DHS 157.86(1)(1) Registration fees.
DHS 157.86(1)(a)(a) An annual registration fee shall be levied for each site registration under this section, according to the following schedule:
DHS 157.86(1)(a)1. 1. For a site having an ionizing radiation installation serving physicians and clinics, osteopaths and clinics, chiropractors or hospitals, the fee shall be $50 for each site and $50 for each x-ray tube.
DHS 157.86(1)(a)2. 2. For a podiatric or veterinary site having an ionizing radiation installation, the fee shall be $50 for each site and $50 or each x-ray tube.
DHS 157.86(1)(a)3. 3. For a dental site having an ionizing radiation installation, the fee shall be $50 for each site and $35 for each x-ray tube.
DHS 157.86(1)(a)4. 4. For an industrial, school, research project or other site having an ionizing radiation installation, the fee shall be $50 for each site and $50 for each x-ray tube.
DHS 157.86(1)(a)5. 5. An additional fee of $50, regardless of the number of devices, shall be required for each registration whenever the annual fee for renewal is not paid prior to the expiration of the registration.
DHS 157.86(1)(a)6. 6. A change of ownership requires re-registration and fees paid by the new registrant.
DHS 157.86(1)(a)7. 7. Any change in registration information shall be submitted to the department within 30 days after the change takes place. No fee is required for recording changes in registration information.
DHS 157.86(1)(a)8. 8. Manufacturing, testing or servicing facilities shall be considered as one x-ray tube for registration purposes.
DHS 157.86(1)(a)9. 9. Electron microscopes and extremity bone densitometers are exempt from registration fees after the initial registration.
DHS 157.86(2) (2)Exemptions. The following items are exempted from the requirements of this section:
DHS 157.86(2)(a) (a) Electronic equipment that produces radiation incidental to its operation for other purposes, such as x-rays from radio or television transmitter high voltage tubes.
DHS 157.86(2)(b) (b) Radiation machines in transit or storage.
DHS 157.86(2)(c) (c) Domestic television receivers and computer monitors.
DHS 157.86(3) (3)Reciprocal recognition of out-of-state radiation machines.
DHS 157.86(3)(a)(a) Whenever any radiation machine is to be brought into the state, for any temporary use, the person proposing to bring the machine into the state shall give written notice to the department by mail or facsimile at least 48 hours before the machine is to be used in the state. The notice shall include all the following information:
DHS 157.86(3)(a)1. 1. The type of radiation machine.
DHS 157.86(3)(a)2. 2. The nature, duration and scope of intended use.
DHS 157.86(3)(a)3. 3. The exact location or locations where the radiation machine is intended to be used.
DHS 157.86(3)(a)4. 4. States in which the machine is registered.
DHS 157.86(3)(b) (b) If, for a specific case, the 48-hour notice period would impose an undue hardship on the person, that person may apply to the department for verbal permission to proceed sooner.
DHS 157.86 Note Note: The department may be contacted by phone at 608-267-4784 or facsimile at 608- 267-4799.
DHS 157.86(3)(c) (c) The person in control shall do all the following:
DHS 157.86(3)(c)1. 1. Comply with all applicable rules of the department.
DHS 157.86(3)(c)2. 2. Supply the department with other information as the department requests.
DHS 157.86(3)(c)3. 3. Not operate within the state on a temporary basis in excess of 30 calendar days per year without obtaining a Wisconsin registration.
DHS 157.86 History History: CR 01-108: cr. Register July 2002 No. 559, eff. 8-1-02; CR 06-021: am. (1) (a) 1. to 5. Register October 2006 No. 610, eff. 11-1-06.
subch. IX of ch. DHS 157 Subchapter IX — Cabinet and Analytical X-ray Systems
DHS 157.87 DHS 157.87 Radiation safety requirements.
DHS 157.87(1)(1) General requirements. For certified cabinet x-ray systems including those designed to allow admittance of individuals, all of the following requirements apply:
DHS 157.87(1)(a) (a) No registrant may permit any individual to operate a cabinet x-ray system until the individual has received a copy of and instruction in the operating procedures for the system. Records that demonstrate training compliance with this paragraph shall be maintained for department inspection until disposal is authorized by the department.
DHS 157.87(1)(b) (b) Tests for proper operation of all interlocks shall be conducted and recorded at intervals not to exceed 12 months. Records of these tests shall be maintained for department inspection until disposal is authorized by the department.
DHS 157.87(1)(c) (c) Compliance with dose limit requirements and radiation monitoring requirements of s. DHS 157.23 (1) (a) to (c) and 21 CFR 1020.40 shall be evaluated at intervals not to exceed one year. Records of these evaluations shall be maintained for department inspection for 3 years after the evaluation.
DHS 157.87(1)(d) (d) A certified cabinet x-ray system shall be maintained in compliance with 21 CFR 1020.40. No modification may be made to the system without prior department approval.
DHS 157.87 Note Note: The title of 21 CFR 1020.40 is Cabinet X-ray Systems (39 Federal Register 12986, April 10, 1974).
DHS 157.87(2) (2)Radiation safety requirements for analytical x-ray systems. The following safety equipment shall be used with all analytical x-ray systems except as otherwise noted:
DHS 157.87(2)(a) (a) Safety device. An analytical x-ray system utilizing an open beam configuration shall incorporate a safety device that prevents any portion of an individual's body from entering the primary x-ray beam path or that causes the beam to be shut off upon entry into its path. The person in control at the facility may apply to the department for an exemption from the requirement for a safety device. The application shall include all the following information:
DHS 157.87(2)(a)1. 1. A description of the various safety devices that have been evaluated by the person in control.
DHS 157.87(2)(a)2. 2. The reason each device evaluated in subd. 1. cannot be used.
DHS 157.87(2)(a)3. 3. A description of the alternative safety methods available to minimize the possibility of an accidental exposure, including procedures to assure that operators and others in the area will be informed of the absence of safety devices. The department shall approve the alternate safety devices prior to their installation on the system.
DHS 157.87(2)(b) (b) Warning devices. Open-beam configurations shall be provided with a readily discernible indication of either of the following:
DHS 157.87(2)(b)1. 1. An indication of whether the x-ray tube is on or off, if the primary beam is controlled in this manner.
DHS 157.87 Note Note: The x-ray tube status is located near the radiation source housing.
DHS 157.87(2)(b)2. 2. An indication of whether the shutter is open or closed, if the primary beam is controlled in this manner. Warning devices shall be labeled so that their purpose is easily identified.
DHS 157.87 Note Note: The shutter status is located near each port on the radiation source housing.
DHS 157.87(2)(c) (c) Ports. Unused ports on radiation source housings shall be secured in the closed position in a manner that will prevent casual opening.
DHS 157.87(2)(d) (d) Labeling. All analytical x-ray equipment shall be labeled with a readily discernible sign or signs bearing the radiation symbol and the words:
DHS 157.87(2)(d)1. 1. "CAUTION — HIGH INTENSITY X-RAY BEAM," or words having a similar intent, on an x-ray source housing.
DHS 157.87(2)(d)2. 2. "CAUTION RADIATION — THIS EQUIPMENT PRODUCES RADIATION WHEN ENERGIZED," or words having a similar intent, near any switch that energizes an x-ray tube if the radiation source is an x-ray tube.
DHS 157.87(2)(e) (e) Shutters. On open-beam configurations installed after January 1, 1979, each port on the radiation source housing shall be equipped with a shutter that cannot be opened unless a collimator or a coupling has been connected to the port.
DHS 157.87(2)(f) (f) Warning lights. An easily visible warning light labeled with the words "X-RAY ON," or words having a similar intent, shall be located as follows:
DHS 157.87(2)(f)1. 1. Near any switch that energizes an x-ray tube and illuminates only when the tube is energized.
DHS 157.87(2)(f)2. 2. In the case of a radioactive source, near any switch that opens a housing shutter and illuminates only when the shutter is open.
DHS 157.87(2)(g) (g) Radiation source housing. An x-ray tube housing shall be so constructed that with all shutters closed the leakage radiation measured at a distance of 5 centimeters from its surface is not be capable of producing an air kerma in excess of 25 uSv (2.5 mrem) in one hour at any specified tube rating.
DHS 157.87(2)(h) (h) Generator cabinet. An x-ray generator shall be contained within a protective cabinet which limits leakage radiation measured at a distance of 5 centimeters from its surface to no more than 25 uSv (2.5 mrem) in one hour.
DHS 157.87(3) (3)Area requirements.
DHS 157.87(3)(a)(a) Radiation levels. The local components of an analytical x-ray system shall be located and arranged and shall include sufficient shielding or access control so no radiation levels exist in any area surrounding the local component group that could result in a dose to any individual in excess of the dose limits in s. DHS 157.23 (1). For systems utilizing x-ray tubes, the permissible radiation levels shall be met at any specified tube rating.
DHS 157.87(3)(b) (b) Surveys. To demonstrate compliance with par. (a), radiation surveys of an analytical x-ray system shall be performed according to all the following criteria:
DHS 157.87(3)(b)1. 1. Upon installation of the equipment.
DHS 157.87(3)(b)2. 2. Following any change in the initial arrangement, number or type of local components in the system.
DHS 157.87(3)(b)3. 3. Following any maintenance requiring the disassembly or removal of a local component in the system.
DHS 157.87(3)(b)4. 4. During the performance of maintenance and alignment procedures if the procedures require the presence of a primary x-ray beam when any local component in the system is disassembled or removed.
DHS 157.87(3)(b)5. 5. Any time a visual inspection of the local components in the system reveals an abnormal condition.
DHS 157.87(3)(b)6. 6. Whenever personnel monitoring devices show an increase of 50% over the previous monitoring period or the readings are approaching the limits of sub. (2) (g) or (h). Radiation survey measurements are not be required if a person in control demonstrates compliance with par. (a) in some other manner.
DHS 157.87(3)(c) (c) Posting. Each area or room containing analytical x-ray equipment shall have at least one sign conspicuously posted bearing the radiation symbol and the words "CAUTION — X-RAY EQUIPMENT" or words having a similar intent.
DHS 157.87(4) (4)Operating requirements.
DHS 157.87(4)(a)(a) Procedures. Operating procedures shall be written and available to all analytical x-ray equipment workers. No individual may operate analytical x-ray equipment in any manner other than that specified in the procedures unless the individual has obtained written approval of the person in control.
DHS 157.87(4)(b) (b) Bypassing. No individual may intentionally bypass a safety device unless the individual has obtained the approval of the person in control. When a safety device has been bypassed, a readily discernible sign bearing the words "SAFETY DEVICE NOT WORKING" or words having a similar intent shall be placed on the radiation source housing.
DHS 157.87(5) (5)Personnel requirements.
DHS 157.87(5)(a)(a) Instruction. No individual may operate or maintain analytical x-ray equipment unless the individual has received instruction in and demonstrated competence in all the following:
DHS 157.87(5)(a)1. 1. Identification of radiation hazards associated with use of the equipment.
DHS 157.87(5)(a)2. 2. Significance of the various radiation warning and safety devices incorporated into the equipment or the reasons the devices have not been installed on certain pieces of equipment and the extra precautions required in such cases.
DHS 157.87(5)(a)3. 3. Proper operating procedures for the equipment.
DHS 157.87(5)(a)4. 4. Symptoms of an acute localized exposure that may cause a radiation burn.
DHS 157.87(5)(a)5. 5. Proper procedures for reporting an actual or suspected exposure.
DHS 157.87(5)(b) (b) Personnel monitoring. Finger or wrist dosimetry devices shall be provided to and used by any of the following individuals:
DHS 157.87(5)(b)1. 1. An analytical x-ray equipment worker using a system having an open-beam configuration and not equipped with a safety device.
DHS 157.87(5)(b)2. 2. Personnel maintaining analytical x-ray equipment if the maintenance procedures require the presence of a primary x-ray beam when any local component in the analytical x-ray system is disassembled or removed. Reported dose values may not be used for the purpose of determining compliance with s. DHS 157.22 unless the dose values are evaluated by a medical physicist.
DHS 157.87(6) (6)Imaging devices. Industrial uses of hand-held imaging intensification devices are exempt from the requirements of this subchapter if the air kerma 18 inches from the source of radiation to any individual does not exceed 25 uSv (2.5 mrem) per hour. A device that exceeds this limit shall meet the requirements of this subchapter and the licensing or registration requirements of subchs. II or VIII.
DHS 157.87 History History: CR 01-108: cr. Register July 2002 No. 559, eff. 8-1-02; CR 09-062: am. (2) (h) Register April 2010 No. 652, eff. 5-1-10.
subch. X of ch. DHS 157 Subchapter X — Notices, Instructions and Reports to Workers
DHS 157.88 DHS 157.88 Posting, notification and reporting requirements.
DHS 157.88(1)(1) Posting of notices to workers.
DHS 157.88(1)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), a licensee or registrant shall post current copies of all the following documents in a conspicuous location that is accessible to workers on the way to or from the worker's work station or job location:
DHS 157.88(1)(a)1. 1. This subchapter and subch. III.
DHS 157.88(1)(a)2. 2. The license, conditions or documents incorporated into the license by reference and license amendments.
DHS 157.88(1)(a)3. 3. The operating procedures applicable to activities under the license or registration.
DHS 157.88(1)(a)4. 4. Any notice of violation, forfeiture assessment or order issued under s. 254.37 or 254.45, Stats., or this chapter and any response from the licensee or registrant until removal is authorized by the department.
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Published under s. 35.93, Stats. Updated on the first day of each month. Entire code is always current. The Register date on each page is the date the chapter was last published.