Provide family coverage of health care expenses for the child, if eligible for coverage, upon application by the parent, the child's other parent, the department or the county designee under s. 59.53 (5)
NOTE: Subd. 2. is shown as affected by two acts of the 1995 legislature and as merged by the revisor under s. 13.93 (2) (c).
After the child has coverage under the employer's health benefit plan, and as long as the parent is eligible for family coverage under the employer's health benefit plan, continue to provide coverage for the child unless the employer receives satisfactory written evidence that the court order is no longer in effect or that the child has coverage of health care expenses under another health insurance policy or health benefit plan that provides comparable coverage of health care expenses.
If a parent who has been ordered by a court to provide coverage of the health care expenses of a child who is eligible for medical assistance under subch. IV of ch. 49
receives payment from a 3rd party for the cost of services provided to the child but does not pay the health care provider for the services or reimburse the department or any other person who paid for the services on behalf of the child, the department may obtain a judgment against the parent for the amount of the 3rd party payment.
In making an order of legal custody under sub. (3)
, the court shall require a parent who is not granted legal custody to provide to the court medical and medical history information that is known to the parent. If the court orders joint legal custody, the court shall require each parent to provide to the court medical and medical history information that is known to the parent. The court shall keep the information confidential and may release it only as provided in this subsection. The information provided shall include all of the following:
The known medical history of the parent providing the information, including specific information about stillbirths or congenital anomalies in the parent's family, and the medical histories, if known, of the parents and siblings of the parent and any sibling of the child who is a child of the parent, except that medical history information need not be provided for a sibling of the child if the parent or other person who is granted legal custody of the child also has legal custody, including joint legal custody, of that sibling.
A report of any medical examination that the parent providing the information had within one year before the date of the judgment or order.
Upon the joint written request of a physician and a parent or other person with legal custody of the child, the court shall release the information provided under par. (a)
to a physician designated in the request. The physician joining in the request need not be the same physician designated in the request. The physician to whom the information is released shall keep the information confidential, but may release to the parent or other person with legal custody who made the request under this paragraph only that portion of the information that the physician determines is relevant to the child's medical condition.
Support judgments or orders ordinarily shall be for periodic payments which may vary in amount if appropriate. The payment amount may be expressed as a percentage of the parent's income or as a fixed sum, or as a combination of both in the alternative by requiring payment of the greater or lesser of either a percentage of the parent's income or a fixed sum. The father's liability for past support of the child shall be limited to support for the period after the birth of the child.
In determining child support payments, the court may consider all relevant financial information or other information relevant to the parent's earning capacity, including information reported to the department, or the county child and spousal support agency, under s. 49.22 (2m)
Except as provided in sub. (5)
, the court shall determine child support payments by using the percentage standard established by the department under s. 49.22 (9)
Upon request by a party, the court may modify the amount of child support payments determined under sub. (4m)
if, after considering the following factors, the court finds by the greater weight of the credible evidence that use of the percentage standard is unfair to the child or to the requesting party:
The physical, mental and emotional health needs of the child, including any costs for health insurance as provided for under sub. (3m)
The standard of living and circumstances of the parents, including whether a parent receives maintenance payments under s. 767.26
and the needs of each party in order to support himself or herself at a level equal to or greater than that established under 42 USC 9902
The relative financial means of the parents.
The earning capacity of each parent, based on each parent's education, training and work experience and based on the availability of work in or near the parent's community.
The need and capacity of the child for education, including higher education.
The financial resources and the earning ability of the child.
Any physical custody arrangement ordered or decided upon.
Extraordinary travel expenses incurred in exercising the right to periods of physical placement.
The responsibility of the parents for the support of others.
The value of services contributed by the custodial parent.
Any other factors which the court in each case determines are relevant to the best interests of the child.
If the court finds under sub. (5)
that use of the percentage standard is unfair to the child or the requesting party, the court shall state in writing or on the record the amount of support that would be required by using the percentage standard, the amount by which the court's order deviates from that amount, its reasons for finding that use of the percentage standard is unfair to the child or the party, its reasons for the amount of the modification and the basis for the modification.
A party ordered to pay child support under this section shall pay simple interest at the rate of 1.5% per month on any amount unpaid, commencing the first day of the 2nd month after the month in which the amount was due. Interest under this subsection is in lieu of interest computed under s. 807.01 (4)
, 814.04 (4)
or 815.05 (8)
and is paid to the clerk of court or support collection designee under s. 767.29
. Except as provided in s. 767.29 (1m)
, the clerk of court or support collection designee, whichever is appropriate, shall apply all payments received for child support as follows:
First, to payment of child support due within the calendar month during which the payment is withheld from income under s. 767.265
or under similar laws of another state. If payment is not made through income withholding, the clerk or support collection designee, whichever is appropriate, shall first apply child support payments received to payment of child support due within the calendar month during which the payment is received.
Second, to payment of unpaid child support due before the payment is received.
Third, to payment of interest accruing on unpaid child support.
(6) Sections 767.24
, where applicable, shall apply to a judgment or order under this section.
The court may order the attorney for the prevailing party to prepare findings of fact, conclusions of law and a judgment for the approval of the court.
History: 1979 c. 352
; 1983 a. 27
; 1985 a. 29
; 1985 a. 315
; 1987 a. 27
; 1989 a. 212
; 1991 a. 39
; 1993 a. 481
; 1995 a. 27
, 9126 (19)
; 1995 a. 100
; s. 13.93 (2) (c).
Determining father's support obligation by applying percentage standards is inappropriate where children live in several households. In re Paternity of B. W. S., 131 W (2d) 301, 388 NW (2d) 615 (1986).
Regardless of whether fifteen-year-old boy's parenthood resulted from sexual assault as defined in criminal law, court could find intercourse and parenthood voluntary for purposes of child support. In re Paternity of J.L.H. 149 W (2d) 349, 411 NW (2d) 273 (Ct. App. 1989).
Is no statutory authority for order requiring mother to repay lying-in expenses paid by medical assistance. In re Paternity of N.L.M. 166 W (2d) 306, 479 NW (2d) 237 (Ct. App. 1991).
An order for payment of expert witness fees under sub. (3) is not limited to $100 by s. 814.04 (2). In re Paternity of Tiffany B. 173 W (2d) 864, 496 NW (2d) 711 (Ct. App. 1993).
Sub. (4m) applies to back and future support, subject to the court's discretion. A discount in back support based on the father's assertion of paternity and lack of contact with the child was improper. Paternity of Ashleigh N.H. 178 W (2d) 478, 504 NW (2d) 422 (Ct. App. 1993).
The assignment to the state of child support by AFDC recipients under s. 49.19 (5) does not prevent a trial court acting under s. 767.51 (5) from giving the father credit for amounts actually contributed for support prior to the entry of an order even though the credit results in there being no payments owing from the father from which AFDC payments can be recovered. Paternity of Cheyenne D.L. 181 W (2d) 868, 112 NW (2d) 522 (Ct. App. 1994).
Money may be set aside in trust under sub. (5) during a child's minority for future support including higher education expenses which may be incurred after the child's majority. The percentage standards may be used to generate future support. Paternity of Tukker M.O., 199 W (2d) 186, 544 NW (2d) 417 (1996).
Summary judgment is inappropriate when the presumptive conception period under s. 891.395 does not apply and there is no evidence establishing the period or when there is an untested male whom a reasonable factfinder could conclude had intercourse with the mother during the possible conceptive period. Paternity of Taylor R.T. 199 W (2d) 500, 544 NW (2d) 926 (Ct. App. 1996).
HSS 80: New Rules for Child Support Obligations. Hickey. Wis. Law. April, 1995.
Which Came First? The Serial Family Payer Formula. Stansbury. Wis. Law. April, 1995.
See also Wisconsin Administrative Code Citations published in the Wisconsin Administrative Code for a list of citations to cases citing ch. HSS 80, the percentage standards developed by the Department of Health and Social Services.
Right to counsel. 767.52(1)(1)
At the pretrial hearing, at the trial and in any further proceedings in any paternity action, any party may be represented by counsel. If the respondent is indigent and the state is the petitioner under s. 767.45 (1) (g)
, the petitioner is represented by a government attorney as provided in s. 767.45 (6)
or the action is commenced on behalf of the child by an attorney appointed under s. 767.045 (1) (c)
, counsel shall be appointed for the respondent as provided in ch. 977
, and subject to the limitations under sub. (2m)
, unless the respondent knowingly and voluntarily waives the appointment of counsel.
An attorney appointed under sub. (1)
who is appearing on behalf of a party in a paternity action shall represent that party, subject to the limitations under sub. (2m)
, in all issues and proceedings relating to the paternity determination. The appointed attorney may not represent the party in any proceeding relating to child support, legal custody, periods of physical placement or related issues.
Representation by an attorney appointed under sub. (1)
shall be provided only after the results of any genetic tests that were ordered by the court have been completed and only if all of the results fail to show that the alleged father is excluded and fail to give rise to the rebuttable presumption under s. 767.48 (1m)
that the alleged father is the father of the child. [genetic]
This section does not prevent an attorney responsible for support enforcement under s. 59.53 (6) (a)
or any other attorney employed under s. 49.22
or 59.53 (5)
from appearing in any paternity action as provided under s. 767.45 (6)
NOTE: Sub. (3) is shown as affected by two acts of the 1995 legislature and as merged by the revisor under s. 13.93 (2) (c).
Paternity respondent does not have constitutional right to effective assistance of counsel; paternity action is not a criminal prosecution. In re Paternity of P.L.S. 158 W (2d) 712, 463 NW (2d) 403 (Ct. App. 1990).
Paternity hearings and records; confidentiality.
Any hearing, discovery proceeding or trial relating to paternity determination shall be closed to any person other than those necessary to the action or proceeding. Any record of the proceedings shall be placed in a closed file, except that:
Access to the record of any pending or past proceeding involving the paternity of the same child shall be allowed to all of the following:
The parties to that proceeding and their attorneys or their authorized representatives.
If the child is the subject of a proceeding under ch. 48
, all of the following:
The court assigned to exercise jurisdiction under chs. 48
in which the proceeding is pending.
The parties to the proceeding under ch. 48
and their attorneys.
The person under s. 48.09
who represents the interests of the public in the proceeding under ch. 48
A guardian ad litem for the child and a guardian ad litem for the child's parent.
Any governmental or social agency involved in the proceeding under ch. 48
The clerk of circuit court shall provide information from court records to the department under s. 59.40 (2) (p)
NOTE: Sub. (2) is shown as affected by two acts of the 1995 legislature and as merged by the revisor under s. 13.93 (2) (c).
Determination of marital children.
In any case where the father and mother of any nonmarital child shall enter into a lawful marriage or a marriage which appears and they believe is lawful, except where the parental rights of the mother were terminated prior thereto, that child shall thereby become a marital child, shall be entitled to a change in birth certificate under s. 69.15 (3) (b)
and shall enjoy all the rights and privileges of a marital child as if he or she had been born during the marriage of the parents; and this section shall be taken to apply to all cases prior to its date, as well as those subsequent thereto but no estate already vested shall be divested by this section and ss. 765.05
. The issue of all marriages declared void under the law shall, nevertheless, be marital issue.
History: 1979 c. 32
, 92 (2)
; Stats. 1979 s. 765.25; 1979 c. 352
; Stats. 1979 s. 767.60; 1981 c. 314
; 1983 a. 447
; 1985 a. 315
Orders when paternity acknowledged. 767.62(1)
In an action affecting the family that seeks to establish an obligation for the support of a child, the court or family court commissioner may enter a child support order against a man who has signed and filed with the state registrar under s. 69.15 (3) (b) 3.
a statement acknowledging paternity that includes notice of the provisions of this section and who has notice of the hearing. The court shall determine child support under this subsection in the manner provided in s. 767.51 (4m)
Within one year after signing the statement or one year after attaining the age of 18, whichever is later, a person who has signed a statement acknowledging paternity that is filed as specified in sub. (1)
may request that the court or family court commissioner order genetic tests. Upon such a request, the court or family court commissioner shall require the appropriate parties to submit to genetic tests. If the results of the genetic tests exclude as the father of the child the man who signed the statement, the court shall dismiss any action for child support under this section, or shall vacate any order for child support entered under this section, with respect to the man. This subsection does not apply if, before a request for genetic tests under this subsection, the man who signed the statement acknowledging paternity is determined to be the father of the child after the performance of genetic tests.
History: 1993 a. 481
; 1995 a. 100