54.896(2) (2)Sections 54.854 to 54.898 apply to all transfers made before April 8, 1988, in a manner and form prescribed in ss. 880.61 to 880.71, 1985 stats., except insofar as the application impairs constitutionally vested rights or extends the duration of custodianships in existence on April 8, 1988.
54.896(3) (3)Sections 54.854 to 54.892 with respect to the age of a minor for whom custodial property is held under ss. 54.854 to 54.898 do not apply to custodial property held in a custodianship that terminated because of the minor's attainment of the age of 18 after March 23, 1972 and before April 8, 1988.
54.896(4) (4) To the extent that ss. 54.854 to 54.898, by virtue of sub. (2), do not apply to transfers made in a manner prescribed in ss. 880.61 to 880.71, 1985 stats., or to the powers, duties and immunities conferred by transfers in that manner upon custodians and persons dealing with custodians, the repeal of ss. 880.61 to 880.71, 1985 stats., does not affect those transfers, powers, duties and immunities.
54.896 History History: 1987 a. 191; 2005 a. 387 s. 548; Stats. 2005 s. 54.896.
54.898 54.898 Uniformity of application and construction. Sections 54.854 to 54.898 shall be applied and construed to effectuate their general purpose to make uniform the law with respect to the subject of ss. 54.854 to 54.898 among states enacting it.
54.898 History History: 1987 a. 191; 2005 a. 387 s. 549; Stats. 2005 s. 54.898.
54.92 54.92 Uniform securities ownership by minors act.
54.92(1)(1)Definitions. In this section, unless the context otherwise requires:
54.92(1)(a) (a) “Bank" is a bank, trust company, national banking association, industrial bank or any banking institution incorporated under the laws of this state.
54.92(1)(b) (b) “Broker" means a person lawfully engaged in the business of effecting transactions in securities for the account of others. The term includes a bank which effects such transactions. The term also includes a person lawfully engaged in buying and selling securities for his or her own account, through a broker or otherwise, as a part of a regular business.
54.92(1)(c) (c) “Issuer" means a person who places or authorizes the placing of his or her name on a security, other than as a transfer agent, to evidence that it represents a share, participation or other interest in his or her property or in an enterprise or to evidence his or her duty or undertaking to perform an obligation evidenced by the security, or who becomes responsible for or in place of any such person.
54.92(1)(d) (d) “Person" includes a corporation, government or governmental subdivision or agency, business trust, estate, trust, partnership or association, 2 or more persons having a joint or common interest, or any other legal or commercial entity.
54.92(1)(e) (e) “Security" includes any note, stock, treasury stock, bond, debenture, evidence of indebtedness, certificate of interest or participation in an oil, gas or mining title or lease or in payments out of production under such a title or lease, collateral trust certificate, transferable share, voting trust certificate or, in general, any interest or instrument commonly known as a security, or any certificate of interest or participation in, any temporary or interim certificate, receipt or certificate of deposit for, or any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase, any of the foregoing. The term does not include a security of which the donor is the issuer. A security is in “registered form" when it specifies a person entitled to it or to the rights it evidences and its transfer may be registered upon books maintained for that purpose by or on behalf of the issuer.
54.92(1)(f) (f) “Third party" is a person other than a bank, broker, transfer agent or issuer who with respect to a security held by a minor effects a transaction otherwise than directly with the minor.
54.92(1)(g) (g) “Transfer agent" means a person who acts as authenticating trustee, transfer agent, registrar or other agent for an issuer in the registration of transfers of its securities or in the issue of new securities or in the cancellation of surrendered securities.
54.92(2) (2)Security transactions involving minors; liability. A bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent incurs no liability by reason of his or her treating a minor as having capacity to transfer a security, to receive or to empower others to receive dividends, interest, principal, or other payments or distributions, to vote or give consent in person or by proxy, or to make elections or exercise rights relating to the security, unless prior to acting in the transaction the bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent had received written notice in the office acting in the transaction that the specific security is held by a minor or unless an individual conducting the transaction for the bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent had actual knowledge of the minority of the holder of the security. Except as otherwise provided in this section, such a bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent may assume without inquiry that the holder of a security is not a minor.
54.92(3) (3)Acts of minors not subject to disaffirmance or avoidance. A minor, who has transferred a security, received or empowered others to receive dividends, interest, principal, or other payments or distributions, voted or given consent in person or by proxy, or made an election or exercised rights relating to the security, has no right thereafter, as against a bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent to disaffirm or avoid the transaction, unless prior to acting in the transaction the bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent against whom the transaction is sought to be disaffirmed or avoided had received notice in the office acting in the transaction that the specific security is held by a minor or unless an individual conducting the transaction for the bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent had actual knowledge of the minority of the holder.
54.92(4) (4)Construction. This section shall be so construed as to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the laws of those states which enact it.
54.92(5) (5)Interpretation. This section shall supersede any provision of law in conflict therewith.
54.92(6) (6)Title. This section may be cited as the “Uniform Securities Ownership by Minors Act".
54.92 History History: 1971 c. 41 ss. 8, 12; Stats. 1971 s. 880.75; 1987 a. 191; 1991 a. 221; 1993 a. 486; 1999 a. 185; 2005 a. 253; 2005 a. 387 s. 551; Stats. 2005 s. 54.92.
54.93 54.93 Securities ownership by incompetents and spendthrifts.
54.93(1)(1)Definitions.
54.93(1)(a)(a) All definitions in s. 54.92 (1) (a) to (e) and (g) shall apply in this section, unless the context otherwise requires.
54.93(1)(b) (b) In this section, “ 3rd party" means a person other than a bank, broker, transfer agent or issuer who with respect to a security held by an incompetent or spendthrift effects a transaction otherwise than directly with the incompetent or spendthrift.
54.93(2) (2)Security transactions involving incompetent or spendthrift; liability. A bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent incurs no liability by reason of his or her treating an incompetent or spendthrift as having capacity to transfer a security, to receive or to empower others to receive dividends, interest, principal, or other payments or distributions, to vote or give consent in person or by proxy, or to make elections or exercise rights relating to the security, unless prior to acting in the transaction the bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent had received written notice in the office acting in the transaction that the specific security is held by a person who has been adjudicated an incompetent or a spendthrift or unless an individual conducting the transaction for the bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent had actual knowledge that the holder of the security is a person who has been adjudicated an incompetent or a spendthrift, or actual knowledge of filing of lis pendens as provided in s. 54.47. Except as otherwise provided in this section, such a bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent may assume without inquiry that the holder of a security is not an incompetent or spendthrift.
54.93(3) (3)Acts not subject to disaffirmance or avoidance. An incompetent or spendthrift, who has transferred a security, received or empowered others to receive dividends, interest, principal, or other payments or distributions, voted or given consent in person or by proxy, or made an election or exercised rights relating to the security, has no right thereafter, as against a bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent to disaffirm or avoid the transaction, unless prior to acting in the transaction the bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent against whom the transaction is sought to be disaffirmed or avoided had received notice in the office acting in the transaction that the specific security is held by a person who has been adjudicated an incompetent or a spendthrift or unless an individual conducting the transaction for the bank, broker, issuer, 3rd party, or transfer agent had actual knowledge that the holder is a person who has been adjudicated an incompetent or a spendthrift, or actual knowledge of filing of lis pendens as provided in s. 54.47.
54.93(4) (4)Interpretation. This section shall supersede any provision of law in conflict therewith.
54.93 History History: 1971 c. 41 ss. 8, 12; Stats. 1971 s. 880.76; 1993 a. 486; 1999 a. 185; 2005 a. 253; 2005 a. 387 s. 552; Stats. 2005 s. 54.93; 2007 a. 45.
54.950 54.950 Definitions. In this subchapter:
54.950(1) (1) “Adult" means an individual who is at least 18 years of age.
54.950(2) (2) “Beneficiary" means an individual for whom property has been transferred to or held under a declaration of trust by a custodial trustee for the individual's use and benefit under this subchapter.
54.950(3) (3) Notwithstanding s. 54.01 (3), “conservator" means a person appointed or qualified by a court by voluntary proceedings to manage the estate of an individual, or a person legally authorized to perform substantially the same functions.
54.950(4) (4) Notwithstanding s. 54.01 (4), “court" means the circuit court of this state.
54.950(5) (5) “Custodial trustee" means a person designated as trustee of a custodial trust under this subchapter or a substitute or successor to the person designated.
54.950(6) (6) “Custodial trustee property" means an interest in property transferred to or held under a declaration of trust by a custodial trustee under this subchapter and the income from and proceeds of that interest.
54.950(7) (7) Notwithstanding s. 54.01 (10), “guardian" means a person appointed or qualified by a court as a guardian of the person or estate, or both, of an individual, including a guardian with limited powers, but not a person who is only a guardian ad litem.
54.950(8) (8) “Incapacitated" means lacking the ability to manage property and business affairs effectively by reason of mental illness, mental deficiency, physical illness or disability, chronic use of drugs, chronic intoxication, confinement, detention by a foreign power, disappearance, minority or other disabling cause.
54.950(9) (9) “Legal representative" means a personal representative, conservator or guardian of the estate.
54.950(10) (10) “Member of the beneficiary's family" means a beneficiary's spouse, descendant, stepchild, parent, stepparent, grandparent, brother, sister, uncle or aunt, whether of the whole or half blood or by adoption.
54.950(11) (11) “Person" means an individual, corporation, business trust, estate, trust, partnership, joint venture, association or any other legal or commercial entity.
54.950(12) (12) Notwithstanding s. 54.01 (23), “personal representative" means an executor, administrator or special administrator of a decedent's estate, a person legally authorized to perform substantially the same functions or a successor to any of them.
54.950(13) (13) “State" means a state, territory or possession of the United States, the District of Columbia or the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.
54.950(14) (14) “Transferor" means a person who creates a custodial trust by transfer or declaration.
54.950(15) (15) “Trust company" means a financial institution, corporation or other legal entity, authorized to exercise general trust powers.
54.950 History History: 1991 a. 246; 2005 a. 387 s. 554; Stats. 2005 s. 54.950.
54.952 54.952 Custodial trust; general.
54.952(1) (1) A person may create a custodial trust of property by a written transfer of the property to another person, evidenced by registration or by other instrument of transfer executed in any lawful manner, naming as beneficiary an individual who may be the transferor, in which the transferee is designated, in substance, as custodial trustee under the Wisconsin uniform custodial trust act.
54.952(2) (2) A person may create a custodial trust of property by a written declaration, evidenced by registration of the property or by other instrument of declaration executed in any lawful manner, describing the property, naming as beneficiary an individual other than the declarant, in which the declarant as titleholder is designated, in substance, as custodial trustee under the Wisconsin uniform custodial trust act. A registration or other declaration of trust for the sole benefit of the declarant is not a custodial trust under this subchapter.
54.952(3) (3) Title to custodial trust property is in the custodial trustee and the beneficial interest is in the beneficiary.
54.952(4) (4) Except as provided in sub. (5), a transferor may not terminate a custodial trust.
54.952(5) (5) The beneficiary, if not incapacitated, or the conservator or guardian of the estate of an incapacitated beneficiary, may terminate a custodial trust by delivering to the custodial trustee a writing signed by the beneficiary, conservator or guardian of the estate declaring the termination. If not previously terminated, the custodial trust terminates on the death of the beneficiary.
54.952(6) (6) Any person may augment existing custodial trust property by the addition of other property pursuant to this subchapter.
54.952(7) (7) The transferor may designate, or authorize the designation of, a successor custodial trustee in the trust instrument.
54.952(8) (8)Sections 54.950 to 54.988 do not displace or restrict other means of creating trusts. A trust whose terms do not conform to this subchapter may be enforceable according to its terms under other law.
54.952 History History: 1991 a. 246; 2005 a. 387 s. 555; Stats. 2005 s. 54.952; s. 35.17 correction in (4).
54.954 54.954 Custodial trustee for future payment or transfer.
54.954(1)(1) A person having the right to designate the recipient of property payable or transferable upon a future event may create a custodial trust upon the occurrence of the future event by designating in writing the recipient, followed in substance by: “as custodial trustee for.... (name of beneficiary) under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act".
54.954(2) (2) Persons may be designated as substitute or successor custodial trustees to whom the property must be paid or transferred in the order named if the first designated custodial trustee is unable or unwilling to serve.
54.954(3) (3) A designation under this section may be made in a will, a trust, a deed, a multiple-party account, an insurance policy, an instrument exercising a power of appointment or a writing designating a beneficiary of contractual rights. Otherwise, to be effective, the designation must be registered with or delivered to the fiduciary, payor, issuer or obligor of the future right.
54.954 History History: 1991 a. 246; 2005 a. 387 s. 556; Stats. 2005 s. 54.954.
54.956 54.956 Form and effect of receipt and acceptance by custodial trustee, jurisdiction.
54.956(1) (1) Obligations of a custodial trustee, including the obligation to follow directions of the beneficiary, arise under this subchapter upon the custodial trustee's acceptance, express or implied, of the custodial trust property.
54.956(2) (2) The custodial trustee's acceptance may be evidenced by a writing stating in substantially the following form:
Custodial trustee's receipt and acceptance
I,.... (name of custodial trustee), acknowledge receipt of the custodial trust property described below or in the attached instrument and accept the custodial trust as custodial trustee for.... (name of beneficiary) under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act. I undertake to administer and distribute the custodial trust property pursuant to the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act. My obligations as custodial trustee are subject to the directions of the beneficiary unless the beneficiary is designated as, is or becomes, incapacitated. The custodial trust property consists of.....
Dated: ....
....
(Signature of Custodial Trustee)
54.956(3) (3) Upon accepting custodial trust property, a person designated as custodial trustee under this subchapter is subject to personal jurisdiction of the court with respect to any matter relating to the custodial trust.
54.956 History History: 1991 a. 246; 1993 a. 213; 2005 a. 387 s. 557; Stats. 2005 s. 54.956.
54.958 54.958 Transfer to custodial trustee by fiduciary or obligor; facility of payment.
54.958(1) (1) Unless otherwise directed by an instrument designating a custodial trustee pursuant to s. 54.954, a person, including a fiduciary other than a custodial trustee, who holds property of or owes a debt to an incapacitated individual not having a conservator or guardian of the estate may make a transfer to an adult member of the beneficiary's family or to a trust company as custodial trustee for the use and benefit of the incapacitated individual. If the value of the property or the debt exceeds $10,000, the transfer is not effective unless authorized by the court.
54.958(2) (2) A written acknowledgment of delivery, signed by a custodial trustee, is a sufficient receipt and discharge for property transferred to the custodial trustee pursuant to this section.
54.958 History History: 1991 a. 246; 2005 a. 387 s. 558; Stats. 2005 s. 54.958.
54.960 54.960 Multiple beneficiaries; separate custodial trusts; survivorship.
54.960(1) (1) Beneficial interests in a custodial trust created for multiple beneficiaries are deemed to be separate custodial trusts of equal undivided interests for each beneficiary. Except in a transfer or declaration for use and benefit of husband and wife, for whom survivorship is presumed, a right of survivorship does not exist unless the instrument creating the custodial trust specifically provides for survivorship or survivorship is required as to marital property.
54.960(2) (2) Custodial trust property held under this subchapter by the same custodial trustee for the use and benefit of the same beneficiary may be administered as a single custodial trust.
54.960(3) (3) A custodial trustee of custodial trust property held for more than one beneficiary shall separately account to each beneficiary pursuant to ss. 54.962 and 54.978 for the administration of the custodial trust.
54.960 History History: 1991 a. 246; 2005 a. 387 s. 559; Stats. 2005 s. 54.960.
54.962 54.962 General duties of custodial trustee.
54.962(1) (1) If appropriate, a custodial trustee shall register or record the instrument vesting title to custodial trust property.
54.962(2) (2) If the beneficiary is not incapacitated, a custodial trustee shall follow the directions of the beneficiary in the management, control, investment or retention of the custodial trust property. In the absence of effective contrary direction by the beneficiary while not incapacitated, the custodial trustee shall observe the standard of care that would be observed by a prudent person dealing with property of another and is not limited by any other law restricting investments by fiduciaries. However, a custodial trustee, in the custodial trustee's discretion, may retain any custodial trust property received from the transferor. If a custodial trustee has a special skill or expertise or is named custodial trustee on the basis of representation of a special skill or expertise, the custodial trustee shall use that skill or expertise.
54.962(3) (3) Subject to sub. (2), a custodial trustee shall take control of and collect, hold, manage, invest and reinvest custodial trust property.
54.962(4) (4) A custodial trustee at all times shall keep custodial trust property of which the custodial trustee has control separate from all other property in a manner sufficient to identify it clearly as custodial trust property of the beneficiary. Custodial trust property, the title to which is subject to recordation, is so identified if an appropriate instrument so identifying the property is recorded, and custodial trust property subject to registration is so identified if it is registered or held in an account in the name of the custodial trustee designated in substance: “as custodial trustee for .... (name of beneficiary) under the Wisconsin Uniform Custodial Trust Act".
54.962(5) (5) A custodial trustee shall keep records of all transactions with respect to custodial trust property, including information necessary for the preparation of tax returns, and shall make the records and information available at reasonable times to the beneficiary or legal representative of the beneficiary.
54.962(6) (6) The exercise of a durable power of attorney for an incapacitated beneficiary is not effective to terminate or direct the administration or distribution of a custodial trust.
54.962 History History: 1991 a. 246; 2005 a. 387 s. 560; Stats. 2005 s. 54.962.
54.964 54.964 General powers of custodial trustee.
54.964(1) (1) A custodial trustee, acting in a fiduciary capacity, has all the rights and powers over custodial trust property which an unmarried adult owner has over individually owned property, but a custodial trustee may exercise those rights and powers in a fiduciary capacity only.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 135 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before January 1, 2018. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after January 1, 2018 are designated by NOTES. (Published 1-1-18)