340.01(23) (23) "Hours of darkness" means the period of time from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise and all other times when there is not sufficient natural light to render clearly visible any person or vehicle upon a highway at a distance of 500 feet.
340.01(23d) (23d) "Household goods" means personal effects and property used or to be used in a dwelling when such effects and property are a part of the equipment or supply of the dwelling, but does not include property moving from a factory to a store except such property as a householder has purchased with intent to use in his or her dwelling and which is transported at the request of, and for which the transportation charges are paid to the carrier by, the householder.
340.01(23e) (23e) "Household goods carrier" means any person engaged in the transportation of household goods for hire by motor vehicle upon the public highways.
340.01(23g) (23g) "Human service vehicle":
340.01(23g)(a) (a) Means a motor vehicle which is not painted in accordance with s. 347.44 (1) and which is used for the purpose of transporting disabled persons as defined in s. 85.21 (2) (cm) or elderly persons as defined in s. 85.22 (2) (b) in connection with any transportation assistance program for elderly or disabled persons.
340.01(23g)(b) (b) Does not include:
340.01(23g)(b)1. 1. A motor vehicle performing transportation services under par. (a) provided by a volunteer. Under this subdivision, "volunteer" includes a person who may receive an allowance to defray vehicle operating costs but does not include a person who receives compensation for his or her time for operating the vehicle.
340.01(23g)(b)2. 2. A motor vehicle operated in an urban mass transit system as defined in s. 85.20 (1) (e) and (L) or as a taxicab service or as a common carrier of passengers.
340.01(23g)(b)3. 3. A school bus used for transportation under s. 120.13 (27) or 341.26 (7).
340.01(23m) (23m) "Identification lamps" means lamps grouped in a horizontal row and mounted on the permanent structure of the vehicle at or near the vertical center line.
340.01(23r) (23r) "Identification number" means the numbers, letters or combination of numbers and letters assigned by the manufacturer of a vehicle or vehicle part or by the department and stamped upon or affixed to a vehicle or vehicle part for the purpose of identification. "Identification number" does not include the letters, numbers or combinations thereof on registration plates issued under ch. 341.
340.01(23v) (23v) "Ignition interlock device" means a device which measures the person's alcohol concentration and which is installed on a vehicle in such a manner that the vehicle will not start if the sample shows that the person has a prohibited alcohol concentration.
340.01(23w) (23w) "Immobilization device" means a device or mechanism which immobilizes a motor vehicle, making the motor vehicle inoperable.
340.01(24) (24) "Implement of husbandry":
340.01(24)(a) (a) Means a vehicle or piece of equipment or machinery designed for agricultural purposes, used exclusively in the conduct of agricultural operations and used principally off the highway, or a trailer-mounted bulk liquid fertilizer container.
340.01(24)(b) (b) Does not include any motor truck, farm truck, road tractor, truck tractor, or farm truck tractor or such a vehicle combined with a semitrailer, trailer or farm trailer, when the vehicle or combination is a commercial motor vehicle operated on a highway.
340.01(24m) (24m) "In-line skates" means skates with wheels arranged singly in a tandem line rather than in pairs.
340.01(25) (25) "Intersection" means the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the curb lines or, if none, then within the boundary lines of the roadways of 2 or more highways which join one another at, or approximately at right angles, whether or not one such highway crosses the other, or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other angle may come in conflict.
340.01(25g) (25g) "Junked" means dismantled for parts or scrapped.
340.01(25m) (25m) "Kingpin" means a pin or peg designed to be locked into the 5th wheel of a truck tractor to attach a semitrailer to the truck tractor.
340.01(25r) (25r) "Junk vehicle" means any of the following:
340.01(25r)(a) (a) A vehicle which is incapable of operation or use upon a highway and which has no resale value except as a source of parts or scrap.
340.01(25r)(b) (b) A vehicle for which an insurance company has taken possession of or title to if the estimated cost of repairing the vehicle exceeds its fair market value.
340.01(26) (26) "Local authorities" means every county board, city council, town or village board or other local agency having authority under the constitution and laws of this state to adopt traffic regulations.
340.01(27) (27) "Local ordinance which is in conformity therewith" means a local traffic regulation enacted pursuant to s. 349.06.
340.01(28) (28) "Manufacturer" means a person who manufactures or assembles motor vehicles, mobile homes, trailers or semitrailers, or who manufactures or installs on previously assembled truck chassis special bodies or equipment which when installed form an integral part of the motor vehicle and which constitutes a major manufacturing alteration.
340.01(28e) (28e) "Manufacturers buyback vehicle" means a motor vehicle repurchased by its manufacturer, or by an authorized distributor or dealer with compensation from the manufacturer, because of a nonconformity that was not corrected after a reasonable attempt to repair the nonconformity under s. 218.015 or under a similar law of another state.
340.01(28m) (28m) "Mass transit vehicle" means any vehicle used for providing transportation service, either publicly or privately owned, which provides a general transportation service to any member of the public on a regular, continuing and completely equal basis.
340.01(28q) (28q) "Mass transit way" means that portion of the highway designated for the primary use of mass transit vehicles or car pool vehicles or both and the incidental use of other permitted vehicles.
340.01(29) (29) "Mobile home" means a vehicle designed to be towed as a single unit or in sections upon a highway by a motor vehicle and equipped and used or intended to be used, primarily for human habitation, with walls of rigid uncollapsible construction. A mobile home exceeding statutory size under s. 348.07 (2) shall be considered a primary housing unit. A mobile home not exceeding the statutory size under s. 348.07 (2) shall be considered a touring or recreational unit.
340.01(29m) (29m) "Moped" means any of the following motor vehicles capable of speeds of not more than 30 miles per hour with a 150-pound rider on a dry, level, hard surface with no wind, excluding a tractor, a power source as an integral part of the vehicle and a seat for the operator:
340.01(29m)(a) (a) A bicycle-type vehicle with fully operative pedals for propulsion by human power and an engine certified by the manufacturer at not more than 50 cubic centimeters or an equivalent power unit.
340.01(29m)(b) (b) A Type 1 motorcycle with an automatic transmission and an engine certified by the manufacturer at not more than 50 cubic centimeters or an equivalent power unit.
340.01(30) (30) "Motor bicycle" means a bicycle to which a power unit not an integral part of the vehicle has been added to permit the vehicle to travel at a speed of not more than 30 miles per hour with a 150-pound rider on a dry, level, hard surface with no wind and having a seat for the operator.
340.01(31) (31) "Motor bus" means a motor vehicle designed primarily for the transportation of persons rather than property and having a passenger-carrying capacity of 16 or more persons, including the operator. Passenger-carrying capacity shall be determined by dividing by 20 the total seating space measured in inches.
340.01(32) (32) "Motorcycle" means a motor vehicle, excluding a tractor or an all-terrain vehicle, which is capable of speeds in excess of 30 miles per hour with a 150-pound rider on a dry, level, hard surface with no wind, with a power source as an integral part of the vehicle, and which meets the conditions under par. (a) or (b):
340.01(32)(a) (a) Type 1 is a motor vehicle which meets either of the following conditions:
340.01(32)(a)1. 1. Is designed and built with 2 wheels in tandem and a seat for the operator, and may be modified to have no more than 3 wheels by attaching a sidecar to one side of the wheels in tandem without changing the location of the power source.
340.01(32)(a)2. 2. Is designed and built to have no more than 3 wheels, seating for the operator and no more than 3 passengers, and does not have the operator area enclosed.
340.01(32)(b) (b) Type 2 is a motor vehicle designed and built to have at least 3 wheels in contact with the ground, a curb weight of less than 1,500 pounds, and a passenger and operator area with sides permanently enclosed with rigid construction and a top which may be convertible.
340.01(33m) (33m) "Motor home" means a motor vehicle designed to be operated upon a highway for use as a temporary or recreational dwelling and having the same internal characteristics and equipment as a mobile home.
340.01(34) (34) "Motor truck" means every motor vehicle designed, used or maintained primarily for the transportation of property.
340.01(35) (35) "Motor vehicle" means a vehicle, including a combination of 2 or more vehicles or an articulated vehicle, which is self-propelled, except a vehicle operated exclusively on a rail. "Motor vehicle" includes, without limitation, a commercial motor vehicle or a vehicle which is propelled by electric power obtained from overhead trolley wires but not operated on rails. A snowmobile and an all-terrain vehicle shall only be considered motor vehicles for purposes made specifically applicable by statute.
340.01(35e) (35e) "Motor vehicle dealer" has the meaning given in s. 218.01 (1) (n).
340.01(35j) (35j) "Motor vehicle salvage pool" has the meaning given in s. 218.50 (5).
340.01(36) (36) "Multiple beam headlamp" means a headlamp designed to permit the operator of the vehicle to use any one of 2 or more distributions of light on the roadway.
340.01(36m) (36m) "Municipality" means a city, village or town.
340.01(37) (37) "Nonresident" means a person who is not a resident of this state.
340.01(37m) (37m) "Odometer" means an instrument for measuring and recording the actual distance that a motor vehicle has traveled while in operation, but does not include any auxiliary instrument designed to be reset to zero to measure and record the actual distance that a motor vehicle has traveled on trips.
340.01(38) (38) "Official traffic control device" means all signs, signals, markings and devices, not inconsistent with chs. 341 to 349, placed or erected by authority of a public body or official having jurisdiction for the purpose of regulating, warning or guiding traffic; and includes the terms "official traffic sign" and "official traffic signal".
340.01(40) (40) "Operating privilege" means, in the case of a person who is licensed under ch. 343, the license, including every endorsement and authorization to operate vehicles of specific vehicle classes or types, instruction permit, and temporary, restricted or occupational license granted to such person; in the case of a resident of this state who is not so licensed, it means the privilege to secure a license under ch. 343; in the case of a nonresident, it means the operating privilege granted by s. 343.05 (2) (a) 2. or (4) (b) 1.
340.01(41) (41) "Operator" means a person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle.
340.01(41g) (41g) "Operator's license" means the authorization granted to a person by this state, another jurisdiction or certain countries to operate a motor vehicle, including a driver's license, temporary or restricted license or an instruction permit.
340.01(41m) (41m) "Other jurisdiction" or "another jurisdiction" means any state other than Wisconsin and includes the District of Columbia, the commonwealth of Puerto Rico and any territory or possession of the United States, any federal military installation located within the territorial boundaries of Wisconsin and any province of the Dominion of Canada.
340.01(41r) (41r) "Out-of-service order" means a temporary prohibition against operating a commercial motor vehicle.
340.01(42) (42) "Owner" means a person who holds the legal title of a vehicle, except that if legal title is held by a secured party with the immediate right of possession of the vehicle vested in the debtor, the debtor is the owner for the purposes of chs. 340 to 349.
340.01(42m) (42m) "Park or parking" means the halting of a vehicle, whether occupied or not, except temporarily for the purpose of and while actually engaged in loading or unloading property or passengers.
340.01(43) (43) "Pedestrian" means any person afoot or any person in a wheelchair, either manually or mechanically propelled, or other low-powered, mechanically propelled vehicle designed specifically for use by a physically disabled person.
340.01(43g) (43g) "Person with a disability that limits or impairs the ability to walk" means any person with a disability as defined by the federal Americans with disabilities act of 1990, 42 USC 12101 et seq., so far as applicable, or any person who meets any of the following conditions:
340.01(43g)(a) (a) Cannot walk 200 feet or more without stopping to rest.
340.01(43g)(b) (b) Cannot walk without the use of, or assistance from, another person or a brace, cane, crutch, prosthetic device, wheelchair or other assistive device.
340.01(43g)(c) (c) Is restricted by lung disease to the extent that forced expiratory volume for one second when measured by spirometry is less than one liter or the arterial oxygen tension is less than 60 millimeters of mercury on room air at rest.
340.01(43g)(d) (d) Uses portable oxygen.
340.01(43g)(e) (e) Has a cardiac condition to the extent that functional limitations are classified in severity as class III or IV, according to standards accepted by the American heart association on May 3, 1988.
340.01(43g)(f) (f) Is severely limited in the ability to walk due to an arthritic, neurological or orthopedic condition.
340.01(43g)(g) (g) Has a degree of disability equal to that specified in pars. (a) to (f).
340.01(43m) (43m) "Play vehicle":
340.01(43m)(a) (a) Means a coaster, skate board, roller skates, sled, toboggan, unicycle or toy vehicle upon which a person may ride.
340.01(43m)(b) (b) Does not include in-line skates.
340.01(44) (44) "Pot torch" means a wick-type liquid-burning device designed to produce a steady burning flame as a warning signal.
340.01(46) (46) "Private road or driveway" is every way or place in private ownership and used for vehicular travel only by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner and every road or driveway upon the grounds of public institutions other than public schools, as defined in s. 115.01 (1), and institutions under the jurisdiction of the county board of supervisors.
340.01(46m) (46m) "Prohibited alcohol concentration" means one of the following:
340.01(46m)(a) (a) If the person has one or no prior convictions, suspensions or revocations, as counted under s. 343.307 (1), an alcohol concentration of 0.1 or more.
340.01(46m)(b) (b) If the person has 2 or more prior convictions, suspensions or revocations, as counted under s. 343.307 (1), an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more.
340.01(47) (47) "Railroad crossing" means the intersection of any highway or private road or driveway at grade with tracks upon which railroad trains operate.
340.01(48) (48) "Railroad train" means every device with or without engine or motor and whether or not coupled to other similar devices, operated upon rails for the transporting of persons or property.
340.01(48m) (48m) "Record of conviction" means a report of conviction furnished to the department by a federally recognized American Indian tribe or band in this state or by another jurisdiction or as required by chs. 340 to 349 and 351.
340.01(49) (49) "Reflector" means a device designed to warn an approaching driver by reflected light from the headlamps on the approaching vehicle.
340.01(50) (50) "Residence district" means the territory contiguous to a highway not comprising a business district where the frontage on such highway for a distance of 300 feet or more is mainly occupied by dwellings or by dwellings and buildings in use for business.
340.01(51) (51) "Right-of-way" means the privilege of the immediate use of the roadway.
340.01(52) (52) "Road machinery" means a piece of mobile machinery or equipment not covered by s. 341.26 (1) (d), such as ditch digging apparatus, power shovels, drag lines and earth-moving equipment, or a piece of road construction or maintenance machinery, such as asphalt spreaders, bituminous mixers, bucket loaders, ditchers, leveling graders, finishing machines, motor graders, paving mixers, road rollers, scarifiers, gravel crushers, screening plants, scrapers, tractors, earth movers, front- or rear-end loaders, conveyors, road pavers, or construction shacks. The foregoing enumeration is intended to be illustrative and does not exclude other similar vehicles which are within the general terms of this subsection, whether used for road construction and maintenance or not, which are not designed or used primarily for transportation of persons or property and only incidentally operated or moved upon a highway.
340.01(53) (53) "Road tractor" means a motor vehicle designed and used for drawing other vehicles and not so constructed as to carry any load thereon either independently or any part of the weight of the vehicle or load so drawn.
340.01(54) (54) "Roadway" means that portion of a highway between the regularly established curb lines or that portion which is improved, designed or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, excluding the berm or shoulder. In a divided highway the term "roadway" refers to each roadway separately but not to all such roadways collectively.
340.01(55) (55) "Safety zone" means the area or space officially set apart within a roadway for the exclusive use of pedestrians, including those about to board or alighting from public conveyances, and which is protected or is so marked or indicated by adequate signs as to be plainly visible at all times while set apart as a safety zone.
340.01(55g) (55g) "Salvage vehicle" means a vehicle less than 7 years old that is not precluded from subsequent registration and titling and which is damaged by collision or other occurrence to the extent that the estimated or actual cost, whichever is greater, of repairing the vehicle exceeds 70% of its fair market value.
340.01(55r) (55r) "Salvage vehicle purchaser" means a person, including an insurer or motor vehicle dealer, who purchases or otherwise obtains possession of a salvage vehicle.
340.01(56) (56) "School bus":
340.01(56)(a) (a) Means a motor vehicle which carries 10 or more passengers in addition to the operator or a motor vehicle painted in accordance with s. 347.44 (1) for the purpose of transporting:
340.01(56)(a)1. 1. Pupils to or from a public school as defined in s. 115.01 (1) or a private school as defined in s. 115.001 (3r) or pupils to or from a technical college when required under s. 118.15 (1).
This is an archival version of the Wis. Stats. database for 1995. See Are the Statutes on this Website Official?