938.52(1)(1)Facilities maintained or used for juveniles. The department of corrections may maintain or use the following facilities for juveniles in its care:
938.52(1)(a) (a) Receiving homes to be used for the temporary care of juveniles.
938.52(1)(b) (b) Foster homes.
938.52(1)(c) (c) Group homes.
938.52(1)(d) (d) Institutions, facilities, and services, including forestry or conservation camps, for the training and treatment of juveniles 10 years of age or older who have been adjudged delinquent.
938.52(1)(f) (f) Other facilities that the department of corrections considers to be appropriate for the juvenile, except that no state funds may be used for the maintenance of a juvenile in the home of a parent or relative who would be eligible for aid under s. 49.19, but for s. 49.19 (20), if such funds would reduce federal funds to this state.
938.52(2) (2)Use of other facilities.
938.52(2)(a) (a) In addition to facilities and services under sub. (1), the department of corrections may use other facilities and services under its jurisdiction. The department of corrections may contract for and pay for the use of other public facilities or private facilities for the care and treatment of juveniles in its care. Placement of a juvenile in a private or public facility that is not under the jurisdiction of the department of corrections does not terminate that department's supervision over the juvenile under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), (4m), or (4n), or 938.357 (3) or (4). Placements in institutions for persons with a mental illness or development disability shall be made in accordance with ss. 48.14 (5), 48.63, and 938.34 (6) (am) and ch. 51.
938.52 Note NOTE: Par. (a) is amended by 2017 Wis. Act 185 effective on the date specified in the department of corrections notice published in the Wisconsin Administrative Register under 2017 Wis. Act 185, section 110 (2) (b), or 1-1-21, whichever is earlier, to read:
Effective date text (a) In addition to facilities and services under sub. (1), the department of corrections may use other facilities and services under its jurisdiction. The department of corrections may contract for and pay for the use of other public facilities or private facilities for the care and treatment of juveniles in its care. Placement of a juvenile in a private or public facility that is not under the jurisdiction of the department of corrections does not terminate that department's supervision over the juvenile under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h) or (4n), or 938.357 (3) or (4). Placements in institutions for persons with a mental illness or development disability shall be made in accordance with ss. 48.14 (5), 48.63, and 938.34 (6) (am) and ch. 51.
938.52(2)(b) (b) Public facilities shall accept and care for persons placed in those facilities by the department of corrections in the same manner as those facilities would be required to do had the legal custody of those persons been transferred by a court of competent jurisdiction. Nothing in this subsection requires any public facility to serve the department of corrections in a manner that is inconsistent with the facility's functions or with the laws and regulations governing its activities or gives the department of corrections the authority to use any private facility without its consent.
938.52(2)(c) (c) The department of corrections may inspect any facility it is using and examine and consult with persons under its supervision under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), (4m), or (4n), or 938.357 (3) or (4) who have been placed in the facility.
938.52 Note NOTE: Par. (c) is amended by 2017 Wis. Act 185 effective on the date specified in the department of corrections notice published in the Wisconsin Administrative Register under 2017 Wis. Act 185, section 110 (2) (b), or 1-1-21, whichever is earlier, to read:
Effective date text (c) The department of corrections may inspect any facility it is using and examine and consult with persons under its supervision under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h) or (4n), or 938.357 (3) or (4) who have been placed in the facility.
938.52(4) (4)Coeducational programs and institutions. The department of corrections may establish and maintain coeducational programs and institutions under this chapter.
938.53 938.53 Duration of control of department of corrections over delinquents. Except as provided under s. 938.183, a juvenile adjudged delinquent who has been placed under the supervision of the department of corrections under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h), (4m), or (4n), or 938.357 (3) or (4) shall be discharged as soon as that department determines that there is a reasonable probability that departmental supervision is no longer necessary for the rehabilitation and treatment of the juvenile or for the protection of the public.
938.53 Note NOTE: This section is amended by 2017 Wis. Act 185 effective on the date specified in the department of corrections notice published in the Wisconsin Administrative Register under 2017 Wis. Act 185, section 110 (2) (b), or 1-1-21, whichever is earlier, to read:
Effective date text 938.53 Duration of control of department of corrections over delinquents. Except as provided under s. 938.183, a juvenile adjudged delinquent who has been placed under the supervision of the department of corrections under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4h) or (4n), or 938.357 (3) or (4) shall be discharged as soon as that department determines that there is a reasonable probability that departmental supervision is no longer necessary for the rehabilitation and treatment of the juvenile or for the protection of the public.
938.533 938.533 Community supervision.
938.533(1)(1)Definition. In this section, “Type 2 status" means the status of a juvenile who is placed in a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility.
938.533(2) (2)Community supervision services. From the appropriation under s. 20.410 (3) (hr), the department of corrections shall purchase or provide community supervision services for juveniles who have been placed under the community supervision of the department of corrections under s. 938.34 (4n), 938.357 (4), or 938.538 (3) (a) 2. For each juvenile who is placed under community supervision, the department of corrections may purchase or provide any of the following services:
938.533(2)(a) (a) Surveillance, including electronic monitoring or global positioning system tracking, which the department of corrections shall make available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, based on the juvenile's level of risk and community safety considerations.
938.533(2)(b) (b) Report center programming, including social, behavioral, academic, community service, and other programming, after school, in the evening, on weekends, on other nonschool days, and at other times when the juvenile is not under immediate adult supervision.
938.533(2)(c) (c) Contacts with the juvenile and the juvenile's family of a type, frequency, and duration that are commensurate with the juvenile's level of risk and individualized treatment needs.
938.533(2)(d) (d) Case management services provided by a community supervision agent.
938.533(2)(e) (e) Any other treatment or services that are needed to meet the needs of the juvenile as determined by the department.
938.533(3) (3)Institutional status.
938.533(3)(a) (a) The office of juvenile offender review in the division of juvenile corrections in the department of corrections shall evaluate each juvenile who is placed under community supervision and may place such a juvenile in Type 2 status. A juvenile who is placed in Type 2 status is under the supervision of the department of corrections, is subject to the rules and discipline of that department, and is considered to be in custody, as defined in s. 946.42 (1) (a). Notwithstanding ss. 938.19 to 938.21, if a juvenile who is placed in Type 2 status violates a condition of his or her participation in community supervision, the department of corrections may, without a hearing, take the juvenile into custody and place the juvenile in a juvenile detention facility or return the juvenile to placement in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth. This paragraph does not preclude a juvenile who has violated a condition of his or her participation in community supervision from being taken into and held in custody under ss. 938.19 to 938.21.
938.533(3)(b) (b) The department of corrections shall operate community supervision for a juvenile who is placed in Type 2 status as a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility. The secretary may allocate and reallocate existing and future facilities as part of the Type 2 juvenile correctional facility. The Type 2 juvenile correctional facility is subject to s. 301.02. Construction or establishment of a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility shall be in compliance with all state laws except s. 32.035 and ch. 91. In addition to the exemptions under s. 13.48 (13), construction or establishment of a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility is not subject to the ordinances or regulations relating to zoning, including zoning under ch. 91, of the county and city, village, or town in which the construction or establishment takes place and is exempt from the investigations permitted under s. 46.22 (1) (c) 1. b.
938.533(3m) (3m)Escape. If a juvenile who is placed in Type 2 status runs away from his or her placement in the community while participating in community supervision, the juvenile is considered to have escaped in violation of s. 946.42 (3) (c).
938.533(4) (4)Rules. The department of corrections shall promulgate rules to implement this section.
938.533 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DOC 396, Wis. adm. code.
938.534 938.534 Intensive supervision program.
938.534(1)(1)Program requirements; violation of condition of participation.
938.534(1)(a)(a) A county department may provide an intensive supervision program for juveniles who have been adjudicated delinquent and ordered to participate in an intensive supervision program under s. 938.34 (2r). A county department that provides a program shall purchase or provide intensive surveillance and community-based treatment services for participants in the program and may purchase or provide electronic monitoring for the intensive surveillance of program participants. A caseworker providing services under a program may have a case load of no more than 10 juveniles and shall have not less than one face-to-face contact per day with each juvenile who is assigned to that caseworker, except that the face-to-face contact requirement does not apply to a juvenile placed under par. (b) or (c).
938.534(1)(b)1.1. Notwithstanding ss. 938.19 to 938.21, but subject to any general written policies adopted by the court under s. 938.06 (1) or (2) and to any policies adopted by the county board relating to the taking into custody and placement of a juvenile under this subdivision, if a juvenile violates a condition of his or her participation in the program, the juvenile's caseworker or any other person authorized to provide or providing intake or dispositional services for the court under s. 938.067 or 938.069 may, without a hearing, take the juvenile into custody and place the juvenile in a juvenile detention facility or juvenile portion of a county jail that meets the standards promulgated by the department of corrections by rule or in a place of nonsecure custody designated by that person for not more than 72 hours while the alleged violation and the appropriateness of a sanction under s. 938.355 (6) or a change in the conditions of the juvenile's participation in the program are being investigated. Short-term detention under this subdivision may be imposed only if at the dispositional hearing the court explained those conditions to the juvenile and informed the juvenile of that possible placement or if before the violation the juvenile has acknowledged in writing that he or she has read, or has had read to him or her, those conditions and that possible placement and that he or she understands those conditions and that possible placement.
938.534(1)(b)2. 2. Notwithstanding ss. 938.19 to 938.21, but subject to any general written policies adopted by the court under s. 938.06 (1) or (2) and to any policies adopted by the county board relating to the taking into custody and placement of a juvenile under this subdivision, if a juvenile violates a condition of the juvenile's participation in the program, the juvenile's caseworker or any other person authorized to provide or providing intake or dispositional services for the court under s. 938.067 or 938.069 may, without a hearing, take the juvenile into custody and place the juvenile in a juvenile detention facility or juvenile portion of a county jail that meets the standards promulgated by the department of corrections by rule or in a place of nonsecure custody designated by that person for not more than 72 hours as a consequence of that violation. Short-term detention under this subdivision may be imposed only if at the dispositional hearing the court explained those conditions to the juvenile and informed the juvenile of that possible placement or if before the violation the juvenile has acknowledged in writing that he or she has read, or has had read to him or her, those conditions and that possible placement and that he or she understands those conditions and that possible placement. A person who takes a juvenile into custody under this subdivision shall permit the juvenile to make a written or oral statement concerning the possible placement of the juvenile and the course of conduct for which the juvenile was taken into custody. A person designated by the court or the county department who is employed in a supervisory position by a person authorized to provide or providing intake or dispositional services under s. 938.067 or 938.069 shall review that statement and either approve the placement, modify the terms of the placement, or order the juvenile to be released from custody.
938.534(1)(b)3. 3. A juvenile may be taken into and held in custody under both subds. 1. and 2. in connection with the same course of conduct, except that no juvenile may be held in custody for more than a total of 72 hours under subds. 1. and 2. in connection with the same course of conduct unless the juvenile receives a hearing under par. (d).
938.534(1)(b)3m. 3m. Subject to par. (d), subds. 1. and 2. do not preclude a juvenile who has violated a condition of the juvenile's participation in the program from being taken into and held in custody under ss. 938.19 to 938.21.
938.534(1)(b)4. 4. The use of placement in a juvenile detention facility or in a juvenile portion of a county jail as a place of short-term detention under subd. 1. or 2. is subject to the adoption of a resolution by the county board of supervisors under s. 938.06 (5) authorizing the use of those placements as places of short-term detention under subd. 1. or 2.
938.534(1)(c) (c) Notwithstanding ss. 938.19 to 938.21, but subject to any general written policies adopted by the court under s. 938.06 (1) or (2) and to any policies adopted by the county board relating to the taking into custody and placement of a juvenile under this paragraph, if the juvenile is in need of crisis intervention the juvenile's caseworker may, without a hearing, take the juvenile into custody and place the juvenile in a place of nonsecure custody for not more than 30 days. This placement may be made only if at the dispositional hearing the court informed the juvenile of that possible placement or if before the violation the juvenile has acknowledged in writing that he or she has read, or has had read to him or her, those conditions and that possible placement and that he or she understands those conditions and that possible placement.
938.534(1)(d) (d) If the juvenile is held under par. (b) 1. or 2. in a juvenile detention facility, juvenile portion of a county jail, or place of nonsecure custody for longer than 72 hours, the juvenile is entitled to a hearing under s. 938.21. The hearing shall be conducted in the manner provided in s. 938.21, except that the hearing shall be conducted within 72 hours, rather than 24 hours, after the end of the day that the decision to hold the juvenile was made and a written statement of the reasons for continuing to hold the juvenile in custody may be filed rather than a petition under s. 938.25.
938.534(2) (2)Rules for intensive supervision program. The department of corrections shall promulgate rules specifying the requirements for an intensive supervision program under this section. The rules shall include provisions governing the use of placement in a juvenile detention facility, juvenile portion of a county jail, or place of nonsecure custody for not more than 72 hours under sub. (1) (b) and the use of placement in a place of nonsecure custody for not more than 30 days under sub. (1) (c).
938.534 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DCF 81, Wis. adm. code.
938.535 938.535 Early release and intensive supervision program; limits. The department of corrections or a county department may establish a program for the early release and intensive supervision of juveniles who have been placed in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth under s. 938.183, 938.34 (4m), or 938.357 (3). The program may not include any juveniles who have been placed in a juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth as a result of a delinquent act involving the commission of a violent crime as defined in s. 969.035, but not including the crime specified in s. 948.02 (1).
938.535 History History: 1995 a. 77; 2005 a. 344; 2015 a. 55; 2017 a. 185.
938.538 938.538 Serious juvenile offender program.
938.538(2)(2)Program administration and design. The department of corrections shall administer a serious juvenile offender program for juveniles who have been adjudicated delinquent and ordered to participate in the program under s. 938.34 (4h). The department of corrections shall design the program to provide all of the following:
938.538(2)(a) (a) Supervision, care and rehabilitation that is more restrictive than ordinary supervision in the community.
938.538(2)(b) (b) Component phases that are intensive and highly structured.
938.538(2)(c) (c) A series of component phases for each participant that is based on public safety considerations and the participant's need for supervision, care and rehabilitation.
938.538(3) (3)Component phases.
938.538(3)(a) (a) The department of corrections shall provide each participant with one or more of the following sanctions:
938.538(3)(a)1. 1. Subject to subd. 1m., placement in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth.
938.538(3)(a)1m. 1m. If the participant has been adjudicated delinquent for committing an act that would be a Class A felony if committed by an adult, placement in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth until the participant reaches 25 years of age, unless the participant is released sooner, subject to a mandatory minimum period of confinement of not less than one year.
938.538(3)(a)1p. 1p. Alternate care, including placement in a foster home, group home, residential care center for children and youth, or secured residential care center for children and youth.
938.538(3)(a)2. 2. Intensive or other field supervision, including community supervision under s. 938.533.
938.538(3)(a)3. 3. Electronic monitoring.
938.538(3)(a)4. 4. Alcohol or other drug abuse outpatient treatment and services.
938.538(3)(a)5. 5. Mental health treatment and services.
938.538(3)(a)6. 6. Community service.
938.538(3)(a)7. 7. Restitution.
938.538(3)(a)8. 8. Transitional services for education and employment.
938.538(3)(a)9. 9. Other programs as prescribed by the department of corrections.
938.538(3)(b) (b) The department may provide the sanctions under par. (a) in any order, may provide more than one sanction at a time and may return to a sanction that was used previously for a participant. Notwithstanding ss. 938.357, 938.363 and 938.533 (3), a participant is not entitled to a hearing regarding the department's exercise of authority under this subsection unless the department provides for a hearing by rule.
938.538(4) (4)Institutional status.
938.538(4)(a) (a) A participant in the program under this section is under the supervision and control of the department of corrections, is subject to the rules and discipline of that department, and is considered to be in custody, as defined in s. 946.42 (1) (a). Notwithstanding ss. 938.19 to 938.21, if a participant violates a condition of his or her participation in the program under sub. (3) (a) 2. to 9. while placed in a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility the department of corrections may, without a hearing, take the participant into custody and return him or her to placement in a Type 1 juvenile correctional facility or a secured residential care center for children and youth. Any intentional failure of a participant to remain within the extended limits of his or her placement while participating in the serious juvenile offender program or to return within the time prescribed by the administrator of the division of intensive sanctions in the department of corrections is considered an escape under s. 946.42 (3) (c). This paragraph does not preclude a juvenile who has violated a condition of the juvenile's participation in the program under sub. (3) (a) 2. to 9. from being taken into and held in custody under ss. 938.19 to 938.21.
938.538(4)(b) (b) The department of corrections shall operate the component phases of the program specified in sub. (3) (a) 2. to 9. as a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility. The secretary of corrections may allocate and reallocate existing and future facilities as part of the Type 2 juvenile correctional facility. The Type 2 juvenile correctional facility is subject to s. 301.02. Construction or establishment of a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility shall be in compliance with all state laws except s. 32.035 and ch. 91. In addition to the exemptions under s. 13.48 (13), construction or establishment of a Type 2 juvenile correctional facility is not subject to the ordinances or regulations relating to zoning, including zoning under ch. 91, of the county and city, village, or town in which the construction or establishment takes place and is exempt from inspections required under s. 301.36.
938.538(5) (5)Transfers and discharge.
938.538(5)(a) (a) The office of juvenile offender review in the division of juvenile corrections in the department of corrections may release a participant to community supervision under s. 301.03 (10) (d) at any time after the participant has completed 2 years of participation in the serious juvenile offender program. Community supervision of the participant shall be provided by the department of corrections.
938.538(5)(b) (b) The department of corrections may discharge a participant from participation in the serious juvenile offender program and from departmental supervision and control at any time after he or she has completed 3 years in the serious juvenile offender program.
938.538(5)(c) (c) Sections 938.357 and 938.363 do not apply to changes of placement and revisions of orders for a juvenile who is a participant in the program.
938.538(6) (6)Purchase of services. The department of corrections may contract with the department of health services, the department of children and families, a county department, or any public or private agency for the purchase of goods, care, and services for participants in the program under this section. The department of corrections shall reimburse a person from whom it purchases goods, care, or services under this subsection from the appropriation under s. 20.410 (3) (cg).
938.538(6m) (6m)Minority hiring.
938.538(6m)(a) (a) In this subsection:
938.538(6m)(a)2. 2. “Black" means a person whose ancestors originated in any of the black racial groups of Africa.
938.538(6m)(a)3. 3. “Hispanic" means a person of any race whose ancestors originated in Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Central America or South America or whose culture or origin is Spanish.
938.538(6m)(a)4. 4. “Minority group member" means a Black, a Hispanic, or an Indian person.
938.538(6m)(b) (b) In the selection of classified service employees for a juvenile correctional facility authorized under 1993 Wisconsin Act 377, section 9108 (1) (a), the appointing authority shall make every effort to use the expanded certification program under s. 230.25 (1n) or rules of the director of the bureau of merit recruitment and selection in the department of administration to ensure that the percentage of employees who are minority group members approximates the percentage of the juveniles placed at that juvenile correctional facility who are minority group members. The director of the bureau of merit recruitment and selection shall provide guidelines for the administration of the selection procedure.
938.538(7) (7)Rules. The department of corrections shall promulgate rules to implement this section.
938.538 Cross-reference Cross-reference: See also ch. DOC 396, Wis. adm. code.
938.538 Annotation Placement in the serious juvenile offender program must occur at an original disposition. It is not a disposition to extend, revise, or change a placement already in effect. State v. Terry T. 2002 WI App 81, 251 Wis. 2d 462, 643 N.W.2d 175, 01-2226.
938.539 938.539 Type 2 status.
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2015-16 Wisconsin Statutes updated through 2017 Wis. Act 367 and all Supreme Court and Controlled Substances Board Orders effective on or before September 5, 2018. Published and certified under s. 35.18. Changes effective after September 5, 2018 are designated by NOTES. (Published 9-5-18)