97.25(4) (4)Reciprocity. A person may sell a dairy product that is labeled for retail sale in another state the label of which indicates that the dairy product is not produced from herds being administered synthetic bovine growth hormone only if the dairy product is from a state identified by the department as having laws comparable to this state's laws on labeling dairy products not produced with synthetic bovine growth hormone and is labeled in compliance with the laws of that state.
97.25 History History: 1993 a. 476; 1995 a. 225; 2015 a. 55, 242.
97.25 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. ATCP 83, Wis. adm. code.
97.27 97.27 Food warehouses.
97.27(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
97.27(1)(a) (a) “Cold-storage warehouse" means a warehouse in which food is to be stored at temperatures between zero and 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
97.27(1)(b) (b) “Food warehouse" means a warehouse used for the storage of food, and includes a cold-storage warehouse, frozen-food warehouse and frozen-food locker plant. “Food warehouse" does not include:
97.27(1)(b)2. 2. A warehouse used solely for the storage of grain or other raw agricultural commodities.
97.27(1)(b)3. 3. A retail food establishment or other retail facility at which food is stored on a temporary basis incidental to retail preparation or sale.
97.27(1)(b)4. 4. A warehouse located in a dairy plant licensed under s. 97.20, a food processing plant licensed under s. 97.29, or a meat establishment licensed under s. 97.42, and used primarily for the storage of food ingredients or food products manufactured or processed at the licensed establishment.
97.27(1)(b)5. 5. A warehouse operated by a milk distributor licensed under s. 97.21 (3), and used primarily for the storage and distribution of milk, as defined in s. 97.01 (10) (a), and fluid milk products, as defined in s. 97.24 (1) (ar).
97.27(1)(b)6. 6. A facility owned or operated by a consumer and used by that consumer to store food for the consumer's use.
97.27(1)(c) (c) “Frozen-food locker plant" means a warehouse in which individual locked compartments not exceeding 20 cubic feet in capacity are rented to consumers for the storage of food at temperatures at or below 5 degrees Fahrenheit.
97.27(1)(d) (d) “Frozen-food warehouse" means a warehouse at which food is to be stored at temperatures at or below 5 degrees Fahrenheit.
97.27(1)(dm) (dm) “Potentially hazardous food" means any food that can support rapid and progressive growth of infectious or toxicogenic microorganisms.
97.27(1)(e) (e) “Retail food establishment" has the meaning given under s. 97.30 (1) (c).
97.27(1)(f) (f) “Warehouse" means any building, room, structure or facility used for the storage of property.
97.27(2) (2)License required. No person may operate a food warehouse without a valid license issued by the department for the food warehouse. A food warehouse license expires on June 30 annually, except that a license issued for a new food warehouse on or after March 30 but before July 1 expires on June 30 of the following year. Every food warehouse shall have a separate license. A license is not transferable between persons or food warehouse locations. Application for a license shall be made on a form provided by the department and shall be accompanied by applicable fees required under sub. (3). An application shall include information reasonably required by the department for licensing purposes.
97.27(3) (3)Fees.
97.27(3)(a) (a) License fee. An applicant for a food warehouse license shall pay the license fee specified under sub. (3m).
97.27(3)(b) (b) Reinspection fee. If the department reinspects a food warehouse because the department finds a violation of this chapter or rules promulgated under this chapter on a regularly scheduled inspection, the department shall charge the food warehouse operator the reinspection fee specified under sub. (3m). A reinspection fee is payable by the food warehouse operator when the reinspection is completed, and is due upon written demand from the department. The department may issue a demand for payment when it issues a license renewal application form to the food warehouse operator.
97.27(3)(c) (c) Surcharge for operating without a license. An applicant for a food warehouse license shall pay a license fee surcharge of $100 if the department determines that, within one year prior to submitting the license application, the applicant operated a food warehouse without a license in violation of this subsection. Payment of this license fee surcharge does not relieve the applicant of any other civil or criminal liability which results from the unlicensed operation of the food warehouse, but does not constitute evidence of a violation of law.
97.27(3m) (3m)Fee amounts. Unless otherwise established by department rule, the fees required under sub. (3) are:
97.27(3m)(a) (a) For a food warehouse that stores potentially hazardous food, and that has fewer than 50,000 square feet of storage area, an annual license fee of $50 and a reinspection fee of $50.
97.27(3m)(am) (am) For a food warehouse that stores potentially hazardous food, and that has 50,000 or more square feet of storage area, an annual license fee of $100 and a reinspection fee of $100.
97.27(3m)(b) (b) For a food warehouse that does not store potentially hazardous food, and that has fewer than 50,000 square feet of storage area, an annual license fee of $25 and a reinspection fee of $50.
97.27(3m)(c) (c) For a food warehouse that does not store potentially hazardous food, and that has 50,000 or more square feet of storage area, an annual license fee of $50 and a reinspection fee of $100.
97.27(4) (4)Licensing contingent on payment of fees. The department may not issue or renew a food warehouse license unless the license applicant pays all fees which are due and payable under sub. (3), as set forth in a statement from the department. The department shall refund a fee paid under protest if the department determines that the fee was not due and payable as a condition of licensing under this section.
97.27(5) (5)Rule making. The department may promulgate rules to establish the fees required under sub. (3) or to govern the sanitary operation of food warehouses. Rules may include any of the following:
97.27(5)(a) (a) Standards for the construction and maintenance of food storage facilities.
97.27(5)(b) (b) Standards for the storage, identification and handling of food.
97.27(5)(c) (c) Record-keeping requirements to show the length of time that food is kept in storage.
97.27(5)(d) (d) Freezing and temperature requirements applicable to frozen-food warehouses, frozen-food locker plants and cold-storage warehouses.
97.27 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. ATCP 71, Wis. adm. code.
97.28 97.28 Direct sale of eggs.
97.28(1)(1)In this section:
97.28(1)(a) (a) “Candling" means carefully examining, in a dark place, the interior and exterior of a whole egg that is placed in front of a strong light source.
97.28(1)(b) (b) “Egg" means the shell egg of the domestic chicken, Gallus gallus domesticus, and of turkey, duck, goose, guinea, or other avian species whose eggs are used for human consumption.
97.28(1)(c) (c) “Egg producer" means a person who sells eggs laid only by a bird or a flock of birds owned by that person.
97.28(1)(d) (d) “Egg sales route" means one or more residences inhabited by consumers who regularly buy eggs from an egg producer who travels to the residences.
97.28(1)(e) (e) “Farmer's market" means a building, structure, or place where 2 or more individuals gather on a regular, recurring basis to sell, directly to the consumer, any of the following:
97.28(1)(e)1. 1. Raw agricultural commodities that are grown, harvested, or collected by the individual.
97.28(1)(e)2. 2. Food that is prepared by the individual.
97.28(1)(f) (f) “Nest-run egg" means an egg that is not washed, graded, or subject to candling before sale.
97.28(2) (2)An egg producer who satisfies all of the following need not obtain a license under s. 97.29 to sell eggs, including nest-run eggs:
97.28(2)(a) (a) The number of egg-laying birds in the egg producer's flock does not exceed 150.
97.28(2)(b) (b) The egg producer sells the eggs directly to a consumer through one of the following venues:
97.28(2)(b)1. 1. At the premises where the eggs were laid.
97.28(2)(b)2. 2. At a farmers' market located in this state.
97.28(2)(b)3. 3. On an egg sales route.
97.28(2)(c) (c) The egg producer packages the eggs in a carton that is labeled only with the following information:
97.28(2)(c)1. 1. The egg producer's name and address.
97.28(2)(c)2. 2. The date on which the egg producer packed the eggs into the carton.
97.28(2)(c)3. 3. A date that falls no more than 30 days after the date on which the eggs were packed by which the eggs must be sold.
97.28(2)(c)4. 4. A statement indicating that the eggs in the package are ungraded and uninspected.
97.28(2)(d) (d) The egg producer keeps the eggs, packaged as provided under par. (c) and held, as packaged, for sale at a venue identified under par. (b), at an ambient temperature of 41 degrees Fahrenheit or below at all times.
97.28 History History: 2013 a. 245.
97.29 97.29 Food processing plants.
97.29(1)(1)Definitions. In this section:
97.29(1)(a) (a) “Alcohol beverage" has the meaning given under s. 125.02 (1).
97.29(1)(b) (b) “Bakery" means any place where bread, crackers, pasta or pies, or any other food product for which flour or meal is the principal ingredient, are baked, cooked or dried, or prepared or mixed for baking, cooking or drying, for sale as food.
97.29(1)(c) (c) “Bottling establishment" means any place where drinking water, soda water beverage or alcohol beverage is manufactured or bottled for sale. “Bottling establishment" does not include a retail establishment engaged in the preparation and sale of beverages under a license issued under s. 125.26 or 125.51 or a license issued under s. 97.30 for a restaurant or other license issued under s. 97.605.
97.29(1)(d) (d) “Canning" means the preservation and packaging in hermetically sealed containers of low-acid or acidified foods.
97.29(1)(e) (e) “Confectionary" means any place where candy, fruit, nutmeats or any other food product is manufactured, coated or filled with saccharine substances for sale as food.
97.29(1)(f) (f) “Drinking water" means water used or intended for use for human consumption. “Drinking water" includes distilled water, artesian water, spring water and mineral water, whether carbonated or uncarbonated, if consumed by humans or intended for human consumption.
97.29(1)(g) (g) “Food processing" means the manufacture or preparation of food for sale through the process of canning, extracting, fermenting, distilling, pickling, freezing, baking, drying, smoking, grinding, cutting, mixing, coating, stuffing, packing, bottling, or packaging, or through any other treatment or preservation process. “Food processing" includes the activities of a bakery, confectionary, or bottling establishment, and also includes the receipt and salvaging of distressed food for sale or use as food.
97.29(1)(h) (h) “Food processing plant" means any place used primarily for food processing, where the processed food is not intended to be sold or distributed directly to a consumer. “Food processing plant" does not include any of the following:
97.29(1)(h)1. 1. A retail food establishment if the food processing activities at that establishment are authorized by a license issued under s. 97.30.
97.29(1)(h)2. 2. A restaurant or other establishment where meals are prepared or processed for retail sale directly to consumers or through vending machines if the food processing activities at that establishment are authorized by a license issued under s. 97.605.
97.29(1)(h)3. 3. An establishment covered by a license or permit under ch. 125 to sell alcohol beverages if the food processing activities related to alcohol beverages at that establishment are limited to preparing individual servings of alcohol beverages that are sold on the premises in accordance with the terms of the establishment's license or permit under ch. 125.
97.29(1)(h)4. 4. A dairy plant if the food processing activities at that plant are authorized by a license issued under s. 97.20.
97.29(1)(h)5. 5. A meat or poultry establishment if the food processing activities at that establishment are authorized by a license issued under s. 97.42 or are authorized under 21 USC 451 to 472 or 21 USC 601 to 695.
97.29(1)(h)6. 6. An egg products plant if the food processing activities at that establishment are inspected by the federal department of agriculture under 21 USC 1031 to 1056.
97.29(1)(h)7. 7. A dairy farm and milking operation licensed under s. 97.22 that produces milk for shipment to a dairy plant licensed under s. 97.20 or under the equivalent laws of another state.
97.29(1)(h)8. 8. A place used by a beekeeper solely for extracting honey from the comb or producing and selling raw honey or raw bee products.
97.29(1)(h)9. 9. A place used solely for washing or packaging fresh or otherwise unprocessed fruits or vegetables.
97.29(1)(h)10. 10. A place used by a nonprofit organization solely for receiving and salvaging distressed food pursuant to the organization's purposes if the organization is described in section 501 (c) (3) of the Internal Revenue Code and is exempt from federal income tax under section 501 (a) of the Internal Revenue Code.
97.29(1)(h)11. 11. A place on a farm used by an egg producer solely for handling, cleaning, or packaging whole eggs, including nest-run eggs, that are produced as allowed under s. 97.28 (2).
97.29(1)(h)12. 12. A place used solely for producing and packaging maple syrup or concentrated maple sap for sale directly to consumers or to a food processing plant licensed under this section if those sales do not exceed $5,000 in any 12-month period.
97.29(1)(h)13. 13. Any other place exempted by the department by rule.
97.29(1)(hm) (hm) “Potentially hazardous food" has the meaning given in s. 97.27 (1) (dm).
97.29(1)(i) (i) “Soda water beverage" means all beverages commonly known as soft drinks or soda water, whether carbonated, uncarbonated, sweetened or flavored.
97.29(2) (2)License.
97.29(2)(a) (a) Requirement. Except as provided under par. (b) and s. 97.28, no person may operate a food processing plant without a valid license issued by the department for that food processing plant. A license expires on March 31 annually, except that a license issued for a new food processing plant on or after January 1 but before April 1 expires on March 31 of the following year. Each food processing plant shall have a separate license. A license is not transferable between persons or locations. Application for a license shall be made on a form provided by the department and be accompanied by the applicable fees required under sub. (3). An applicant shall identify the categories of food processing activities which the applicant proposes to conduct at the food processing plant. An application shall include additional information which may reasonably be required by the department for licensing purposes.
97.29(2)(b) (b) Exemptions.
97.29(2)(b)1.1. If a dairy plant licensed under s. 97.20 or a meat establishment licensed under s. 97.42 is incidentally engaged in the operation of a food processing plant at the same location, the department may exempt by rule the dairy plant or meat establishment from licensing under this section.
97.29(2)(b)2. 2. A person is not required to obtain a license under this section to sell at retail food products that the person prepares and cans at home in this state if all of the following apply:
97.29(2)(b)2.a. a. The food products are pickles or other processed vegetables or fruits with an equilibrium pH value of 4.6 or lower.
Loading...
Loading...
2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 367 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before September 5, 2018. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after September 5, 2018 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-5-18)