157.06(6) (6)Amending or revoking anatomical gift before donor's death.
157.06(6)(a)(a) Subject to sub. (8), a donor may amend an anatomical gift of his or her body or part by doing any of the following:
157.06(6)(a)1. 1. Signing a record that amends the anatomical gift or, if physically unable to sign, directing another to sign the record as provided in sub. (2m).
157.06(6)(a)2. 2. Subsequently executing a record of gift that amends a previously executed anatomical gift or a portion of a previously executed anatomical gift either expressly or by inconsistency.
157.06(6)(a)3. 3. If the anatomical gift was not made in a will and the donor has a terminal illness or injury, communicating in any manner an amendment of the anatomical gift to at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness.
157.06(6)(a)4. 4. If the anatomical gift was made in a will, amending the will.
157.06(6)(b) (b) Subject to sub. (8), a donor may revoke an anatomical gift of his or her body or part by doing any of the following:
157.06(6)(b)1. 1. Signing a record that revokes the anatomical gift or, if physically unable to sign, directing another to sign the record as provided in sub. (2m).
157.06(6)(b)2. 2. Subsequently executing a record of gift that revokes a previously executed anatomical gift or a portion of a previously executed anatomical gift either expressly or by inconsistency.
157.06(6)(b)3. 3. If the anatomical gift was not made in a will and if the donor has a terminal illness or injury, communicating in any manner the revocation of the anatomical gift to at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness.
157.06(6)(b)4. 4. If the anatomical gift was made in a will, amending or revoking the will.
157.06(6)(b)5. 5. If the anatomical gift was made in a record of gift, destroying or cancelling the record of gift, or the portion of the record of gift used to make the anatomical gift, with intent to revoke the anatomical gift.
157.06(6)(c) (c) Subject to sub. (8), a person who is authorized to make an anatomical gift under sub. (4) (b) to (d) may amend an anatomical gift of a donor's body or part before the donor's death by doing any of the following:
157.06(6)(c)1. 1. Signing a record that amends the anatomical gift or, if physically unable to sign, directing another to sign the record as provided in sub. (2m).
157.06(6)(c)2. 2. Subsequently executing a record of gift that amends a previously executed anatomical gift or a portion of a previously executed anatomical gift either expressly or by inconsistency.
157.06(6)(d) (d) Subject to sub. (8), a person who is authorized to make an anatomical gift under sub. (4) (b) to (d) may revoke an anatomical gift of a donor's body or part before the donor's death by doing any of the following:
157.06(6)(d)1. 1. Signing a record that revokes the anatomical gift or, if physically unable to sign, directing another to sign the record as provided in sub. (2m).
157.06(6)(d)2. 2. Subsequently executing a record of gift that revokes a previously executed anatomical gift or a portion of a previously executed anatomical gift either expressly or by inconsistency.
157.06(6)(d)3. 3. If the anatomical gift was made in a record of gift, destroying or cancelling the record of gift, or the portion of the record of gift used to make the anatomical gift, with intent to revoke the anatomical gift.
157.06(7) (7)Refusal to make an anatomical gift; effect of refusal.
157.06(7)(a)(a) An individual may refuse to make an anatomical gift of the individual's body or part by doing any of the following:
157.06(7)(a)1. 1. Signing a record refusing to make an anatomical gift or, if physically unable to sign, directing another to sign the record as provided in sub. (2m).
157.06(7)(a)2. 2. Including a refusal to make an anatomical gift in the individual's will, whether or not the will is admitted to probate or invalidated after the individual's death.
157.06(7)(a)3. 3. If the individual has a terminal illness or injury, communicating in any manner a refusal to make an anatomical gift to at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness.
157.06(7)(b) (b) An individual who has made a refusal to make an anatomical gift under this subsection may amend or revoke the refusal to make an anatomical gift by doing any of the following:
157.06(7)(b)1. 1. Signing a record amending or revoking the refusal to make an anatomical gift or, if physically unable to sign, directing another to sign the record as provided in sub. (2m).
157.06(7)(b)2. 2. If the refusal to make an anatomical gift was made in the individual's will, amending or revoking the will, whether or not the will is admitted to probate or invalidated after the individual's death.
157.06(7)(b)3. 3. If the individual has a terminal illness or injury, communicating in any manner an amendment to or revocation of the refusal to make an anatomical gift to at least two adults, at least one of whom is a disinterested witness.
157.06(7)(b)4. 4. Subsequently making an anatomical gift as provided under sub. (5) (a) that is inconsistent with the refusal to make an anatomical gift.
157.06(7)(b)5. 5. If the refusal to make an anatomical gift was made in a record of refusal, destroying or canceling the record of refusal, or the portion of the record of refusal, that evidenced the refusal to make an anatomical gift, with intent to revoke the refusal to make an anatomical gift.
157.06(7)(c) (c) Except as provided in sub. (8) (h), in the absence of an express, contrary indication by an individual set forth in a refusal to make an anatomical gift under this subsection, the individual's unrevoked refusal to make an anatomical gift under this subsection of his or her body or part bars all other persons from making an anatomical gift of the individual's body or part.
157.06(8) (8)Preclusive effect of anatomical gift, amendment, or revocation.
157.06(8)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (g) and subject to par. (f), in the absence of an express, contrary indication by the donor, a person other than the donor may not make, amend, or revoke an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part if the donor has made an unrevoked anatomical gift of his or her body or that part under sub. (5) (a) or an amendment to an anatomical gift of the donor's body or that part under sub. (6) (a).
157.06(8)(b) (b) A donor's revocation of an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under sub. (6) (b) is not a refusal to make an anatomical gift and does not bar another person authorized to make an anatomical gift under sub. (4) from making an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under sub. (5) and does not bar a person who is authorized to make an anatomical gift under sub. (9) from making an anatomical gift under sub. (10).
157.06(8)(c) (c) If a person other than the donor makes an unrevoked anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under sub. (5) (b) or an amendment to an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under sub. (6) (c), another person may not amend or revoke the anatomical gift under sub. (10) or otherwise make an anatomical gift of the body or part under sub. (10).
157.06(8)(d) (d) If a person other than the donor revokes an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under sub. (6) (d), the revocation does not bar another person from making an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part under sub. (5) or (10).
157.06(8)(e) (e) An anatomical gift of a part of a donor's body that is made under sub. (5) or in an amendment under sub. (6), absent an express, contrary indication by the donor or other person who made the anatomical gift, is not a refusal by the donor to make an anatomical gift of another part of the donor's body or a limitation on a later anatomical gift of another part of the donor's body.
157.06(8)(f) (f) An anatomical gift of a part that is made under sub. (5) or in an amendment under sub. (6) for a specified purpose for which an anatomical gift may be made, absent an express, contrary indication by the person who made the anatomical gift, does not limit a person from making an anatomical gift of the part under sub. (5), (6), or (10) for any of the other purposes for which an anatomical gift may be made.
157.06(8)(g) (g) If a donor who is an unemancipated minor dies, a parent of the donor who is reasonably available may revoke or amend an anatomical gift of the donor's body or part.
157.06(8)(h) (h) If an unemancipated minor who has made a refusal to make an anatomical gift under sub. (7) dies, a reasonably available parent of the minor may revoke the minor's refusal to make an anatomical gift.
157.06(9) (9)Who may make an anatomical gift near or upon the donor's death.
157.06(9)(a)(a) Except as provided in subs. (7) and (8) and subject to pars. (b) and (c), any member of the following classes of persons, in the order of priority listed, who is reasonably available may, in the manner provided in sub. (10), make an anatomical gift of the body or part of an individual who is near death or has died:
157.06(9)(a)1. 1. A person who is the individual's agent near or at the time of the individual's death and has authority under sub. (4) (b) to make an anatomical gift of the decedent's body or part.
157.06(9)(a)2. 2. The spouse or domestic partner under ch. 770 of the individual.
157.06(9)(a)3. 3. The adult children of the individual.
157.06(9)(a)4. 4. The parents of the individual.
157.06(9)(a)5. 5. The adult siblings of the individual.
157.06(9)(a)6. 6. The adult grandchildren of the individual.
157.06(9)(a)7. 7. The grandparents of the individual.
157.06(9)(a)8. 8. Adults who exhibited special care and concern, except as a compensated health care provider, for the individual.
157.06(9)(a)9. 9. Persons who were guardians of the individual near or at the time of the individual's death.
157.06(9)(a)10. 10. Any other persons who have authority to dispose of the individual's body.
157.06(9)(b) (b) If the members of a class of persons under par. (a) 1., 3., 4., 5., 6., 7., or 9. have priority to make an anatomical gift of an individual's body or part under par. (a) and the class consists of more than one member, any member of the class may make an anatomical gift unless that member or the person to whom the anatomical gift will pass under sub. (11) has actual knowledge of an objection by another member of the class, in which case the anatomical gift may be made only by a majority of members of the class who are reasonably available.
157.06(9)(c) (c) A person may not make an anatomical gift of an individual's body or part under this subsection if a person who is a member of a class with higher priority under par. (a) is reasonably available.
157.06(10) (10)Manner of making, amending, or revoking an anatomical gift near or upon donor's death.
157.06(10)(a) (a) A person authorized under sub. (9) to make an anatomical gift of an individual's body or part may do so by doing any of the following:
157.06(10)(a)1. 1. Signing a record of gift.
157.06(10)(a)2. 2. Subject to sub. (25m) (c), making an oral communication of an anatomical gift that is electronically recorded.
157.06(10)(a)3. 3. Subject to sub. (25m) (c), making an oral communication of an anatomical gift that is contemporaneously reduced to a record and that is signed by the individual receiving the oral communication.
157.06(10)(b) (b) A member of a class of persons that has higher priority to make an anatomical gift under sub. (9) than the person who made an anatomical gift under par. (a) and who is reasonably available may amend the anatomical gift in the manner provided in par. (d), except that if more than one member of the class with higher priority is reasonably available, the agreement of a majority of the reasonably available members is required to amend the anatomical gift.
157.06(10)(c)1.1. Subject to subd. 2., a member of a class of persons that has higher priority to make an anatomical gift under sub. (9) than the person who made an anatomical gift under par. (a) may revoke the anatomical gift in the manner provided in par. (d), except that if more than one member of the class with higher priority is reasonably available, the agreement of at least one-half of the reasonably available members is required to revoke the anatomical gift.
157.06(10)(c)2. 2. A revocation of an anatomical gift under subd. 1. is effective only if before an incision is made to remove a part from the donor's body or before invasive procedures have been begun to prepare the recipient, the procurement organization, transplant hospital, or physician or technician has actual knowledge of the revocation.
157.06(10)(d) (d) A person who is authorized to amend or revoke an anatomical gift under par. (b) or (c) may do so orally or by including the amendment or revocation in a record.
157.06(11) (11)Persons that may receive anatomical gifts; purpose of gifts.
157.06(11)(a)(a) An anatomical gift may be made to any of the following persons:
157.06(11)(a)1. 1. For the purpose of research or education, a hospital, accredited medical school, dental school, college, university, organ procurement organization, or other appropriate person.
157.06(11)(a)2. 2. Subject to par. (b) 1., an individual designated by the person making the anatomical gift into which individual's body a part is intended to be transplanted.
157.06(11)(a)3. 3. An eye bank or tissue bank.
157.06(11)(a)4. 4. An organ procurement organization, as custodian of a part for transplant or therapy.
157.06(11)(b)1.1. If a part that is the subject of an anatomical gift made to an individual under par. (a) 2. cannot be transplanted into the individual, the part passes as provided in par. (f) absent an express, contrary indication by the person making the anatomical gift.
157.06(11)(b)2. 2. If tissue that is the subject of an anatomical gift made to an organ procurement organization is unsuitable for transplantation or therapy, the organ procurement organization may give the tissue to an appropriate person for research or education if authorized to do so by the person who made the anatomical gift.
157.06(11)(c) (c) If an anatomical gift of one or more parts does not name a person under par. (a) 1. to 4. as the person to whom the anatomical gift is made, but identifies the purpose of the anatomical gift, all of the following apply:
157.06(11)(c)1. 1. If the purpose of the anatomical gift is transplantation or therapy, the part passes as provided in par. (f).
157.06(11)(c)2. 2. If the purpose of the anatomical gift is research or education, the part passes to the appropriate procurement organization.
157.06(11)(c)3. 3. If an anatomical gift is for more than one purpose, but the purposes are not set forth in any priority, the part shall be used for transplantation or therapy, if suitable, and if the part cannot be used for transplantation or therapy, may be used for research or education.
157.06(11)(d) (d) If an anatomical gift of one or more parts does not name a person under par. (a) 1. to 4. as the person to whom the anatomical gift is made and does not identify the purpose of the anatomical gift, the parts may be used only for transplantation or therapy, and the parts pass as provided in par. (f).
157.06(11)(e) (e) If an anatomical gift specifies only a general intent to make an anatomical gift by words such as “donor," “organ donor," or “body donor," or by a symbol or statement of similar meaning, the anatomical gift may be used only for the purpose of transplantation or therapy, and the parts pass as provided in par. (f).
157.06(11)(f) (f) If par. (b) 1., (c) 1., (d), or (e) applies, all of the following apply:
157.06(11)(f)1. 1. If the part is an eye, the part passes to the appropriate eye bank.
157.06(11)(f)2. 2. If the part is tissue, the part passes to the appropriate tissue bank.
157.06(11)(f)3. 3. If the part is an organ, the part passes to the appropriate organ procurement organization as custodian of the organ.
157.06(11)(g) (g) If a body or part that is the subject of an anatomical gift does not pass pursuant to pars. (a) to (e) or is not used for transplantation, therapy, research, or education, custody of the body or part passes to the person who is obligated to dispose of the body or part.
157.06(11)(h) (h) A person may not accept an anatomical gift of a decedent's body or part if the person has actual knowledge that the anatomical gift was not made as provided in sub. (5), (6), or (10) or if the person has actual knowledge that the decedent made a refusal to make an anatomical gift under sub. (7) that was not revoked.
157.06(11)(i) (i) Except as provided under par. (a) 2., nothing in this section affects the allocation of organs for transplantation or therapy.
157.06(12) (12)Search and notification.
157.06(12)(a) (a) If any of the following persons reasonably believes an individual to be dead or near death, the person shall make a reasonable search of the individual for a record of gift or a record of refusal or other information identifying the individual as a donor or as an individual who has refused to make an anatomical gift:
157.06(12)(a)1. 1. A law enforcement officer, fire fighter, emergency medical services practitioner, emergency medical responder, or ambulance service provider.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 18 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on August 19, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after August 19, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 8-19-19)