645.82(2) (2) Terms of order. If it appears to the court that the best interests of creditors, policyholders and the public so require, the court may issue an order to liquidate in whatever terms it considers appropriate. The recording of the order with any register of deeds in this state imparts the same notice as a deed, bill of sale or other evidence of title filed or recorded with that register of deeds.
645.82(3) (3) Conversion to ancillary proceeding. If a domiciliary liquidator is appointed in a reciprocal state while a liquidation is proceeding under this section, the liquidator under this section shall thereafter act as ancillary receiver under s. 645.84. If a domiciliary liquidator is appointed in a nonreciprocal state while a liquidation is proceeding under this section, the liquidator under this section may petition the court for permission to act as ancillary receiver under s. 645.84.
645.82(4) (4) Federal receivership. On the same grounds as are specified in sub. (1), the commissioner may petition any appropriate federal district court to be appointed receiver to liquidate that portion of the insurer's assets and business over which the court will exercise jurisdiction, or any lesser part thereof that the commissioner deems desirable for the protection of the policyholders and creditors in this state. The commissioner may accept appointment as federal receiver if another person files a petition.
645.82 History History: 1979 c. 102 s. 236 (21); 1993 a. 301.
645.83 645.83 Foreign domiciliary receivers in other states.
645.83(1)(1)Property rights and title: reciprocal state. The domiciliary liquidator of an insurer domiciled in a reciprocal state shall be vested by operation of law with the title to all of the property, contracts and rights of action, and all of the books, accounts and other records of the insurer located in this state. The date of vesting shall be the date of the filing of the petition, if that date is specified by the domiciliary law for the vesting of property in the domiciliary state; otherwise, the date of vesting shall be the date of entry of the order directing possession to be taken. The domiciliary liquidator shall have the immediate right to recover balances due from agents and to obtain possession of the books, accounts and other records of the insurer located in this state. The domiciliary liquidator may also recover the other assets of the insurer located in this state, subject to s. 645.84 (2).
645.83(2) (2) Property rights and title: state not a reciprocal state. If a domiciliary liquidator is appointed for an insurer not domiciled in a reciprocal state, the commissioner of this state shall be vested by operation of law with the title to all of the property, contracts and rights of action, and all of the books, accounts and other records of the insurer located in this state, at the same time that the domiciliary liquidator is vested with title in the domicile. The commissioner of this state may petition for a conservation or liquidation order under s. 645.81 or 645.82, or for an ancillary receivership under s. 645.84, or after approval by the circuit court for Dane County may transfer title to the domiciliary liquidator, as the interests of justice and the equitable distribution of the assets require.
645.83(3) (3) Filing claims. Claimants residing in this state may file claims with the liquidator or ancillary receiver, if any, in this state or with the domiciliary liquidator, if the domiciliary law permits. The claims must be filed on or before the last date fixed for the filing of claims in the domiciliary liquidation proceedings.
645.83 History History: 1979 c. 102.
645.84 645.84 Ancillary formal proceedings.
645.84(1)(1)Appointment of ancillary receiver in this state. If a domiciliary liquidator has been appointed for an insurer not domiciled in this state, the commissioner shall file a petition with the circuit court for Dane County requesting appointment as ancillary receiver in this state:
645.84(1)(a) (a) If the commissioner finds that there are sufficient assets of the insurer located in this state to justify the appointment of an ancillary receiver;
645.84(1)(b) (b) If 10 or more persons resident in this state having claims against the insurer file a petition with the commissioner requesting appointment of an ancillary receiver; or
645.84(1)(c) (c) If the protection of creditors or policyholders in this state so requires.
645.84(2) (2) Terms of order. The court may issue an order appointing an ancillary receiver in whatever terms it considers appropriate. The recording of the order with any register of deeds in this state imparts the same notice as a deed, bill of sale or other evidence of title filed or recorded with that register of deeds.
645.84(3) (3) Property rights and title: ancillary receivers in this state. When a domiciliary liquidator has been appointed in a reciprocal state, the ancillary receiver appointed in this state under sub. (1) shall have the sole right to recover all the assets of the insurer in this state not already recovered by the domiciliary liquidator, except that the domiciliary liquidator shall be entitled to and have the sole right to recover balances due from agents and the books, accounts and other records of the insurer. The ancillary receiver shall have the right to recover balances due from agents and books, accounts and other records of the insurer, if such action is necessary to protect the assets because of inaction by the domiciliary liquidator. The ancillary receiver shall, as soon as practicable, liquidate from their respective securities those special deposit claims and secured claims which are proved and allowed in the ancillary proceedings in this state, and shall pay the necessary expenses of the proceedings. The ancillary receiver shall promptly transfer all remaining assets to the domiciliary liquidator. Subject to this section, the ancillary receiver and the ancillary receiver's deputies shall have the same powers and be subject to the same duties with respect to the administration of assets as a liquidator of an insurer domiciled in this state.
645.84(4) (4) Property rights and title: foreign ancillary receivers. When a domiciliary liquidator has been appointed in this state, ancillary receivers appointed in reciprocal states shall have, as to assets and books, accounts and other records located in their respective states, corresponding rights and powers to those prescribed in sub. (3) for ancillary receivers appointed in this state.
645.84 History History: 1979 c. 102 ss. 222, 236 (6); 1993 a. 301.
645.85 645.85 Ancillary summary proceedings. The commissioner in his or her sole discretion may institute proceedings under ss. 645.21 to 645.23 at the request of the commissioner or other appropriate official of the domiciliary state of any nondomestic insurer having property located in this state.
645.85 History History: 1979 c. 102.
645.86 645.86 Claims of nonresidents against insurers domiciled in this state.
645.86(1)(1)Filing claims. In a liquidation proceeding begun in this state against an insurer domiciled in this state, claimants residing in foreign countries or in states not reciprocal states must file claims in this state, and claimants residing in reciprocal states may file claims either with the ancillary receivers, if any, in their respective states, or with the domiciliary liquidator. Claims must be filed on or before the last dates fixed for the filing of claims in the domiciliary liquidation proceeding.
645.86(2) (2) Proving claims. Claims belonging to claimants residing in reciprocal states may be proved either in the liquidation proceeding in this state as provided in this chapter, or in ancillary proceedings, if any, in the reciprocal states. If notice of the claim and opportunity to appear and be heard is afforded the domiciliary liquidator of this state as provided in s. 645.87 with respect to ancillary proceedings in this state, the final allowance of claims by the courts in ancillary proceedings in reciprocal states shall be conclusive as to amount and as to priority against special deposits or other security located in the ancillary states, but shall not be conclusive with respect to priorities against general assets under s. 645.68.
645.87 645.87 Claims of residents against insurers domiciled in reciprocal states.
645.87(1)(1)Filing claims. In a liquidation proceeding in a reciprocal state against an insurer domiciled in that state, claimants against the insurer who reside within this state may file claims either with the ancillary receiver, if any, in this state, or with the domiciliary liquidator. Claims must be filed on or before the last dates fixed for the filing of claims in the domiciliary liquidation proceeding.
645.87(2) (2) Proving claims. Claims belonging to claimants residing in this state may be proved either in the domiciliary state under the law of that state or in ancillary proceedings, if any, in this state. If a claimant elects to prove his or her claim in this state, the claimant shall file the claim with the court in the manner provided in ss. 645.61 and 645.62. The ancillary receiver shall make his or her recommendation to the court as under s. 645.71. The ancillary receiver also shall arrange a date for hearing if necessary under s. 645.65 and shall give notice to the liquidator in the domiciliary state, either by registered mail or by personal service at least 40 days prior to the date set for hearing. If the domiciliary liquidator, within 30 days after the giving of such notice, gives notice in writing to the ancillary receiver and to the claimant, either by registered mail or by personal service, of his or her intention to contest the claim, the domiciliary liquidator shall be entitled to appear or to be represented in any proceeding in this state involving the adjudication of the claim. The final allowance of the claim by the courts of this state shall be accepted as conclusive as to amount and as to priority against special deposits or other security located in this state.
645.87 History History: 1979 c. 102.
645.88 645.88 Attachment, garnishment and levy of execution. During the pendency in this or any other state of a liquidation proceeding, whether called by that name or not, no action or proceeding that is in the nature of an attachment, garnishment or levy of execution or that would interfere with proceedings under this chapter or ch. 646 shall be commenced or maintained in this state or elsewhere against the delinquent insurer or its assets.
645.88 History History: 1985 a. 216.
645.89 645.89 Interstate priorities.
645.89(1)(1)Priorities. In a liquidation proceeding in this state involving one or more reciprocal states, the order of distribution of the domiciliary state shall control as to all claims of residents of this and reciprocal states. All claims of residents of reciprocal states shall be given equal priority of payment from general assets regardless of where such assets are located.
645.89(2) (2) Priority of special deposit claims. The owners of special deposit claims against an insurer for which a liquidator is appointed in this or any other state shall be given priority against the special deposits in accordance with the statutes governing the creation and maintenance of the deposits. If there is a deficiency in any deposit so that the claims secured by it are not fully discharged from it, the claimants may claim against a security fund or share in the general assets, but the sharing shall be deferred until general creditors having the same priority, and also claimants against other special deposits having the same priority who have received smaller percentages from their respective special deposits, have been paid percentages of their claims equal to the percentage paid from the special deposit.
645.89(3) (3) Priority of secured claims. The owner of a secured claim against an insurer for which a liquidator has been appointed in this or any other state may surrender the security for the claim and file the claim as a general creditor, or the claim may be discharged by resort to the security in accordance with s. 645.67, in which case the deficiency, if any, shall be treated as a claim against the general assets of the insurer or the appropriate security fund on the same basis as claims of unsecured creditors having the same priority.
645.89 History History: 1979 c. 102, 109.
645.90 645.90 Subordination of claims for noncooperation. If an ancillary receiver in another state or foreign country, whether called by that name or not, fails to transfer to the domiciliary liquidator in this state any assets within his or her control other than special deposits, diminished only by the expenses of the ancillary receivership, if any, the claims filed in the ancillary receivership or with a security fund in that jurisdiction, other than special deposit claims or secured claims, shall be placed in the class of claims under s. 645.68 (8).
645.90 History History: 1979 c. 102 s. 236 (13); 1979 c. 109.
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 186 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on October 1, 2020. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after October 1, 2020, are designated by NOTES. (Published 10-1-20)