302.02 302.02 Jurisdiction and extent of state correctional institutions.
302.02(1m)(1m)Institutions located within the state. Every activity conducted under the jurisdiction of and by any institution or facility listed under this section, wherever located, is a precinct of the prison, and each precinct is part of the institution. For all purposes of discipline and judicial proceedings all of the following apply:
302.02(1m)(a) (a) Waupun Correctional Institution. The Waupun Correctional Institution and its precincts are considered to be in Dodge County, and the Dodge County circuit court has jurisdiction of all crimes committed within the county.
302.02(1m)(b) (b) Green Bay Correctional Institution. The Green Bay Correctional Institution and its precincts are considered to be in Brown County, and the Brown County circuit court has jurisdiction of all crimes committed within the county.
302.02(1m)(c) (c) Taycheedah Correctional Institution. The Taycheedah Correctional Institution and its precincts are considered to be in Fond du Lac County, and the Fond du Lac County circuit court has jurisdiction of all crimes committed within the county.
302.02(1m)(d) (d) Correctional institutions under s. 301.16. The correctional institutions authorized under s. 301.16 and their precincts are considered to be in the county in which the institution is physically located, and that county's circuit court has jurisdiction of all crimes committed within the county.
302.02(1m)(e) (e) Fox Lake Correctional Institution. The Fox Lake Correctional Institution and its precincts are considered to be in Dodge County, and the Dodge County circuit court has jurisdiction of all crimes committed within the county.
302.02(1m)(f) (f) Minimum security correctional institutions. The minimum security correctional institutions and their precincts, as to each inmate, are considered to be in the county in which the institution to which the inmate is assigned is located, and that county's circuit court has jurisdiction of all crimes committed within the county.
302.02(1m)(g) (g) Kettle Moraine Correctional Institution. The Kettle Moraine Correctional Institution and its precincts are considered to be in Sheboygan County, and the Sheboygan County circuit court has jurisdiction of all crimes committed within the county.
302.02(1m)(h) (h) Dodge Correctional Institution. The Dodge Correctional Institution and its precincts are considered to be in Dodge County, and the Dodge County circuit court has jurisdiction of all crimes committed within the county.
302.02(1m)(i) (i) State-local shared correctional facilities. The state-local shared correctional facilities and their precincts are considered, as to each inmate, to be in the county in which the facility to which the inmate is assigned is located, and that county's circuit court has jurisdiction over all crimes committed within the facility.
302.02(1m)(j) (j) Correctional institution; community residential confinement. The correctional institution under s. 301.046 (1) and its precincts are considered, as to each inmate, to be in the county in which the inmate is confined, and the courts of that county shall have jurisdiction of all crimes committed within the county.
302.02(1m)(k) (k) Correctional institution; intensive sanctions program. The correctional institution under s. 301.048 (4) (b) and its precincts are considered, as to each inmate, to be in the county in which the inmate is assigned, and that county's circuit court has jurisdiction of all crimes committed within the county.
302.02(3t) (3t)Institutions located in other states. For all purposes of discipline and for judicial proceedings, each institution that is located in another state and authorized for use under s. 301.21 and its precincts are considered to be in the county in which the institution is physically located, and the courts of that county have jurisdiction of any activity, wherever located, conducted by the institution.
302.02 Annotation Under s. 801.50 (3), a prisoner's civil action against a superintendent was properly venued in Dane County. Irby v. Young, 139 Wis. 2d 279, 407 N.W.2d 314 (Ct. App. 1987).
302.02 Annotation Although review of disciplinary proceedings conducted by a private, out-of-state, contract prison may proceed in the state where the prison is located, when disciplined inmates were returned to Wisconsin and Tennessee courts refused to review the cases, because no statute allowed judicial review of prison disciplinary decisions applied to the inmates, Wisconsin courts could review the disciplinary decisions by certiorari. State ex rel. Curtis v. Litscher, 2002 WI App 172, 256 Wis. 2d 787, 650 N.W.2d 43, 01-1804.
302.02 Annotation Sub. (3t) deprives Wisconsin courts of competency to entertain certiorari actions seeking review of out-of-state prison disciplinary decisions unless a petitioner can show a denial of judicial review on jurisdictional or competency grounds in the state where the disciplinary action occurred. Allowing the courts of other states to resolve disputes over prison disciplinary actions within their borders is entirely rational and not a violation of equal protection. Myers v. Swenson, 2004 WI App 224, 277 Wis. 2d 749, 691 N.W.2d 749, 03-2406. See also Ponchik v. Bradley, 2004 WI App 226, 277 Wis. 2d 768, 690 N.W.2d 860, 03-2958.
302.025 302.025 Service of process on prison officers, employees, or inmates.
302.025(1)(1)Service of process may be made on the warden or superintendent of any prison named in s. 302.01 as upon any other resident of this state.
302.025(2) (2)Except as provided in sub. (1), service of process within any prison under s. 302.01 on any officer, employee, or inmate of the prison shall be made by the warden or superintendent or some person appointed by the warden or superintendent to serve process.
302.025 History History: 2001 a. 103 s. 262.
302.03 302.03 Oath of office; bond.
302.03(1)(1)The wardens and the superintendents of the state prisons shall each take the official oath required by s. 19.01.
302.03(2) (2)They shall each execute the official bond required by s. 19.01, the amount of which shall be fixed by the department, with surety or sureties approved by the department.
302.03 History History: 1989 a. 31 s. 1619; Stats. 1989 s. 302.03.
302.04 302.04 Duties of warden and superintendents. Except as provided in ss. 13.48 (14) (am) and 16.848 (1), the warden or the superintendent of each state prison shall have charge and custody of the prison and all lands, belongings, furniture, implements, stock and provisions and every other species of property within the same or pertaining thereto. The warden or superintendent shall enforce the rules of the department for the administration of the prison and for the government of its officers and the discipline of its inmates.
302.04 History History: 1989 a. 31 s. 1620; Stats. 1989 s. 302.04; 1991 a. 316; 2005 a. 25; 2013 a. 20.
302.04 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DOC 303, Wis. adm. code.
302.043 302.043 Release of inmates serving risk reduction sentences.
302.043(1)(1)When an inmate who is serving a risk reduction sentence imposed under s. 973.031, 2009 stats., has served not less than 75 percent of the term of confinement portion of his or her sentence under s. 973.01 and the department determines that he or she has completed the programming or treatment under his or her plan and that the inmate maintained a good conduct record during his or her term of confinement, the department shall notify the sentencing court that the inmate has successfully completed the requirements of his or her risk reduction sentence.
302.043(2) (2)Upon receipt of notice under sub. (1), the court shall release the inmate to extended supervision.
302.043(3) (3)Upon receiving a court order releasing the inmate under sub. (2), the department shall release the inmate within 6 working days, as defined in s. 227.01 (14) and as computed in s. 990.001 (4).
302.043(4) (4)A person released under this section, his or her residence, and any property under his or her control may be searched by a law enforcement officer at any time during his or her period of supervision if the officer reasonably suspects that the person is committing, is about to commit, or has committed a crime or a violation of a condition of release to extended supervision. Any search conducted pursuant to this subsection shall be conducted in a reasonable manner and may not be arbitrary, capricious, or harassing. A law enforcement officer who conducts a search pursuant to this subsection shall, as soon as practicable after the search, notify the department.
302.043 History History: 2011 a. 38; 2013 a. 79.
302.045 302.045 Challenge incarceration program.
302.045(1)(1)Program. The department shall provide a challenge incarceration program for inmates selected to participate under sub. (2). The program shall provide participants with manual labor, personal development counseling, substance abuse treatment and education, military drill and ceremony, counseling, and strenuous physical exercise, for participants who have not attained the age of 30 as of the date on which they begin participating in the program, or age-appropriate strenuous physical exercise, for all other participants, in preparation for release on parole or extended supervision. The department shall design the program to include not fewer than 50 participants at a time and so that a participant may complete the program in not more than 180 days. The department may restrict participant privileges as necessary to maintain discipline.
302.045(2) (2)Program eligibility. Except as provided in sub. (4), the department may place any inmate in the challenge incarceration program if the inmate meets all of the following criteria:
302.045(2)(a) (a) The inmate volunteers to participate in the program.
302.045(2)(b) (b) The inmate has not attained the age of 40 as of the date the inmate will begin participating in the program.
302.045(2)(c) (c) The inmate is incarcerated regarding a violation other than a crime specified in ch. 940 or s. 948.02, 948.025, 948.03, 948.05, 948.051, 948.055, 948.06, 948.07, 948.075, 948.08, 948.085, or 948.095.
302.045(2)(cm) (cm) If the inmate is serving a bifurcated sentence imposed under s. 973.01, the sentencing court decided under s. 973.01 (3m) that the inmate is eligible for the challenge incarceration program.
302.045(2)(d) (d) The department determines, during assessment and evaluation, that the inmate has a substance abuse problem.
302.045(2)(e) (e) The department determines that the inmate has no psychological, physical or medical limitations that would preclude participation in the program.
302.045(3) (3)Parole eligibility. Except as provided in sub. (4), if the department determines that an inmate serving a sentence other than one imposed under s. 973.01 has successfully completed the challenge incarceration program, the parole commission shall parole the inmate for that sentence under s. 304.06, regardless of the time the inmate has served. When the parole commission grants parole under this subsection, it must require the parolee to participate in an intensive supervision program for drug abusers as a condition of parole.
302.045(3m) (3m)Release to extended supervision.
302.045(3m)(a)(a) Except as provided in sub. (4), if the department determines that an inmate serving the term of confinement in prison portion of a bifurcated sentence imposed under s. 973.01 has successfully completed the challenge incarceration program, the department shall inform the court that sentenced the inmate.
302.045(3m)(b) (b) Upon being informed by the department under par. (a) that an inmate whom the court sentenced under s. 973.01 has successfully completed the challenge incarceration program, the court shall modify the inmate's bifurcated sentence as follows:
302.045(3m)(b)1. 1. The court shall reduce the term of confinement in prison portion of the inmate's bifurcated sentence in a manner that provides for the release of the inmate to extended supervision within 30 days of the date on which the court receives the information from the department under par. (a).
302.045(3m)(b)2. 2. The court shall lengthen the term of extended supervision imposed so that the total length of the bifurcated sentence originally imposed does not change.
302.045(3m)(c) (c) The court may not increase the total length of the bifurcated sentence when modifying a bifurcated sentence under par. (b).
302.045(3m)(d) (d) Upon receiving a court order modifying an inmate's bifurcated sentence, the department shall release the inmate within 6 working days, as defined in s. 227.01 (14) and as computed in s. 990.001 (4).
302.045(3m)(e) (e) A person released under this subsection, his or her residence, and any property under his or her control may be searched by a law enforcement officer at any time during his or her period of supervision if the officer reasonably suspects that the person is committing, is about to commit, or has committed a crime or a violation of a condition of release to extended supervision. Any search conducted pursuant to this paragraph shall be conducted in a reasonable manner and may not be arbitrary, capricious, or harassing. A law enforcement officer who conducts a search pursuant to this paragraph shall, as soon as practicable after the search, notify the department.
302.045(4) (4)Intensive sanctions program participants. The department may place any intensive sanctions program participant in the challenge incarceration program. The participant is not subject to subs. (2), (3) and (3m).
302.045 Annotation While an offender must meet the eligibility requirements of sub. (2) to participate in the challenge incarceration program, the trial court must, pursuant to s. 973.01 (3m), also determine if the offender is eligible for the program, in the exercise of its sentencing discretion. State v. Steele, 2001 WI App 160, 246 Wis. 2d 744, 632 N.W.2d 112, 00-2864.
302.045 Annotation Once the trial court has made an eligibility determination, the final placement determination is made by the department. This section provides that if an inmate meets all of the program eligibility criteria, the department “may" place that inmate in the program. It is not the sentencing court's function to classify an inmate to a particular institution or program. State v. Schladweiler, 2009 WI App 177, 322 Wis. 2d 642, 777 N.W.2d 114, 08-3119.
302.05 302.05 Wisconsin substance abuse program.
302.05(1)(1)
302.05(1)(am) (am) The department of corrections and the department of health services may designate a section of a mental health institute as a correctional treatment facility for the treatment of substance abuse of inmates transferred from Wisconsin state prisons. This section shall be administered by the department of corrections and shall be known as the Wisconsin substance abuse program. The department of corrections and the department of health services shall ensure that the residents at the institution and the residents in the substance abuse program:
302.05(1)(am)1. 1. Have access to all facilities that are available at the institution and are necessary for the treatment programs designed by the departments.
302.05(1)(am)2. 2. Are housed on separate wards.
302.05(1)(b) (b) The department of corrections and the department of health services shall, at any correctional facility the departments determine is appropriate, provide a substance abuse treatment program for inmates for the purposes of the program described in sub. (3).
302.05(2) (2)Transfer to a correctional treatment facility for the treatment of substance abuse shall be considered a transfer under s. 302.18.
302.05(3) (3)
302.05(3)(a)(a) In this subsection, “eligible inmate" means an inmate to whom all of the following apply:
302.05(3)(a)1. 1. The inmate is incarcerated regarding a violation other than a crime specified in ch. 940 or s. 948.02, 948.025, 948.03, 948.05, 948.051, 948.055, 948.06, 948.07, 948.075, 948.08, 948.085, or 948.095.
302.05(3)(a)2. 2. If the inmate is serving a bifurcated sentence imposed under s. 973.01, the sentencing court decided under par. (e) or s. 973.01 (3g) that the inmate is eligible to participate in the earned release program described in this subsection.
302.05(3)(b) (b) Except as provided in par. (d), if the department determines that an eligible inmate serving a sentence other than one imposed under s. 973.01 has successfully completed a treatment program described in sub. (1), the parole commission shall parole the inmate for that sentence under s. 304.06, regardless of the time the inmate has served. If the parole commission grants parole under this paragraph, it shall require the parolee to participate in an intensive supervision program for drug abusers as a condition of parole.
302.05(3)(c)1.1. Except as provided in par. (d), if the department determines that an eligible inmate serving the term of confinement in prison portion of a bifurcated sentence imposed under s. 973.01 has successfully completed a treatment program described in sub. (1), the department shall inform the court that sentenced the inmate.
302.05(3)(c)2. 2. Upon being informed by the department under subd. 1. that an inmate whom the court sentenced under s. 973.01 has successfully completed a treatment program described in sub. (1), the court shall modify the inmate's bifurcated sentence as follows:
302.05(3)(c)2.a. a. The court shall reduce the term of confinement in prison portion of the inmate's bifurcated sentence in a manner that provides for the release of the inmate to extended supervision within 30 days of the date on which the court receives the information from the department under subd. 1.
302.05(3)(c)2.b. b. The court shall lengthen the term of extended supervision imposed so that the total length of the bifurcated sentence originally imposed does not change.
302.05(3)(c)3. 3. Upon receiving a court order modifying an inmate's bifurcated sentence, the department shall release the inmate within 6 working days, as defined in s. 227.01 (14) and as computed in s. 990.001 (4).
302.05(3)(c)4. 4. A person released under this paragraph, his or her residence, and any property under his or her control may be searched by a law enforcement officer at any time during his or her period of supervision if the officer reasonably suspects that the person is committing, is about to commit, or has committed a crime or a violation of a condition of release to extended supervision. Any search conducted pursuant to this subdivision shall be conducted in a reasonable manner and may not be arbitrary, capricious, or harassing. A law enforcement officer who conducts a search pursuant to this subdivision shall, as soon as practicable after the search, notify the department.
302.05(3)(d) (d) The department may place intensive sanctions program participants in a treatment program described in sub. (1), but pars. (b) and (c) do not apply to those participants.
302.05(3)(e) (e) If an inmate is serving the term of confinement portion of a bifurcated sentence imposed under s. 973.01, the sentence was imposed before July 26, 2003, and the inmate satisfies the criteria under par. (a) 1., the inmate may, with the department's approval, petition the sentencing court to determine whether he or she is eligible or ineligible to participate in the earned release program under this subsection during the term of confinement. The inmate shall serve a copy of the petition on the district attorney who prosecuted him or her, and the district attorney may file a written response. The court shall exercise its discretion in granting or denying the inmate's petition but must do so no later than 90 days after the inmate files the petition. If the court determines under this paragraph that the inmate is eligible to participate in the earned release program, the court shall inform the inmate of the provisions of par. (c).
302.05 Annotation Excluding persons whose conduct has caused death or great bodily harm in violation of ch. 940 from the opportunity to reduce their period of confinement by participation in the earned release program is rationally related to the legitimate government purpose of punishing more serious crimes more severely. Sub. (3) (a) does not violate the right to equal protection by precluding participation in the program by violators of ch. 940. State v. Lynch, 2006 WI App 231, 297 Wis. 2d 51, 724 N.W.2d 656, 05-2128.
302.05 Annotation The department of corrections approval required by sub. (3) (e) is merely a determination that the petitioner is not statutorily excluded from eligibility for the earned release program. The exercise of discretion as to whether the inmate should be included in program eligibility is a matter for the trial court. State v. Johnson, 2007 WI App 41, 299 Wis. 2d 785, 730 N.W.2d 661, 06-0870.
302.055 302.055 Transfer of inmates to resource center. The department may transfer an inmate from a prison, jail or other criminal detention facility to the Wisconsin resource center if there is reason to believe that the inmate is in need of individualized care. The inmate is entitled to a transfer hearing by the department on the transfer to the Wisconsin resource center.
302.055 History History: 1981 c. 20; 1989 a. 31 s. 1622; Stats. 1989 s. 302.055.
302.055 Annotation Rights and responsibilities of counties in prisoner transfers to Wisconsin resource center are discussed. 71 Atty. Gen. 170.
302.06 302.06 Delivery of persons to prisons. The sheriff shall deliver to the reception center designated by the department every person convicted in the county and sentenced to the Wisconsin state prisons or to the intensive sanctions program as soon as may be after sentence, together with a copy of the judgment of conviction. The warden or superintendent shall deliver to the sheriff a receipt acknowledging receipt of the person, naming the person, which receipt the sheriff shall file in the office of the clerk who issued the copy of the judgment of conviction. When transporting or delivering the person to any of the Wisconsin state prisons the sheriff shall be accompanied by an adult of the same sex as the person. If the sheriff and the person are of the same sex, this requirement is satisfied and a 3rd person is not required.
302.06 History History: 1975 c. 94; 1975 c. 189 s. 99 (1); 1975 c. 224 s. 146m; 1989 a. 31 s. 1623; Stats. 1989 s. 302.06; 1991 a. 39.
302.07 302.07 Maintenance of order. The warden or superintendent shall maintain order, enforce obedience, suppress riots and prevent escapes. For such purposes the warden or superintendent may command the aid of the officers of the institution and of persons outside of the prison; and any person who fails to obey such command shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail not more than one year or by a fine not exceeding $500. The warden or superintendent may adopt proper means to capture escaped inmates.
302.07 History History: 1989 a. 31 s. 1624; Stats. 1989 s. 302.07; 1991 a. 316.
302.07 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also chs. DOC 303, 306, 308, 309, and 311, Wis. adm. code.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 50 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on December 6, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after December 6, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-6-19)