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CHAPTER 68
MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEDURE
68.001   Legislative purpose.
68.01   Review of administrative determinations.
68.02   Determinations reviewable.
68.03   Determinations not subject to review.
68.04   Municipalities included.
68.05   Municipal authority defined.
68.06   Persons aggrieved.
68.07   Reducing determination to writing.
68.08   Request for review of determination.
68.09   Review of determination.
68.10   Administrative appeal.
68.11   Hearing on administrative appeal.
68.12   Final determination.
68.13   Judicial review.
68.14   Legislative review.
68.15   Availability of methods of resolving disputes.
68.16   Election not to be governed by this chapter.
68.001 68.001 Legislative purpose. The purpose of this chapter is to afford a constitutionally sufficient, fair and orderly administrative procedure and review in connection with determinations by municipal authorities which involve constitutionally protected rights of specific persons which are entitled to due process protection under the 14th amendment to the U.S. constitution.
68.001 History History: 1975 c. 295.
68.001 Annotation Investigatory and adjudicatory functions in administrative proceedings are discussed. DeLuca v. Common Council, 72 Wis. 2d 672, 242 N.W.2d 689 (1976).
68.01 68.01 Review of administrative determinations. Any person having a substantial interest which is adversely affected by an administrative determination of a governing body, board, commission, committee, agency, officer or employee of a municipality or agent acting on behalf of a municipality as set forth in s. 68.02, may have such determination reviewed as provided in this chapter. The remedies under this chapter shall not be exclusive. No department, board, commission, agency, officer or employee of a municipality who is aggrieved may initiate review under this chapter of a determination of any other department, board, commission, agency, officer or employee of the same municipality, but may respond or intervene in a review proceeding under this chapter initiated by another.
68.01 History History: 1975 c. 295.
68.02 68.02 Determinations reviewable. The following determinations are reviewable under this chapter:
68.02(1) (1) The grant or denial in whole or in part after application of an initial permit, license, right, privilege, or authority, except an alcohol beverage license.
68.02(2) (2) The suspension, revocation or nonrenewal of an existing permit, license, right, privilege, or authority, except as provided in s. 68.03 (5).
68.02(3) (3) The denial of a grant of money or other thing of substantial value under a statute or ordinance prescribing conditions of eligibility for such grant.
68.02(4) (4) The imposition of a penalty or sanction upon any person except a municipal employee or officer, other than by a court.
68.02 History History: 1975 c. 295; 1981 c. 79.
68.03 68.03 Determinations not subject to review. Except as provided in s. 68.02, the following determinations are not reviewable under this chapter:
68.03(1) (1) A legislative enactment. A legislative enactment is an ordinance, resolution or adopted motion of the governing body of a municipality.
68.03(2) (2) Any action subject to administrative or judicial review procedures under other statutes.
68.03(3) (3) The denial of a tort or contract claim for money, required to be filed with the municipality pursuant to statutory procedures for the filing of such claims.
68.03(4) (4) The suspension, removal or disciplining or nonrenewal of a contract of a municipal employee or officer.
68.03(5) (5) The grant, denial, suspension or revocation of an alcohol beverage license under s. 125.12 (1).
68.03(6) (6) Judgments and orders of a court.
68.03(7) (7) Determinations made during municipal labor negotiations.
68.03(8) (8) Any action which is subject to administrative review procedures under an ordinance providing such procedures as defined in s. 68.16.
68.03(9) (9) Notwithstanding any other provision of this chapter, any action or determination of a municipal authority which does not involve the constitutionally protected right of a specific person or persons to due process in connection with the action or determination.
68.03 History History: 1975 c. 295; 1981 c. 79.
68.04 68.04 Municipalities included. "Municipality", as used in this chapter, includes any county, city, village, town, technical college district, special purpose district or board or commission thereof, and any public or quasi-public corporation or board or commission created pursuant to statute, ordinance or resolution, but does not include the state, a state agency, a corporation chartered by the state or a school district as defined in s. 115.01 (3).
68.04 History History: 1975 c. 295; 1993 a. 399.
68.05 68.05 Municipal authority defined. "Municipal authority" includes every municipality and governing body, board, commission, committee, agency, officer, employee, or agent thereof making a determination under s. 68.01, and every person, committee or agency of a municipality appointed to make an independent review under s. 68.09 (2).
68.05 History History: 1975 c. 295.
68.06 68.06 Persons aggrieved. A person aggrieved includes any individual, partnership, limited liability company, corporation, association, public or private organization, officer, department, board, commission or agency of the municipality, whose rights, duties or privileges are adversely affected by a determination of a municipal authority.
68.06 History History: 1975 c. 295; 1993 a. 112.
68.07 68.07 Reducing determination to writing. If a determination subject to this chapter is made orally or, if in writing, does not state the reasons therefor, the municipal authority making such determination shall, upon written request of any person aggrieved by such determination made within 10 days of notice of such determination, reduce the determination and the reasons therefor to writing and mail or deliver such determination and reasons to the person making the request. The determination shall be dated, and shall advise such person of the right to have such determination reviewed, the time within which such review may be obtained, and the office or person to whom a request for review shall be addressed.
68.07 History History: 1975 c. 295, 421.
68.08 68.08 Request for review of determination. Any person aggrieved may have a written or oral determination reviewed by written request mailed or delivered to the municipal authority which made such determination within 30 days of notice to such person of such determination. The request for review shall state the ground or grounds upon which the person aggrieved contends that the decision should be modified or reversed. A request for review shall be made to the officer, employee, agent, agency, committee, board, commission or body who made the determination but failure to make such request to the proper party shall not preclude the person aggrieved from review unless such failure has caused prejudice to the municipal authority.
68.08 History History: 1975 c. 295.
68.09 68.09 Review of determination.
68.09(1) (1) Initial determination. If a request for review is made under s. 68.08, the determination to be reviewed shall be termed an initial determination.
68.09(2) (2)Who shall make review. A review under this section may be made by the officer, employee, agent, agency, committee, board, commission or body who made the initial determination. However, an independent review of such initial determination by another person, committee or agency of the municipality may be provided by the municipality.
68.09(3) (3)When to make review. The municipal authority shall review the initial determination within 15 days of receipt of a request for review. The time for review may be extended by agreement with the person aggrieved.
68.09(4) (4)Right to present evidence and argument. The person aggrieved may file with the request for review or within the time agreed with the municipal authority written evidence and argument in support of the person's position with respect to the initial determination.
68.09(5) (5)Decision on review. The municipal authority may affirm, reverse or modify the initial determination and shall mail or deliver to the person aggrieved a copy of the municipal authority's decision on review, which shall state the reasons for such decision. The decision shall advise the person aggrieved of the right to appeal the decision, the time within which appeal shall be taken and the office or person with whom notice of appeal shall be filed.
68.09 History History: 1975 c. 295, 421.
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2011-12 Wisconsin Statutes updated though 2013 Wis. Act 200 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before April 18, 2014. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after April 18, 2014 are designated by NOTES. (Published 4-18-14)