Cracking of soil surface on the top or either face of the dam.
Seepage, damp areas, or boils in the vicinity of, or erosion around, a conduit through the dam.
Potential defects of dams.
All of the following conditions indicate potential defects and the operator shall closely check them on subsequent inspections for an active dam and conduct an intermediate inspection if they exist for an inactive dam:
Patches of overgrown vegetation on the outside face or close to the base of the dam.
Surface erosion, gullying, or wave erosion on the inside of the dam.
Surface erosion, gullying, or damp areas on the outside of the dam, including the berm and the area within 50 feet from the outside base.
Wet areas or soggy soil on the outside of, or in natural soil below, the dam.
The operator shall retain all records relating to dam monitoring, analytical, and verification activities and data, including all original strip chart recordings and instrumentation, calibration, and maintenance records, until termination of operator responsibility, except to the extent that copies of those records have previously been provided to the department.
The operator shall maintain in a permanent file all of the following construction records pertaining to any dam in case they are needed for future reference:
Aerial photos of the construction site before construction.
Construction drawings and modifications of the drawings.
Construction specifications and modifications of the specifications.
Results of all soil tests on foundations and fill materials.
Copies of construction progress inspections pertinent to core trench, toe drain, internal drains, and other significant phases of the structure including, at the option of the operator, photographs of various structural items.
Aerial photos of the entire dam taken within 90 days after all construction is completed.
A description of and justification for all deviations or variances from the construction plans and specifications.
Responses to unplanned events.
If a mining waste site has an accidental or emergency discharge, a fire, an explosion, or other unplanned or unpredicted event that is likely to damage human health or the environment, the operator shall follow the procedures set forth in the contingency plan under s. 295.51 (6) (f)
and shall report the incident to the department and to county, town, and tribal governmental agencies immediately after the operator has discovered the event.
The operator shall submit to the department an annual summary report concerning the mining waste site containing all of the following:
Statistical summaries of annual and cumulative data.
A comparison of the summaries under par. (a)
to mining waste characterization, leachate characterizations, effluent predictions, and baseline water quality and background water quality data as contained in the approved mining waste site feasibility study and plan of operation.
The results of verification procedures and a presentation of the error associated with each parameter reported.
Information from monitoring wells that have not been affected, including a discussion of whether the baseline values should be modified due to natural variability and what the new values should be.
This section does not apply to a surface mine that is backfilled with mining waste.
History: 2013 a. 1
Mining site monitoring; general. 295.64(1)(1)
The department, as a condition of a mining permit, shall require the operator to perform adequate monitoring of environmental changes during the course of the mining and for the additional period of time that is necessary to satisfactorily complete reclamation and completely release the operator from any bonds or other security required. The department may monitor environmental changes concurrently with the operator and for an additional period after the security is released.
The department shall review baseline water quality data with respect to groundwater and monitoring data associated with the mine, mining waste sites, and sites for the disposal of wastes that are not mining wastes at the time of each review of the mining permit or reclamation plan under s. 295.63 (3)
and when the operator requests a modification of the mining permit or reclamation plan.
An operator shall have bacteriological analyses of water samples and all radiological analyses associated with the mining site performed by the state laboratory of hygiene or at a laboratory certified or approved by the department of health services. An operator shall have other laboratory tests the results of which are submitted to the department under this subchapter performed by a laboratory certified or registered under s. 299.11
, except that this requirement does not apply to any of the following:
History: 2013 a. 1
Mining waste site monitoring. 295.643(1)(1)
The department may require the monitoring of groundwater, surface water, leachate, or other physical features associated with a mining waste site.
The department may require the monitoring of air quality, berms, embankments, vegetation growth, and drainage control structures associated with the mining waste site. The department may require monitoring of other chemical or biological conditions, if the department determines that the monitoring is necessary to assess the impact of the mining waste site on critical aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.
Monitoring wells and other devices. 295.643(3)(a)
The department shall require the installation of groundwater monitoring wells at a mining waste site. The department may require installation of leachate monitoring wells, lysimeters, moisture probes, and similar devices and associated water quality sampling and analysis programs to detect the effects of leachate on groundwater.
The department shall determine the required number of groundwater monitoring wells based on the size of the mining waste site, the design of the mining waste site, the types of mining waste, and the hydrologic and geologic setting of the mining waste site. The department shall ensure that the number of wells is adequate to yield samples representative of the groundwater quality both up gradient and down gradient of the mining waste site.
An operator shall construct all monitoring wells in accordance with ch. NR 141
, Wis. Adm. Code, and in such a manner as to prevent, to the extent practicable, the exchange of water between aquifers.
If for any reason a monitoring well or other monitoring device associated with a mining waste site is destroyed or otherwise fails to function properly, the operator shall notify the department in writing within 5 days of discovering the destruction or malfunction.
The operator shall either restore the monitoring well or other device or properly abandon it and replace it with a functioning device within 60 days of notifying the department under par. (a)
unless the department notifies the operator otherwise in writing within 30 days of receiving notice from the operator.
Sampling other wells.
The department may require an operator to sample public or private wells as part of a regular monitoring program or to determine the extent of groundwater contamination associated with a mining waste site. If the owner of a well does not authorize access for sampling, the operator shall promptly notify the department.
An operator shall monitor groundwater at locations identified in the waste site feasibility study and plan of operation on a quarterly basis, during March, June, September, and December, unless the department agrees to an alternate schedule. The department may base an alternate schedule on the hydrogeologic system's characteristics, such as flow velocity and stratigraphy, and on fluctuations in quality as determined through background water quality or baseline water quality sampling and mining waste type. The operator shall analyze for the parameters listed in the approved waste site feasibility study and plan of operation.
An operator shall use the methods for groundwater and surface water sample collection, preservation, and analysis that are specified in the approved mining waste site facility study and plan of operation.
Water elevation measurements.
The operator shall make water elevation measurements on a quarterly basis.
The department may require an operator to submit an operations report to assess the effectiveness and environmental acceptability of mining waste site operations. The operator may include in the report a discussion of confinement of the active fill area and an analysis of leachate and other monitoring, surface water control and erosion control, revegetation, settlement, volume of the mining waste site utilized, leachate quantity and quality, slope stability, equipment performance, volume and type of waste disposed of, and other relevant parameters.
Reports of monitoring data.
The operator shall forward to the department, within 60 days after sampling, 3 copies of the monitoring data required by this section to be collected during each quarter.
History: 2013 a. 1
Groundwater quality, monitoring, and response. 295.645(1)(a)
“Alternative concentration limit" means the concentration of a substance in groundwater established by the department to replace a groundwater quality standard when the department grants an exemption.
“Statistically significantly different" means an amount of change determined by the use of statistical tests for measuring significance at the 95 percent confidence level.
Notwithstanding the rule-making authority in s. 160.21 (2)
and except as provided under par. (b)
, for the purposes of ch. 160
, the horizontal distance to the boundary of the design management zone for a mining operation is 1,200 feet from the limits of the engineered structures of the mining waste site, including any wastewater and sludge storage or treatment lagoons, the edge of the mine, and the adjacent mine mill and ferrous mineral processing facilities or at the boundary of the property owned or leased by the applicant or on which the applicant holds an easement, whichever distance is less.
When issuing or modifying a mining permit or issuing or reissuing any other approval, the department may reduce the design management zone by a horizontal distance of not more than 600 feet. The department may not reduce the design management zone unless the department determines that preventive action limits and enforcement standards or alternative concentration limits will be met at the boundary of the reduced design management zone. The department shall consider the following factors in determining whether to reduce the design management zone:
Nature, thickness, and permeability of unconsolidated materials, including topography.
Potential abatement options if an enforcement standard is exceeded.
Notwithstanding the rule-making authority in s. 160.21 (2)
, for the purposes of ch. 160
, the vertical distance to the boundary of the design management zone for a mining site, including any mining waste site, extends no deeper than 1,000 feet into the Precambrian bedrock or than the final depth of the mining excavation, whichever is greater.
An operator shall monitor groundwater quality at locations approved by the department along the boundary of the design management zone and within the design management zone.
Any point at which groundwater is monitored is a point of standards application to determine whether a preventive action limit or an alternative concentration limit to a preventive action limit has been attained or exceeded for an activity regulated under a mining permit or another approval related to the mining operation. Any of the following is a point of standards application to determine whether an enforcement standard or an alternative concentration limit to an enforcement standard has been attained or exceeded for an activity regulated under a mining permit or another approval related to the mining operation:
Any point beyond the boundary of the property on which the activity is conducted, subject to par. (b)
Any point that is within the boundary of the property on which the activity is conducted but is beyond the design management zone, subject to par. (b)
No point at a depth of greater than 1,000 feet into the Precambrian bedrock or than the final depth of the mining excavation, whichever is greater, is a point of standards application under this subsection.
Change in groundwater quality.
If the analysis of samples collected through monitoring indicates that the quality of groundwater is statistically significantly different from either baseline water quality or background water quality and the evaluation of the data shows a reasonable probability that without intervention groundwater quality standards or alternative concentration limits will be attained or exceeded, the operator shall do all of the following:
Notify the department within 10 days after the operator receives the results of the analysis of the samples.
Determine, if possible, the cause of the difference in water quality, such as a spill, a design failure, or an improper operational procedure.
Determine the extent of groundwater contamination or the potential for groundwater contamination.
Implement the applicable portions of the approved contingency plan.