74.39 History History: 1987 a. 378.
74.39 Annotation When a court finds an assessment excessive, under sub. (3) it must order a reassessment unless it finds that: 1) proceeding to judgment is in the parties' best interests; and 2) the court is able to determine the amount of unlawful taxes with reasonable certainty. In this case, the circuit court made both of these findings but failed to explain the reasoning behind its decision. When a circuit court fails to explain its reasoning, the appellate court may search the record to determine whether it supports the court's discretionary decision. West Capitol, Inc. v. Village of Sister Bay, 2014 WI App 52, 354 Wis. 2d 130, 848 N.W.2d 875, 13-1458.
74.41 74.41 Charging back refunded or rescinded taxes; sharing certain collected taxes.
74.41(1)(1)Submission of refunded or rescinded taxes to department. By October 1 of each year, the clerk of a taxation district may submit to the department of revenue, on a form prescribed by the department of revenue, a listing of all general property taxes on the taxation district's tax roll that, subject to subs. (1m) and (2), meet any of the following conditions:
74.41(1)(a) (a) Have been refunded to taxpayers under s. 70.511.
74.41(1)(b) (b) Have been rescinded or refunded to taxpayers under s. 74.33.
74.41(1)(bm) (bm) Have been refunded or collected under s. 70.43.
74.41(1)(bn) (bn) Have been rescinded or refunded to taxpayers under s. 70.74 or 75.25 (2).
74.41(1)(c) (c) Have been refunded to taxpayers under s. 74.35 or 74.37.
74.41(1m) (1m)Amount collected from property in a tax incremental district. A tax may not be included on a form submitted under sub. (1) if the tax was levied on property within a tax incremental district, as defined in s. 60.85 (1) (n) or 66.1105 (2) (k), unless the current value of the tax incremental district is lower than the tax incremental base, as defined in s. 60.85 (1) (m) or 66.1105 (2) (j), in the assessment year for which the tax was refunded, rescinded, collected, or corrected under sub. (1) (a) to (c).
74.41(2) (2)Amount required for submission. A tax may be included on a form submitted under sub. (1) only if all of the following apply:
74.41(2)(b) (b) The tax under sub. (1) for any single description of property in the tax roll for any one year is $250 or more.
74.41(2)(bm) (bm) The tax under sub. (1) was refunded or rescinded for any of the 5 assessment years immediately preceding the year in which the form under sub. (1) is submitted or refunded or rescinded because of a court determination and submitted under sub. (1) no later than one year after the date of the court's determination.
74.41(4) (4)Charge-back amount determined. The department of revenue shall, by the November 15 following submission of the form under sub. (1), determine the amount of rescinded or refunded taxes to be charged back to, and collected from, each taxing jurisdiction for which taxes were collected by the taxation district and determine the amount of taxes collected under s. 74.33 to be shared with each taxing jurisdiction for which taxes were collected by the taxation district. Except for interest on refunds under s. 70.511 (2) (b) that is paid with respect to property that was assessed under s. 70.995 and that is not paid by the department of administration under s. 70.511 (2) (bm), the amount determined may not include any interest. The determination of the department of revenue under this subsection is reviewable only under s. 227.53.
74.41(5) (5)Notice and payment.
74.41(5)(a) (a) The department of revenue shall certify to the clerk of the taxation district the amount determined to be charged back or shared under sub. (4) and shall furnish a copy of the certification to each affected taxing jurisdiction.
74.41(5)(b) (b) Each taxing jurisdiction to which an amount is charged back under sub. (4) shall pay the amount certified under par. (a) to the taxation district treasurer by February 15 of the year following the determination under sub. (4). By February 15 of the year following the determination under sub. (4), the taxation district treasurer shall pay the amounts to be shared with other taxing jurisdictions.
74.41(6) (6)No effect on mill rate limits. A tax levied by a taxation jurisdiction to fund an amount which the taxing jurisdiction is required to pay under sub. (5) shall not be considered in determining whether the taxing jurisdiction is in compliance with any statutorily imposed mill rate limit.
74.42 74.42 Charge back of personal property taxes; subsequent distributions.
74.42(1)(1)Charge back. No earlier than February 2 and no later than April 1, the taxation district treasurer may charge back to each taxing jurisdiction within the taxation district, except this state, its proportionate share of those personal property taxes for which the taxation district settled in full the previous year, which were delinquent at the time of settlement, which have not been collected in the intervening year, and which remain delinquent, if the taxes are owed by an entity that has ceased operations, or filed a petition for bankruptcy, or are due on personal property that has been removed from the next assessment roll. At the same time, if there are charge-backs, the taxation district treasurer shall charge back to the county the state's proportionate share of those taxes. No later than the first May 1 after receipt of a notice of a charge-back, the taxing jurisdiction shall pay to the taxation district treasurer the amount due, and the state shall pay to the proper county treasurer the amount due.
74.42(2) (2)Subsequent distributions. An amount equal to any delinquent personal property taxes charged back under sub. (1) which are subsequently collected by the taxation district, minus the cost of collecting those taxes, shall be proportionately distributed to each taxing jurisdiction to which the delinquent taxes were charged back under sub. (1). Distributions under this subsection shall be made on May 15, August 15, November 15 and February 15.
subch. VI of ch. 74 SUBCHAPTER VI
RETURN AND COLLECTION OF DELINQUENT TAXES
74.43 74.43 Return of unpaid taxes, special assessments and special charges.
74.43(1)(1)Delivery of tax roll. Except as provided in s. 74.12, on or before February 20, the taxation district treasurer, except the treasurer of a city authorized to act under s. 74.87, shall transfer the tax roll to the county treasurer. The tax roll transferred to the county treasurer shall meet all of the following conditions:
74.43(1)(a) (a) Contain all information required under s. 70.65 (2) (a) to (d) and (f).
74.43(1)(b) (b) Conform with the format required by the department of revenue under s. 70.09 (3).
74.43(1)(c) (c) Reflect all payments received by the taxation district treasurer.
74.43(2) (2)Correction of property description. If the county treasurer discovers any error or inadequacy in the description of any property in the tax roll, he or she may correct the description in the tax roll at any time prior to issuance of the tax certificate under s. 74.57. If the county treasurer corrects a description of property, he or she shall keep a record identifying the place where each correction is made, briefly describing the correction and specifying the date when the correction was made.
74.43(3) (3)County treasurer to accept unpaid taxes. If the roll is delivered under sub. (1), the county treasurer shall accept all unpaid real property taxes, special assessments, special charges and special taxes contained in the tax roll.
74.43 History History: 1987 a. 378; 1991 a. 39.
74.45 74.45 Certificate of delinquent taxes; endorsement of treasurer's bond.
74.45(1)(1)Certificate of delinquent taxes by county treasurer. After the taxation district treasurer transfers the tax roll under s. 74.12 or 74.43, the county treasurer shall prepare a certificate of the amount that is delinquent on real property and the amount that is not delinquent but payable in subsequent installments on real property and the amount of delinquent special assessments, special charges and special taxes.
74.45(2) (2)Endorsement of taxation district treasurer's bond. After the taxation district treasurer has fulfilled the requirements for settlement with the county under s. 74.25 or 74.30, the county treasurer if requested to do so, shall endorse the bond of the taxation district treasurer executed under s. 70.67 (1) as satisfied and paid. The endorsement fully discharges the taxation district treasurer and his or her sureties from the obligations of the bond, unless the return of the taxation district treasurer under s. 74.43 is false. If the return is false, the bond continues in force and the taxation district treasurer and his or her sureties are subject to action upon the bond for all deficiencies and damages resulting from the false return.
74.45 History History: 1987 a. 378; 1991 a. 39.
74.47 74.47 Interest and penalty on delinquent amounts.
74.47(1)(1)Interest. The interest rate on delinquent general property taxes, special charges, special assessments and special taxes included in the tax roll for collection is one percent per month or fraction of a month.
74.47(2) (2)Penalty allowed.
74.47(2)(a) (a) Any county board and the common council of any city authorized to act under s. 74.87 may by ordinance impose a penalty of up to 0.5 percent per month or fraction of a month, in addition to the interest under sub. (1), on any delinquent general property taxes, special assessments, special charges and special taxes included in the tax roll.
74.47(2)(b) (b) Any ordinance enacted under par. (a) may specify that the penalty under this subsection shall apply to any general property taxes, special assessments, special charges and special taxes that are delinquent on the effective date of the ordinance.
74.47(3) (3)Distribution.
74.47(3)(a) (a) All interest and penalties collected by the county treasurer on payments of real property taxes and special taxes shall be retained by the county treasurer for the county.
74.47(3)(b) (b) All interest and penalties on payments of delinquent special assessments and special charges collected by the county treasurer of a county which settles for unpaid special assessments and special charges under s. 74.29 shall be retained by the county treasurer for the county.
74.47(3)(c) (c) All interest on payments of delinquent special assessments and special charges collected by the county treasurer of a county which does not settle for unpaid special assessments and special charges under s. 74.29 shall, along with the delinquent amounts that have been paid, be paid to the taxing jurisdiction which assessed the special assessment or special charge as follows:
74.47(3)(c)1. 1. If collected on or before July 31, as part of the settlement under s. 74.29.
74.47(3)(c)2. 2. If collected after July 31 and before issuance of the tax certificate under s. 74.57, on or before September 15.
74.47(3)(d) (d) All interest and penalties on delinquent general property taxes, special assessments, special charges and special taxes collected on or before July 31 by the treasurer of a taxation district which has enacted an ordinance under s. 74.12 shall be retained by the taxation district treasurer for the taxation district.
74.47(3)(e) (e) All interest and penalties on payments of delinquent personal property taxes collected by the taxation district treasurer shall be retained by the taxation district treasurer for the taxation district.
74.47(3)(f) (f) All penalties on payments of delinquent special assessments and special charges collected by the county treasurer of a county which does not settle for unpaid special assessments and special charges shall be retained by the county treasurer for the county.
74.47 History History: 1987 a. 378; 1989 a. 104; 1991 a. 39.
74.485 74.485 Charge for converting agricultural land.
74.485(1)(1)Definition. In this section, “agricultural land" has the meaning given in s. 70.32 (2) (c) 1g.
74.485(2) (2)Conversion charge. Except as provided in sub. (4), a person who owns land that has been assessed as agricultural land under s. 70.32 (2r) and who converts the land's use so that the land is not eligible to be assessed as agricultural land under s. 70.32 (2r), as determined by the assessor of the taxation district in which the land is located, shall pay a conversion charge to the county in which the land is located in an amount, calculated by the county treasurer, that is equal to the number of acres converted multiplied by the amount of the difference between the average fair market value of an acre of agricultural land sold in the county in the year before the year that the person converts the land, as determined under sub. (3), and the average equalized value of an acre of agricultural land in the county in the year before the year that the person converts the land, as determined under sub. (3), multiplied by the following:
74.485(2)(a) (a) Five percent, if the converted land is more than 30 acres.
74.485(2)(b) (b) Seven and one-half percent, if the converted land is 30 acres or less but at least 10 acres.
74.485(2)(c) (c) Ten percent, if the converted land is less than 10 acres.
74.485(3) (3)Value determination. Annually, the department of revenue shall determine the average equalized value of an acre of agricultural land in each county in the previous year, as provided under s. 70.57, and the average fair market value of an acre of agricultural land sold in each county in the previous year based on the sales in each county in the previous year of parcels of agricultural land that are 38 acres or more to buyers who intend to use the land as agricultural land.
74.485(4) (4)Exceptions and deferral.
74.485(4)(a) (a) A person who owns land that has been assessed as agricultural land under s. 70.32 (2r) and who converts the land's use so that the land is not eligible to be assessed as agricultural land under s. 70.32 (2r) is not subject to a conversion charge under sub. (2) if the converted land may be assessed as undeveloped under s. 70.32 (2) (a) 5., as agricultural forest under s. 70.32 (2) (a) 5m., as productive forest land under s. 70.32 (2) (a) 6., or as other under s. 70.32 (2) (a) 7. or if the amount of the conversion charge determined under sub. (2) represents less than $25 for each acre of converted land.
74.485(4)(b) (b) If a person owes a conversion charge under sub. (2), the treasurer of the county in which the person's land is located may defer payment of the conversion charge to the succeeding taxable year if the person demonstrates to the assessor of the taxation district in which the land is located that the person's land will be used as agricultural land in the succeeding taxable year. A person who receives a deferral under this paragraph is not subject to the conversion charge under sub. (2) related to the deferral, if the person's land is used as agricultural land in the succeeding taxable year. If the land of a person who receives a deferral under this paragraph is not used as agricultural land in the succeeding taxable year, the person shall pay the conversion charge with interest at the rate of 1 percent a month, or fraction of a month, from the date that the treasurer granted a deferral to the date that the conversion charge is paid.
74.485(5) (5)Payment. Except as provided in sub. (4), a person who owes a conversion charge under sub. (2) shall pay the conversion charge to the county in which the person's land related to the conversion charge is located no later than 30 days after the date that the conversion charge is assessed. A conversion charge that is not paid on the date it is due is considered delinquent and shall be paid with interest at the rate of 1 percent a month, or fraction of a month, from the date that the conversion charge is assessed to the date that the conversion charge is paid. The county shall collect an unpaid conversion charge as a special charge against the land related to the conversion charge.
74.485(6) (6)Distribution. A county that collects a conversion charge under this section shall distribute 50 percent of the amount of the conversion charge to the taxation district in which the land related to the conversion charge is located. If the land related to the conversion charge is located in 2 or more taxation districts, the county shall distribute 50 percent of the amount of the conversion charge to the taxation districts in proportion to the equalized value of the land related to the conversion charge that is located in each taxation district. A taxation district shall distribute 50 percent of any amount it receives under this subsection to an adjoining taxation district, if the taxation district in which the land related to the conversion charge is located annexed the land related to the conversion charge from the adjoining taxation district in either of the 2 years preceding a distribution under this subsection.
74.485(7) (7)Notice. A person who owns land that has been assessed as agricultural land under s. 70.32 (2r) and who sells the land shall notify the buyer of the land of all of the following:
74.485(7)(a) (a) That the land has been assessed as agricultural land under s. 70.32 (2r).
74.485(7)(b) (b) Whether the person who owns the land and who is selling the land has been assessed a conversion charge under sub. (2) related to the land.
74.485(7)(c) (c) Whether the person who owns the land and who is selling the land has been granted a deferral under sub. (4) related to the land.
74.485(8) (8)Taxation district assessor. The assessors of the taxation districts located in the county shall inform the county treasurer and the real property lister of all sales of agricultural land located in the county. No later than 15 days after the board of review has adjourned, the assessors shall also deliver to the county treasurer all information necessary to compute the conversion charges assessed under this section.
74.485(9) (9)Administration. The county in which the land as described in sub. (1) is located shall administer the conversion charge under this section.
74.485 History History: 2001 a. 109; 2003 a. 33; 2007 a. 210.
74.49 74.49 Payment of delinquent taxes in installments.
74.49(1)(1)Installments allowed. Delinquent property taxes, special assessments, special charges and special taxes may be paid to the appropriate treasurer in partial payments of not less than $20, unless the treasurer agrees to accept a lower amount.
74.49(2) (2)Principal and interest.
74.49(2)(a) (a) The treasurer shall determine that portion of a partial payment to be applied as principal by dividing the amount of the partial payment by a figure which is the sum of one plus a figure which is the product of the number of months of delinquency, as determined under s. 74.11, 74.12 or 74.87:
74.49(2)(a)1. 1. Times 0.01, if no penalty under s. 74.47 (2) applies; or
74.49(2)(a)2. 2. Times a decimal which reflects the applicable percentage, if a penalty under s. 74.47 (2) applies.
74.49(2)(b) (b) The amount of the payment that is in excess of the amount of principal determined under par. (a) is the interest and penalty accrued from the date of the delinquency on the amount of the partial payment which is principal. After any partial payment is made, subsequent determinations of interest and penalty shall be computed only on the unpaid balance of the principal, from the date of the delinquency as determined under s. 74.11, 74.12 or 74.87.
74.49 History History: 1987 a. 378; 1991 a. 39.
74.51 74.51 Discharge of delinquent taxes.
74.51(1)(1)Payment to discharge delinquency. Any person may, at any time before issuance of a tax certificate under s. 74.57, discharge delinquent real property taxes, special assessments, special charges or special taxes on real property by paying the delinquent amounts, together with interest and any penalty provided under s. 74.47 (2).
74.51(2) (2)Receipts for taxes paid. After a payment is made under sub. (1), the treasurer shall execute duplicate receipts showing the name of the person making the payment, the date of the payment, the description of the property upon which the payment was made and the amount paid. One copy of the receipt shall be delivered to the person making the payment and the other copy filed in the treasurer's office.
74.51 History History: 1987 a. 378.
74.53 74.53 Personal liability for delinquent taxes and other costs.
74.53(1)(1)Recovery of taxes and costs against persons. Except as provided in subs. (3) and (5), a county or a municipality may bring a civil action against a person to recover any of the following amounts that are included in the tax roll for collection and any of the amounts under pars. (b) and (c) that are not included in the tax roll for collection:
74.53(1)(a) (a) Delinquent real property taxes, special charges, special assessments and special taxes, not including amounts under pars. (b) and (c), that were delinquent during the period that the person owned the property.
74.53(1)(b) (b) The cost of razing and removing property and restoring the site to a dust-free and erosion-free condition incurred under s. 66.0413 (1) (br) 2., (f), (g) or (i), (2) (d) or (4) or of filling an excavation incurred under s. 66.0427 if the person owned the property when the property was razed and removed and the site restored or the excavation was filled, or if the person owned the property while the order to raze the property was recorded in the register of deeds office.
74.53(1)(c) (c) The cost of abating a public nuisance under s. 254.595 or 823.04 if the person owned the property when the public nuisance was abated.
74.53(2) (2)Co-owner liability. Co-owners of property are jointly and severally liable for the payment of real property taxes, assessments or costs collectible under sub. (1).
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2017-18 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2019 Wis. Act 50 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on December 6, 2019. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after December 6, 2019, are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-6-19)