809.30 Annotation When a defendant seeks modification of the sentence imposed at resentencing, sub. (2) and s. 973.19 require the defendant to file a postconviction motion with the circuit court before taking an appeal. These rules on sentence modification apply even though the sentence imposed at resentencing is identical to a previous sentence and regardless of whether a defendant challenges the original sentence, a sentence after revocation, or the sentence imposed at resentencing. State v. Walker, 2006 WI 82, 292 Wis. 2d 326, 716 N.W.2d 498, 04-2820.
809.30 Annotation If a defendant does not want a no-merit report, the defendant has 3 choices: 1) fire counsel and proceed pro se; 2) fire counsel and hire private counsel if financially feasible; or 3) direct that the file be closed. A defendant cannot: 1) insist that appointed counsel pursue an advocacy appeal under s. 809.30 despite counsel's view that an appeal would lack arguable merit; 2) alternatively insist on different appointed counsel who will write a brief the way the defendant wants it written; or 3) forbid appointed counsel from filing a no-merit report and then claim that counsel has abandoned him or her when counsel moves to withdraw from representation. Van Hout v. Endicott, 2006 WI App 196, 296 Wis. 2d 580, 724 N.W. 2d 692, 04-1192.
809.30 Annotation Wisconsin affords a convicted person the right to postconviction counsel. It would be absurd to suggest that a person has a right to counsel at trial and on appeal, but no right to counsel at a postconviction proceeding in the circuit court, which is often the precursor to an appeal. However, a defendant does not have the right to be represented by: 1) an attorney he or she cannot afford; 2) an attorney who is not willing to represent the defendant; 3) an attorney with a conflict of interest; or 4) an advocate who is not a member of the bar. State v. Peterson, 2008 WI App 140, 314 Wis. 2d 192, 757 N.W.2d 834, 07-1867.
809.30 Annotation The court where an alleged ineffective assistance of counsel occurred is the proper forum in which to seek relief unless that forum is unable to provide the relief necessary to address the ineffectiveness claim. The remedy for an attorney's failure to file a notice of intent to pursue postconviction relief is an extension of the timeframe to file the notice. Because the circuit court is without authority to extend the deadline to file a notice of intent to pursue post conviction relief, the proper forum lies in the court of appeals. Kyles v. Pollard, 2014 WI 38, 354 Wis. 2d 626, 847 N.W.2d 805, 12-0378.
809.30 Annotation The fact that a defendant was deemed competent to stand trial should not create a presumption that the defendant is competent at a later date when the same defendant pursues postconviction relief. State v. Daniel, 2015 WI 44, 362 Wis. 2d 74, 862 N.W.2d 867, 12-2692.
809.30 Annotation There is no statute directly governing postconviction competency proceedings, but courts will look to s. 971.14 for guidance. Once a defense attorney raises the issue of competency at a postconviction hearing, the burden is on the state to prove by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant is competent to proceed. State v. Daniel, 2015 WI 44, 362 Wis. 2d 74, 862 N.W.2d 867, 12-2692.
809.30 Annotation Before a circuit court can require a non-dangerous but incompetent defendant to be involuntarily treated to competency in the context of postconviction proceedings, the circuit court must follow the procedure established in Debra A.E., 188 Wis. 2d 111. Debra A.E. fashioned a mandatory process for managing postconviction relief of allegedly incompetent defendants. If this process is followed, a court order for treatment to restore competency will ordinarily be unnecessary because meaningful postconviction relief can be provided even though a defendant is incompetent. In this case, the circuit court acted prematurely by ordering that the defendant be medicated to competency without determining whether and to what extent postconviction proceedings could continue despite the defendant's incompetency. State v. Scott, 2018 WI 74, 382 Wis. 2d 476, 914 N.W.2d 141, 16-2017.
809.30 Annotation When a postconviction motion under this section is denied in part and granted in part such that further proceedings are required, an appeal cannot be taken until the further proceedings are completed. State v. Wolfe, 2019 WI App 32, 388 Wis. 2d 45, 931 N.W.2d 298, 18-2268.
809.30 Annotation Sentence modification by Wisconsin trial courts. Kassel. 1985 WLR 195.
809.30 Annotation The decision to appeal a criminal conviction: Bridging the gap between the obligations of trial and appellate counsel. 1986 WLR 399.
809.30 Annotation The decision to appeal: The role of trial counsel under the new rules of criminal appellate procedure. Kempinen. WBB Aug. 1985.
809.31 809.31 Rule (Release on bond pending seeking postconviction relief).
809.31(1)(1)A defendant convicted of a misdemeanor or felony who is seeking relief from a conviction and sentence of imprisonment or to the intensive sanctions program and who seeks release on bond pending a determination of a motion or appeal shall file in the trial court a motion seeking release.
809.31(2) (2)The trial court shall promptly hold a hearing on the motion of the defendant, determine the motion by order and state the grounds for the order.
809.31(3) (3)Release may be granted if the court finds that:
809.31(3)(a) (a) There is no substantial risk the appellant will not appear to answer the judgment following the conclusion of postconviction proceedings;
809.31(3)(b) (b) The defendant is not likely to commit a serious crime, intimidate witnesses, or otherwise interfere with the administration of justice;
809.31(3)(c) (c) The defendant will promptly prosecute postconviction proceedings; and
809.31(3)(d) (d) The postconviction proceedings are not taken for purposes of delay.
809.31(4) (4)In making the determination on the motion, the court shall take into consideration the nature of the crime, the length of sentence and other factors relevant to pretrial release.
809.31(5) (5)The defendant or the state may seek review of the order of the circuit court by filing a motion in the court of appeals under s. 809.14. The party seeking review must attach to its motion a copy of the judgment of conviction or other final judgment or order, the circuit court order regarding release pending appeal, the circuit court statement of reasons for the decision regarding release pending appeal, and the transcript of any release proceedings in the circuit court or a statement explaining why no transcript is available. The party filing the motion shall request a transcript of the court reporter's verbatim record for any proceeding in the circuit court regarding release pending appeal for all parties to the appeal and make arrangements to pay for the transcript within 7 days after the entry of the circuit court order regarding release pending appeal. Within 7 days after the date on which the transcript was requested and arrangements were made for payment, the reporter shall serve copies of the transcript on the parties to the appeal, file the transcript with the circuit court, and notify the clerk of the court of appeals and the parties to the appeal that the transcript has been filed and served. The motion shall be filed within 21 days after the entry of the circuit court order. The opposing party may file a response within 14 days after the filing of the motion.
809.31(6) (6)The court ordering release shall require the defendant to post a bond in accordance with s. 969.09 and may impose other terms and conditions. The defendant shall file the bond in the trial court.
809.31 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 83 Wis. 2d xiii (1978); 1981 c. 390 s. 252; 1991 a. 39; 1997 a. 232; Sup. Ct. Order No. 00-02, 2001 WI 39, 242 Wis. 2d xxvii; Sup. Ct. Order No. 02-01, 2002 WI 120, 255 Wis. 2d xiii; Sup. Ct. Order No. 19-01, 2019 WI 44, 386 Wis. 2d xvii.
809.31 Note Judicial Council Committee's Note, 1978: Section 969.09 provides for release on bond pending appeal and the conditions of the bond. Section 969.01 (2) provides for bond in felony cases after conviction in the discretion of the trial court or by the Supreme Court or a justice thereof or the Court of Appeals or a judge thereof. Neither the statutes nor case law, however, establishes the standards for release or indicates whether the Supreme Court or Court of Appeals is reviewing the action of the trial court or acting de novo. This Rule is intended to meet these deficiencies. The standards for release are those included in the American Bar Association Criminal Justice Standards, Criminal Appeals, s. 2.5. [Re Order effective July 1, 1978]
809.31 Note Judicial Council Note, 2001: Former rules required a party seeking review of a release decision to file a petition for discretionary review, and pay a separate filing fee, generating a separate appeal. The new motion procedure under sub. (5) provides a more efficient mechanism for appellants seeking release pending appeal. No change in the substantive standards governing release decisions is intended. See State v. Whitty, 86 Wis. 2d 380, 272 N.W.2d 843 (1978); State v. Salmon, 163 Wis. 2d 369, 471 N.W.2d 286 (Ct. App. 1991). [Re Order No. 00-02 effective July 1, 2001]
809.31 Note Judicial Council Note, 2002: Subsection (5) is amended to establish time limits within which a party must request a transcript of the reporter's notes of any circuit court proceeding concerning release pending postconviction relief or appeal, and within which the reporter must file and serve the transcript, and to require the party seeking relief from the circuit court order to request, and make arrangements to pay for, a copy of the transcript for all parties. The amendment also enlarges the time within which a party must file a motion in the court of appeals to allow time to review the transcript before deciding to file a motion. [Re Order No. 02-01 effective January 1, 2003]
809.31 Annotation Appellate procedure for a petition for bail pending appeal is discussed. State v. Whitty, 86 Wis. 2d 380, 272 N.W.2d 842 (1978).
809.31 Annotation The power of a circuit court to stay execution of a sentence for legal cause does not include the power to stay sentence while a collateral attack is being made on a conviction by habeas corpus proceeding in federal court. This rule has no application to that situation. State v. Shumate, 107 Wis. 2d 460, 319 N.W.2d 834 (1982).
809.31 Annotation The merits of the underlying appeal may be considered by the trial court in considering release pending appeal and by the appellate court in determining whether immediate review of the order denying release pending appeal is necessary. State v. Salmon, 163 Wis. 2d 369, 471 N.W.2d 286 (Ct. App. 1991).
809.32 809.32 Rule (No merit reports).
809.32(1)(1)No-merit report, response, and supplemental no-merit report.
809.32(1)(a) (a) No-merit report. If an attorney appointed under s. 809.30 (2) (e) or ch. 977 concludes that a direct appeal on behalf of the person would be frivolous and without any arguable merit within the meaning of Anders v. California, 386 U.S. 738 (1967), and the person requests that a no-merit report be filed or declines to consent to have the attorney close the file without further representation by the attorney, the attorney shall file with the court of appeals a no-merit report. The no-merit report shall identify anything in the record that might arguably support the appeal and discuss the reasons why each identified issue lacks merit. The no-merit report shall comply with the form requirements of s. 809.19 (8) (b) and (bm). The no-merit report shall not exceed 50 pages if a monospaced font or handwriting is used, or 13,000 words if a proportional serif font is used. The no-merit report shall be submitted with a signed certification setting forth the word count or page count of the report.
809.32(1)(b) (b) Counseling and notification.
809.32(1)(b)1.1. Prior to the filing of a no-merit report, the attorney shall discuss with the person all potential issues identified by the attorney and the person, and the merit of an appeal on these issues. The attorney shall inform the person that he or she has 3 options:
809.32(1)(b)1.a. a. To have the attorney file a no-merit report;
809.32(1)(b)1.b. b. To have the attorney close the file without an appeal; or
809.32(1)(b)1.c. c. To have the attorney close the file and to proceed without an attorney or with another attorney retained at the person's expense.
809.32(1)(b)2. 2. The attorney shall inform the person that a no-merit report will be filed if the person either requests a no-merit report or does not consent to have the attorney close the file without further representation by the attorney. The attorney shall inform the person that if a no-merit report is filed the attorney will serve a copy of the transcripts and the circuit court case record upon the person at the person's request. The attorney shall inform the person that, if the person chooses to proceed with an appeal or chooses to have the attorney close the file without an appeal, the attorney will forward the attorney's copies of the transcripts and circuit court case record to the person at the person's request. The attorney shall also inform the person that the person may file a response to the no-merit report and that the attorney may file a supplemental no-merit report and affidavit or affidavits containing facts outside the record, possibly including confidential information, to rebut allegations made in the person's response to the no-merit report.
809.32(1)(c) (c) Certification by attorney. The attorney shall include with the no-merit report a signed certification that the attorney has complied with the length requirement of par. (a) and the client-counseling and client-notification requirements of par. (b). Certification of a brief under par. (a) and certification of client counseling and client notification under par. (b) may be combined in a single document for signature. The certification may be electronically signed by the attorney in accordance with s. 809.801 (12) (a). The certification shall be in the following form:
CERTIFICATION BY ATTORNEY
I hereby certify that I have discussed with my client all potential issues identified by me and by my client and the merit of an appeal on these issues, and I have informed my client that the client must choose one of the following 3 options: 1) to have me file a no-merit report; 2) to have me close the file without an appeal; or 3) to have me close the file and to proceed without an attorney or with another attorney retained at my client's expense. I have informed my client that a no-merit report will be filed if the client either requests a no-merit report or does not consent to have me close the file without further representation. I have informed my client that the transcripts and circuit court case record will be forwarded at the client's request. I have also informed my client that the client may file a response to the no-merit report and that I may file a supplemental no-merit report and affidavit or affidavits containing matters outside the record, possibly including confidential information, to rebut allegations made in my client's response to the no-merit report.
I further certify that this no-merit report conforms to the length limit set out in s. 809.32 (1) (a). The length of this report is .... [pages] [words].
Signed:....
Signature
809.32(1)(d) (d) Service of copy of no-merit report, transcript, and circuit court case record. The attorney shall serve a copy of the no-merit report on the person and shall file a statement in the court of appeals that service has been made upon the person. The attorney shall also serve upon the person a copy of the transcript and circuit court case record within 5 days after receipt of a request for the transcript and circuit court case record from the person and shall file a statement in the court of appeals that service has been made on the person.
809.32(1)(e) (e) Response to no-merit report. The person may file a response to the no-merit report within 30 days after service of the no-merit report. The response shall not exceed 50 pages if a monospaced font or handwriting is used, or 13,000 words if a proportional serif font is used. If the response is handwritten, the text must be legibly printed and not include cursive writing or script, except for the person's signature. The response shall comply with the form requirements of s. 809.19 (8) (b) and (bm). If the person files a response, the attorney who filed the no-merit report shall receive a copy of the response through the electronic filing system.
809.32(1)(f) (f) Supplemental no-merit report. If the attorney is aware of facts outside the record that rebut allegations made in the person's response, the attorney may file, within 30 days of the person's response, a supplemental no-merit report and an affidavit or affidavits, including matters outside the record. The supplemental report and affidavit or affidavits shall be served on the person, and the attorney shall file a statement in the court of appeals that service has been made upon the person.
809.32(1)(g) (g) Remand for fact-finding prior to decision. If the person and the attorney allege disputed facts regarding matters outside the record, and if the court determines that the person's version of the facts, if true, would make resolution of the appeal under sub. (3) inappropriate, the court shall remand the case to the circuit court for an evidentiary hearing and fact-finding on those disputed facts before proceeding to a decision under sub. (3).
809.32(2) (2) Notice of appeal, statement on transcript, service of copies.
809.32(2)(a)(a) The attorney also shall file in circuit court a notice of appeal of the judgment of conviction or final adjudication and of any order denying a postconviction or postdisposition motion. The notice of appeal shall be identified as a no-merit notice of appeal and shall state the date on which the no-merit notice of appeal is due and whether the due date is calculated under subd. 1. or 2. The clerk of circuit court shall transmit the record in the case to the court pursuant to s. 809.15. With the no-merit notice of appeal, the attorney also shall file in the circuit court a statement on transcript complying with the requirements of s. 809.11 (4), except that copies of the transcript need not be provided to other parties. All documents filed with the court under this subsection, except the transcript, shall be served on the state in accordance with s. 809.802 and on any other party. The no-merit notice of appeal and statement on transcript must be filed within whichever of the following is later:
809.32(2)(a)1. 1. One hundred eighty days after the service upon the person of the transcript and circuit court case record requested under s. 809.30 (2) (e).
809.32(2)(a)2. 2. Sixty days after the entry of the order determining a postconviction or postdisposition motion.
809.32(2)(b) (b) The clerk of circuit court shall transmit the no-merit notice of appeal and the statement on transcript to the court of appeals within 3 days of filing. The clerk of the court of appeals shall docket the no-merit appeal upon receipt. The clerk shall assign a case number, create a notice that the case has been docketed, and transmit the notice to the clerk of circuit court.
809.32(2)(c) (c) For electronic filing users in the circuit court case, receipt of the no-merit notice of appeal and statement on transcript through the circuit court electronic filing system shall constitute service of the documents. Receipt of the notice of docketing shall constitute service and notification that the no-merit appeal has been commenced in the court of appeals. Where service on the attorney general is required by s. 809.802 (1), service shall be made as provided in s. 809.802 (2). The clerk of the court of appeals shall serve the notice of docketing on paper parties by traditional means.
809.32(2)(d) (d) The no-merit report shall be filed in the court of appeals within 14 days after the date on which the record is filed in the office of the clerk of the court of appeals. Service on electronic users shall be through the appellate electronic filing system. The attorney shall serve the no-merit report on paper parties by traditional means.
809.32(3) (3) Decision on no-merit report. In the event that the court of appeals determines that further appellate proceedings would be frivolous and without any arguable merit, the court of appeals shall affirm the judgment of conviction or final adjudication and the denial of any postconviction or postdisposition motion and relieve the attorney of further responsibility in the case. The attorney shall advise the person of the right to file a petition for review to the supreme court under s. 809.62.
809.32(4) (4) No-merit petition for review.
809.32(4)(a) (a) Petition and supplemental petition. If a fully briefed appeal is taken to the court of appeals and the attorney is of the opinion that a petition for review in the supreme court under s. 809.62 would be frivolous and without any arguable merit, the attorney shall advise the person of the reasons for this opinion and that the person has the right to file a petition for review. If requested by the person, the attorney shall file a petition satisfying the requirements of s. 809.62 (2) (d) and (f), and the person shall file a supplemental petition satisfying the requirements of s. 809.62 (2) (a), (b), (c), and (e). The person's supplemental petition shall not exceed 35 pages if a monospaced font or handwriting is used, or 8,000 words if a proportional serif font is used.
809.32(4)(b) (b) Time limit. Except as provided in sub. (5) and s. 808.10, the petition and supplemental petition shall both be filed within 30 days after the date of the decision or order of the court of appeals.
809.32(4)(c) (c) Responses time limit. Except as provided in sub. (5), an opposing party may file a response to the petition and supplemental petition as provided in s. 809.62 (3) within 14 days after the service of the supplemental petition.
809.32(5) (5) No-merit petition for review; effect of motion for reconsideration.
809.32(5)(a) (a) Petition. If a motion for reconsideration has been timely filed in the court of appeals under s. 809.24 (1), no party may file a petition or a supplemental petition in the supreme court until after the court of appeals issues an order denying the motion for reconsideration or an amended decision.
809.32(5)(b) (b) Supplemental petition. If a motion for reconsideration in the court of appeals under s. 809.24 (1) is denied and a petition for review was filed before the motion for reconsideration was filed, and if the time for filing a supplemental petition under this subsection had not expired when the motion for reconsideration was filed, the supplemental petition may be filed within 14 days after the filing of the order denying the motion for reconsideration or within the time remaining to file the supplemental petition at the time that the motion for reconsideration was filed, whichever is greater.
809.32(5)(c) (c) Notice affirming, withdrawing, or amending pending petition or supplemental petition. If the court of appeals files an amended decision in response to the motion for reconsideration under s. 809.24 (1), any party who filed a petition for review or a supplemental petition for review under this section prior to the filing of the motion for reconsideration must file with the clerk of the supreme court a notice affirming the pending petition or supplemental petition, a notice withdrawing the pending petition or supplemental petition, or an amendment to the pending petition or supplemental petition within 14 days after the date of the filing of the court of appeals' amended decision.
809.32(5)(d) (d) Responses. If a motion for reconsideration is denied and a petition for review or a supplemental petition had been filed before the motion for reconsideration was filed, and if the time for filing a response to the petition or supplemental petition had not expired when the motion for reconsideration was filed, a response to the petition or the supplemental petition may be filed within 14 days of the order denying the motion for reconsideration. If a supplemental petition is filed under par. (b), the responding party may file a response to the supplemental petition within 14 days after service of the supplemental petition. After the petitioning party files the notice affirming or withdrawing the pending petition or supplemental petition or an amendment to the pending petition or supplemental petition under par. (c), the responding party must file a response to the notice or amendment within 14 days after service of the notice or amendment. The response to the notice or amendment may be an affirmation of the responding party's earlier response or a new response.
809.32 History History: Sup. Ct. Order, 83 Wis. 2d xiii (1978); Sup. Ct. Order, 104 Wis. 2d xi (1981); 1981 c. 390 s. 252; 1983 a. 192; Sup. Ct. Order, 123 Wis. 2d xix (1985); 1987 a. 403 s. 256; Sup. Ct. Order No. 00-02, 2001 WI 39, 242 Wis. 2d xxvii; Sup. Ct. Order No. 02-01, 2002 WI 120, 255 Wis. 2d xiii; Sup. Ct. Order No. 04-08, 2008 WI 108, filed 7-30-08, eff. 1-1-09; Sup. Ct. Order No. 08-15 and Sup. Ct. Order No. 08-18, 2009 WI 4, 311 Wis. 2d xxix; 2009 a. 25; 2017 a. 365; Sup. Ct. Order No. 20-07, 2021 WI 37, filed 4-23-21, eff. 7-1-21.
809.32 Annotation Judicial Council Committee's Note, 1981: Subs. (3) and (4) are amended to refer properly to the petition for supreme court review of decisions of the court of appeals.
809.32 Annotation Sub. (4) is amended to reflect the amendments to Rule 809.62 regulating the form, contents and length of a petition for review. If requested by the defendant, the attorney shall file with the supreme court a petition for review containing the statement of the case and the appendix required by Rule 809.62 (2) (d) and (f), as the attorney is in the best position to formulate the statement of the case and to provide the documents required for the appendix. The defendant shall file a supplement containing the statement of the issues presented for review, the table of contents, the statement of the criteria relied upon for a review and the argument amplifying the reasons relied on to support the petition as required by Rule 809.62 (2) (a), (b), (c) and (e). The rule does not prohibit the defendant from including a supplement to the statement of the case provided by the attorney.
809.32 Note The rule requires that both the petition and supplemental petition be filed within 30 days of the date of the decision of the court of appeals. As with all petitions for review, the opposing party may file a response to the petition and supplemental petition within 10 days. The amendment provides that the 10 days begins to run from the service of the supplemental petition. [Re Order effective Jan. 1, 1982]
809.32 Note Judicial Council Note, 2001: Titles and subtitles were added. Subsection (1) was subdivided into paragraphs (1) (a) through (g).
809.32 Note Subsection (1) (a) was amended to specify that the no-merit procedure applies only to direct appeals and that no-merit reports should be filed only when the defendant requests submission of a no-merit report or does not consent to closing the file without further representation by the appointed attorney.
809.32 Note Subsection (1) (b) creates new counseling and notification requirements for appointed attorneys. Before filing a no-merit report, the appointed attorney must discuss each identified issue with the defendant and explain why the issue lacks arguable merit. The attorney must inform the defendant of the defendant's options: file a no-merit report, close the file without filing an appeal or a no-merit report, or file an appeal without the assistance of appointed counsel. The attorney must inform the defendant that a no-merit report will be filed if the defendant requests submission of a no-merit report or if the defendant does not consent to closing the file without further representation by the appointed attorney. The attorney must inform the defendant that, if a no-merit report is submitted, the attorney will furnish copies of the transcript and circuit court case record to the defendant upon request. The attorney must notify the defendant that, if a no-merit report will not be submitted, the attorney will forward the attorney's copies of the transcript and circuit court case record to the defendant upon request. The attorney must also advise the defendant of the no-merit procedures set forth in this section, including the defendant's right to file a response to the attorney's no-merit report, and the attorney's right to file a supplemental no-merit report and affidavit containing facts outside the record, possibly including confidential information, to rebut allegations made in the defendant's response to the no-merit report.
809.32 Note Subsection (1) (c) creates a new certification rule that requires the appointed attorney to certify that the attorney has complied with the counseling and notification requirements of sub. (1) (b).
809.32 Note Subsection (1) (d) contains the no-merit report service rule from former sub. (1) (a) and creates a new transcript and circuit court case record service rule. The attorney must serve a copy of the no-merit report on the defendant. If the defendant requests a copy of the transcript and circuit court case record, the attorney must forward the copies within 14 days after receipt of the defendant's request. The attorney must file a statement in the court of appeals that service has been made on the defendant.
809.32 Note Subsection (1) (e) contains the response to the no-merit report rule from former sub. (1) (a). Subsection (1) (e) also creates a new rule that requires the clerk of the court of appeals to send a copy of the defendant's response to the no-merit report, within 5 days of the filing of the response, to the attorney who filed the no-merit report.
809.32 Note Subsection (1) (f) was created to allow the attorney to reply to the defendant's response to a no-merit report. The rule allows the attorney to file a supplemental no-merit report and affidavit(s) disclosing information that is outside the record and relevant to the attorney's no-merit determination without violating confidentiality rules. The supplemental report and affidavit procedure is in accordance with SCR 20:1.6 (c) (1), which allows disclosures of otherwise confidential communications “ to rectify the consequences of a client's criminal or fraudulent act in the furtherance of which the lawyer's services had been used;" SCR 20:1.6 (c) (2), which allows disclosures “to establish a claim or defense on behalf of the lawyer in a controversy between the lawyer and the client ... or to respond to allegations in any proceeding concerning the lawyer's representation of the client;" and SCR 20:3.3, which requires candor toward the tribunal.
809.32 Note Subsection (1) (g) creates a new rule that requires fact-finding upon a remand to the circuit court if the defendant's response to the no-merit report and the attorney's supplemental no-merit report and affidavit allege facts outside the record; and if the facts alleged by the defendant, if true, would make resolution of the appeal under sub. (3) inappropriate.
809.32 Note The second sentence in sub. (2) requires the attorney to state, in the no-merit notice of appeal, of the time limit for filing the no-merit report and the calculation used to determine that time limit. The fourth sentence in sub. (2) requires the attorney to file a statement on transcript with the clerk, but exempts counsel from serving a transcript on other parties. The fifth sentence in sub. (2) requires counsel to serve copies of all other papers on the state.
809.32 Note Subsection (2) (a) establishes the time limits if a no-merit report is not preceded by a postconviction motion. The cross-reference was changed from s. 809.30 (2) (g) to (e) because only the original transcript and circuit court case record request triggers the 180-day time limit.
809.32 Note Subsection (2) (b) establishes the time limits if a no-merit report follows a postconviction motion.
809.32 Note The 10-day time limit in sub. (4) was changed to 14 days. Please see the comment to s. 808.07. [Re Order No. 00-02 effective July 1, 2001]
809.32 Note Judicial Council Note, 2002: When a no-merit report is filed, s. 809.32 (1) (e) gives the person 30 days after the service of the no-merit report to file a response. The time limit in sub. (1) (d) is amended to adjust the time within which the attorney must send copies of the transcript and circuit court case record because five days should be sufficient time for the attorney to make copies and send them to the person. The amendment is intended to avoid delay that may occur if the person is not served with the record in time to utilize it in preparing a response to the no-merit report. [Re Order No. 02-01 effective January 1, 2003]
809.32 Note NOTE: Sup. Ct. Order No. 20-07 states that “the Comments to the statutes created pursuant to this order are not adopted, but will be published and may be consulted for guidance in interpreting and applying the rule."
809.32 Note Comment, 2021: Page limits are added for the no-merit report, the response to the no-merit report, and the supplemental no-merit petition for review. In sub. (1) (e), adding a page limit for the response to the no-merit report is intended to improve counsel's ability to file a supplemental no-merit report within the required 30-day time limit. The page limit is equal to the page limit for a brief in chief to allow full discussion of all potential issues.
809.32 Note Sub. (2) (b) and (c) provide for electronic filing, transmission, and service of documents under this section consistent with ss. 809.10 and 809.11.
809.32 Note Sub. (2) (d) separates the due date of the no-merit notice of appeal and statement on transcript from the due date for no-merit report. This will facilitate the use of proper record citations in the no-merit report and avoid the need for motions for extension.
809.32 Annotation This rule is constitutional although it does not secure an indigent convict the right to counsel in preparing a petition for review. State v. Mosley, 102 Wis. 2d 636, 307 N.W.2d 200 (1981).
809.32 Annotation The “no-merit brief" requirement under sub. (1) does not deny the right to counsel. State ex rel. McCoy v. Appeals Ct., 137 Wis. 2d 90, 403 N.W.2d 449 (1987).
809.32 Annotation Appellate counsel's closing of a file because of no merit, without the defendant knowing of the right to disagree and compel a no merit report, is ineffective assistance of counsel. A defendant must be informed of the right to appeal and to a no merit report, but need not be informed orally. State ex rel. Flores v. State, 183 Wis. 2d 587, 516 N.W.2d 362 (1994).
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2019-20 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2021 Wis. Act 86 and through all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders filed before and in effect on December 1, 2021. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after December 1, 2021, are designated by NOTES. (Published 12-1-21)