POWER OF ATTORNEY FOR HEALTH CARE
Power of attorney for health care.
Power of attorney for health care instrument; execution; witnesses.
Health care agent; powers; limitations.
Power of attorney for health care instrument; form.
Revocation of power of attorney for health care.
Duties and immunities.
Filing power of attorney instrument.
In this chapter:
Advanced practice clinician” means any of the following:
A registered nurse under ch. 441
who is currently certified as a nurse practitioner by a national certifying body approved by the board of nursing.
A physician assistant licensed under ch. 448
who a physician responsible for overseeing the physician assistant's practice affirms is competent to conduct evaluations of the capacity of patients to manage health care decisions.
“Department" means the department of health services.
“Feeding tube" means a medical tube through which nutrition or hydration is administered into the vein, stomach, nose, mouth or other body opening of a declarant.
“Health care" means any care, treatment, service or procedure to maintain, diagnose or treat an individual's physical or mental condition.
“Health care agent" means an individual designated by a principal to make health care decisions on behalf of the principal or, if that individual is unable or unwilling to make those decisions, an alternate individual designated by the principal to do so.
“Health care decision" means an informed decision in the exercise of the right to accept, maintain, discontinue or refuse health care.
“Health care facility" means a facility, as defined in s. 647.01 (4)
, or any hospital, nursing home, community-based residential facility, county home, county infirmary, county hospital, county mental health center or other place licensed or approved by the department under s. 49.70
or a facility under s. 45.50
“Health care provider" means a nurse licensed or permitted under ch. 441
, a chiropractor licensed under ch. 446
, a dentist licensed under ch. 447
, a physician, physician assistant, perfusionist, podiatrist, physical therapist, physical therapist assistant, occupational therapist, occupational therapy assistant, or genetic counselor licensed under ch. 448
, a naturopathic doctor licensed under ch. 466
, a person practicing Christian Science treatment, an optometrist licensed under ch. 449
, a psychologist who is licensed under ch. 455
, who is exercising the temporary authorization to practice, as defined in s. 455.50 (2) (o)
, in this state, or who is practicing under the authority to practice interjurisdictional telepsychology, as defined in s. 455.50 (2) (b)
, a physical therapist or physical therapist assistant who holds a compact privilege under subch. XI of ch. 448
, an occupational therapist or occupational therapy assistant who holds a compact privilege under subch. XII of ch. 448
, a partnership thereof, a corporation or limited liability company thereof that provides health care services, a cooperative health care association organized under s. 185.981
that directly provides services through salaried employees in its own facility, or a home health agency, as defined in s. 50.49 (1) (a)
Sub. (7) is shown as affected by 2021 Wis. Acts 23
and as merged by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (2) (i). The cross-reference to subch. XI of ch. 448 was changed from subch. X of ch. 448 and the cross-reference to subch. XII of ch. 448 was changed from subch. XI of ch. 448 by the legislative reference bureau under s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2. to reflect the renumbering under s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2. of subchs. X and XI of ch. 448.
“Incapacity" means the inability to receive and evaluate information effectively or to communicate decisions to such an extent that the individual lacks the capacity to manage his or her health care decisions.
“Multipurpose senior center" means a facility that is the focal point for the delivery of services in a community to individuals aged 60 or older for purposes of the state plan under 42 USC 3027
“Power of attorney for health care" means the designation, by an individual, of another as his or her health care agent for the purpose of making health care decisions on his or her behalf if the individual cannot, due to incapacity.
“Principal" means an individual who executes a power of attorney for health care.
“Relative" means an individual related by blood within the 3rd degree of kinship as computed under s. 990.001 (16)
; a spouse, domestic partner under ch. 770
, or an individual related to a spouse or domestic partner within the 3rd degree as so computed; and includes an individual in an adoptive relationship within the 3rd degree.
History: 1989 a. 200
; 1991 a. 281
; 1993 a. 27
; 1995 a. 27
, 9126 (19)
; 1997 a. 35
; 1999 a. 9
; 2001 a. 70
; 2005 a. 22
; 2007 a. 20
s. 9121 (6) (a)
; 2009 a. 28
; 2019 a. 90
; 2021 a. 22
; 2021 a. 23
; 2021 a. 123
; s. 13.92 (1) (bm) 2.; s. 13.92 (2) (i).
Power of attorney for health care. 155.05(1)(1)
An individual who is of sound mind and has attained age 18 may voluntarily execute a power of attorney for health care. An individual for whom an adjudication of incompetence and appointment of a guardian of the person is in effect in this state is presumed not to be of sound mind for purposes of this subsection executing a power of attorney for health care.
Unless otherwise specified in the power of attorney for health care instrument, an individual's power of attorney for health care takes effect upon a finding of incapacity by 2 physicians, as defined in s. 448.01 (5)
, or one physician and one licensed advanced practice clinician, who personally examine the principal and sign a statement specifying that the principal has incapacity. Mere old age, eccentricity or physical disability, either singly or together, are insufficient to make a finding of incapacity. Neither of the individuals who make a finding of incapacity may be a relative of the principal or have knowledge that he or she is entitled to or has a claim on any portion of the principal's estate. A copy of the statement, if made, shall be appended to the power of attorney for health care instrument.
No health care provider for an individual, employee of that health care provider or employee of a health care facility in which an individual is a patient or resides, or a spouse of any of those providers or employees, may be designated by the individual as a health care agent unless the health care provider, employee or spouse of the provider or employee is a relative of the individual.
The desires of a principal who does not have incapacity supersede the effect of his or her power of attorney for health care at all times.
A principal may designate an alternate individual to serve as his or her health care agent in the event that the health care agent first designated is unable or unwilling to do so.
Wisconsin's Power of Attorney for Health Care. Sweet. Wis. Law. Sept. 1990.
Planning Ahead for Incapacity. Shapiro. Wis. Law. Aug. 1991.
Power of attorney for health care instrument; execution; witnesses. 155.10(1)(1)
A valid power of attorney for health care instrument shall be all of the following:
Dated and signed by the principal or by an individual who has attained age 18, at the express direction and in the presence of the principal.
Signed in the presence of 2 witnesses who meet the requirements of sub. (2)
A witness to the execution of a valid power of attorney for health care instrument shall be an individual who has attained age 18. No witness to the execution of the power of attorney for health care instrument may, at the time of the execution, be any of the following:
Related to the principal by blood, marriage, or adoption, or the domestic partner under ch. 770
of the individual.
Have knowledge that he or she is entitled to or has a claim on any portion of the principal's estate.
Directly financially responsible for the principal's health care.
An individual who is a health care provider who is serving the principal at the time of execution, an employee, other than a chaplain or a social worker, of the health care provider or an employee, other than a chaplain or a social worker, of an inpatient health care facility in which the principal is a patient.
Wisconsin statutes provide three instruments through which an individual may state healthcare wishes in the event of incapacitation: a declaration to physicians, a do-not-resuscitate order, and a health care power of attorney. These statutory instruments apply under specific circumstances, have their own signature requirements, and may be limited in the extent of authorization they afford. A form will trigger no statutory immunities for healthcare providers when it lacks the features of these statutory documents. A court might conclude, however, that such a form is relevant in discerning a person's intent. OAG 10-14
Health care agent; powers; limitations. 155.20(1)(1)
Unless the power of attorney for health care instrument otherwise provides and except as specified in subs. (2) (a)
and s. 155.60 (2)
, the health care agent who is known to the health care provider to be available to make health care decisions for the principal has priority over any individual other than the principal to make these health care decisions.