“Potable" means water supplied for human consumption, sanitary use or for the preparation of food or pharmaceutical products.
“Potable water" means water supplied for human consumption, or water supplied for sanitary use or for the washing or preparation of food or pharmaceutical products.
NR 812.07 Note
Note: The term “water for human consumption" is used interchangeably with the term “potable water."
“POWTS" means a private onsite wastewater treatment system.
NR 812.07 Note
Note: A “POWTS" may include, but is not limited to, a substitute for a septic tank or soil absorption field or a substitute for a holding tank.
“POWTS component" means any subsystem, subassembly or other system designed for use in or as part of a private onsite wastewater treatment system which may include treatment, dispersal, or holding and includes any related piping.
“POWTS dispersal unit" means a device or method intended to promote the assimilation of treated wastewater by the environment.
NR 812.07 Note
Note: The terms “absorption field" and “sewage disposal unit" have been used in previous versions of this rule to describe these types of units.
“POWTS holding component" means any receptacle intended to collect wastewater for a period of time, including holding tanks and dosing tanks.
“POWTS treatment component" means a device or method that is intended to reduce the contaminant load of wastewater.
“Preparation of food products" means washing, cooling, cooking, pasteurizing, bottling, canning or otherwise preparing food for human consumption and includes the washing of utensils and equipment used in the production or preparation of food.
“Pressure or box elbow" means a special concentric pipe fitting used to raise the horizontal pressurized concentric piping arrangement between a well and an offset pump vertically to the specified elevation above the floor.
“Private water system" means any water system supplying water that is not a public water system.
“Privy" means a building or structure located above a buried container or above an unlined excavation used for the deposition of human waste.
“Pressure system" means that portion of a pump installation that is upstream of a building control valve or upstream of a pressure tank, including the pressure tank.
“Proposed landfill" means a solid waste disposal facility for which actual notice of the intention to develop the facility has been given to the owners of property located within 1,200 feet of the proposed facility or for which a request has been made under s. 289.22 (1m)
, Stats., provided that a feasibility report under s. 289.23
, Stats., is submitted to the department within 2 years after the applicable notice or request. Proposed landfill does not include a facility the department has determined to be not feasible under s. 289.23
, Stats., or a facility for which the department has determined that an approval for the facility is not being pursued with reasonable diligence.
“Property transfer well inspection" means an inspection, for compensation, for the purpose of locating or evaluating wells that need to be filled and sealed and water supply wells or pressure systems on real property in contemplation of a transfer of the real property.
“Property transfer well inspector" means an individual licensed as a water well driller or pump installer who performs a property transfer well inspection, completes the form required in s. NR 812.44 (3)
and collects the water samples required in s. NR 812.44 (4)
“Public water system" means a system for the provision to the public of piped water for human consumption through pipes or other constructed conveyances if the system has at least 15 service connections or regularly serves an average of at least 25 individuals daily at least 60 days out of the year. A public water system is either a “community water system" or a “non-community water system." A system:
Includes any collection, treatment, storage, and distribution facilities under control of the operator of the system and used primarily in connection with the system, and
Includes any collection or pretreatment storage facilities not under the system's control which are used primarily in connection with the system.
“Pump installation" means the pump and its associated pressure system including any equipment and material needed to withdraw, obtain, discharge and store water from a well or a spring. The pump installation includes the spring box, reservoir, pump, pump drop pipe, check valves, well cap or seal, pitless adapter, pitless receiver tank, pitless unit, above-ground discharge unit, associated discharge piping and associated connections, valves and appurtenances, pressure tank, sampling faucet, water storage or pressure vessel or structure, the electrical wiring and controls needed to operate the pump or pressure system, and any chemical addition, water treatment device or yard hydrant upstream of the water storage or pressure vessel or building control valve.
“Pump installer" has the meaning designated in s. 280.01 (4)
NR 812.07 Note
Section 280.01 (4), Stats., was renumbered to s. 280.01 (2e) by 2005 Wis. Act 360
, and amended to change “pump installer" to “licensed pump installer."
NR 812.07 Note
Note: The statutory definition of “pump installer" is any person, firm or corporation who has registered as such with the department and shall have paid the annual registration fee and obtained a permit to engage in pump installing.
“Pump installing" has the meaning specified in s. 280.01 (5)
, Stats., and includes installing, repairing, replacing or reinstalling a: spring box, reservoir, pump, pump drop pipe, check valve, well cap or seal, pitless adapter, pitless receiver tank, pitless unit, above-ground discharge unit, associated discharge piping and associated connections, valves and appurtenances, pressure tank, sampling faucet, water storage or pressure vessel or structure, the electrical wiring and controls needed to operate a pump or pressure system, and any chemical addition, water treatment device or yard hydrant upstream of the water storage or pressure vessel or building control valve; attaching well casing pipe to extend the well casing pipe to a complying height above grade, or up and out of a pit or a subsurface pumproom or alcove; or bailing or chemically conditioning a well to return it to its original capacity, production capability or water quality. Pump installing does not include installation of a temporary test pump by a well driller for the purpose of determining well capacity or water quality and does not include the installation, by a well driller, of a well cap or seal. Opening a well cap or well seal to inspect or chlorinate a well is also not considered pump installing unless the well cap or seal is replaced with a different cap or seal, or unless the well has a hand pump installed on it.
NR 812.07 Note
Section 280.01 (5)
, Stats., defines “Pump installing" to mean the industry and procedure employed in the placement and preparation for operation of equipment and materials utilized in withdrawing or obtaining water from a well for consumption or use, including all construction involved in making entrance to the well and establishing such seals and safeguards as are necessary to protect such water from contamination.
“Pumping water level" means the elevation of the surface of the water in a well after a period of pumping at a given rate.
“Quarry" means an open or surface working in bedrock for the extraction of nonmetallic materials, usually construction stone, including those no longer in operation.
“Reconstruction" means modifying the original construction of a well. Reconstruction includes, but is not limited to deepening, lining, installing or replacing a screen, underreaming, hydrofracturing and blasting.
“Recycling facility" means a facility where waste materials are recycled including a facility where waste has been generated.
“Regional flood" means a flood determined to be representative of large floods known to have occurred in Wisconsin or which may be expected to occur on a particular lake, river, or stream once in every 100 years.
“Reservoir" means a facility for storage of water constructed entirely above or partially below the ground surface.
“Rotary drilling method" means a drilling method whereby an upper enlarged drillhole is constructed using a circular rotating action applied to a string of hollow drilling rods having a drill bit attached to the bottom.
“Salvage yard" means a site or facility at which salvageable materials are stored or at which wrecking, dismantling or demolition of salvageable materials are conducted. Salvage yards also include those yards with 25 or more inoperable vehicles.
“Sanitary building drain" means horizontal piping within or under a building, which conveys wastewater consisting in part of domestic wastewater, and which is installed below the lowest fixture or the lowest floor level from which fixtures can drain by gravity to the building sewer.
“Sanitary building sewer" means that part of the drain system not within or under a building which conveys its discharge of wastewater consisting in part of domestic wastewater to a public sewer, private interceptor main sewer, private onsite wastewater treatment system or other point of discharge or dispersal.
“Sanitary collector sewer" means a sanitary sewer serving 2 or more sanitary building sewers.
“Sanitary condition" means, when referring to a well, reservoir, or spring:
That the construction of the well, reservoir or spring and the installation of the pumping equipment are such that the well, reservoir or spring is effectively protected against entrance of surface contamination, and
That the location and the surrounding area are free from debris or filth of any character and not subject to flooding.
“School" means a public or private educational facility in which a program of educational instruction is provided to children in any grade or grades from five-year old kindergarten through the 12th grade. Water systems serving athletic fields, school forests, environmental centers, home-based schools, day-care centers and Sunday schools are not school water systems.
“Scrap metal processing facility" means a facility at which machinery or equipment, or both, are used for the processing and manufacturing of iron, steel or nonferrous metallic scrap into prepared grades and whose principal product is scrap iron, scrap steel or nonferrous scrap for sale for resmelting purposes.
“Septage" means the wastewater or contents of septic or holding tanks, dosing chambers, grease interceptors, seepage beds, seepage pits, seepage trenches, privies or portable restrooms.
“Septic tank" means a tank which receives and partially treats sewage through processes of sedimentation, oxygenation, flotation and bacterial action so as to separate solids from liquids in the sewage and discharges the liquid to a soil absorption unit.
“Sinkhole" means a depression or opening on the land surface, usually funnel-shaped, generally formed by solution or collapse of limestone, dolomite or to a lesser extent sandstone bedrock occurring at or near the surface. Sinkholes may be partially or completely filled with unconsolidated material and solution enlargement of vertical passages often extend to the water table. Collapse of mine workings in other consolidated formations are also considered sinkholes.
“Sludge" means the accumulated solids generated during the biological, physical or chemical treatment of potable water or wastewater.
“Sodium bentonite" means a clay formed from the decomposition and recrystallization of volcanic ash and is largely composed of the clay mineral montmorillonite (Na.33
), commonly referred to as “western" or “Wyoming" bentonite, and has extensive ability to absorb water and swell to many times its original volume.
“Soil absorption unit" means an absorption field, dry well, seepage bed, seepage pit, seepage mound or seepage trench designed for the disposal of wastewater effluent or clear water wastes by soil absorption. Soil absorption unit includes units both regulated and not regulated by ch. SPS 383
and units abandoned within 3 years.
“Solid waste processing facility" means a solid waste facility at which solid waste is baled, shredded, pulverized, composted, classified, separated, combusted or otherwise treated or altered by some means to facilitate further transfer, processing, utilization or disposal. Solid waste processing facility does not include an operation conducted by scrap metal, paper, fiber or plastic processors which are excluded form the definition of “solid waste facilities" in ch. NR 500
“Solid waste transfer facility" means a solid waste site for baling or transferring solid waste from one vehicle or container to another.
“Special well casing pipe depth area" means an area established by the department requiring greater depth of well casing pipe and stringent well construction methods because of contamination. A list is available from the department.
“Specific capacity" means the continuous yield of water from a well at a given discharge expressed in gallons per minute per foot of drawdown.
“Spring" means a place where groundwater flows naturally from rock or soil onto the land surface or into a body of water.
“Standard dimension ratio" means the ratio of average outside pipe diameter to minimum pipe wall thickness.
“Static water level" means the level of the surface of the water in a well or water pressure at the top of a well, when no water flows or is being pumped. For flowing wells with a positive water pressure at the top of the well, the static water elevation is determined either by a stilling pipe or pressure gauge. Water levels are referenced to the elevation of the top of the well or the established ground surface at the well.
“Storm building drain" means horizontal piping within or under a building which conveys storm water, clear water or both, and which is installed below the lowest fixture or the lowest floor level, from which fixtures or sources can drain by gravity to the building sewer.
“Storm building sewer" means that part of the drain system not within or under a building which conveys its discharge of storm water, clear water, or both, to a public sewer, private interceptor main sewer, private onsite wastewater system or other point of discharge or dispersal.
“Storm collector sewer" means a storm sewer that collects storm water, storm waste, clear water wastes or other similar water from 2 or more storm sewer inlets or catch basins.
“Subsoil drain" means that part of a drain system that conveys groundwater to a point of discharge or dispersal.
“Sump" means a tank or pit that receives wastewater that must be emptied by mechanical means.
“Surface water" means all water which is open to the atmosphere and subject to surface runoff.
“Surge tank" means a tank into which overflow from a flowing well, spring or other water source is discharged and is repumped to a pressure tank or the water system.
“Telescoping method" means a method for setting a well screen where the well casing pipe is driven to the proposed screen setting depth and the well casing pipe is then pulled back to expose the screen. A packer is used to seal the annulus between the top of the screen and the bottom of the well casing pipe.
“Temporary manure stack" means solid manure only, piled for no more than 120 days within any one year period.
“Temporary outer casing" means a string of casing pipe that is driven, turned or placed from the ground surface into the surficial geological formation or formations as part of the process of constructing an upper enlarged drillhole and which is not intended to be left in place as a permanent well casing pipe.
“Top of bedrock" means the top of firm rock. The determination of the top of bedrock shall be based on the change in the action of the drilling machine and on the change in the type and size of the drill cuttings. The presence of bedrock shall be indicated when a majority of the drill cuttings consist of either angular rock fragments, as in the case of crystalline bedrock, or rock fragments composed of individual grains or rock particles that are cemented together to form an aggregate, as opposed to single sediment particles, such as in sand.
“Treatment pond" means a structure that is used for the treatment or storage of liquid waste. Treatment pond includes absorption, retention, storage and treatment ponds or lagoons.
“Upstream" means, with respect to the pump installation discharge and pressure system, in a direction back towards the well.
NR 812.07 Note
Note: In previous versions of this rule the term “prior to" was used in lieu of the term “upstream."
“Variance" means a department approval to construct or install a water system or a portion of a water system in a manner not in strict compliance with the requirements of this chapter, but providing comparable sanitary protection in accordance with conditions specified by the department in its approval.
“Vegetated treatment area" means a component of an agricultural waste management system that is an area or strip of herbaceous vegetation designed and constructed to Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) Standard 635 specifications, located adjacent to an animal barn, animal barn pen, animal shelter, animal yard or a manure storage facility and which is intended to improve water quality by reducing pollutants associated with animal manure and other agricultural wastewater runoff.
NR 812.07 Note
Note: In previous versions of this rule the term “Filter strip" was used instead of the term “Vegetated treatment area."
“Vertical zone of contamination" means that depth of geologic formations, generally near the ground surface, containing connecting pore spaces, crevices or similar openings, including artificial channels, such as unprotected wells or drillholes, through which contaminated water or contaminants gain access to a well or to the groundwater.
“Walkout basement" means a basement, with the floor at ground grade level on at least one side of the structure, from which it is possible to walk directly outside without walking upstairs or uphill.
“Wastewater" means any water carrying wastes created in and conducted away from residences, industrial establishments and public buildings with ground or surface water which may be present including any liquid wastes except clear water wastes.
“Water supply" means the sources, wells, pumps and intake and storage structures from which water is supplied for any purpose.
“Water system" means the water supply, storage, treatment facilities and all structures and piping by which water is provided for any purpose.
“Well" means any drillhole or other excavation or opening deeper than it is wide that extends more than 10 feet below the ground surface constructed for the purpose of obtaining groundwater.
“Well and pressure system" means the water supply and pump installation upstream of a building control valve or pressure tank and including any pressure tank.
“Well cap or seal" means an approved apparatus or device used to cover the top of a well casing pipe.
“Well casing pipe" means pipe meeting standards specified in s. NR 812.17
which is driven or set to seal off the vertical zone of contamination.
“Well constructor" means any person that constructs a well which is not required to be constructed by a licensed individual water well driller or a registered water well drilling business.
“Well drilling" has the meaning specified in s. 280.01 (8)
, Stats., and includes any activity which requires the use of a well drilling rig or similar equipment, or any activity which is conducted using a well drilling rig or similar equipment with the exception of the driving of points having pipe or casing smaller than three inches in diameter. Well drilling also includes constructing a well or performing any activity which changes the characteristics of a drilled well including constructing, reconstructing or deepening a well, sealing the annular space of a well, joining or welding together lengths of well casing pipe or liner pipe, installation of a liner, installing or replacing a screen, well rehabilitation, hydrofracturing, blasting, and chemical conditioning.
NR 812.07 Note
Section 280.01 (8)
, Stats., defines “Well drilling" to mean the industry and procedure employed in obtaining groundwater from a well by digging, boring, drilling, driving or other methods but not including the driving of points for the purpose of obtaining ground water. It shall also include all construction work and installation of well casings in said well involved therein for the protection of such well water against pollution.
NR 812.07 Note
Note: Attaching well casing pipe to the upper portion of a well to extend the well out of a pit is not considered well drilling.