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30.678(2)(a)(a) No person under 12 years of age may operate a personal watercraft.
30.678(2)(b) (b) No person who is 12 years of age or older but under 16 years of age may operate a personal watercraft unless he or she is in possession of a valid certificate issued under s. 30.74 (1) (a) or a valid boating safety certificate that is honored under s. 30.74 (1) (c).
30.678(2)(c) (c) No person who was born on or after January 1, 1989, and who is 16 years of age or older may operate a personal watercraft unless the person holds a valid safety certificate issued under s. 30.74 (1) (a) or a valid boating safety certificate that is honored under s. 30.74 (1) (c).
30.678(3) (3)Exemption. Subsections (1) (b), (c), and (d) and (2) (b) and (c) do not apply to a person while the person is operating a motorboat as may be required as part of a boating safety course under s. 30.74 (1).
30.678(4) (4)Parent and guardian liability. A violation of sub. (1) (a), (b), (c), or (d) or (2) (a), (b), or (c) that is done with the knowledge of a parent or guardian shall be considered a violation by the parent or guardian and shall be punishable under s. 30.80.
30.678 History History: 2005 a. 356 ss. 1m to 3, 7, 9, 10.
30.678 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. NR 5.16, Wis. adm. code.
30.68 30.68 Prohibited operation.
30.68(2) (2) Negligent operation. No person may operate or use any boat, or manipulate any water skis, aquaplane or similar device upon the waters of this state in a careless, negligent or reckless manner so as to endanger that person's life, property or person or the life, property or person of another.
30.68(3) (3)Operation by incapacitated person. No person in charge or control of a boat shall authorize or knowingly permit the boat to be operated by any person who by reason of physical or mental disability is incapable of operating such boat under the prevailing circumstances.
30.68(4) (4)Creating hazardous wake or wash.
30.68(4)(a)(a) No person shall operate a motorboat so as to approach or pass another boat in such a manner as to create a hazardous wake or wash.
30.68(4)(b) (b) An operator of a motorboat is liable for any damage caused to the person or property of another by the wake or wash from such motorboat unless the negligence of such other person was the primary cause of the damage.
30.68(4m) (4m)Facing backwards. No person may operate a personal watercraft while facing backwards.
30.68(5) (5)Operating in circular course. No person may operate a motorboat repeatedly in a circuitous course around any other boat, or around any person who is swimming, if such circuitous course is within 200 feet of such boat or swimmer; nor shall any boat or water skier operate or approach closer than 100 feet to any skin diver's flag or any swimmer unless the boat is part of the skin diving operation or is accompanying the swimmer, or unless physical conditions make compliance impossible.
30.68(5m) (5m)Towing by a personal watercraft. A person may use a personal watercraft to tow a stranded or disabled boat if, during towing, the speed of the personal watercraft does not exceed slow-no-wake.
30.68(6) (6)Riding on decks and gunwales. No person operating a motorboat may ride or sit, or may allow any other person in the motorboat to ride or sit, on the gunwales, tops of seat backs or sides or on the decking over the bow of the boat in an unsafe manner while under way, unless such person is inboard of guards or railings provided on the boat to prevent persons from being lost overboard. Nothing in this section shall be construed to prohibit entry upon the decking over the bow of the boat for the purpose of anchoring, mooring or casting off or other necessary purpose.
30.68(7) (7)Restricted areas. No person shall operate a boat within a water area which has been clearly marked by buoys or some other distinguishing device as a bathing or swimming area; nor operate a boat in restricted use areas contrary to regulatory notice pursuant to s. 30.74 (2).
30.68(8) (8)Anchoring in traffic lanes. No person may anchor, place, affix or abandon any unattended boat, raft, float or similar structure in the traveled portion of any river or channel or in any traffic lane established and legally marked, so as to prevent, impede or interfere with the safe passage of any other boat through the same.
30.68(8m) (8m)Mooring.
30.68(8m)(a)(a) No person may use a mooring or attach a boat to a mooring buoy if the mooring or mooring buoy violates s. 30.772 or 30.773.
30.68(8m)(b) (b) No person may use a piling for mooring a boat, except for mooring a boat in Lake Michigan or Lake Superior or on the Mississippi River.
30.68(9) (9)Overloading. No person may operate, and no owner of a boat may allow a person to operate, a boat that is loaded with passengers or cargo beyond its safe carrying capacity, taking into consideration weather and other existing operating conditions.
30.68(11) (11)Unnecessarily sounding whistles. No person shall unnecessarily sound a horn, whistle or other sound-producing device on any boat while at anchor or under way. The use of a siren on any boat except a patrol boat on patrol or rescue duty is prohibited.
30.68(12) (12)Molesting or destroying aids to navigation and regulatory markers. No unauthorized person shall move, remove, molest, tamper with, destroy or attempt to destroy, or moor or fasten a boat (except to mooring buoys) to any navigation aids or regulatory markers, signs or other devices established and maintained to aid boaters.
30.68 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. NR 5.001, Wis. adm. code.
30.681 30.681 Intoxicated boating.
30.681(1)(1) Operation.
30.681(1)(a)(a) Operating while under the influence of an intoxicant. No person may engage in the operation of a motorboat while under the influence of an intoxicant to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safe motorboat operation.
30.681(1)(b) (b) Operating after using a controlled substance or alcohol.
30.681(1)(b)1.1. No person may engage in the operation of a motorboat while the person has an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more. This subdivision does not apply to commercial motorboats.
30.681(1)(b)1m. 1m. No person may engage in the operation of a motorboat while the person has a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood.
30.681(1)(b)2. 2. No person may engage in the operation of a commercial motorboat while the person has a blood alcohol concentration of 0.04% or more by weight of alcohol in his or her blood. No person may engage in the operation of a commercial motorboat while the person has 0.04 grams or more of alcohol in 210 liters of his or her breath.
30.681(1)(bn) (bn) Operating with alcohol concentrations at specified levels; below legal drinking age. A person who has not attained the legal drinking age, as defined in s. 125.02 (8m), may not engage in the operation of a motorboat while he or she has a blood alcohol concentration of more than 0.0 but less than 0.08.
30.681(1)(c) (c) Related charges. A person may be charged with and a prosecutor may proceed upon a complaint based upon a violation of any combination of par. (a) or (b) 1., 1m., or 2. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence. If the person is charged with violating any combination of par. (a) or (b) 1., 1m., or 2., the offenses shall be joined. If the person is found guilty of any combination of par. (a) or (b) 1., 1m., or 2. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence, there shall be a single conviction for purposes of sentencing and for purposes of counting convictions under s. 30.80 (6) (a) 2. and 3. Paragraphs (a) and (b) 1., 1m., and 2. each require proof of a fact for conviction which the others do not require.
30.681(1)(d) (d) Defenses. In an action under par. (b) 1m. that is based on the defendant allegedly having a detectable amount of methamphetamine, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in his or her blood, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that at the time of the incident or occurrence he or she had a valid prescription for methamphetamine or one of its metabolic precursors, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.
30.681(2) (2)Causing injury.
30.681(2)(a)(a) Causing injury while under the influence of an intoxicant. No person while under the influence of an intoxicant to a degree which renders him or her incapable of safe motorboat operation may cause injury to another person by the operation of a motorboat.
30.681(2)(b) (b) Causing injury after using a controlled substance or alcohol.
30.681(2)(b)1.1. No person who has an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more may cause injury to another person by the operation of a motorboat. This subdivision does not apply to commercial motorboats.
30.681(2)(b)1m. 1m. No person who has a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood may cause injury to another person by the operation of a motorboat.
30.681(2)(b)2. 2. No person who has a blood alcohol concentration of 0.04% or more by weight of alcohol in his or her blood may cause injury to another person by the operation of a commercial motorboat. No person who has 0.04 grams or more of alcohol in 210 liters of his or her breath may cause injury to another person by the operation of a commercial motorboat.
30.681(2)(c) (c) Related charges. A person may be charged with and a prosecutor may proceed upon a complaint based upon a violation of any combination of par. (a) or (b) 1., 1m., or 2. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence. If the person is charged with violating any combination of par. (a) or (b) 1., 1m., or 2. in the complaint, the crimes shall be joined under s. 971.12. If the person is found guilty of any combination of par. (a) or (b) 1., 1m., or 2. for acts arising out of the same incident or occurrence, there shall be a single conviction for purposes of sentencing and for purposes of counting convictions under s. 30.80 (6) (a) 2. and 3. Paragraphs (a) and (b) 1., 1m., and 2. each require proof of a fact for conviction which the others do not require.
30.681(2)(d) (d) Defenses.
30.681(2)(d)1.a.a. In an action under this subsection for a violation of the intoxicated boating law where the defendant was operating a motorboat that is not a commercial motorboat, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that the injury would have occurred even if he or she had been exercising due care and he or she had not been under the influence of an intoxicant or did not have an alcohol concentration of 0.08 or more or a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood.
30.681(2)(d)1.b. b. In an action under par. (b) 1m. that is based on the defendant allegedly having a detectable amount of methamphetamine, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in his or her blood, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that at the time of the incident or occurrence he or she had a valid prescription for methamphetamine or one of its metabolic precursors, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, or delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol.
30.681(2)(d)2. 2. In an action under this subsection for a violation of the intoxicated boating law where the defendant was operating a commercial motorboat, the defendant has a defense if he or she proves by a preponderance of the evidence that the injury would have occurred even if he or she had been exercising due care and he or she had not been under the influence of an intoxicant or did not have a blood alcohol concentration of 0.04% or more by weight of alcohol in his or her blood or 0.04 grams or more of alcohol in 210 liters of his or her breath.
30.682 30.682 Preliminary breath screening test.
30.682(1) (1) Requirement. A person shall provide a sample of his or her breath for a preliminary breath screening test if a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the person is violating or has violated the intoxicated boating law and if, prior to an arrest, the law enforcement officer requested the person to provide this sample.
30.682(2) (2)Use of test results. A law enforcement officer may use the results of a preliminary breath screening test for the purpose of deciding whether or not to arrest a person for a violation of the intoxicated boating law or for the purpose of deciding whether or not to request a chemical test under s. 30.684. Following the preliminary breath screening test, chemical tests may be required of the person under s. 30.684.
30.682(3) (3)Admissibility. The result of a preliminary breath screening test is not admissible in any action or proceeding except to show probable cause for an arrest, if the arrest is challenged, or to show that a chemical test was properly required of a person under s. 30.684.
30.682(4) (4)Refusal. There is no penalty for a violation of sub. (1). Section 30.80 (1) and the general penalty provision under s. 939.61 do not apply to that violation.
30.682 History History: 1985 a. 331.
30.683 30.683 Implied consent. Any person who engages in the operation of a motorboat upon the waters of this state is deemed to have given consent to provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis as required under s. 30.684. Any person who engages in the operation of a motorboat upon the waters of this state is deemed to have given consent to submit to one or more chemical tests of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis as required under s. 30.684.
30.683 History History: 1985 a. 331.
30.684 30.684 Chemical tests.
30.684(1)(1) Requirement.
30.684(1)(a)(a) Samples; submission to tests. A person shall provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis if he or she is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated boating law and if he or she is requested to provide the sample by a law enforcement officer. A person shall submit to one or more chemical tests of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis if he or she is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated boating law and if he or she is requested to submit to the test by a law enforcement officer.
30.684(1)(b) (b) Information. A law enforcement officer requesting a person to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test under par. (a) shall inform the person at the time of the request and prior to obtaining the sample or administering the test:
30.684(1)(b)1. 1. That he or she is deemed to have consented to tests under s. 30.683;
30.684(1)(b)2. 2. That a refusal to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test constitutes a violation under sub. (5) and is subject to the same penalties and procedures as a violation of s. 30.681 (1) (a); and
30.684(1)(b)3. 3. That in addition to the designated chemical test under sub. (2) (b), he or she may have an additional chemical test under sub. (3) (a).
30.684(1)(c) (c) Unconscious person. A person who is unconscious or otherwise not capable of withdrawing consent is presumed not to have withdrawn consent under this subsection, and if a law enforcement officer has probable cause to believe that the person violated the intoxicated boating law, one or more chemical tests may be administered to the person without a request under par. (a) and without providing information under par. (b).
30.684(2) (2)Chemical tests.
30.684(2)(a)(a) Test facility. Upon the request of a law enforcement officer, a test facility shall administer a chemical test of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. A test facility shall be prepared to administer 2 of the 3 chemical tests of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. The department may enter into agreements for the cooperative use of test facilities.
30.684(2)(b) (b) Designated chemical test. A test facility shall designate one chemical test of breath, blood or urine which it is prepared to administer first for the purpose of authorized analysis.
30.684(2)(c) (c) Additional chemical test. A test facility shall specify one chemical test of breath, blood or urine, other than the test designated under par. (b), which it is prepared to administer for the purpose of authorized analysis as an additional chemical test.
30.684(2)(d) (d) Validity; procedure. A chemical test of blood or urine conducted for the purpose of authorized analysis is valid as provided under s. 343.305 (6). The duties and responsibilities of the laboratory of hygiene, department of health services and department of transportation under s. 343.305 (6) apply to a chemical test of blood or urine conducted for the purpose of authorized analysis under this section. Blood may be withdrawn from a person arrested for a violation of the intoxicated boating law only by a physician, registered nurse, medical technologist, physician assistant, phlebotomist, or other medical professional who is authorized to draw blood, or person acting under the direction of a physician and the person who withdraws the blood, the employer of that person and any hospital where blood is withdrawn have immunity from civil or criminal liability as provided under s. 895.53.
30.684(2)(e) (e) Report. A test facility which administers a chemical test of breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis under this section shall prepare a written report which shall include the findings of the chemical test, the identification of the law enforcement officer or the person who requested a chemical test and the identification of the person who provided the sample or submitted to the chemical test. The test facility shall transmit a copy of the report to the law enforcement officer and the person who provided the sample or submitted to the chemical test.
30.684(3) (3)Additional and optional chemical tests.
30.684(3)(a)(a) Additional chemical test. If a person is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated boating law or is the operator of a motorboat involved in an accident resulting in great bodily harm to or the death of someone and if the person is requested to provide a sample or to submit to a test under sub. (1) (a), the person may request the test facility to administer the additional chemical test specified under sub. (2) (c) or, at his or her own expense, reasonable opportunity to have any qualified person administer a chemical test of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis.
30.684(3)(b) (b) Optional test. If a person is arrested for a violation of the intoxicated boating law and if the person is not requested to provide a sample or to submit to a test under sub. (1) (a), the person may request the test facility to administer a chemical test of his or her breath or, at his or her own expense, reasonable opportunity to have any qualified person administer a chemical test of his or her breath, blood or urine for the purpose of authorized analysis. If a test facility is unable to perform a chemical test of breath, the person may request the test facility to administer the designated chemical test under sub. (2) (b) or the additional chemical test under sub. (2) (c).
30.684(3)(c) (c) Compliance with request. A test facility shall comply with a request under this subsection to administer any chemical test it is able to perform.
30.684(3)(d) (d) Inability to obtain chemical test. The failure or inability of a person to obtain a chemical test at his or her own expense does not preclude the admission of evidence of the results of a chemical test required and administered under subs. (1) and (2).
30.684(4) (4)Admissibility; effect of test results; other evidence. The results of a chemical test required or administered under sub. (1), (2) or (3) are admissible in any civil or criminal action or proceeding arising out of the acts committed by a person alleged to have violated the intoxicated boating law on the issue of whether the person was under the influence of an intoxicant or the issue of whether the person had alcohol concentrations at or above specified levels or a detectable amount of a restricted controlled substance in his or her blood. Results of these chemical tests shall be given the effect required under s. 885.235. This section does not limit the right of a law enforcement officer to obtain evidence by any other lawful means.
30.684(5) (5)Refusal. No person may refuse a lawful request to provide one or more samples of his or her breath, blood or urine or to submit to one or more chemical tests under sub. (1). A person shall not be deemed to refuse to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test if it is shown by a preponderance of the evidence that the refusal was due to a physical inability to provide the sample or to submit to the test due to a physical disability or disease unrelated to the use of an intoxicant. Issues in any action concerning violation of sub. (1) or this subsection are limited to:
30.684(5)(a) (a) Whether the law enforcement officer had probable cause to believe the person was violating or had violated the intoxicated boating law.
30.684(5)(b) (b) Whether the person was lawfully placed under arrest for violating the intoxicated boating law.
30.684(5)(c) (c) Whether the law enforcement officer requested the person to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test and provided the information required under sub. (1) (b) or whether the request and information was unnecessary under sub. (1) (c).
30.684(5)(d) (d) Whether the person refused to provide a sample or to submit to a chemical test.
30.684 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also s. NR 5.22, Wis. adm. code.
30.686 30.686 Report arrest to department. If a law enforcement officer arrests a person for a violation of the intoxicated boating law or the refusal law, the law enforcement officer shall notify the department of the arrest as soon as practicable.
30.686 History History: 1985 a. 331.
30.687 30.687 Officer's action after arrest for violating intoxicated boating law. A person arrested for a violation of the intoxicating boating law, may not be released until 12 hours have elapsed from the time of his or her arrest or unless a chemical test administered under s. 30.684 (1) (a) shows that the person has an alcohol concentration of 0.05 or less, but the person may be released to his or her attorney, spouse, relative or other responsible adult at any time after arrest.
30.687 History History: 1985 a. 331; 1995 a. 436.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)