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CHAPTER 863
CLOSING ESTATES
863.01 Distribution of specific property to distributee and partial distribution before final judgment.
863.05 Execution and levies by creditors of distributees prohibited.
863.07 Assignment by distributee.
863.08 Exchange by distributee and surviving spouse.
863.09 Allowance for tombstone and care of grave.
863.11 Order in which assets appropriated; abatement.
863.13 No exoneration of encumbered property.
863.15 Right of retention.
863.16 Value used in distribution of fractional shares.
863.17 Partition by agreement.
863.19 Valuation used in distribution of estate assets.
863.21 Construction of will, notice.
863.23 Determination and proof of heirship.
863.25 Petition for final judgment.
863.27 Contents of final judgment.
863.29 Recording final judgment.
863.31 Conclusiveness of final judgment.
863.33 Estates to be completed promptly.
863.35 Dormant estates.
863.37 Distribution of money or other property where payment or transfer is prohibited.
863.39 Escheats.
863.41 Receipts to be filed.
863.43 Distribution to ward; notice.
863.45 Receipts from guardians.
863.46 Remedy of creditors of certain heirs and legatees; service of citation.
863.47 Order of discharge of personal representative.
863.49 Inactive estates; summary discontinuance.
Ch. 863 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See definitions in ch. 851.
863.01 863.01 Distribution of specific property to distributee and partial distribution before final judgment. Before final judgment has been rendered the personal representative may deliver to any distributee possession of any specific property to which the distributee is entitled under the terms of the will or any statute. The personal representative may make one or more partial distributions of the estate, provided that other distributees and claimants are not prejudiced thereby. The personal representative may require the distributees to give security for the return of such property.
863.01 History History: 1993 a. 486.
863.05 863.05 Execution and levies by creditors of distributees prohibited. Except as provided in s. 863.46, no garnishment, attachment or execution may issue against nor may any levy be made against any property of the estate under any judgment or cause of action against any distributee of the estate.
863.05 History History: 1985 a. 29.
863.05 Cross-reference Cross-reference: Chapter 816 and 813.026 provide remedies for creditors through the appointment of a receiver.
863.07 863.07 Assignment by distributee. If any person interested in an estate assigns all or part of his or her interest therein (other than an interest not assignable by the specific language of the will) as collateral or otherwise and the assignee serves a copy thereof on the personal representative of the estate and files a copy with the court in which the estate is being administered before the entry of the final judgment and before the property or interest covered by the assignment has been distributed under s. 863.01, the court shall assign to the assignee in the final judgment the interest or part of the interest of the assignor included within the assignment to the extent that the assignment is valid as determined by the court, after giving effect to any credits to which the assignor may prove himself or herself entitled. A personal representative incurs no liability to an assignee of a person interested for any acts performed or distribution made by the personal representative prior to the time a copy of the assignment is received by the personal representative or he or she has actual knowledge of the assignment.
863.07 History History: 1977 c. 449.
863.08 863.08 Exchange by distributee and surviving spouse. In its final judgment or other order, the court shall assign items to the surviving spouse and distributee to conform with the exchange under s. 857.03 (2) to the extent that the court approved the exchange.
863.08 History History: 1987 a. 393.
863.09 863.09 Allowance for tombstone and care of grave.
863.09(1)(1)Tombstone. In case no provision is made in the will for a tombstone or monument or marker at the grave of the decedent, and none has been erected, the personal representative may expend a reasonable sum for that purpose. The expenditure is subject to the approval of the court and is classed as funeral expense.
863.09(2) (2)Care of grave. The court may order the personal representative to pay a suitable amount for the care of the grave of the decedent. The expenditure is classed as funeral expense.
863.09 History History: 1989 a. 309.
863.09 Cross-reference Cross-reference: For court orders concerning perpetual care of graves, see ss. 157.11 and 157.125.
863.11 863.11 Order in which assets appropriated; abatement.
863.11(1)(1)General rules.
863.11(1)(a)(a) Except as provided in sub. (2) and s. 853.25, shares of the distributees abate, without any preference or priority as between real and personal property, in the following order:
863.11(1)(a)1. 1. Property not disposed of by the will.
863.11(1)(a)2. 2. Residuary bequests.
863.11(1)(a)3. 3. General bequests.
863.11(1)(a)4. 4. Specific bequests.
863.11(1)(b) (b) A general bequest charged on any specific property or fund is, for purposes of abatement, considered property specifically bequeathed to the extent of the value of the thing on which it is charged. Upon the failure or insufficiency of the thing on which it is charged, it is considered a general bequest to the extent of the failure or insufficiency. Abatement within each classification under par. (a) 1. to 4. is in proportion to the amounts of that property each of the beneficiaries would have received had full distribution of that property been made in accordance with the terms of the will.
863.11(2) (2)Contrary provisions, plan or purpose. If the provisions of the will or the testamentary plan or the express or implied purpose of the bequest would be defeated by the order of abatement stated in sub. (1), the shares of the distributees abate in such other manner as may be found necessary to give effect to the intention of the testator.
863.11 History History: 1983 a. 186; 1995 a. 225.
863.11 Annotation A general direction to pay debts requires that the federal estate tax be deducted from the gross estate before computing the marital deduction as opposed to a contention that the full deduction be allowed since the tax should be paid from assets going to other heirs. Greene v. United States, 476 F (2d) 116.
863.13 863.13 No exoneration of encumbered property.
863.13(1)(1)Generally. All specifically devised property shall be assigned to the beneficiary without exoneration unless the will of the decedent provides that a debt which is secured by a mortgage, lien, pledge or other security agreement which constitutes an encumbrance on property which is specifically devised should be paid out of other assets in the estate and the property assigned to the beneficiary free of the encumbrance. Unless the will provides to the contrary, if the debt or interest on the debt which is secured by the encumbrance on the specifically devised property is paid in whole or in part out of other assets in the estate, the specifically devised property shall be assigned to the beneficiary only if:
863.13(1)(a)(a) the beneficiary contributes to the estate an amount equal to the amount which the estate has paid, or (b) the personal representative secures such amount for the estate through a new encumbrance on the specifically devised property. If the estate is not reimbursed under (a) or (b), the personal representative shall sell the specifically devised property, reimburse the estate from the proceeds of the sale and assign the balance of the proceeds to the specific beneficiary.
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This is an archival version of the Wis. Stats. database for 1995. See Are the Statutes on this Website Official?