The department shall, by rule, prescribe and annually review and revise as necessary energy efficiency standards for equipment that is installed as a component of a construction project and that relates to heating, ventilation, air conditioning, water heating or cooling, lighting, refrigeration, or any other function that consumes energy. The standards shall meet or exceed current applicable guidelines of the federal environmental protection agency relating to energy efficiency of the functions specified in this paragraph, guidelines that apply to the federal energy management program under 42 USC 8251
et seq., and standards established by the American society of heating, refrigerating and air-conditioning engineers.
The department shall ensure that the specifications for any equipment that is designed for heating, ventilation, air conditioning, water heating or cooling, lighting, refrigeration, or any other function that consumes energy under any construction project contract administered by the department meet applicable standards established under par. (a)
. If there is no standard under par. (a)
applicable to the type of equipment being purchased or if the equipment meeting that standard is not reasonably available, the department shall ensure that energy consumption within a building, structure, or facility and all equipment that is purchased under each contract administered by the department maximizes energy efficiency to the extent technically and economically feasible. The department shall not determine that equipment that meets the applicable standard under par. (a)
either is not reasonably available on the basis of cost alone or is not cost-effective unless the difference in the cost of the purchase and installation of the equipment that meets the standard and the equipment that would otherwise be installed is greater than the difference in the cost of operating the equipment that meets the standard and the equipment that would otherwise be installed over the anticipated life of the equipment.
A contractor shall be liable for any damages to another contractor working on the same project caused by reason of the former's default, act or nonperformance.
Nothing contained in this section shall be construed so as to make contracts let under this section subject to s. 66.0901
A list of subcontractors shall not be required to be submitted with the bid. The department may require the prime contractor to submit in writing the names of prospective subcontractors for the department's approval before the award of a contract to the prime contractor.
All subcontractors must be approved in writing by the department prior to their employment. Requests for approval of prospective subcontractors shall be in writing.
Changes may be made in the list of subcontractors, with the agreement of the department and the prime contractor, when in the opinion of the department it is in the best interests of the state to require the change.
If a project requires prior approval of the building commission under s. 13.48 (10) (a)
and bids are required to be solicited under sub. (2)
, the department shall take both single bids and separate bids on any division of the work that it designates. If a project does not require prior approval of the building commission under s. 13.48 (10) (a)
and bids are required to be solicited under sub. (2)
, the department may take single bids or separate bids on any division of the work that it designates. If the department awards contracts by the division of work, the department shall award the contracts according to the division of work selected for bidding. Except as provided in sub. (10m) (am)
, the department shall award all contracts to the lowest qualified responsible bidder or bidders that result in the lowest total construction cost for the project.
The state is not liable to a prime contractor for damage from delay caused by another prime contractor if the department takes reasonable action to require the delaying prime contractor to comply with its contract. If the state is not liable under this paragraph, the delayed prime contractor may bring an action for damages against the delaying prime contractor.
The department shall promulgate rules to implement the advertising and award of contracts.
This section does not apply to contracts between the state and federal government or any agency thereof, or with any political subdivision of the state. Subject to the approval of the governor, the requirements of this section may be waived in emergency situations involving the public health, welfare or safety or with respect to contracting with public utilities, but only when any such waiver is deemed by the governor to be in the best interests of the state.
In emergency situations, the governor may approve repairs and construction of a building, structure, or facility in lieu of building commission approval under s. 13.48 (10)
, and for such purposes, may authorize the expenditure of up to $500,000 from the state building trust fund or from other available moneys appropriated to an agency derived from any revenue source. The governor may delegate to the secretary the authority to grant approvals under this subdivision. The governor shall report any such authorization to the building commission at its next regular meeting following the authorization. In this subdivision, "emergency" means any natural or human-caused situation that results in or may result in substantial injury or harm to the population or substantial damage to or loss of property.
This section does not apply to any project on which the work is to be performed by inmates or patients in institutions under the jurisdiction of the department of corrections or the department of health services working under the supervision or with the assistance of state employees.
This section shall not apply to restoration or reconstruction of the state capitol building, historic structures at the old world Wisconsin site and at Heritage Hill state park when the department determines that a waiver of this section would serve the best interests of this state.
As the work progresses under any contract for construction the department, from time to time, shall grant to the contractor an estimate of the amount and proportionate value of the work done, which shall entitle the contractor to receive the amount thereof, less the retainage, from the proper fund. The retainage shall be an amount equal to not more than 5% of the estimate until 50% of the work has been completed. At 50% completion, no additional amounts shall be retained, and partial payments shall be made in full to the contractor unless the architect or engineer certifies that the job is not proceeding satisfactorily. At 50% completion or any time thereafter when the progress of the work is not satisfactory, additional amounts may be retained but in no event shall the total retainage be more than 10% of the value of the work completed. Upon substantial completion of the work, an amount retained may be paid to the contractor. For the purposes of this section, estimates may include any fabricated or manufactured materials and components specified, previously paid for by contractor and delivered to the work or properly stored and suitable for incorporation in the work embraced in the contract. This subsection does not apply to contracts awarded under s. 16.858
This section does not apply to construction work performed by University of Wisconsin System students when the construction work performed is a part of a curriculum and where the work is course-related for the student involved. Prior approval of the building commission must be obtained for all construction projects to be performed by University of Wisconsin System students, except projects specified in s. 13.48 (10) (c)
This section does not apply to contracts by the department of natural resources for construction work related to hazardous substance spill response under s. 292.11
or environmental repair under s. 292.31
The provisions of this section, except sub. (10m)
, do not apply to construction work for any project that does not require the prior approval of the building commission under s. 13.48 (10) (a)
if the project is constructed in accordance with policies and procedures prescribed by the building commission under s. 13.48 (29)
. If the estimated construction cost of any project, other than a project constructed by or for the University of Wisconsin System that is exempted under sub. (23)
, is at least $50,000, and the building commission elects to utilize the procedures prescribed under s. 13.48 (29)
to construct the project, the department shall provide adequate public notice of the project and the procedures to be utilized to construct the project on a publicly accessible computer site.
This section does not apply to construction work for any project constructed by or for the University of Wisconsin System involving a cost of less than $500,000 that is funded entirely with the proceeds of gifts and grants made to the system.
See also chs. Adm 21
, Wis. adm. code.
Under subs. (2) (a) 2. and (14), the department has authority to create a division of work not limited to traditional trade practices, which may include work divisions other than the four enumerated in the statute if the new division involves a specialized area of construction, e.g., elevator work that is commonly designated a division, although it involves the electrical trade. Breiby v. Dept. of Administration, 55 Wis. 2d 16
, 197 N.W.2d 737
A bid proposal asking for the name of a subcontractor is contrary to sub. (13) (a), and the request is invalid. 61 Atty. Gen. 224.
The preference for Wisconsin businesses under ss. 16.75 (1) (a) and 16.855 (1) operates only in case of a tie bid. 74 Atty. Gen. 47
Energy conservation audits and construction projects. 16.858(1)(1)
The department may contract with a qualified contractor for an energy conservation audit to be performed at any state-owned building, structure or facility. Under the contract, the contractor shall prepare a report containing a description of the physical modifications to be performed to the building, structure or facility that are required to effect specific future energy savings within a specified period and a determination of the minimum savings in energy usage that will be realized by the state from making these modifications within that period. After review of the audit report and subject to approval under s. 13.48 (10)
, where required, the department may contract with the contractor for construction work to be performed at the building, structure or facility for the purpose of realizing potential savings of future energy costs identified in the audit if, in the judgment of the department, the anticipated savings to the state after completion of the work will enable recovery of the costs of the work within a reasonable period of time.
A contract under sub. (1)
may provide for the construction work to be financed by the state or by the contractor. The contract shall provide for the state to pay a stated amount, which shall include any financing costs incurred by the contractor. The stated amount may not exceed the minimum savings determined under the audit to be realized by the state within the period specified in the audit. The state shall make payments under the contract as the savings identified in the audit are realized by the state, in the amounts actually realized, but not to exceed the lesser of the stated amount or the actual amount of the savings realized by the state within the period specified in the audit. If the department provides financing for construction work, the department may finance any portion of the cost of the work under a master lease entered into as provided under s. 16.76 (4)
. If the department provides financing for the construction work and the stated amount to be paid by the state under the contract is greater than the amount of the savings realized by the state within the period specified in the audit under sub. (1)
, the contract shall require the contractor to remit the difference to the department.
The department shall charge the cost of payments made by the state to the contractor to the applicable appropriation for fuel and utility costs at the building, structure or facility where the work is performed in the amounts equivalent to the savings that accrue to the state under that appropriation from expenditures not made as a result of the construction work, as determined by the department in accordance with the contract. The department may also charge its costs for negotiation, administration and financing of the contract to the same appropriation.
Any contract under sub. (1)
shall include a provision stating in substance that payments under the contract are contingent upon available appropriations.
No later than January 1 of each year, the secretary shall report to the cochairpersons of the joint committee on finance identifying any construction work for which the department has contracted under this section for which final payment has not been made as of the date of the preceding report, together with the actual energy cost savings realized by the state as a result of the contract to date, or the estimated energy cost savings to be realized by the state if the total savings to be realized in the audit under sub. (1)
have not yet been realized, the date on which the state made its final payment under the contract or, if the final payment has not been made, the latest date on which the state is obligated to make its final payment under the contract, and any amount that remains payable to the state under the contract.
History: 1997 a. 27
; 1999 a. 9
Department of administration; statewide risk management coordination.
The department shall:
Be responsible for statewide risk management coordination in order to:
Protect the state from losses which are catastrophic in nature and minimize total cost to the state of all activities related to the control of accidental loss.
Place emphasis on the reduction of loss through professional attention to scientific loss control techniques and by motivational incentives, prompt claims payments and other loss prevention measures.
Identify and evaluate exposure to loss to the state, its employees or injury to the public by reason of fire or other accidents and fortuitous events at state-owned properties or facilities.
Recommend changes in procedures, program conditions or capital improvement for all agencies which would satisfactorily eliminate or reduce the existing exposure.
Manage the state employees' worker's compensation program and the statewide self-funded programs to protect the state from losses of and damage to state property and liability and, if retained by the department of workforce development under s. 102.65 (3)
, process, investigate, and pay claims under ss. 102.44 (1)
, and 102.66
as provided in s. 102.65 (3)
Arrange appropriate insurance contracts for the transfer of risk of loss on the part of the state or its employees, to the extent such loss cannot reasonably be assumed by the individual agencies or the self-funded programs. The placement of insurance may be by private negotiation rather than competitive bid, if such insurance has a restricted number of interested carriers. The department shall approve all insurance purchases.
Train, upgrade and guide appropriate personnel in the agencies in implementation of sound risk management practices.
Have the authority to contract for investigative and adjustment services as provided in s. 20.865 (1) (fm)
which can be performed more economically or efficiently by such contract.
Annually in each fiscal year, allocate as a charge to each agency a proportionate share of the estimated costs attributable to programs administered by the agency to be paid from the appropriation under s. 20.505 (2) (k)
. The department may charge premiums to agencies to finance costs under this subsection and pay the costs from the appropriation on an actual basis. The department shall deposit all collections under this subsection in the appropriation account under s. 20.505 (2) (k)
. Costs assessed under this subsection may include judgments, investigative and adjustment fees, data processing and staff support costs, program administration costs, litigation costs, and the cost of insurance contracts under sub. (5)
. In this subsection, "agency" means an office, department, independent agency, institution of higher education, association, society, or other body in state government created or authorized to be created by the constitution or any law, that is entitled to expend moneys appropriated by law, including the legislature and the courts, but not including an authority created in subch. II of ch. 114
or subch. III of ch. 149
or in ch. 231
, or 279
Sub. (8) is shown as affected by 2011 Wis. Acts 10
and as merged by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (2) (i).
Notwithstanding s. 20.001 (3) (c)
, if the department makes any payment from the appropriation under s. 20.505 (2) (a)
, lapse to the general fund from the appropriation account under s. 20.505 (2) (k)
an amount equal to the payment. The department shall effect the lapse required under this subsection in accordance with a schedule determined by the department, but the total amount of each lapse shall be effected no later than 6 years after the date of the payment to which it relates.
Approval of contracts by secretary and governor; audit. 16.87(1)(a)
"Construction work" includes all labor and materials used in the framing or assembling of component parts in the erection, installation, enlargement, alteration, repair, moving, conversion, razing, demolition or removal of any appliance, device, equipment, building, structure or facility.
"Disabled veteran-owned business" means a business certified by the department of administration under s. 16.283 (3)
"Environmental consultant services" includes services provided by environmental scientists, engineers and other experts.
A contract for engineering services or architectural services or a contract involving an expenditure of $10,000 or more for construction work, or $30,000 or more for limited trades work, to be done for or furnished to the state or a department, board, commission, or officer of the state is exempt from the requirements of ss. 16.705
The department shall attempt to ensure that 5 percent of the total amount expended under this section in each fiscal year is paid to minority businesses, as defined in s. 16.75 (3m) (a) 4.
The department shall make efforts to ensure that a portion of the total amount expended under this section in each fiscal year is paid to disabled veteran-owned businesses.
Except as provided in sub. (4)
, a contract under sub. (2)
is not valid or effectual for any purpose until it is endorsed in writing and approved by the secretary or the secretary's designated assistant and, if the contract involves an expenditure over $60,000, approved by the governor. The governor may delegate the authority to approve any contract requiring his or her approval under this subsection that involves an expenditure of less than $150,000 to the secretary or the secretary's designee. Except as provided in sub. (4)
, no payment or compensation for work done under any contract involving $2,500 or more, except a highway contract, may be made unless the written claim is audited and approved by the secretary or the secretary's designee. Any change order to a contract requiring approval under this subsection requires the prior approval by the secretary or the secretary's designated assistant and, if the change order involves an expenditure over $60,000, the approval of the governor or, if the governor delegates his or her authority to approve contracts under this subsection and the change order involves an expenditure of less than $150,000, the approval of the secretary or the secretary's designee.
This section does not apply to contracts by the department of natural resources for environmental consultant services or engineering services for hazardous substance spill response under s. 292.11
or environmental repair under s. 292.31
, or for environmental consultant services to assist in the preparation of an environmental impact statement or to provide preapplication services under s. 23.40
This section does not apply to any project for the University of Wisconsin System involving a cost of less than $500,000 that is funded entirely from the proceeds of gifts or grants made to the system.
All amounts owed by this state under this subchapter are subject to being set off under s. 73.12
History: 1985 a. 29
Charges against projects.
The cost of services furnished pursuant to s. 16.85 (2)
shall be charged to and paid out of available funds for the respective projects, whenever in the judgment of the secretary the charges are warranted and the cost of the services can be ascertained with reasonable accuracy.
Construction and services controlled by this chapter.
No department, independent agency, constitutional office or agent of the state shall employ engineering, architectural or allied services or expend money for construction purposes on behalf of the state, except as provided in this chapter and except that the Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System may engage such services for any project involving a cost of less than $500,000 that is funded entirely from the proceeds of gifts or grants made to the system.
Reports on cost of occupancy of state facilities. 16.891(1)(b)
"Total cost of occupancy" means the cost to operate and maintain the physical plant of a building, structure, or facility, including administrative costs of an agency attributable to operation and maintenance of a building, structure, or facility, together with any debt service costs associated with the building, structure, or facility, computed in the manner prescribed by the department.
Except as provided in sub. (4)
, each agency shall report to the department no later than October 1 of each year concerning the total cost of occupancy of each state-owned building, structure, and facility, excluding public highways and bridges, under the jurisdiction of the agency for the preceding fiscal year. The report shall be made in a format prescribed by the department. Beginning in 2009, if a building, structure, or facility is a part of an institution, the agency having jurisdiction of the institution shall also include in its report the total cost of occupancy of all of the buildings, structures, and facilities within the institution.
No later than December 1 of each year, the department shall compile the information received under sub. (2)
and transmit a consolidated report to the building commission on the total cost of occupancy of all buildings, structures, and facilities included in the reports filed under sub. (2)
, itemized for each building, structure, and facility. The report shall include, for each building, structure, or facility, the recommendations of the department concerning the desired total cost of occupancy for that building, structure, or facility.
The department may exempt an agency from compliance with the reporting requirement under sub. (2)
with respect to any building, structure, or facility that the department determines to have a minimal total cost of occupancy.
History: 2005 a. 25
State-owned or operated heating, cooling or power plants. 16.895(2)(a)
Prepare all specifications, bid and administer contracts for the purchase of fuels for all state-owned or operated heating, cooling or power plants.
Coordinate the state fuel and utility management program to maximize the economy of operations of the program.
Determine the method of operation of state-owned or operated heating, cooling or power plants, including maintenance standards and policies concerning utilization of alternative fuels and energy conservation.
Assure compliance with federal and state laws, federal regulations and state administrative rules applicable to state-owned or operated heating, cooling or power plants.
Delegate to any agency the department's authority under par. (c)
and approve all expenditures of the agency under par. (c)
Review and approve rates charged by any agency for the sale of fuel, water, sewage treatment service, electricity, heat or chilled water under s. 16.93
, and the rates at which any agency charges its appropriations for fuel, water, sewage treatment service, electricity, heat or chilled water that the agency provides to itself.
Provide for emissions testing, waste product disposal and fuel quality testing at state-owned or operated heating, cooling or power plants, and secure permits that are required for operation of the plants.
Periodically assess to agencies their proportionate cost of the expenses incurred by the department under this subsection and ss. 16.85 (4)
in accordance with a method of apportionment determined by the department.