plan or trust described in subd. 4. a.
to take into account some portion or all of the increase in the cost of living, as determined by the U.S. secretary of labor, since retirement but only if the payment is under a plan which is treated as a welfare plan under 29 USC 1002
(2) (B) (ii).
The payment by an employer, without deduction from the remuneration of an employe, of the tax imposed on the employe under 26 USC 3101
with respect to remuneration paid to the employe for domestic service in a private home of the employer or for agricultural labor.
Remuneration paid in any medium other than cash to an employe for service not in the course of the employer's trade or business.
Remuneration paid to or on behalf of an employe if and to the extent that at the time of the payment it is reasonable to believe that a corresponding deduction is allowable under 26 USC 217
, determined without regard to 26 USC 274
Any payment or series of payments by an employer to an employe or any of his or her dependents which is paid:
Upon or after the termination of an employe's employment relationship because of the employe's death or retirement for disability; and
Under a plan established by the employer which makes provision for its employes generally or a class or classes of its employes, or for such employes or class or classes of employes and their dependents, other than a payment or series of payments which would have been paid if the employe's employment relationship had not been so terminated.
Any contribution, payment or service provided by an employer which may be excluded from the gross income of an employe, or the employe's spouse or dependents, under the provisions of 26 USC 120
relating to amounts received under qualified group legal services plans.
Any payment made or benefit furnished to or for the benefit of an employe if, at the time of the payment or furnishing, it is reasonable to believe that the employe will be able to exclude the payment or benefit from income under 26 USC 127
The value of any meals or lodging furnished by or on behalf of an employer if, at the time of the furnishing, it is reasonable to believe that the employe will be able to exclude such items from income under 26 USC 119