Principles of statutory construction apply to construction of rules. Law Enforce. Stds. Bd. v. Lyndon Station, 101 W (2d) 472, 305 NW (2d) 89 (1981).
School boards are not "boards" under sub. (1). Racine Unified School Dist. v. Thompson, 107 W (2d) 657, 321 NW (2d) 334 (Ct. App. 1982).
Where a fundamental and well-defined public policy is evidenced by a rule, a discharge from employment for refusal to violate that rule is actionable. Winkelman v. Beloit Memorial Hospital, 168 W (2d) 12, 483 NW (2d) 211 (1992).
Definition of "rule" under sub. (13) applied. Plumbing Apprenticeship Committee v. DILHR, 172 W (2d) 299, 493 NW (2d) 744 (Ct. App. 1992).
See note to s. 445.03, citing 63 Atty. Gen. 154.
State does not have jurisdiction to enforce Wisconsin Administrative Code with respect to construction of buildings on Oneida Indian Reservation trust land. 58 OAG 91, (1969) withdrawn. 65 Atty. Gen. 276.
See note to s. 227.44, citing 67 Atty. Gen. 188.
Agencies are subject to rule-making procedures in making discretionary choices even if those choices are based on opinions of attorney general. Rule-making procedure does not apply where opinion describes what law mandates. 68 Atty. Gen. 363.
Compliance with other statutes.
Compliance with this chapter does not eliminate the necessity of complying with a procedure required by another statute.
History: 1985 a. 182
Chapter 227 contemplates the limited use of civil procedure statutes which do not conflict with ch. 227. Wagner v. State Medical Examining Board, 181 W (2d) 633, 511 NW (2d) 874 (1994).
Application of this chapter. Effective date note
Sub. (1) is repealed and recreated eff. 5-15-98 by 1995 Wis. Act 351
Effective date text
(1) This chapter applies to cases arising under s. 76.38, 1993 stats., and ss. 76.39, 76.48 and 76.91.
Any provision of s. 227.42
that is inconsistent with a requirement of title 45 of the code of federal regulations does not apply to hearings held under ch. 49
This chapter does not apply to proceedings before the department of industry, labor and job development relating to housing discrimination under s. 106.04 (1)
, except as provided in s. 106.04 (6)
Only the provisions of this chapter relating to rules are applicable to matters arising out of protection against discrimination in a public place of accommodation or amusement under s. 106.04 (9)
The provisions of this chapter relating to contested cases do not apply to proceedings involving the revocation of aftercare supervision under s. 48.366 (5)
or 938.357 (5)
, the revocation of parole or probation, the grant of probation, prison discipline, mandatory release under s. 302.11
or any other proceeding involving the care and treatment of a resident or an inmate of a correctional institution.
Orders of the elections board under s. 5.06 (6)
are not subject to this chapter.
Except as provided in s. 230.44 (4) (bm)
, this chapter does not apply to proceedings before the personnel commission in matters that are arbitrated in accordance with s. 230.44 (4) (bm)
This chapter does not apply to determinations made by the secretary of administration or the secretary of revenue under s. 229.50 (1)
Statements of policy and interpretations of law; discrimination prohibited. 227.10(1)
Each agency shall promulgate as a rule each statement of general policy and each interpretation of a statute which it specifically adopts to govern its enforcement or administration of that statute. A statement of policy or an interpretation of a statute made in the decision of a contested case, in a private letter ruling under s. 73.035
or in an agency decision upon or disposition of a particular matter as applied to a specific set of facts does not render it a rule or constitute specific adoption of a rule and is not required to be promulgated as a rule.
No agency may promulgate a rule which conflicts with state law.
No rule, either by its terms or in its application, may discriminate for or against any person by reason of sex, race, creed, color, sexual orientation, national origin or ancestry.
A rule may discriminate for or against a person by reason of physical condition or developmental disability as defined in s. 51.01 (5)
only if it is strictly necessary to a function of the agency and is supported by data demonstrating that necessity.
Each person affected by a rule is entitled to the same benefits and is subject to the same obligations as any other person under the same or similar circumstances.
Nothing in this subsection prohibits the administrator of the division of merit recruitment and selection in the department of employment relations from promulgating rules relating to expanded certification under s. 230.25 (1n)
History: 1985 a. 182
; 1987 a. 399
Agency's revised interpretation of statute constituted administrative rule-making under s. 227.01 (4), 1973 stats. [now s. 227.10] and declaratory relief under s. 227.40 was accordingly proper. Discussion of what constitutes a rule. Schoolway Trans. Co. v. Div. of Motor Vehicles, 72 W (2d) 223, 240 NW (2d) 403.
Memorandum announcing general policies and specific criteria governing all decisions on good time for mandatory release parole violations was "rule" and should have been promulgated properly. State ex rel. Clifton v. Young, 133 W (2d) 193, 394 NW (2d) 769 (Ct. App. 1986).
Extent to which chapter confers rule-making authority. 227.11(1)(1)
Except as expressly provided, this chapter does not confer rule-making authority upon or augment the rule-making authority of any agency.
Rule-making authority is expressly conferred as follows:
Each agency may promulgate rules interpreting the provisions of any statute enforced or administered by it, if the agency considers it necessary to effectuate the purpose of the statute, but a rule is not valid if it exceeds the bounds of correct interpretation.
Each agency may prescribe forms and procedures in connection with any statute enforced or administered by it, if the agency considers it necessary to effectuate the purpose of the statute, but this paragraph does not authorize the imposition of a substantive requirement in connection with a form or procedure.
Each agency authorized to exercise discretion in deciding individual cases may formalize the general policies evolving from its decisions by promulgating the policies as rules which the agency shall follow until they are amended or repealed. A rule promulgated in accordance with this paragraph is valid only to the extent that the agency has discretion to base an individual decision on the policy expressed in the rule.
An agency may promulgate rules implementing or interpreting a statute that it will enforce or administer after publication of the statute but prior to the statute's effective date. A rule promulgated under this paragraph may not take effect prior to the effective date of the statute that it implements or interprets.
An agency may not inform a member of the public in writing that a rule is or will be in effect unless the rule has been filed under s. 227.20
or unless the member of the public requests that information.
History: 1985 a. 182
; 1991 a. 209
Designer Section of the Examining Board of Architects, Professional Engineers, Designers and Land Surveyors does not have rulemaking authority. 74 Atty. Gen. 200
Rule making; considerations for small business. 227.114(1)(a)(a)
In this section, "small business" means a business entity, including its affiliates, which is independently owned and operated and not dominant in its field, and which employs fewer than 25 full-time employes or which has gross annual sales of less than $2,500,000. For purposes of a specific rule, an agency may define small business to include more employes or greater gross annual sales if necessary to adapt the rule to the needs and problems of small businesses. A "small business" may also be defined in accordance with other standards established by an agency by rule.
Whenever an agency establishes different standards for the definition of "small business" as authorized in par. (a)
, the standards may apply to either a single rule, a set of rules or every rule promulgated by the agency. In any rule promulgated by an agency establishing different standards for the definition of "small business", the size or segment standards established by the rule shall be objective and, to the maximum extent feasible, uniform with size or segment standards previously established by rules of the agency.
When an agency proposes a rule that may have an effect on small businesses, the agency shall consider each of the following methods for reducing the impact of the rule on small businesses:
The establishment of less stringent compliance or reporting requirements for small businesses.
The establishment of less stringent schedules or deadlines for compliance or reporting requirements for small businesses.
The consolidation or simplification of compliance or reporting requirements for small businesses.
The establishment of performance standards for small businesses to replace design or operational standards required in the rule.
The exemption of small businesses from any or all requirements of the rule.
The agency shall incorporate into the proposed rule any of the methods specified under sub. (2)
which it finds to be feasible, unless doing so would be contrary to the statutory objectives which are the basis for the proposed rule.
In addition to the requirements under s. 227.17
, the agency shall provide an opportunity for small businesses to participate in the rule-making process, using one or more of the following methods:
The inclusion in the notice under s. 227.17
of a statement that the rule may have an impact on small businesses.
The direct notification of any small business that may be affected by the rule.
The conduct of public hearings concerning the impact of the rule on small businesses.
The use of special hearing procedures to reduce the cost or complexity of participation in the rule-making process by small businesses.
Prior to the notice required under s. 227.17 (1) (a)
, the agency shall notify the secretary of commerce and the small business ombudsman clearinghouse that it proposes to promulgate a rule that will have an effect on small businesses.
When an agency, under s. 227.20 (1)
, files with the revisor a rule that is subject to this section, the agency shall include with the rule a summary of the analysis prepared under s. 227.19 (3) (e)
and a summary of the comments of the legislative standing committees, if any. If the rule does not require the analysis under s. 227.19 (3) (e)
, the agency shall include with the rule a statement of the reason for the agency's determination under s. 227.19 (3m)
. The revisor shall publish the summaries or the statement in the register with the rule.
Each agency shall, during the 5-year period beginning with January 1, 1984, review the current rules of the agency that were in effect prior to that date and shall consider methods of reducing their impact on small businesses as provided under sub. (2)
. If any method appears feasible, the agency shall propose an amendment to the rule. No review is necessary for any rule that is repealed during the 5-year period.
Rules that do not affect small businesses directly, including, but not limited to, rules relating to county or municipal administration of state and federal programs.
History: 1985 a. 182
; 1995 a. 27
s. 9116 (5)
Review of rules affecting housing. 227.115(1)(a)
"Department" means the department of administration.
(2) Report on rules affecting housing.
If a proposed rule directly or substantially affects the development, construction, cost or availability of housing in this state, the department, through the division of housing, shall prepare a report on the proposed rule before it is submitted to the legislative council staff under s. 227.15
. The department may request any information from other state agencies, local governments or individuals or organizations that is reasonably necessary for the department to prepare the report. The department shall prepare the report within 30 days after the rule is submitted to the department.
(3) Findings of the department to be contained in the report. 227.115(3)(a)(a)
The report of the department shall contain information about the effect of the proposed rule on housing in this state, including information on the effect of the proposed rule on all of the following:
The policies, strategies and recommendations of the state housing strategy plan.
The cost of constructing, rehabilitating, improving or maintaining single family or multifamily dwellings.
The cost and availability of financing to purchase or develop housing.
The report shall analyze the relative impact of the effects of the proposed rule on low- and moderate-income households.
This section does not apply to emergency rules promulgated under s. 227.24
(5) Rule-making authority.
The department may promulgate any rules necessary for the administration of this section.
History: 1995 a. 308