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893.93(4) (4) An action by a drainage board for damages under s. 88.92 (2) shall be commenced within 3 years after the drainage board discovers the fact, or with the exercise of reasonable diligence should have discovered the fact of the damage, whichever comes first, or be barred.
893.93 History History: 1979 c. 323; 1993 a. 98, 112, 456; 2005 a. 155.
893.93 Note Judicial Council Committee's Note, 1979: This section has been created to place in one location within restructured ch. 893 various miscellaneous statutes of limitation for easier reference and use. Sub. (1) (a) is previous s. 893.19 (4). Sub. (1) (b) is previous s. 893.19 (7). Sub. (1) (c) is previous s. 893.19 (9). Sub. (1) (d) is previous s. 893.19 (10). Sub. (2) (a) is previous s. 893.21 (1) with a comma placed after the word "penalty" in order to have the section accurately reflect the decision in Grengs v. 20th Century Fox Film Corporation, 232 F.2d 325 (1956). Sub. (2) (b) is previous s. 893.21 (4). Sub. (3) (a) is previous s. 893.22 (1). Sub. (3) (b) is previous s. 893.22 (3). [Bill 326-A]
893.93 Annotation If the complaint does not allege the requisite elements for a cause of action based on fraud, s. 893.19 (7) [now s. 893.93 (1) (b)] does not apply. Estate of Demos, 50 Wis. 2d 262, 184 N.W.2d 117.
893.93 Annotation A complaint alleging employment discrimination on the basis of sex and seeking back-pay damages is an action upon a liability created by statute, and in the absence of any other applicable limitation, the 6-year limitation of s. 893.19 (4) [now s. 893.93 (1) (a)] applies. Yanta v. Montgomery Ward & Co., Inc. 66 Wis. 2d 53, 224 N.W.2d 389 (1974).
893.93 Annotation When unreasonable delay in bringing suit prejudices the defendant because of the death of a key witness, laches will bar suit even if the s. 893.19 (7) [now s. 893.93 (1) (b)] statute of limitations does not. Schafer v. Wegner, 78 Wis. 2d 127, 254 N.W.2d 193.
893.93 Annotation Complaints under the open meetings law are not brought in the individual capacity of the plaintiff but on behalf of the state, subject to the 2-year statue of limitations under sub. (2). Leung v. City of Lake Geneva, 2003 WI App 129, 265 Wis. 2d 674, 666 N.W.2d 104, 02-2747.
893.93 Annotation Sub. (1) (a) does not apply to a professional disciplinary proceeding, the focus of which is to monitor and supervise the performance of a person who has been granted the privilege of a license in this state. Krahenbuhl v. Wisconsin Dentistry Examining Board, 2004 WI App 147, 275 Wis. 2d 626, 685 N.W.2d 591, 03-2864.
893.93 Annotation Claims for injury caused by an Archdiocese's alleged fraudulent misrepresentation that the Archdiocese did not know that priests it assigned had histories of sexually abusing children and did not know the priests were dangerous to children were independent claims based on the Archdiocese's alleged knowledge of the priests' prior sexual molestation of children and the Archdiocese's intent to deceive children and their families and not derivative of the underlying sexual molestations by the priests. The date of the accrual of the fraud claims was when the plaintiffs discovered or, in the exercise of reasonable diligence, should have discovered that the Archdiocese's alleged fraud was a cause of their injuries. John Doe v. Archdiocese of Milwaukee, 2007 WI 95, 303 Wis. 2d 34, 734 N.W.2d 827, 05-1945.
893.93 Annotation The 6-year limitations period found in sub. (1) (a) applies to actions under the Uniform Fiduciaries Act, s. 112.01. Willowglen Academy-Wisconsin, Inc. v. Connelly Interiors, Inc. 2008 WI App 35, 307 Wis. 2d 776, 746 N.W.2d 570, 07-1178.
893.93 Annotation The limitation period under sub. (1) (b) was tolled when the victim had "sufficient knowledge to make a reasonable person aware of the need for diligent investigation." Stockman v. La Croix, 790 F.2d 584 (1986).
893.93 Annotation A cause of action under sub. (1) (b) accrues on the discovery of the fraud. Discovery occurs when the party has knowledge that would cause a reasonable person to make sufficient inquiry to discover the fraud. Owen v. Wangerin, 985 F.2d 312 (1993).
893.93 Annotation Section 551.59 (5) applies to actions arising out of sales of securities under SEC rules, rather than s. 893.19 (7) [now 893.93 (1) (b)]. Kramer v. Loewi & Co., Inc. 357 F. Supp. 83 (1973).
893.93 Annotation Section s. 893.21 (1) [now s. 893.93 (2) (a)] did not control an action by the EEOC charging discrimination in employment when the statute limited only acts brought by a "private party" and the EEOC is a federal agency enforcing public policy. Equal Employment Opportunity Comm. v. Laacke & Joys Co. 375 F. Supp. 852 (1974).
893.93 Annotation Section 893.19 (4), 1977 stats. [now s. 893.93 (1) (a)] governs civil rights actions. Minor v. Lakeview Hospital, 421 F. Supp. 485 (1976).
893.93 Annotation Section 893.19 (4) [now s. 893.93 (1) (a)] governed an action under federal law against an oil refiner for compensatory damages for alleged overcharges. Section 893.21 (1) [now s. 893.93 (2) (a)] governed an action for treble damages. U. S. Oil Co., Inc. v. Koch Refining Co. 497 F. Supp. 1125 (1980).
893.93 Annotation The defendant in a civil rights action was estopped from pleading the statute of limitations when its own fraudulent conduct prevented the plaintiff from timely filing suit. Bell v. City of Milwaukee, 498 F. Supp. 1339 (1980).
893.94 893.94 Organized crime control; civil remedies. Any civil action arising under ss. 946.80 to 946.88 is subject to the limitations under s. 946.88 (1).
893.94 History History: 1981 c. 280; 1989 a. 121.
893.95 893.95 Unclaimed property; civil remedies. Any civil action to enforce ch. 177 is subject to the limitations under s. 177.29 (2).
893.95 History History: 1983 a. 408.
893.96 893.96 Family leave and medical leave; civil remedies. Any civil action arising under s. 103.10 (13) (a) is subject to the limitations of s. 103.10 (13) (b).
893.96 History History: 1987 a. 287.
893.97 893.97 Business closing notification. An action arising under s. 109.07 (3) is subject to the limitations under s. 109.07 (4) (d).
893.97 History History: 1989 a. 44.
893.98 893.98 Cessation of health care benefits notification. An action arising under s. 109.075 (3) is subject to the limitations under s. 109.075 (4) (d).
893.98 History History: 1997 a. 237.
893.981 893.981 False claims. An action or claim under s. 20.931 shall be commenced within 10 years after the cause of the action or claim accrues or be barred.
893.981 History History: 2007 a. 20.
893.99 893.99 Home care consumer notification. An action arising under s. 105.115 (4) (a) is subject to the limitations under s. 105.115 (4) (a).
893.99 History History: 2005 a. 197.
893.99 Note NOTE: Statutes not contained in this chapter that relate to or impose time restrictions on asserting a claim or a cause of action include, but are not limited to, the following:
Annulment of marriage   s. 767.313
Anti-trust violations   s. 133.18 (2)
Bank deposits and collections   s. 404.111
Bank liquidation, claim   s. 220.08 (5)
Beverage tax, recovery   s. 139.092
Bridge, lien for damages related to   s. 31.26
Business closing notification, claims and actions   s. 109.07 (4)
Child, rehearing on status   s. 48.46
Construction lien, bond, notice   s. 779.036
Construction lien, notice   s. 779.02
Construction lien, notice and claim   s. 779.06
Consumer transactions, customer remedies   s. 425.307
Contract for sale, breach   s. 402.725
Cooperatives, articles of amendment, contesting validity   s. 185.53 (4)
Cooperatives, dissolution, effect on remedy   s. 185.76
Cooperatives, dissolution, unlawful distributions   s. 185.71 (6)
Corporations, directors' liability, proceedings against   s. 180.0833 (3)
Corporations, dissolution, nonstock, remedies   s. 181.1407
Corporations, dissolution proceeding, claim   ss. 180.1406 (2), 180.1407 (2)
Corporations, shareholder dissent   ss. 180.1328 (2), 180.1330 (1)
Corporations, take-over, recovery of security   s. 552.21 (3)
Creditors' claims   s. 128.14
Dam, lien for damages related to   s. 31.26
Death, effect on cause of action   s. 859.15
Decedent's estate:
Contesting claim   s. 859.33
Claim against   s. 859.01
Election of surviving spouse   s. 861.11
Fraud of surviving spouse   s. 861.17 (5)
Marital property agreement   s. 766.58 (13)
Tort claim against   s. 859.45
Discrimination in employment, complaint   s. 111.39 (1)
Drainage proceedings, appeals   s. 88.09
Election, contesting, notice   s. 13.23
Employment relations commission, appeals to   s. 230.44 (4) (c)
Employment relations commission orders, action to enforce   s. 230.44 (3)
Execution, after death of debtor   s. 815.14
Extradition of persons of unsound mind   s. 51.84
Family and Medical Leave Act, violations   s. 103.10 (13)
Felony prosecutions   s. 939.74
Flood damage from milldam, action for   s. 31.33 (1)
Franchise investment, action to enforce   s. 553.51 (4)
Fraudulent representation, commercial   s. 100.18 (11) (b) 3.
Gambling, recovery of wagers   s. 895.056
Garnishment, reinstatement of employment   s. 425.110
General relief, recovery   s. 49.08
Hazardous substance cleanup, cost recovery by local governments   s. 292.33 (7)
Health care benefits cessation, failure of employer to notify   s. 109.075 (4)
Highways, alleys, defect in deed   s. 66.1033
Home inspectors, actions against   s. 440.977
Housing discrimination   s. 106.50 (6) & 106.52 (4)
Income tax, collection actions   s. 71.77
Insurance, action on policy   s. 631.83
Insurance policy, absent insured   s. 813.22
Insurance securities, recovery of insider profits   s. 611.31 (4)
Insurer liquidation, claim   s. 645.47 (2), 645.49
Insurer rehabilitation   s. 645.34
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 380 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 30, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after July 1, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 7-1-14)