Satisfactorily completed an anesthesiologist assistant program that is accredited by the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs, or by a predecessor or successor entity.
Passed the certifying examination administered by, and obtained active certification from, the National Commission on Certification of Anesthesiologist Assistants or a successor entity.
Except as provided in pars. (am)
, the board shall examine each applicant it finds eligible under this section in such subject matters as the board deems applicable to the class of license or certificate which the applicant seeks to have granted. Examinations may be both written and oral. In lieu of its own examinations, in whole or in part, the board may make such use as it deems appropriate of examinations prepared, administered, and scored by national examining agencies, or by other licensing jurisdictions of the United States or Canada. The board shall specify passing grades for any and all examinations required.
When examining an applicant for a license to practice perfusion under par. (a)
, the board shall use an examination at least as stringent and comprehensive as the certification examination used by the American Board of Cardiovascular Perfusion or its successor.
See also ch. Med 22
, Wis. adm. code.
When examining an applicant for a license to practice as an anesthesiologist assistant under par. (a)
, the board shall use the certification examination administered by the National Commission on Certification of Anesthesiologist Assistants or a successor entity. The board may license without additional examination any qualified applicant who is licensed in any state or territory of the United States or the District of Columbia and whose license authorizes the applicant to practice in the same manner and to the same extent as an anesthesiologist assistant is authorized to practice under s. 448.22 (2)
The board may require an applicant who fails to appear for or to complete the required examinations to reapply for licensure or certification before being admitted to subsequent examinations.
An applicant who fails to achieve a passing grade in the required examinations may request reexamination, and may be reexamined not more than twice at not less than 4-month intervals, and shall pay a reexamination fee for each such reexamination. An applicant who fails to achieve a passing grade on the 2nd such reexamination may not be admitted to further examination until the applicant reapplies for licensure or certification and also presents to the board evidence of further professional training or education as the board may deem appropriate.
Application for any class of license or certificate shall be made as a verified statement in a form provided by the department and at such time and place as the board may designate, and shall be accompanied by satisfactory evidence setting out the qualifications imposed by this section. Application for any class of license to practice medicine and surgery also shall be accompanied by a verified statement that the applicant is familiar with the state health laws and the rules of the department of health services as related to communicable diseases.
See also chs. Med 1
, and 4
, Wis. adm. code.
An unlicensed first-year resident should be held to the standard of care applicable to an unlicensed first-year resident based on the unique restrictions applicable, in this case that the resident had no authority or privileges to provide primary obstetrical care and was not supposed to act as the primary attending physician, but was to assess and report findings and differential diagnoses to an upper level senior resident or to the attending obstetrician. Phelps v. Physicians Insurance Co. of Wisconsin, 2005 WI 85
, 282 Wis. 2d 69
, 698 N.W.2d 643
License or certificate granted, denied. 448.06(1)(1)
Grant of license or certificate.
Subject to s. 448.05 (1) (d)
, if three-fourths of the members of the board find that an applicant who has passed the required examinations is qualified, the board shall so notify the applicant and shall grant the license or certificate.
Grant of limited license or certificate.
If the board finds, based upon considerations of public health and safety, that the applicant has not demonstrated adequate education, training or performance on examinations or in past practice, if any, to qualify for full licensure or certification under sub. (1)
, the board may grant the applicant a limited license or certificate and shall so notify the applicant.
Denial of license or certificate.
The board may deny an application for any class of license or certificate and refuse to grant such license or certificate on the basis of unprofessional conduct on the part of the applicant, failure to possess the education and training required for that class of license or certificate for which application is made, or failure to achieve a passing grade in the required examinations.
See also chs. Med 9
and SPS 1
, Wis. adm. code.
Notification requirements for certain licenses. 448.063(1)(1)
If the holder of a license granted under the authority of s. 448.05 (2) (a) 2. b.
or (b) 4. b.
subsequently discontinues his or her postgraduate training program at any time prior to the completion of the program, the program director shall notify the board, providing full details of the cause of the discontinuance and the holder's plans, if any, for completion of the postgraduate training program. The board shall review the matter and may take any appropriate action.
If the holder of a license granted under s. 448.04 (1) (bg)
ceases to teach, research, or practice medicine and surgery at the medical education facility, medical research facility, or medical college where he or she is visiting, the medical education facility, medical research facility, or medical college shall notify the board. The board shall review the matter and may take any appropriate action.
History: 2013 a. 240
Every person licensed or certified under this subchapter shall register on or before November 1 of each odd-numbered year following issuance of the license or certificate with the board. Registration shall be completed in such manner as the board shall designate and upon forms the board shall provide, except that registration with respect to a compact license shall be governed by the renewal provisions in s. 448.980 (7)
. The secretary of the board, on or before October 1 of each odd-numbered year, shall mail or cause to be mailed to every person required to register a registration form. The board shall furnish to each person registered under this section a certificate of registration, and the person shall display the registration certificate conspicuously in the office at all times. No person may exercise the rights or privileges conferred by any license or certificate granted by the board unless currently registered as required under this subsection.
The board shall maintain the register required by s. 440.035 (1m) (d)
, which shall be divided according to the activity for which the registrant is licensed or certified. The board shall make copies available for purchase at cost.
Every registration made as provided in this section shall be presumptive evidence in all courts and other places that the person named therein is legally registered for the period covered by such registration, and shall be deemed to fulfill any statutory requirement for renewal of license or certificate.
No registration may be permitted by the secretary of the board in the case of any physician or perfusionist who has failed to meet the requirements of s. 448.13
or any person whose license or certificate has been suspended or revoked and the registration of any such person shall be deemed automatically annulled upon receipt by the secretary of the board of a verified report of such suspension or revocation, subject to the person's right of appeal. A person whose license or certificate has been suspended or revoked and subsequently restored shall be registered by the board upon tendering a verified report of such restoration of the license or certificate, together with an application for registration and the registration fee.
Except as otherwise provided in s. 448.980
, the fees for examination and licenses granted under this subchapter are specified in s. 440.05
, and the renewal fee for such licenses is determined by the department under s. 440.03 (9) (a)
. Compact licenses shall be subject to additional fees and assessments, as established by the department, the board, or the interstate medical licensure compact commission, to cover any costs incurred by the department or the board for this state's participation in the interstate medical licensure compact under s. 448.980
and costs incurred by the interstate medical licensure compact commission for its administration of the renewal process for the interstate medical licensure compact under s. 448.980
See also ch. Med 14
, Wis. adm. code.
Fee splitting; separate billing required, partnerships and corporations; contract exceptions. 448.08(1)(1)
As used in this section:
“Hospital" means an institution providing 24-hour continuous service to patients confined therein which is primarily engaged in providing facilities for diagnostic and therapeutic services for the surgical and medical diagnosis, treatment and care, of injured or sick persons, by or under the supervision of a professional staff of physicians and surgeons, and which is not primarily a place of rest for the aged, drug addicts or alcoholics, or a nursing home. Such hospitals may charge patients directly for the services of their employee nurses, nonphysician anesthetists, physical therapists and medical assistants other than physicians or dentists, and may engage on a salary basis interns and residents who are participating in an accredited training program under the supervision of the medical staff, and persons with a resident educational license issued under s. 448.04 (1) (bm)
“Medical education and research organization" means a medical education and medical research organization operating on a nonprofit basis.
Except as otherwise provided in this section, no person licensed or certified under this subchapter may give or receive, directly or indirectly, to or from any person, firm or corporation any fee, commission, rebate or other form of compensation or anything of value for sending, referring or otherwise inducing a person to communicate with a licensee in a professional capacity, or for any professional services not actually rendered personally or at his or her direction.
Separate billing required.
Any person licensed under this subchapter who renders any medical or surgical service or assistance whatever, or gives any medical, surgical or any similar advice or assistance whatever to any patient, physician or corporation, or to any other institution or organization of any kind, including a hospital, for which a charge is made to such patient receiving such service, advice or assistance, shall, except as authorized by Title 18 or Title 19 of the federal social security act, render an individual statement or account of the charges therefor directly to such patient, distinct and separate from any statement or account by any physician or other person, who has rendered or who may render any medical, surgical or any similar service whatever, or who has given or may give any medical, surgical or similar advice or assistance to such patient, physician, corporation, or to any other institution or organization of any kind, including a hospital.
Billing for tests performed by the state laboratory of hygiene.
A person other than a state or local government agency who charges a patient, other person or 3rd-party payer for services performed by the state laboratory of hygiene shall identify the actual amount charged by the state laboratory of hygiene and shall restrict charges for those services to that amount.
Professional partnerships and corporations permitted.
Notwithstanding any other provision in this section, it is lawful for 2 or more physicians, who have entered into a bona fide partnership for the practice of medicine, to render a single bill for such services in the name of such partnership, and it also is lawful for a service corporation to render a single bill for services in the name of the corporation, provided that each individual licensed, registered or certified under this chapter or ch. 446
that renders billed services is individually identified as having rendered such services.
Contract exceptions; terms.
Notwithstanding any other provision in this section, when a hospital and its medical staff or a medical education and research organization and its medical staff consider that it is in the public interest, a physician may contract with the hospital or organization as an employee or to provide consultation services for attending physicians as provided in this subsection.
Require the physician to be a member of or acceptable to and subject to the approval of the medical staff of the hospital or medical education and research organization.
Permit the physician to exercise professional judgment without supervision or interference by the hospital or medical education and research organization.
If agreeable to the contracting parties, the hospital or medical education and research organization may charge the patient for services rendered by the physician, but the statement to the patient shall indicate that the services of the physician, who shall be designated by name, are included in the departmental charges.
No hospital or medical education and research organization may limit staff membership to physicians employed under this subsection.
The responsibility of physician to patient, particularly with respect to professional liability, shall not be altered by any employment contract under this subsection.
A medical professional service corporation may bill patients for services by both a physician and a physical therapist if billing states an accurate figure for the respective services. 71 Atty. Gen. 108
Penalties; appeal. 448.09(1)(1)
A person who violates s. 448.08 (3)
may be fined not more than $250. Except as provided in sub. (1m)
, a person who violates any other provision of this subchapter may be fined not more than $10,000 or imprisoned for not more than 9 months or both.
A physician who violates any provision of this subchapter, except s. 448.08 (3)
, or any rule promulgated under this subchapter may be fined not more than $25,000 or imprisoned not more than 9 months or both.
Any person aggrieved by any action taken under this subchapter by the board, its officers or its agents may apply for judicial review as provided in ch. 227
, and shall file notice of such appeal with the secretary of the board within 30 days. No court of this state may enter an ex parte stay of any action taken by the board under this subchapter.
Notwithstanding s. 448.05 (2)
, a person who, on April 1, 2015, possessed a valid license to practice medicine and surgery under s. 448.05 (2)
, 2011 stats., may retain, practice under, and continue to renew that license, subject to any other provisions in this subchapter or any rules promulgated by the board governing a license to practice medicine and surgery.
If it appears upon complaint to the board by any person or if it is known to the board that any person is violating this subchapter, or rules adopted by the board under this subchapter, the board or the attorney general may investigate and may, in addition to any other remedies, bring action in the name and on behalf of the state against any such person to enjoin such person from such violation. The attorney general shall represent the board in all proceedings.
History: 1975 c. 383
; 1997 a. 175
A physician who has reason to believe any of the following about another physician shall promptly submit a written report to the board that shall include facts relating to the conduct of the other physician:
The other physician is engaging or has engaged in acts that constitute a pattern of unprofessional conduct.
The other physician is engaging or has engaged in an act that creates an immediate or continuing danger to one or more patients or to the public.
The other physician is or may be medically incompetent.
The other physician is or may be mentally or physically unable safely to engage in the practice of medicine or surgery.
No physician who reports to the board under sub. (1)
may be held civilly or criminally liable or be found guilty of unprofessional conduct for reporting in good faith.
History: 2009 a. 382
Anyone practicing medicine, surgery, osteopathy, or any other form or system of treating the sick without having a license or a certificate of registration shall be liable to the penalties and liabilities for malpractice; and ignorance shall not lessen such liability for failing to perform or for negligently or unskillfully performing or attempting to perform any duty assumed, and which is ordinarily performed by authorized practitioners.
History: 1975 c. 383
Biennial training requirement. 448.13(1)(a)
Except as provided in par. (b)
, each physician shall include with his or her application for a certificate of registration under s. 448.07
proof of attendance at and completion of all of the following:
Continuing education programs or courses of study approved for at least 30 hours of credit by the board within the 2 calendar years preceding the calendar year for which the registration is effective.
Professional development and maintenance of certification or performance improvement or continuing medical education programs or courses of study required by the board by rule under s. 448.40 (1)
and completed within the 2 calendar years preceding the calendar year for which the registration is effective.
The board may waive any of the requirements under par. (a)
if it finds that exceptional circumstances such as prolonged illness, disability or other similar circumstances have prevented a physician from meeting the requirements.
The board shall, on a random basis, verify the accuracy of proof submitted by physicians under sub. (1) (a)
and may, at any time during the 2 calendar years specified in sub. (1) (a)
, require a physician to submit proof of any continuing education, professional development, and maintenance of certification or performance improvement or continuing medical education programs or courses of study that he or she has attended and completed at that time during the 2 calendar years.
Each person licensed as a perfusionist shall include with his or her application for a certificate of registration under s. 448.07
proof of completion of continuing education requirements promulgated by rule by the board.
Each person licensed as an anesthesiologist assistant shall include with his or her application for a certificate of registration under s. 448.07
proof of meeting the criteria for recertification by the National Commission on Certification of Anesthesiologist Assistants or by a successor entity, including any continuing education requirements.
See also Med
, Wis. adm. code.
Annually, no later than March 1, the board shall submit to the chief clerk of each house of the legislature for distribution to the appropriate standing committees under s. 13.172 (3)
a report that identifies the average length of time to process a disciplinary case against a physician during the preceding year and the number of disciplinary cases involving physicians pending before the board on December 31 of the preceding year.
History: 1997 a. 311
Anesthesiologist assistants. 448.22(1)(1)
In this section, “supervision" means the use of the powers of direction and decision to coordinate, direct, and inspect the accomplishments of another, and to oversee the implementation of the anesthesiologist's intentions.
An anesthesiologist assistant may assist an anesthesiologist in the delivery of medical care only under the supervision of an anesthesiologist and only as described in a supervision agreement between the anesthesiologist assistant and an anesthesiologist who represents the anesthesiologist assistant's employer. The supervising anesthesiologist shall be immediately available in the same physical location or facility in which the anesthesiologist assistant assists in the delivery of medical care such that the supervising anesthesiologist is able to intervene if needed.
A supervision agreement under sub. (2)
shall do all of the following:
Define the practice of the anesthesiologist assistant consistent with subs. (2)
, and (5)
An anesthesiologist assistant's practice may not exceed his or her education and training, the scope of practice of the supervising anesthesiologist, and the practice outlined in the anesthesiologist assistant supervision agreement. A medical care task assigned by the supervising anesthesiologist to the anesthesiologist assistant may not be delegated by the anesthesiologist assistant to another person.