A claim filed under this section shall meet all of the following conditions:
State the alleged circumstances giving rise to the claim.
State as accurately as possible the amount of the claim.
Be served on the clerk of the taxation district, or the clerk of the county that has a county assessor system, in the manner prescribed in s. 801.11 (4)
by January 31 of the year in which the tax based upon the contested assessment is payable.
In this subsection, to “disallow" a claim means either to deny the claim in whole or in part or to fail to take final action on the claim within 90 days after the claim is filed.
The taxation district or county that has a county assessor system shall notify the claimant by certified or registered mail whether the claim is allowed or disallowed within 90 days after the claim is filed.
If the governing body of the taxation district or county that has a county assessor system determines that a tax has been paid which was based on an excessive assessment, and that the claim for an excessive assessment has complied with all legal requirements, the governing body shall allow the claim. The taxation district or county treasurer shall pay the claim not later than 90 days after the claim is allowed.
If the taxation district or county disallows the claim, the claimant may commence an action in circuit court to recover the amount of the claim not allowed. The action shall be commenced within 90 days after the claimant receives notice by registered or certified mail that the claim is disallowed.
No claim or action for an excessive assessment may be brought under this section unless the procedures for objecting to assessments under s. 70.47
, except under s. 70.47 (13)
, have been complied with. This paragraph does not apply if notice under s. 70.365
was not given.
No claim or action for an excessive assessment may be brought or maintained under this section unless the tax for which the claim is filed, or any authorized installment of the tax, is timely paid under s. 74.11
No claim or action for an excessive assessment may be brought or maintained under this section if the assessment of the property for the same year is contested under s. 70.47 (13)
. No assessment may be contested under s. 70.47 (13)
if a claim is brought and maintained under this section based on the same assessment.
The amount of a claim filed under sub. (2)
or an action commenced under sub. (3)
may include interest at the average annual discount rate determined by the last auction of 6-month U.S. treasury bills before the objection per day for the period of time between the time when the tax was due and the date that the claim was paid.
If taxes are refunded under sub. (3)
, the governing body of the taxation district or county that has a county assessor system may proceed under s. 74.41
Sections 70.47 (13), 70.85, and 74.37 provide the exclusive method to challenge a municipality's bases for assessment of individual parcels. All require appeal to the board of review prior to court action. There is no alternative procedure to challenge an assessment's compliance with the uniformity clause. Hermann v. Town of Delavan, 215 Wis. 2d 370
, 572 N.W.2d 855
Claimants who never received notice of a changed assessment under s. 70.365 were exempt from the obligation to proceed before the board of review. However, they were required to meet the January 31 filing date in sub. (2), regardless of the fact that they never received the notice. Reese v. City of Pewaukee, 2002 WI App 67
, 252 Wis. 2d 361
, 642 N.W.2d 596
While certiorari review of an assessment is limited to the review of the board of assessment's record, sub. (3) (d) allows the court to proceed without regard to any determination made at an earlier proceeding. The assessor's assessment is presumed correct only if the challenging party does not present significant contrary evidence. The court may hear new evidence and can enter a judgment if it is in the best interest of the parties. Bloomer Housing Limited Partnership v. City of Bloomer, 2002 WI App 252
, 257 Wis. 2d 883
, 653 N.W.2d 309
the state-wide application of this section must prevail over any statutes that would defeat its implementation. Special rules help harmonize provisions that were once fully compatible with this section but, as a result of Nankin, conflict with this section. U.S. Bank National Association v. City of Milwaukee, 2003 WI App 220
, 267 Wis. 2d 718
, 672 N.W.2d 722
When a taxpayer brings an action to recover excessive taxes under this section, the least favorable outcome for the taxpayer, and the best possible outcome for the taxation authority, is for the court to conclude there were no excessive taxes. The court cannot impose a greater tax burden than the one the taxation authority already agreed to when it accepted the taxpayer's payment. Although the court need not defer to the board of review's determination, and there is a statutory presumption that the assessor's determination is correct, when the board of review reduces the original assessment the court cannot reinstate the assessor's original assessment. Trailwood Ventures, LLC v. Village of Kronenwetter, 2009 WI App 18
, 315 Wis. 2d 791
, 762 N.W.2d 841
When a city assessor correctly applies the Property Assessment Manual and statutes, and there is no significant evidence to the contrary, courts will reject a party's challenge to the assessment. Allright Properties, Inc. v. City of Milwaukee, 2009 WI App 46
, 317 Wis. 2d 228
, 767 N.W.2d 567
Under s. 70.49 (2), each assessment “shall, in all actions and proceedings involving such values, be presumptive evidence that all such properties have been justly and equitably assessed." For a taxpayer to challenge the assessment, the taxpayer is required to present sufficient evidence to persuade the circuit court that the assessed value is probably not the fair market value of the property. A failure to provide that persuasive evidence would entitle the city to judgment based on the statutory presumption. Bonstores Realty One, LLC v. City of Wauwatosa, 2013 WI App 131
, 351 Wis. 2d 439
, 839 N.W.2d 893
Under sub. (4), a taxpayer must challenge an assessment in front of the board of review before filing an excessive assessment claim, unless the taxing authority failed to provide a notice of assessment under circumstances where notice was required. Under s. 70.365, a notice of assessment is required only when the property's assessed value has changed. After reading these statutes, it should have been clear to the taxpayer that: 1) because it did not receive a notice of assessment, its property's assessed value for 2011 would be unchanged from 2010; and 2) if the taxpayer wanted to challenge the 2011 assessment, it needed to object before the board of review. These requirements did not violate the taxpayer's rights to due process. Northbrook Wisconsin, LLC v. City of Niagara, 2014 WI App 22
, 352 Wis. 2d 657
, 843 N.W.2d 851
Under sub. (3) (b), a taxing district has 90 days after a claim for excessive assessment has been filed to either allow it or disallow it. If the taxing authority fails to act on the claim within 90 days, the claim is deemed disallowed under sub. (3) (a). A statutory limitation period does not commence once a claim is deemed disallowed under a statute that requires receipt of notice of the disallowance to trigger the limitation period. As the claimant in this case never received notice of the disallowance of its claim by certified or registered mail, the 90-day limitation period was not triggered and the action was timely commenced. Walgreen Co. v. City of Oshkosh, 2014 WI App 54
, 354 Wis. 2d 17
, 848 N.W.2d 314
The plaintiffs were entitled to a hearing to contest their tax assessment even though they did not permit a tax assessor to enter the interior of their home. Milewski v. Town of Dover, 2017 WI 79
, 377 Wis. 2d 38
, 899 N.W.2d 303
Over Assessed? Appealing Home Tax Assessments. McAdams. Wis. Law. July 2011.
Court-ordered reassessment. 74.39(1)(1)
Court may order.
Except as provided in sub. (3)
, in any action under s. 74.35 (3)
or 74.37 (3)
, if the court determines that a reassessment of the property upon which the taxes were paid is necessary, the court, before entering judgment, shall continue the action to permit reassessment of the property. If, based on the reassessment, the court determines that the amount of taxes paid by the plaintiff is not excessive, judgment shall be entered for the defendant. If, based on the reassessment, the court determines that the amount of taxes paid by the plaintiff is excessive, judgment shall be entered for the plaintiff for the amount of the excessive taxes paid.
(2) Challenge of reassessment.
The validity of a reassessment under sub. (1)
may be challenged under s. 75.54
. A reassessment under s. 75.54
shall be made by the assessor of the assessment district in which the property to be reassessed is located.
The court may proceed to judgment without ordering a reassessment under sub. (1)
, if the court finds that to do so is in the best interests of all parties to the action and if the court is able to determine the amount of unlawful taxes with reasonable certainty.
History: 1987 a. 378
When a court finds an assessment excessive, under sub. (3) it must order a reassessment unless it finds that: 1) proceeding to judgment is in the parties' best interests; and 2) the court is able to determine the amount of unlawful taxes with reasonable certainty. In this case, the circuit court made both of these findings but failed to explain the reasoning behind its decision. When a circuit court fails to explain its reasoning, the appellate court may search the record to determine whether it supports the court's discretionary decision. West Capitol, Inc. v. Village of Sister Bay, 2014 WI App 52
, 354 Wis. 2d 130
, 848 N.W.2d 875
Charging back refunded or rescinded taxes; sharing certain collected taxes. 74.41(1)(1)
Submission of refunded or rescinded taxes to department.
By October 1 of each year, the clerk of a taxation district may submit to the department of revenue, on a form prescribed by the department of revenue, a listing of all general property taxes on the taxation district's tax roll that, subject to subs. (1m)
, meet any of the following conditions:
(1m) Amount collected from property in a tax incremental district.
A tax may not be included on a form submitted under sub. (1)
if the tax was levied on property within a tax incremental district, as defined in s. 60.85 (1) (n)
or 66.1105 (2) (k)
, unless the current value of the tax incremental district is lower than the tax incremental base, as defined in s. 60.85 (1) (m)
or 66.1105 (2) (j)
, in the assessment year for which the tax was refunded, rescinded, collected, or corrected under sub. (1) (a)
(2) Amount required for submission.
A tax may be included on a form submitted under sub. (1)
only if all of the following apply:
The tax under sub. (1)
for any single description of property in the tax roll for any one year is $250 or more.
The tax under sub. (1)
was refunded or rescinded for any of the 5 assessment years immediately preceding the year in which the form under sub. (1)
is submitted or refunded or rescinded because of a court determination and submitted under sub. (1)
no later than one year after the date of the court's determination.
(4) Charge-back amount determined.
The department of revenue shall, by the November 15 following submission of the form under sub. (1)
, determine the amount of rescinded or refunded taxes to be charged back to, and collected from, each taxing jurisdiction for which taxes were collected by the taxation district and determine the amount of taxes collected under s. 74.33
to be shared with each taxing jurisdiction for which taxes were collected by the taxation district. Except for interest on refunds under s. 70.511 (2) (b)
that is paid with respect to property that was assessed under s. 70.995
and that is not paid by the department of administration under s. 70.511 (2) (bm)
, the amount determined may not include any interest. The determination of the department of revenue under this subsection is reviewable only under s. 227.53
The department of revenue shall certify to the clerk of the taxation district the amount determined to be charged back or shared under sub. (4)
and shall furnish a copy of the certification to each affected taxing jurisdiction.
Each taxing jurisdiction to which an amount is charged back under sub. (4)
shall pay the amount certified under par. (a)
to the taxation district treasurer by February 15 of the year following the determination under sub. (4)
. By February 15 of the year following the determination under sub. (4)
, the taxation district treasurer shall pay the amounts to be shared with other taxing jurisdictions.
(6) No effect on mill rate limits.
A tax levied by a taxation jurisdiction to fund an amount which the taxing jurisdiction is required to pay under sub. (5)
shall not be considered in determining whether the taxing jurisdiction is in compliance with any statutorily imposed mill rate limit.
Charge back of personal property taxes; subsequent distributions. 74.42(1)(1)
No earlier than February 2 and no later than April 1, the taxation district treasurer may charge back to each taxing jurisdiction within the taxation district, except this state, its proportionate share of those personal property taxes for which the taxation district settled in full the previous year, which were delinquent at the time of settlement, which have not been collected in the intervening year, and which remain delinquent, if the taxes are owed by an entity that has ceased operations, or filed a petition for bankruptcy, or are due on personal property that has been removed from the next assessment roll. At the same time, if there are charge-backs, the taxation district treasurer shall charge back to the county the state's proportionate share of those taxes. No later than the first May 1 after receipt of a notice of a charge-back, the taxing jurisdiction shall pay to the taxation district treasurer the amount due, and the state shall pay to the proper county treasurer the amount due.
(2) Subsequent distributions.
An amount equal to any delinquent personal property taxes charged back under sub. (1)
which are subsequently collected by the taxation district, minus the cost of collecting those taxes, shall be proportionately distributed to each taxing jurisdiction to which the delinquent taxes were charged back under sub. (1)
. Distributions under this subsection shall be made on May 15, August 15, November 15 and February 15.
RETURN AND COLLECTION OF DELINQUENT TAXES
Return of unpaid taxes, special assessments and special charges. 74.43(1)(1)
Delivery of tax roll.
Except as provided in s. 74.12
, on or before February 20, the taxation district treasurer, except the treasurer of a city authorized to act under s. 74.87
, shall transfer the tax roll to the county treasurer. The tax roll transferred to the county treasurer shall meet all of the following conditions:
Reflect all payments received by the taxation district treasurer.
(2) Correction of property description.
If the county treasurer discovers any error or inadequacy in the description of any property in the tax roll, he or she may correct the description in the tax roll at any time prior to issuance of the tax certificate under s. 74.57
. If the county treasurer corrects a description of property, he or she shall keep a record identifying the place where each correction is made, briefly describing the correction and specifying the date when the correction was made.
(3) County treasurer to accept unpaid taxes.
If the roll is delivered under sub. (1)
, the county treasurer shall accept all unpaid real property taxes, special assessments, special charges and special taxes contained in the tax roll.
History: 1987 a. 378
; 1991 a. 39
Certificate of delinquent taxes; endorsement of treasurer's bond. 74.45(1)(1)
Certificate of delinquent taxes by county treasurer.
After the taxation district treasurer transfers the tax roll under s. 74.12
, the county treasurer shall prepare a certificate of the amount that is delinquent on real property and the amount that is not delinquent but payable in subsequent installments on real property and the amount of delinquent special assessments, special charges and special taxes.
(2) Endorsement of taxation district treasurer's bond.
After the taxation district treasurer has fulfilled the requirements for settlement with the county under s. 74.25
, the county treasurer if requested to do so, shall endorse the bond of the taxation district treasurer executed under s. 70.67 (1)
as satisfied and paid. The endorsement fully discharges the taxation district treasurer and his or her sureties from the obligations of the bond, unless the return of the taxation district treasurer under s. 74.43
is false. If the return is false, the bond continues in force and the taxation district treasurer and his or her sureties are subject to action upon the bond for all deficiencies and damages resulting from the false return.
History: 1987 a. 378
; 1991 a. 39
Interest and penalty on delinquent amounts. 74.47(1)(1)
The interest rate on delinquent general property taxes, special charges, special assessments and special taxes included in the tax roll for collection is one percent per month or fraction of a month.
Any county board and the common council of any city authorized to act under s. 74.87
may by ordinance impose a penalty of up to 0.5 percent per month or fraction of a month, in addition to the interest under sub. (1)
, on any delinquent general property taxes, special assessments, special charges and special taxes included in the tax roll.
Any ordinance enacted under par. (a)
may specify that the penalty under this subsection shall apply to any general property taxes, special assessments, special charges and special taxes that are delinquent on the effective date of the ordinance.
All interest and penalties collected by the county treasurer on payments of real property taxes and special taxes shall be retained by the county treasurer for the county.
All interest and penalties on payments of delinquent special assessments and special charges collected by the county treasurer of a county which settles for unpaid special assessments and special charges under s. 74.29
shall be retained by the county treasurer for the county.
All interest on payments of delinquent special assessments and special charges collected by the county treasurer of a county which does not settle for unpaid special assessments and special charges under s. 74.29
shall, along with the delinquent amounts that have been paid, be paid to the taxing jurisdiction which assessed the special assessment or special charge as follows:
If collected on or before July 31, as part of the settlement under s. 74.29
If collected after July 31 and before issuance of the tax certificate under s. 74.57
, on or before September 15.
All interest and penalties on delinquent general property taxes, special assessments, special charges and special taxes collected on or before July 31 by the treasurer of a taxation district which has enacted an ordinance under s. 74.12
shall be retained by the taxation district treasurer for the taxation district.
All interest and penalties on payments of delinquent personal property taxes collected by the taxation district treasurer shall be retained by the taxation district treasurer for the taxation district.
All penalties on payments of delinquent special assessments and special charges collected by the county treasurer of a county which does not settle for unpaid special assessments and special charges shall be retained by the county treasurer for the county.
Charge for converting agricultural land. 74.485(2)
(2) Conversion charge.
Except as provided in sub. (4)
, a person who owns land that has been assessed as agricultural land under s. 70.32 (2r)
and who converts the land's use so that the land is not eligible to be assessed as agricultural land under s. 70.32 (2r)
, as determined by the assessor of the taxation district in which the land is located, shall pay a conversion charge to the county in which the land is located in an amount, calculated by the county treasurer, that is equal to the number of acres converted multiplied by the amount of the difference between the average fair market value of an acre of agricultural land sold in the county in the year before the year that the person converts the land, as determined under sub. (3)
, and the average equalized value of an acre of agricultural land in the county in the year before the year that the person converts the land, as determined under sub. (3)
, multiplied by the following:
Five percent, if the converted land is more than 30 acres.