293.81 History History: 1973 c. 318; 1977 c. 421; 1993 a. 112; 1995 a. 227 s. 789; Stats. 1995 s. 293.81.
293.83 293.83 Mining and reclamation; orders.
293.83(1) (1)
293.83(1)(a)(a) Violations; order or other action required. If the department finds a violation of law or any unapproved deviation from the mining or reclamation plan at a mining site under a mining permit:
293.83(1)(a)1. 1. The department shall issue an order requiring the operator to comply with the statute, rule or plan within a specified time;
293.83(1)(a)2. 2. The department shall require the alleged violator to appear before the department for a hearing and answer the charges complained of; or
293.83(1)(a)3. 3. The department shall request the department of justice to initiate action under s. 293.87.
293.83(1)(b) (b) Effective dates of orders. Any order issued under par. (a) 1. following a hearing takes effect immediately. Any other order takes effect 10 days after the date the order is served unless the person named in the order requests in writing a hearing before the department within the 10-day period.
293.83(1)(c) (c) Hearing on orders. If no hearing on an order issued under par. (a) 1. was held and if the department receives a request for a hearing within 10 days after the date the order is served, the department shall provide due notice and hold a hearing.
293.83(1)(d) (d) Enforcement of orders. The department shall cancel the mining permit for a mining site held by an operator who fails to comply with an order issued under par. (a) 1. The department shall inform the department of justice of the cancellation within 14 days. Within 30 days after the department of justice is informed, it shall commence an action under s. 293.87.
293.83(2) (2) If reclamation of a mining site is not proceeding in accordance with the reclamation plan and the operator has not commenced to rectify deficiencies within the time specified in the order, or if the reclamation is not properly completed in conformance with the reclamation plan within one year after completion or abandonment of mining on any segment of the mining site, or if the exploration license or prospecting or mining permit is revoked under s. 293.87 (2) and (3), excepting acts of God, such as adverse weather affecting grading, planting and growing conditions, the department, with the staff, equipment and material under its control, or by contract with others, shall take such actions as are necessary for the reclamation of mined areas. The operator shall be liable for the cost to the state of reclamation conducted under this section. Any operator who is exempted from filing a bond or depositing cash, certificates of deposits or government securities by s. 293.51 (6) shall not be liable for an amount greater than an amount specified by the department. The specified amount shall be equal to and determined in the same manner as the amount of the bond or other security otherwise required under s. 293.51 (1), assuming the operator had not been exempt from such filing or depositing.
293.83(3) (3) All other prospecting and mining permits held by an operator who refuses to reclaim a mining site in compliance with the reclamation plan after the completion of mining or after the cancellation of a mining permit shall be canceled. The department may not issue any prospecting or mining permits for that site or any other site in this state to an operator who refused to reclaim a mining site in compliance with the reclamation plan.
293.83(4) (4)
293.83(4)(a)(a) The department may issue a stop order to an operator, requiring an immediate cessation of mining, in whole or in part, at any time that the department determines that the continuance of mining constitutes an immediate and substantial threat to public health and safety or the environment.
293.83(4)(b) (b) If no hearing on the stop order was held, the department shall schedule a hearing on the stop order, to be held within 5 days after issuance of the order and shall incorporate notice of the hearing in the copy of the order served upon the operator. The department also shall give notice to any other persons who previously requested notice of such proceedings.
293.83(4)(c) (c) Within 72 hours after commencement of any hearing under par. (b), unless waived by agreement of the parties, the department shall issue a decision affirming, modifying or setting aside the stop order. The department may apply to the circuit court for an order extending the time, for not more than 10 days, within which the stop order shall be affirmed, modified or set aside.
293.83(4)(d) (d) The department shall set aside the stop order at any time, with adequate notice to the parties, upon a showing by the operator that the conditions upon which the order was based no longer exist.
293.83 History History: 1973 c. 318; 1977 c. 421; 1981 c. 86; 1995 a. 227 s. 793; Stats. 1995 s. 293.83.
293.85 293.85 Cancellation of permit. The department may, after hearing, cancel:
293.85(1) (1) The prospecting permit for a prospecting site that is the site of a violation of this chapter.
293.85(2) (2) The mining permit for a mining site that is the site of a violation of this chapter.
293.85(3) (3) A mining or prospecting permit, if the permit holder intentionally made a false statement in the permit application or intentionally omitted information from the permit application which was material to permit issuance.
293.85 History History: 1995 a. 227 s. 750, 994.
293.86 293.86 Visitorial powers of department. Any duly authorized officer, employe or representative of the department may enter and inspect any property, premises or place on or at which any prospecting or metallic mining operation or facility is located or is being constructed or installed at any reasonable time for the purpose of ascertaining the state of compliance with this chapter and chs. 281, 285, 289 to 292, 295 and 299 and rules adopted pursuant thereto. No person may refuse entry or access to any such authorized representative of the department who requests entry for purposes of inspection, and who presents appropriate credentials, nor may any person obstruct, hamper or interfere with any such inspection. The department shall furnish to the prospector or operator, as indicated in the prospecting or mining permit, a written report setting forth all observations, relevant information and data which relate to compliance status.
293.86 History History: 1995 a. 227 s. 404.
293.87 293.87 Enforcement; penalties.
293.87(1) (1) All orders issued, fines incurred, bond liabilities incurred or other violations committed under this chapter shall be enforced by the department of justice. The circuit court of Dane county or any other county where the violation occurred shall have jurisdiction to enforce this chapter or any orders issued or rules adopted thereunder, by injunctional or other appropriate relief.
293.87(2) (2) Any person who makes or causes to be made in an application or report required by this chapter a statement known to the person to be false or misleading in any material respect or who refuses to file an annual report under s. 293.53 (2) (a) or who refuses to submit information required by the prospecting or mining permit may be fined not less than $1,000 nor more than $5,000. If the false or misleading statement is material to the issuance of the permit, the permit may be revoked. If any violation under this subsection is repeated the permit may be revoked.
293.87(3) (3) Any person holding a prospecting or mining permit who violates this chapter or any order issued or rule adopted under this chapter shall forfeit not less than $10 nor more than $10,000 for each violation. Each day of violation is a separate offense. If the violations continue after an order to cease has been issued, the permit shall be revoked.
293.87(4) (4)
293.87(4)(a)(a) Except for the violations enumerated in subs. (2) and (3), any person who violates this chapter or any rule promulgated or any plan approval, license or special order issued under this chapter shall forfeit not less than $10 nor more than $5,000 for each violation. Each day of continued violation is a separate offense. While an order is suspended, stayed or enjoined, this penalty does not accrue.
293.87(4)(b) (b) In addition to the penalties provided under par. (a), the court may award the department of justice the reasonable and necessary expenses of the investigation and prosecution of the violation, including attorney fees. The department of justice shall deposit in the state treasury for deposit into the general fund all moneys that the court awards to the department or the state under this paragraph. Ten percent of the money deposited in the general fund that was awarded under this paragraph for the costs of investigation and the expenses of prosecution, including attorney fees, shall be credited to the appropriation account under s. 20.455 (1) (gh).
293.87 History History: 1973 c. 318; 1977 c. 421; 1995 a. 227 s. 796, 994; Stats. 1995 s. 293.87.
293.89 293.89 Citizen suits.
293.89(1)(1) Except as provided in sub. (2), any citizen may commence a civil action on his or her own behalf:
293.89(1)(a) (a) Against any person who is alleged to be in violation of this chapter.
293.89(1)(b) (b) Against the department where there is alleged to be a failure of the department to perform any act or duty under this chapter which is not discretionary with the department.
293.89(2) (2) No action may be commenced:
293.89(2)(a) (a) Under sub. (1) (a):
293.89(2)(a)1. 1. Prior to 30 days after the plaintiff has given notice of the alleged violation to the department and to the alleged violator; or
293.89(2)(a)2. 2. If the department has commenced and is diligently prosecuting a civil or criminal action, but in any such action any citizen may intervene as a matter of right.
293.89(2)(b) (b) Under sub. (1) (b) prior to 30 days after the plaintiff has given notice of such action to the department.
293.89(3) (3) The court, in issuing any final order in any action brought under this section, shall award costs of litigation including reasonable attorney and expert witness fees to the plaintiff if he or she prevails, and the court may do so if it determines that the outcome of the controversy is consistent with the relief sought by the plaintiff irrespective of the formal disposition of the civil action. In addition, the court shall award treble damages to any plaintiff proving damages caused by a person mining without a permit or wilfully violating this chapter or any permits or orders issued under this chapter.
293.89(4) (4) Nothing in this section restricts any right which any person or class of persons may have under any other statute or common law.
293.89 History History: 1977 c. 421; 1995 a. 227 s. 797; Stats. 1995 s. 293.89.
293.91 293.91 Nonconforming sites.
293.91(1)(1) All prospectors and operators conducting mining operations in this state on July 3, 1974 shall submit to the department, within 90 days after that date, applications for prospecting permits or mining permits as provided in ss. 293.35 and 293.37. Sections 293.13 (1) (b) and 293.49 (2) shall not apply to such operators.
293.91(2) (2) Modification of existing prospecting and mining sites and of operating procedures to conform with this chapter and rules adopted under this chapter shall be accomplished as promptly as possible, but the department shall give special consideration to a site where it finds that the degree of necessary improvement is of such extent and expense that compliance cannot be accomplished.
293.91 History History: 1973 c. 318; 1977 c. 421; 1995 a. 227 s. 794; Stats. 1995 s. 293.91.
293.93 293.93 Effect of other statutes. If there is a standard under other state or federal statutes or rules which specifically regulates in whole an activity also regulated under this chapter the other state or federal statutes or rules shall be the controlling standard. If the other state or federal statute or rule only specifically regulates the activity in part, it shall only be controlling as to that part.
293.93 History History: 1977 c. 421; 1995 a. 227 s. 798; Stats. 1995 s. 293.93.
293.95 293.95 Review. Any person aggrieved by any decision of the department under this chapter may obtain its review under ch. 227.
293.95 History History: 1973 c. 318; 1977 c. 421; 1995 a. 227 s. 799; Stats. 1995 s. 293.95.
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