77.84(3)(a)(a) The procedures specified for the collection of delinquent taxes under ch. 74, and for the sale of land for delinquent taxes under ch. 75 apply to taxes returned delinquent under this subsection. Immediately upon the expiration of 2 years after the date the county acquires a tax certificate, the county clerk shall take a tax deed as provided under ch. 75. The county clerk shall certify to the department that a tax deed has been taken and shall include the legal description of the land subject to the tax deed.
77.84(3)(b) (b) Immediately after receiving the certification of the county clerk that a tax deed has been taken, the department shall issue an order withdrawing the land as managed forest land. The notice requirement under s. 77.88 (1) does not apply to the department's action under this paragraph. The department shall notify the county treasurer of the amount of the withdrawal fee under s. 77.88 (5m) and the withdrawal tax, as determined under s. 77.88 (5). The amount of the tax and the fee shall be payable to the department under s. 75.36 (3) if the property is sold by the county. The amount shall be credited to the conservation fund.
77.85 77.85 State contribution. The department shall pay before June 30 annually the municipal treasurer, from the appropriation under s. 20.370 (5) (bv), 20 cents for each acre of land in the municipality that is designated as managed forest land under this subchapter and for each acre of land in the municipality that has been withdrawn under s. 77.885 but for which payments under s. 77.84 (2) are being made.
77.85 History History: 1985 a. 29; 1991 a. 39; 1995 a. 27; 2009 a. 28.
77.86 77.86 Forestry practices.
77.86(1)(1) Cutting regulated.
77.86(1)(a)(a) Except as provided under sub. (6), no person may cut merchantable timber on managed forest land on which the payment under s. 77.84 (2) is delinquent.
77.86(1)(b)1.1. Except as provided under sub. (6), an owner who intends to cut merchantable timber on managed forest land shall, at least 30 days before the cutting is to take place, on a form provided by the department, file a notice of intent to cut and, except as provided under subd. 2., request approval of the proposed cutting from the department.
77.86(1)(b)2. 2. An owner who is required under the terms of an approved management plan to cut merchantable timber on managed forest land is not required to obtain approval of the cutting of that timber before the cutting takes place if any of the following provided the required notice of intent to cut to the department under subd. 1.:
77.86(1)(b)2.a. a. A cooperating forester authorized under s. 28.05 to assist the state in the harvesting and sale of timber.
77.86(1)(b)2.b. b. A forester accredited by the Society of American Foresters, Association of Consulting Foresters, or Wisconsin Consulting Foresters.
77.86(1)(b)2.c. c. A person who holds at least a bachelor's degree from a forestry program provided by a nationally or regionally accredited institution of higher education and who has 5 years of experience engaged in the full-time profession of managing forests, including timber harvesting, wildlife management, water quality, and recreation to maintain a healthy and productive forest.
77.86(1)(b)2.d. d. A person who holds a degree or diploma from a 2-year forestry program provided by an accredited technical or vocational school and who has 5 years of experience engaged in the full-time profession of managing forests, including timber harvesting, wildlife management, water quality, and recreation to maintain a healthy and productive forest.
77.86(1)(b)2.e. e. A person who has 5 years of experience engaged in the full-time profession of managing forests, including timber harvesting, wildlife management, water quality, and recreation to maintain a healthy and productive forest.
77.86(1)(c) (c) If the proposed cutting conforms to the management plan and is consistent with sound forestry practices, the department shall approve the request.
77.86(1)(d) (d) If the proposed cutting does not conform to the management plan or is not consistent with sound forestry practices, the department shall assist the owner in developing an acceptable proposal before approving the request.
77.86(1)(e) (e) The department shall not restrict an approved cutting based on standards established under s. 23.27 (3).
77.86(1)(f) (f) The department shall send notice to the person who filed the notice of intention to cut by certified letter or electronic mail no later than the end of the next business day of the department's decision to deny a cutting notice and the reason for the denial.
77.86(2) (2)Bond. The department may require an owner who intends to cut merchantable timber on managed forest land to file with the department a noncancelable bond furnished by a surety company licensed to do business in this state in the amount expected to be required as payment of the yield tax under s. 77.87 (1).
Effective date note NOTE: Sub. (2) is repealed eff. 7-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 358.
77.86(3) (3)Time limit. All cutting specified in the notice under sub. (1) (b) shall be commenced within one year after the date the proposed cutting is approved or, if approval is not required under sub. (1) (b) 2., within one year after the date on which the notice under sub. (1) (b) 1. is filed. The owner shall report to the department the date on which the cutting is commenced.
77.86(4) (4)Reporting. Within 30 days after completion of any cutting under this section, the owner shall report to the department, on a form provided by the department, a description of the species of wood, kind of product and the quantity of each species cut as shown by the scale or measurement made on the ground as cut, skidded, loaded or delivered, or by tree scale certified by a forester acceptable to the department if the wood is sold by tree measurement.
77.86(5) (5)Penalties.
77.86(5)(a)(a) Any person who fails to file the notice required under sub. (1) (b), who fails to file a report as required under sub. (4), or who files a false report under sub. (4) shall forfeit not more than $1,000.
77.86(5)(b) (b) Any owner who cuts merchantable timber in violation of this section is subject to a forfeiture equal to 20% of the current value of the merchantable timber cut, based on the stumpage value established under s. 77.91 (1).
77.86(6) (6)Exception. This section does not apply to an owner who cuts wood on managed forest land for use as fuel in the owner's dwelling.
77.86 History History: 1985 a. 29; 2009 a. 365; 2015 a. 55, 358.
77.875 77.875 Grazing restricted. An owner of managed forest land may not permit domesticated animals to graze on managed forest land.
77.875 History History: 1985 a. 29.
77.876 77.876 Noncompliance assessment.
77.876(1) (1) Assessment. The department shall certify to each municipality in which the property is located an owner's failure to complete a forestry practice during the period of time required under an applicable management plan, and the municipality shall impose a noncompliance assessment of $250 against the owner for each failure. The department shall mail a copy of the certificate of assessment to the owner at the owner's last-known address and to the municipality.
77.876(2) (2)Payment. An assessment under sub. (1) is due and payable to the municipality on the last day of the month following the date the certificate is mailed to the owner. The municipality shall collect interest at the rate of 12 percent per year on any assessment that is paid later than the due date.
77.876(3) (3)Owner's liability. The owner is personally liable for an assessment under sub. (1). An unpaid assessment becomes a lien against the merchantable timber cut. If the merchantable timber cut is mingled with other wood products, the unpaid assessment becomes a lien against all of the wood products while they are in the owner's possession or in the possession of any person other than a purchaser for value without notice in the usual course of business.
77.876(4) (4)Delinquency. If an assessment due under sub. (1) is not paid on or before the last day of the August following the date specified under sub. (2), the municipality shall certify to the taxation district clerk the description of the land and the amount due for the assessment and interest. The taxation district clerk shall enter the delinquent amount on the property tax roll as a special charge.
77.876 History History: 2003 a. 228; 2005 a. 299.
77.88 77.88 Withdrawal; transfer of ownership; nonrenewal.
77.88(1)(1) Withdrawal by department order.
77.88(1)(a)(a) The department may, at the request of the owner of managed forest land or of the governing body of any municipality in which any managed forest land is located, or at its own discretion, investigate to determine whether the designation as managed forest land should be withdrawn. Except as provided in par. (am), the department shall notify the owner of the land and the mayor of the city, the chairperson of the town, or the president of the village in which the land is located of the investigation.
77.88(1)(am) (am) If a city or village is organized under subch. I of ch. 64, the department shall notify the president of the city council or village board of any investigation under par. (a).
77.88(1)(b) (b) Following an investigation under par. (a), the department may order the withdrawal of all or any part of a parcel of managed forest land for any of the following reasons:
77.88(1)(b)1. 1. Failure of the land to conform to an eligibility requirement under s. 77.82 (1).
77.88(1)(b)2. 2. The owner's failure to comply with this subchapter or the management plan.
77.88(1)(b)3. 3. Cutting by the owner in violation of s. 77.86.
77.88(1)(b)4. 4. The owner's development or use of any part of the parcel for a purpose which is incompatible with the purposes specified in s. 77.80.
77.88(1)(b)5. 5. The owner's posting of signs or otherwise denying access to open managed forest land.
77.88(1)(c) (c) If the department determines that land should be withdrawn, it shall issue an order withdrawing the land as managed forest land and shall assess against the owner the tax under sub. (5) and the withdrawal fee under sub. (5m).
77.88(2) (2)Sale or transfer of ownership.
77.88(2)(a)(a) Authority to transfer. An owner may sell or otherwise transfer ownership of all or part of a parcel of the owner's managed forest land.
77.88(2)(ac) (ac) Transferred land; requirements met.
77.88(2)(ac)1.1. If the land transferred under par. (a) meets the eligibility requirements under s. 77.82 (1) (a) and (b), the land shall continue to be designated as managed forest land if the transferee, within 30 days after a transfer of ownership, files a form provided by the department signed by the transferee. By signing the form, the transferee certifies to the department an intent to comply with the existing management plan for the land and any amendments to the plan. The transferee shall provide proof that each person holding any encumbrance on the land agrees to the designation. The transferee may designate an area of the transferred land closed to public access as provided under s. 77.83. The department shall issue an order continuing the designation of the land as managed forest land under the new ownership. The transferee shall pay a $100 fee that will accompany the report. The fee shall be deposited in the conservation fund. Twenty dollars of the fee or a different amount of the fee as may be established under subd. 2. shall be credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (1) (cr). The department shall immediately notify each person entitled to notice under s. 77.82 (8).
77.88(2)(ac)2. 2. The department may establish by rule a different amount of each fee under subd. 1. that will be credited to the appropriation under s. 20.370 (1) (cr). The amount shall be equal to the average expense to the department of recording an order issued under this subchapter.
77.88(2)(ac)3. 3. If the transferee does not provide the department with the certification required under subd. 1., the department shall issue an order withdrawing the land and shall assess against the transferee the withdrawal tax under sub. (5) and the withdrawal fee under sub. (5m). Notwithstanding s. 77.90, the transferee is not entitled to a hearing on an order withdrawing land under this subdivision.
77.88(2)(am) (am) Transferred land; requirements not met. If the land transferred under par. (a) does not meet the eligibility requirements under s. 77.82 (1) (a) and (b), the department shall issue an order withdrawing the land from managed forest land designation and shall assess against the owner a withdrawal tax under sub. (5) and the withdrawal fee under sub. (5m).
77.88(2)(b) (b) Remaining land; requirements met. If the land remaining after a transfer under par. (a) meets the eligibility requirements under s. 77.82 (1) (a) and (b), the remaining land shall continue to be designated as managed forest land.
77.88(2)(c) (c) Remaining land; requirements not met. If the land remaining after a transfer under par. (a) does not meet the eligibility requirements under s. 77.82 (1) (a) and (b), the department shall issue an order withdrawing the land and shall assess against the owner the withdrawal tax under sub. (5) and the withdrawal fee under sub. (5m). Notwithstanding s. 77.90, the owner is not entitled to a hearing on an order withdrawing land under this paragraph.
77.88(2m) (2m)Damage to land.
77.88(2m)(a)(a) If a parcel of managed forest land has been damaged by a natural disaster, the owner of the parcel may notify the department, and the department shall establish a period of time that the owner of the parcel will have to restore the productivity of the land so that it meets the requirements under s. 77.82 (1) (a) 2.
77.88(2m)(b) (b) If the owner fails to complete the restoration in the applicable period of time, the owner may request that the department withdraw all or part of the land in accordance with sub. (3), (3k), or (3L), or the department may proceed with a withdrawal by department order under sub. (1).
77.88(2m)(c) (c) The department may promulgate a rule that establishes criteria to be used by the department for determining the length of time that an owner shall have to complete the restoration.
77.88(3) (3)Voluntary withdrawal; total or partial.
77.88(3)(am)(am) Entire parcels. Upon request of an owner of managed forest land to withdraw an entire parcel of managed forest land, the department shall issue an order withdrawing the land.
77.88(3)(b) (b) Parts of parcels. Upon request of an owner of managed forest land to withdraw part of a parcel of managed forest land, the department shall issue an order withdrawing the land subject to the request if all of the following apply:
77.88(3)(b)1. 1. The land to be withdrawn is one of the following:
77.88(3)(b)1.a. a. All of the owner's managed forest land within a quarter-quarter section.
77.88(3)(b)1.b. b. All of the owner's managed forest land within a government lot or fractional lot as determined by the U.S. government survey plat.
77.88(3)(b)2. 2. The land remaining after the withdrawal will continue to meet the eligibility requirements under s. 77.82 (1).
77.88(3)(d) (d) Ferrous mining site. If the land being withdrawn under this subsection is within a proposed ferrous mining site, the department shall issue the order within 30 days after receiving the request.
77.88(3j) (3j)Voluntary withdrawal; other construction; small land sales.
77.88(3j)(a)(a) Except as provided in par. (b), upon the request of an owner of managed forest land to withdraw part of a parcel of the owner's land, the department shall issue an order withdrawing the land subject to the request if all of the following apply:
77.88(3j)(a)1. 1. The purpose for which the owner requests that the department withdraw the land is for the sale of the land or for a construction site.
77.88(3j)(a)2. 2. The land to be withdrawn is not less than one acre and not more than 5 acres. Partial acres may not be withdrawn.
77.88(3j)(a)3. 3. If the land is subject to a city, village, town, or county zoning ordinance that establishes a minimum acreage for ownership of land or for a construction site, the owner requests that the department withdraw not less than that minimum acreage.
77.88(3j)(a)4. 4. The land remaining after withdrawal meets the eligibility requirements under s. 77.82 (1) (a) and (b).
77.88(3j)(b)1.1. For land that is designated as managed forest land under an order with a term of 25 years, the department may not issue an order of withdrawal under par. (a) if the department has previously issued an order of withdrawal under par. (a) from that parcel of managed forest land during the term of the order.
77.88(3j)(b)2. 2. For land that is designated as managed forest land under an order with a term of 50 years, the department may not issue an order of withdrawal under par. (a) if the department has previously issued 2 orders of withdrawal under par. (a) from that parcel of managed forest land during the term of the order.
77.88(3j)(c) (c) Upon issuance of an order withdrawing land under this subsection, the department shall assess against the owner of the land the withdrawal tax under sub. (5) and the withdrawal fee under sub. (5m).
77.88(3k) (3k)Voluntary withdrawal; productivity. Upon the request of an owner of managed forest land to withdraw part of a parcel of the owner's land, the department shall issue an order of withdrawal if the department determines that the parcel is unable to produce merchantable timber in the amount required under s. 77.82 (1) (a) 2. The order shall withdraw only the number of acres that is necessary for the parcel to resume its ability to produce the required amount. No withdrawal tax under sub. (5) or withdrawal fee under sub. (5m) may be assessed.
77.88(3L) (3L)Voluntary withdrawal; sustainability. Upon the request of an owner of managed forest land to withdraw part of a parcel of the owner's land, the department shall issue an order of withdrawal if the department determines that the parcel is unsuitable, due to environmental, ecological, or economic concerns or factors, for the production of merchantable timber. The order shall withdraw only the number of acres that is necessary for the parcel to resume its sustainability to produce merchantable timber. No withdrawal tax under sub. (5) or withdrawal fee under sub. (5m) may be assessed.
77.88(3m) (3m)Withdrawal for failure to pay personal property taxes. If an owner of managed forest land has not paid the personal property tax due for a building on managed forest land before the February settlement date under s. 74.30 (1), the municipality in which the building is located shall certify to the department that a delinquency exists and shall include the legal description of the managed forest land on which the building is located in the certification. Immediately after receiving the certification, the department shall issue an order withdrawing the land as managed forest land and shall assess against the owner of the land the withdrawal tax under sub. (5) and the withdrawal fee under sub. (5m). Notwithstanding s. 77.90, the owner is not entitled to a hearing on an order withdrawing land under this subsection.
77.88(4m) (4m)Expiration of orders. The department shall maintain a list of orders designating managed forest lands that have expired. The department shall add a parcel to the list within 30 days after the date of expiration. For each expired order, the list shall provide a description of the land and shall identify each municipality in which the managed forest land is located.
77.88(5) (5)Withdrawal tax. The withdrawal tax shall be determined as follows:
77.88(5)(a) (a) Except as provided in pars. (am), (ar), and (b), for land withdrawn during a managed forest land order, the withdrawal tax shall be the higher of the following:
Effective date note NOTE: Par. (a) (intro.) is renumbered par. (ae) and amended eff. 7-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 358.
77.88(5)(a)1. 1. An amount equal to the past tax liability multiplied by the number of years the land was designated as managed forest land, less any amounts paid by the owner under ss. 77.84 (2) (a), (am), and (bp) and 77.87.
Effective date note NOTE: Subd. 1. is repealed eff. 7-1-16 by 2015 Wis. Act 358.
77.88(5)(a)2. 2. Five percent of the stumpage value of the merchantable timber on the land, less any amounts paid by the owner under ss. 77.84 (2) (a), (am), and (bp) and 77.87.
Loading...
Loading...
2013-14 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2015 Wis. Act 392 and all Supreme Court Orders entered before June 18, 2016. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after June 18, 2016 are designated by NOTES. (Published 6-18-16)